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Transportation fossil fuel plane got eplane  how did they do it  | Upload Battery

Fossil Fuel Plane Got ePlane! How Did They Do It?

by: Joris Zuid
fossil fuel plane got eplane  how did they do it  | Upload

The inaugural flight is the first step in becoming the world’s first all-electric commercial fleet.

e-Plane DHC-2 de Havilland Beaver 

Harbour Air planes

Vancouver, British Columbia Harbour Air, North America’s largest seaplane airline and magniX, the company powering the electric aviation revolution, announced in December 2019 the successful flight of the world’s first all-electric commercial aircraft. The successful flight of the ePlane, a six-passenger DHC-2 de Havilland Beaver magnified by a 750-horsepower (560 kW) magni500 propulsion system, took place on the Fraser River at Harbour Air Seaplanes terminal in Richmond (YVR South) this morning. The plane was piloted by Harbour Air CEO and founder Greg McDougall. This historic flight signifies the start of the third era in aviation – the electronic age.

What is the difference between a seaplane and a float plane?
Floatplane. The hull/body/fuselage of a floatplane is not intended to touch the water. Viking Twin Otters are amphibious aircraft that can takeoff and land both on conventional runways, water and even on skis for snow and ice. A true seaplane can only take off and land on water.

Harbour Air CEO and test pilot Greg McDougall hangar
Harbour Air CEO and test pilot Greg McDougall stands in a company hangar near Vancouver, British Columbia.

In a few years, the de Havilland Canada seaplane fleet that transports 500,000 passengers a year on the south coast of British Columbia could be humming a new tune thanks to electric propulsion.
The idea of electric-powered conventional and vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) aircraft has recently captured the public imagination and garnered a lot of attention in the popular press.
(eVTOL) Bell aircraft
A Bell (eVTOL) aircraft

Air of Vancouver announced this year (2019) a partnership with magniX (pronounced magni-ex) of Seattle, Wash., to convert the airline’s entire fleet of 39 de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Turbo Otter and DHC-6 Twin Otter seaplanes to 750 hp (560 kW) magni500 electric motors.

How does a float plane work?
How Do Seaplane Floats Work? There are two different types of floats for aircraft: amphibious and straight floats. Amphibious floats have retractable landing gear, which permits the aircraft to operate on both hard-surface runways and on the water. Straight floats, on the other hand, restrict the airplane to the water.

The rumble of a Beaver flying overhead has been part of the B.C. aviation scene for 70 years. Still, the antique Pratt & Whitney R-985 Wasp Jr. and popular P&WC PT6A turboprop engines are costly to maintain for an airline that flies 30,000 short-haul flights annually. When the leaders of Harbour Air and magniX met recently, they immediately recognized that the two companies were ‘aligned,’ said Harbour Air president Greg McDougall, who wants his company to be an early adopter of the disruptive propulsion technology, 'ironically while flying 50- and 60-year-old aircraft'.


                                                     World's first all-electric commercial plane takes flight
                                                 How A Fossil Fuel Seaplane Got Converted Into An e-Plane

An e-Plane For Zero Emissions

In 2007, Harbour Air began calculating and offsetting 100 percent of its carbon emissions to become North America’s first fully carbon-neutral airline. MagniX believes the most significant opportunity for zero-emissions electric aircraft is on short-haul passenger and cargo routes.
It happens that Harbour Air flies one of the most compact airline route networks in the world, which makes it an ideal candidate to become an all-electric airline.

Recommended: Transport By Airships: Back To The Future With Zeppelins

Alpine lake, e-plane people, canoes

This summer, its de Havilland fleet will fly 14 routes that cover between 22 and 63 miles and which are served by 15- to 30-minute flights (a Cessna Caravan is tasked with the airline’s longer routes, linking Vancouver with Seattle and Tofino). This means that electric seaplane service is practical with today’s battery technology (with a 30-minute energy reserve).
Electric aviation promises a step-change in aircraft economics thanks to ongoing improvements in the power density of brushless electric motors and the energy density of lithium-ion batteries.
X-57 Maxwell electric research aircraft
NASA, the X-57 Maxwell electric research aircraft

The automotive and consumer electronics industries have largely financed these technological advances, but the investment is now flowing into electric and hybrid-electric fixed-wing aircraft programs led by several companies as well as NASA, which is building the X-57 Maxwell electronic research aircraft.

Recommended: Electric City Airbus Gets Airborne: Siemens, Airbus

The promise of electric aircraft propulsion is high energy efficiency, significantly lower energy and maintenance costs, improved performance, lower noise, zero greenhouse gas emissions, no carbon taxes, and an attractive pathway to new mobility options.

How fast does a float plane go?
Because the floats are long and roughly aerodynamic, they will affect the stability of the plane, along with creating a good deal of parasite drag. A typical Super Cub with floats is hard pressed to fly much faster than 80 mph in cruise as compared to 90-100 mph for the land plane Super Cub.

An e-Plane And Lithium-Ion Based Batteries

The challenge is that lithium-ion batteries have on the order of 50 times lower specific energy than liquid fuels (based on 200 watt-hours of energy per kilogram). Still, the energy density of batteries is rising by five to eight percent per year.

How A Fossil Fuel Seaplane Got Converted Into An e-Plane: magniX

MagniX was founded ten years ago in Australia as an electric propulsion lab funded by the Singapore-based Clermont Group, which is owned by New Zealand billionaire Richard Chandler.
MagniX 350 SHP Engine
About 18 months ago, magniX developed a breakthrough high power-to-weight brushless electric motor ideally suited for aviation. That’s when the company quickly pivoted from research organization to business, opened a new world headquarters near Seattle, and hired dozens of engineers and software experts in the U.S. and Australia to accelerate motor development, said CEO Roei Ganzarski in an interview with Skies.

The company believes that low-cost electric-powered aircraft can revitalize short-haul air services that disappeared when fuel prices increased, and airlines began retiring smaller aircraft a decade ago.

Can float planes land on ground?
Some floatplanes only have floats, and are only able to land in the water. However, some have floats as well as other landing gear, either built-in or available as an additional option, that allows them to land on a runway. An aircraft that can land on both water and ground is called an amphibious aircraft.

Last September (2019), magniX began testing a 375 hp (280 kW) magni250 engine south of Adelaide, Australia, on an ‘iron bird’ that incorporates the forward fuselage of a Cessna 208 Caravan. The motor has an advanced electromagnetic architecture (with permanent magnets and coils), a lightweight structure, and a closed-loop liquid cooling system (with heat exchangers). Ganzarski says the role of the ‘iron bird’ is to rigorously test all components in the propulsion system to meet certification standards, as well as help optimize the location of system components inside the engine nacelle.

Recommended: Electric Flying With Eviation’s Alice Commuter Plane: Israel

e-Plane ‘Iron Bird’ Production

Production of the first 750 hp (560 kW) magni500 motor is now underway, which will have a power-to-weight ratio of almost five kilowatts (kW) per kilogram (kg) based an engine weight of 120 kg (265 lbs).


                           Magni500 motor provides 560 kW of power output and 2,814 Nm torque at 1,900 rpm.
                                                 How A Fossil Fuel Seaplane Got Converted Into An e-Plane

The motor is designed to replace a 750 hp P&WC PT6A turboprop and will produce instant and consistent torque at a full RPM range. The engine will direct drive a variable pitch propeller, which will eliminate the weight, complexity, and maintenance costs of a gearbox.

2 men, computers, Magni500 engine testing

The propulsion system also includes an inverter and an 'Xbrain' power management system, which functions like a full authority digital engine control (FADEC) and is also designed to ensure an intelligent, reliable, and failsafe aircraft system.

man engine testing

Certification rules for electric propulsion systems are still being finalized by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Transport Canada and the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). Still, considerable input has been received from the industry through organizations such as SAE International, ASTM International and the General Aviation Manufacturers Association (GAMA).

Ganzarski says magniX is designing its engines to meet the stringent FAA FAR 33 certification requirements of liquid fuel engines when it comes to reliability and safety, and it will close any gaps when the electric propulsion rules are finalized.

Recommended: Google Founder Larry Page Unveiled The Flying Taxi: Cora

e-Planes Harbor Air Aerospace Services

Harbour Air Aerospace Services (HAAS) and its predecessor Aeroflite Industries has more than 40 years of experience maintaining, overhauling, and repairing Beaver and Otter seaplanes, and has converted numerous Otters (and a few Beavers) to P&WC PT6 turbine power.
Blue white plane twinotter, harbour trees
Otter seaplane

The retrofit will see batteries replace the fuel tanks in the belly of the Beaver, and others probably will go forward of the firewall to address weight and balance issues that will result when the 650-lb R-985 is replaced with an engine that weights 60 percent less.

The aircraft will then be used in the magniX engine certification program and by Harbour Air to 'beta test' the electric aircraft on various routes under different operating conditions.
McDougall expects that the weight of the first-generation batteries in the Beaver will result in some loss of useful load. However, the Beaver will still be profitable thanks to a dramatic reduction in energy, maintenance, and overhaul costs.

Recommended: Clean Energy Drones Will Soon Bring You To Your Destination

Then, as the energy density of lithium-ion batteries gradually improves, the battery weight will go down, and the useful load will increase. Ganzarski said that an all-electric Beaver would cost about $12 in energy costs to operate on a 100-mile flight.
Expressed another way, MagniX expects the transition to electric propulsion to reduce direct operating costs by 50 to 80 percent, including the replacement cost of the battery.
All batteries have a limited life, but there are various energy management strategies available to extend the charge life, just as with other electric vehicles. On West Coast docks, avgas costs about $1.50 a liter and jet fuel about $1 a liter.

What is the fastest floating propeller plane ever?
The Macchi M.C. 72 was an experimental seaplane designed and built by the Italian aircraft company Macchi Aeronautica. The M.C. 72 held the world speed record for all aircraft for five years. In 1933 and 1934, it set a world speed record for piston engine-powered seaplanes which still stands.

McDougall believes that the transition to electric propulsion will significantly reduce the airline’s energy and maintenance costs, and believes there may be a way to pass the savings on to passengers in the form of lower ticket costs.
Millions of people travel between destinations on the B.C. coast by marine ferry annually, but tens of thousands could be tempted to fly by seaplane if the fares were less.

The Beaver carries six passengers, but the airline’s workhorse is the 14-passenger DHC-3 Turbo Otter fleet, which was previously converted from P&W R-1340 Wasp pistons to P&WC PT6A-34 turboprops using Vazar conversion kits.
14-passenger DHC-3 Turbo Otter
Once the magni500 is certified, Harbour Air plans to obtain a supplemental type certificate (STC) to install the magni500 on its Beaver and Otter and also undertake magni500 conversions for other customers.

Harbour Air overhauls its Beavers and Otters every five years, which is probably the best time to replace a propulsion system. No problems are anticipated operating the electric engine in a saltwater environment since it will be less exposed. McDougall is very excited about the prospect of an all-electric airline and said, “It’s tough to find anything negative once you get your teeth into it.”

Marty Allard, general manager of the Vancouver Harbour Flight Centre, the city’s seaplane terminal, is excited by the prospect of electric seaplanes operating from its modern facility, which has 22 aircraft slips and handles more than 300,000 passengers a year.
Vancouver Harbour Flight Centre, the city’s seaplane termina
“We have condo towers right on top of us, so the reduction in noise and carbon emissions will provide an immediate benefit to residents living in Vancouver and Victoria Harbours,” said Allard.

Before you go!

Recommended: Facebook Solar Planes For Network Internet Connectivity

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I'm especially interested in new Hydrogen techniques. I'm convinced that - in the near future - Hydrogen will surpass the development of solar or wind as alternative energy source. Safety concerns will find a solution and Hydrogen will be applied massively in all forms of transportation. 

I'm especially interested in new Hydrogen techniques. I'm convinced that - in the near future - Hydrogen will surpass the development of solar or wind as alternative energy source. Safety concerns will find a solution and Hydrogen will be applied massively in all forms of transportation. 

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Fossil Fuel Plane Got ePlane! How Did They Do It?

The inaugural flight is the first step in becoming the world’s first all-electric commercial fleet. e-Plane DHC-2 de Havilland Beaver  Vancouver, British Columbia Harbour Air, North America’s largest seaplane airline and magniX, the company powering the electric aviation revolution, announced in December 2019 the successful flight of the world’s first all-electric commercial aircraft. The successful flight of the ePlane, a six-passenger DHC-2 de Havilland Beaver magnified by a 750-horsepower (560 kW) magni500 propulsion system, took place on the Fraser River at Harbour Air Seaplanes terminal in Richmond (YVR South) this morning. The plane was piloted by Harbour Air CEO and founder Greg McDougall. This historic flight signifies the start of the third era in aviation – the electronic age. What is the difference between a seaplane and a float plane? Floatplane. The hull/body/fuselage of a floatplane is not intended to touch the water. Viking Twin Otters are amphibious aircraft that can takeoff and land both on conventional runways, water and even on skis for snow and ice. A true seaplane can only take off and land on water. Harbour Air CEO and test pilot Greg McDougall stands in a company hangar near Vancouver, British Columbia. In a few years, the de Havilland Canada seaplane fleet that transports 500,000 passengers a year on the south coast of British Columbia could be humming a new tune thanks to electric propulsion. The idea of electric-powered conventional and vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) aircraft has recently captured the public imagination and garnered a lot of attention in the popular press. A Bell (eVTOL) aircraft Air of Vancouver announced this year (2019) a partnership with magniX (pronounced magni-ex) of Seattle, Wash., to convert the airline’s entire fleet of 39 de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Turbo Otter and DHC-6 Twin Otter seaplanes to 750 hp (560 kW) magni500 electric motors. How does a float plane work? How Do Seaplane Floats Work? There are two different types of floats for aircraft: amphibious and straight floats. Amphibious floats have retractable landing gear, which permits the aircraft to operate on both hard-surface runways and on the water. Straight floats, on the other hand, restrict the airplane to the water. The rumble of a Beaver flying overhead has been part of the B.C. aviation scene for 70 years. Still, the antique Pratt & Whitney R-985 Wasp Jr. and popular P&WC PT6A turboprop engines are costly to maintain for an airline that flies 30,000 short-haul flights annually. When the leaders of Harbour Air and magniX met recently, they immediately recognized that the two companies were ‘aligned,’ said Harbour Air president Greg McDougall, who wants his company to be an early adopter of the disruptive propulsion technology, 'ironically while flying 50- and 60-year-old aircraft'. {youtube}                                                      World's first all-electric commercial plane takes flight                                                  How A Fossil Fuel Seaplane Got Converted Into An e-Plane An e-Plane For Zero Emissions In 2007, Harbour Air began calculating and offsetting 100 percent of its carbon emissions to become North America’s first fully carbon-neutral airline. MagniX believes the most significant opportunity for zero-emissions electric aircraft is on short-haul passenger and cargo routes. It happens that Harbour Air flies one of the most compact airline route networks in the world, which makes it an ideal candidate to become an all-electric airline. Recommended:  Transport By Airships: Back To The Future With Zeppelins This summer, its de Havilland fleet will fly 14 routes that cover between 22 and 63 miles and which are served by 15- to 30-minute flights (a Cessna Caravan is tasked with the airline’s longer routes, linking Vancouver with Seattle and Tofino). This means that electric seaplane service is practical with today’s battery technology (with a 30-minute energy reserve). Electric aviation promises a step-change in aircraft economics thanks to ongoing improvements in the power density of brushless electric motors and the energy density of lithium-ion batteries. NASA, the X-57 Maxwell electric research aircraft The automotive and consumer electronics industries have largely financed these technological advances, but the investment is now flowing into electric and hybrid-electric fixed-wing aircraft programs led by several companies as well as NASA, which is building the X-57 Maxwell electronic research aircraft. Recommended:  Electric City Airbus Gets Airborne: Siemens, Airbus The promise of electric aircraft propulsion is high energy efficiency, significantly lower energy and maintenance costs, improved performance, lower noise, zero greenhouse gas emissions, no carbon taxes, and an attractive pathway to new mobility options. How fast does a float plane go? Because the floats are long and roughly aerodynamic, they will affect the stability of the plane, along with creating a good deal of parasite drag. A typical Super Cub with floats is hard pressed to fly much faster than 80 mph in cruise as compared to 90-100 mph for the land plane Super Cub. An e-Plane And Lithium-Ion Based Batteries The challenge is that lithium-ion batteries have on the order of 50 times lower specific energy than liquid fuels (based on 200 watt-hours of energy per kilogram). Still, the energy density of batteries is rising by five to eight percent per year. How A Fossil Fuel Seaplane Got Converted Into An e-Plane: magniX MagniX was founded ten years ago in Australia as an electric propulsion lab funded by the Singapore-based Clermont Group, which is owned by New Zealand billionaire Richard Chandler. About 18 months ago, magniX developed a breakthrough high power-to-weight brushless electric motor ideally suited for aviation. That’s when the company quickly pivoted from research organization to business, opened a new world headquarters near Seattle, and hired dozens of engineers and software experts in the U.S. and Australia to accelerate motor development, said CEO Roei Ganzarski in an interview with Skies. The company believes that low-cost electric-powered aircraft can revitalize short-haul air services that disappeared when fuel prices increased, and airlines began retiring smaller aircraft a decade ago. Can float planes land on ground? Some floatplanes only have floats, and are only able to land in the water. However, some have floats as well as other landing gear, either built-in or available as an additional option, that allows them to land on a runway. An aircraft that can land on both water and ground is called an amphibious aircraft. Last September (2019), magniX began testing a 375 hp (280 kW) magni250 engine south of Adelaide, Australia, on an ‘iron bird’ that incorporates the forward fuselage of a Cessna 208 Caravan. The motor has an advanced electromagnetic architecture (with permanent magnets and coils), a lightweight structure, and a closed-loop liquid cooling system (with heat exchangers). Ganzarski says the role of the ‘iron bird’ is to rigorously test all components in the propulsion system to meet certification standards, as well as help optimize the location of system components inside the engine nacelle. Recommended:  Electric Flying With Eviation’s Alice Commuter Plane: Israel e-Plane ‘Iron Bird’ Production Production of the first 750 hp (560 kW) magni500 motor is now underway, which will have a power-to-weight ratio of almost five kilowatts (kW) per kilogram (kg) based an engine weight of 120 kg (265 lbs).                            Magni500 motor provides 560 kW of power output and 2,814 Nm torque at 1,900 rpm.                                                  How A Fossil Fuel Seaplane Got Converted Into An e-Plane The motor is designed to replace a 750 hp P&WC PT6A turboprop and will produce instant and consistent torque at a full RPM range. The engine will direct drive a variable pitch propeller, which will eliminate the weight, complexity, and maintenance costs of a gearbox. The propulsion system also includes an inverter and an 'Xbrain' power management system, which functions like a full authority digital engine control (FADEC) and is also designed to ensure an intelligent, reliable, and failsafe aircraft system. Certification rules for electric propulsion systems are still being finalized by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Transport Canada and the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). Still, considerable input has been received from the industry through organizations such as SAE International, ASTM International and the General Aviation Manufacturers Association (GAMA). Ganzarski says magniX is designing its engines to meet the stringent FAA FAR 33 certification requirements of liquid fuel engines when it comes to reliability and safety, and it will close any gaps when the electric propulsion rules are finalized. Recommended:  Google Founder Larry Page Unveiled The Flying Taxi: Cora e-Planes Harbor Air Aerospace Services Harbour Air Aerospace Services (HAAS) and its predecessor Aeroflite Industries has more than 40 years of experience maintaining, overhauling, and repairing Beaver and Otter seaplanes, and has converted numerous Otters (and a few Beavers) to P&WC PT6 turbine power. Otter seaplane The retrofit will see batteries replace the fuel tanks in the belly of the Beaver, and others probably will go forward of the firewall to address weight and balance issues that will result when the 650-lb R-985 is replaced with an engine that weights 60 percent less. The aircraft will then be used in the magniX engine certification program and by Harbour Air to 'beta test' the electric aircraft on various routes under different operating conditions. McDougall expects that the weight of the first-generation batteries in the Beaver will result in some loss of useful load. However, the Beaver will still be profitable thanks to a dramatic reduction in energy, maintenance, and overhaul costs. Recommended:  Clean Energy Drones Will Soon Bring You To Your Destination Then, as the energy density of lithium-ion batteries gradually improves, the battery weight will go down, and the useful load will increase. Ganzarski said that an all-electric Beaver would cost about $12 in energy costs to operate on a 100-mile flight. Expressed another way, MagniX expects the transition to electric propulsion to reduce direct operating costs by 50 to 80 percent, including the replacement cost of the battery. All batteries have a limited life, but there are various energy management strategies available to extend the charge life, just as with other electric vehicles. On West Coast docks, avgas costs about $1.50 a liter and jet fuel about $1 a liter. What is the fastest floating propeller plane ever? The Macchi M.C. 72 was an experimental seaplane designed and built by the Italian aircraft company Macchi Aeronautica. The M.C. 72 held the world speed record for all aircraft for five years. In 1933 and 1934, it set a world speed record for piston engine-powered seaplanes which still stands. McDougall believes that the transition to electric propulsion will significantly reduce the airline’s energy and maintenance costs, and believes there may be a way to pass the savings on to passengers in the form of lower ticket costs. Millions of people travel between destinations on the B.C. coast by marine ferry annually, but tens of thousands could be tempted to fly by seaplane if the fares were less. The Beaver carries six passengers, but the airline’s workhorse is the 14-passenger DHC-3 Turbo Otter fleet, which was previously converted from P&W R-1340 Wasp pistons to P&WC PT6A-34 turboprops using Vazar conversion kits. Once the magni500 is certified, Harbour Air plans to obtain a supplemental type certificate (STC) to install the magni500 on its Beaver and Otter and also undertake magni500 conversions for other customers. Harbour Air overhauls its Beavers and Otters every five years, which is probably the best time to replace a propulsion system. No problems are anticipated operating the electric engine in a saltwater environment since it will be less exposed. McDougall is very excited about the prospect of an all-electric airline and said, “It’s tough to find anything negative once you get your teeth into it.” Marty Allard, general manager of the Vancouver Harbour Flight Centre, the city’s seaplane terminal, is excited by the prospect of electric seaplanes operating from its modern facility, which has 22 aircraft slips and handles more than 300,000 passengers a year. “We have condo towers right on top of us, so the reduction in noise and carbon emissions will provide an immediate benefit to residents living in Vancouver and Victoria Harbours,” said Allard. Before you go! Recommended:  Facebook Solar Planes For Network Internet Connectivity Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your article about your opinion about climate change? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
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