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Transportation electric autonomous vehicles and the environment | Upload Battery

Electric Autonomous Vehicles And The Environment

by: Moon Apple
electric autonomous vehicles and the environment | Upload

As urbanization accelerates, cities are at the forefront of changes in energy, mobility, and consumption. Across regions, cities are experimenting with ways to improve air quality, reduce congestion, and provide clean, reliable, and affordable energy to their growing populations. Automation and shared mobility will play a key role in this transformation, changing how people commute in cities.

Electric Autonomous Vehicles And The Environment

Before long, fleets of electric autonomous vehicles (AVs) will drive people from their homes to their offices or supermarkets. These shared AVs will run at higher utilization rates, substantially reducing the cost of mobility and congestion. Combined with more renewable generation, they will charge in hubs at optimal times, sometimes in the middle of the day, when wind and solar generation is most productive, sometimes at night, when rates are lowest. 

When the demand for mobility is low, these fleets will return stored electricity back into the grid. At the intersection of these trends, the electrification of mobility is poised to support cities’ ambitions and provide customers with cheaper, safer, and greener urban mobility.
Car get recharged

Recommended: Uber Orders Autonomous Cars: Volvo XC90 Hybrid

Environment, Mobility, And Energy

Our work with the World Economic Forum’s Future of Mobility and Electricity initiative identifies three primary benefits of urban mobility's electrification.

  • First, the electrification of transport supports national and local ambitions for cleaner mobility. Even without significant changes in electricity generation sources - primarily coal, natural gas, and renewables - an electric vehicle (EV) can still reduce CO2 emissions by 60% compared with internal-combustion engines. With more than 20% of emissions coming from light-duty vehicles in the US, EVs could be a major factor in improving air quality and urban residents' health.
  • Second, as battery prices fall, EVs will soon provide cheaper mobility for individuals and fleets. With lower operating costs, the total cost of ownership for EVs - that is, how much owners spend over their useful life - should reach parity with internal-combustion vehicles over the next five years and continue to decrease. Shared across multiple customers, their patterns will also be optimized to reduce congestion in cities.
  • Third, if charging times and locations are carefully planned, EVs could provide additional benefits. Smart charging could schedule EVs to charge when electricity prices are low and stop charging when electricity demand is too high. EV batteries can also store surplus electricity and distribute it back to the grid on demand - a feature that could be particularly significant for large fleets of EVs.

Electrification Of Urban Mobility And Maximizing Its Potential

The current approach to the electrification of urban mobility - a steady, gradual change, which we call proliferation - would fail to maximize these potential benefits. Current programs encourage the purchase of privately owned EVs, which spend 95% of their time parked, limiting the volume of miles or kilometers actually electrified. Current approaches also deploy EV-charging infrastructure based on privately owned vehicles' patterns, primarily in residential and business areas. Failure to integrate intelligently with the power grid can limit the business case for the charging operator. It could lead to grid instability if too many EVs charge simultaneously - especially if it coincides with peak demand times, like weekday evenings. Smarter cities will take a more integrated and assertive approach to make the most of electric mobility by converging the grid edge and mobility evolutions, a paradigm we call transformation.

These cities will encourage the electrification of high-use vehicles, especially fleets of shared, autonomous vehicles, to increase the volume of miles electrified. They will deploy charging stations to meet the needs of future mobility patterns, focusing on shared, autonomous fleets and private owners, and integrated with the electricity grid to facilitate smart charging at the best times. The transformation could bring electrified miles up to 35% in some US cities by 2030.
Concept of shared autonomous electric vehicle Ideo
Photo by: MobilityTechGreen. Concept of shared autonomous electric vehicle Ideo 

Recommended: Electric Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) And The Environment

Mobility and energy transformations amplify the benefits of electrification. While there are benefits, accelerating the transition through change would create additional value to the society, with more electrified miles and the convergence of mobility and energy transformations. Electrified autonomous vehicles will revolutionize urban mobility by decreasing the overall cost per mile by 40% and reducing congestion.
Fleets integrated with clean, digitalized, decentralized, and non-dispatchable (that is, not easily turned on and off) electricity resources will boost electricity generated by solar and wind generation, lessening the need to curtail production of these clean energy sources and further reducing total emissions.
A public electric bus

Recommended: Self-Driving Battery Powered Store: e-Palette

Public and commercial fleets of electrified vehicles will introduce more flexibility to electricity systems through smarter charging and ancillary services, optimizing electricity consumption and generation. Taken together, the benefits of transformation could quadruple the value of new mobility patterns for society - up to $635 billion in the US by 2030.

Accelerating from Proliferation to a broader Transformation could create four times as much value. To accelerate the path toward transformation, public and private decision-makers should embrace three guiding principles: Take a multistakeholder and market-specific approach. Silos between different industries and players will have to be broken down and replaced with cooperation in defining policy and business model definition.

Planners should consider local characteristics, including the energy mix and public transport quality, to define their mobility electrification strategy priorities. Prioritize high-use vehicles. Focusing on fleets and high-use vehicles can maximize value by electrifying more miles while also reducing congestion and accidents. Deploy the critical charging infrastructure today while anticipating the transformations. Charging infrastructure should be carefully planned and as interoperable as possible to guard against stranded assets' risks.

The public and private sectors can follow three principles to accelerate the transformation. Our recommendations aim to support policymakers, urban planners, private investors, and businesses as they take the critical actions required to accelerate electric mobility at the convergence of energy, mobility, and urban transformations.
3 lectric cars seen from above

Photo by Luke MacGregor

Before you go!

Recommended: Tesla Electric Cybertruck: Explorer’s Best Friend

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I'm interested in everything that has to do with sustainability. My house is solar powered and I have my own water supply and filtering system.  I grow my own vegetables and fruit. Most of the time I go on the road by bicycle and for long distances I use public transport.

I'm interested in everything that has to do with sustainability. My house is solar powered and I have my own water supply and filtering system.  I grow my own vegetables and fruit. Most of the time I go on the road by bicycle and for long distances I use public transport.

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Electric Autonomous Vehicles And The Environment

As urbanization accelerates, cities are at the forefront of changes in energy, mobility, and consumption. Across regions, cities are experimenting with ways to improve air quality, reduce congestion, and provide clean, reliable, and affordable energy to their growing populations. Automation and shared mobility will play a key role in this transformation, changing how people commute in cities. Electric Autonomous Vehicles And The Environment Before long, fleets of electric autonomous vehicles (AVs) will drive people from their homes to their offices or supermarkets. These shared AVs will run at higher utilization rates, substantially reducing the cost of mobility and congestion. Combined with more renewable generation, they will charge in hubs at optimal times, sometimes in the middle of the day, when wind and solar generation is most productive, sometimes at night, when rates are lowest.  When the demand for mobility is low, these fleets will return stored electricity back into the grid. At the intersection of these trends, the electrification of mobility is poised to support cities’ ambitions and provide customers with cheaper, safer, and greener urban mobility. Recommended:  Uber Orders Autonomous Cars: Volvo XC90 Hybrid Environment, Mobility, And Energy Our work with the World Economic Forum’s Future of Mobility and Electricity initiative identifies three primary benefits of urban mobility's electrification. First, the electrification of transport supports national and local ambitions for cleaner mobility. Even without significant changes in electricity generation sources - primarily coal, natural gas, and renewables - an electric vehicle (EV) can still reduce CO2 emissions by 60% compared with internal-combustion engines. With more than 20% of emissions coming from light-duty vehicles in the US, EVs could be a major factor in improving air quality and urban residents' health. Second, as battery prices fall, EVs will soon provide cheaper mobility for individuals and fleets. With lower operating costs, the total cost of ownership for EVs - that is, how much owners spend over their useful life - should reach parity with internal-combustion vehicles over the next five years and continue to decrease. Shared across multiple customers, their patterns will also be optimized to reduce congestion in cities. Third, if charging times and locations are carefully planned, EVs could provide additional benefits. Smart charging could schedule EVs to charge when electricity prices are low and stop charging when electricity demand is too high. EV batteries can also store surplus electricity and distribute it back to the grid on demand - a feature that could be particularly significant for large fleets of EVs. Electrification Of Urban Mobility And Maximizing Its Potential The current approach to the electrification of urban mobility - a steady, gradual change, which we call proliferation - would fail to maximize these potential benefits. Current programs encourage the purchase of privately owned EVs, which spend 95% of their time parked, limiting the volume of miles or kilometers actually electrified. Current approaches also deploy EV-charging infrastructure based on privately owned vehicles' patterns, primarily in residential and business areas. Failure to integrate intelligently with the power grid can limit the business case for the charging operator. It could lead to grid instability if too many EVs charge simultaneously - especially if it coincides with peak demand times, like weekday evenings. Smarter cities will take a more integrated and assertive approach to make the most of electric mobility by converging the grid edge and mobility evolutions, a paradigm we call transformation. These cities will encourage the electrification of high-use vehicles, especially fleets of shared, autonomous vehicles, to increase the volume of miles electrified. They will deploy charging stations to meet the needs of future mobility patterns, focusing on shared, autonomous fleets and private owners, and integrated with the electricity grid to facilitate smart charging at the best times. The transformation could bring electrified miles up to 35% in some US cities by 2030. Photo by: MobilityTechGreen. Concept of shared autonomous electric vehicle Ideo  Recommended:  Electric Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) And The Environment Mobility and energy transformations amplify the benefits of electrification. While there are benefits, accelerating the transition through change would create additional value to the society, with more electrified miles and the convergence of mobility and energy transformations. Electrified autonomous vehicles will revolutionize urban mobility by decreasing the overall cost per mile by 40% and reducing congestion. Fleets integrated with clean, digitalized, decentralized, and non-dispatchable (that is, not easily turned on and off) electricity resources will boost electricity generated by solar and wind generation , lessening the need to curtail production of these clean energy sources and further reducing total emissions. Recommended:  Self-Driving Battery Powered Store: e-Palette Public and commercial fleets of electrified vehicles will introduce more flexibility to electricity systems through smarter charging and ancillary services, optimizing electricity consumption and generation. Taken together, the benefits of transformation could quadruple the value of new mobility patterns for society - up to $635 billion in the US by 2030. Accelerating from Proliferation to a broader Transformation could create four times as much value. To accelerate the path toward transformation, public and private decision-makers should embrace three guiding principles: Take a multistakeholder and market-specific approach. Silos between different industries and players will have to be broken down and replaced with cooperation in defining policy and business model definition. Planners should consider local characteristics, including the energy mix and public transport quality, to define their mobility electrification strategy priorities. Prioritize high-use vehicles. Focusing on fleets and high-use vehicles can maximize value by electrifying more miles while also reducing congestion and accidents. Deploy the critical charging infrastructure today while anticipating the transformations. Charging infrastructure should be carefully planned and as interoperable as possible to guard against stranded assets' risks. The public and private sectors can follow three principles to accelerate the transformation. Our recommendations aim to support policymakers, urban planners, private investors, and businesses as they take the critical actions required to accelerate electric mobility at the convergence of energy, mobility, and urban transformations. Photo by Luke MacGregor Before you go! Recommended:  Tesla Electric Cybertruck: Explorer’s Best Friend Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your article about autonomous vehicles? Send your writing & scribble with a photo to  [email protected] , and we will write an interesting article based on your input.
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