Community

About: <p>A community is you and me. A network of social, economic, ecological and many other relationships. We all work together and live in urban, suburban and rural areas. Social sustainability is becoming increasingly important on our small planet. We define: support, quality of life, development, adaptation, rights and labour.</p> <p>We belong to a group of individuals - <a href="https://www.whatsorb.com/solution/community/society">our society</a> - in which we belong geographically. Certain environmental issues play an important role in our society. Here, sustainable solutions are sought, developed and implemented. This may differ from societies in other countries, but because of our global environmental issues and&nbsp;<span lang="en" tabindex="0">dependence</span>, we must learn to work more together so that we can all benefit from sharing sustainable knowledge to tackle, for example, climate change.</p> <p><a href="https://www.whatsorb.com/solution/community/green-architecture">Green architecture</a> is important. Building with local materials that can be recycled and reused brings us a big step forward to have less impact on the environment. With green architecture we can build <a href="https://www.whatsorb.com/solution/community/smart-cities">smart cities</a> where resources can be used more efficiently and information can be shared, thus improving our society, your community.</p> <p><a href="https://www.whatsorb.com/solution/community/lifestyle">Lifestyle</a> is the way we live, the dynamics of personality. Fashion defines our self and together with food it is getting - at present - an even more important role in our society. It's not just about taste, but especially about the burden that the fashion industry, agriculture and the meat industry have on our resources, especially water.</p> <p>If there was an urge to come up with a sustainable way of living solutions and share these topics globally it&rsquo;s now! WhatsOrb Global Sustainability X-change Platform is for you, storytellers and influencers to write about tiny houses, your experiences and expectations for the future at home and globally.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> Global Sustainability X-change, that&rsquo;s what you can do together with WhatsOrb.&nbsp;<a href="https://www.whatsorb.com/blog/your-shared-sustainable-ideas-make-our-earth-a-better-place">What's in for me?</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p>
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Smart Cities, Safe And Efficient, But Are We Being Watched?
Information from a library, hospital or public transport exposed? More sustainability , improved mobility, efficiency and safety? Where can you find all of the above in one place? The answer is a smart city. Its purpose is to improve the quality of life by making the town more efficient and by reducing the distance between the citizens and the government. In this article you will read more about the smart city and what it means for our privacy.  Improved technologies Technology is moving forward, devices are becoming smarter, so it is inevitable that in the future we will use electronic devices much more than we do now. To keep the city up and running, the existing technologies need to be upgraded. Otherwise, they cannot meet the specifications and demands of the current system. But what do we want? Investigation shows that we wish for smart transportation, where machines and devices communicate with each other. We want smart buildings, where the windows can open automatically, where there is always a connection with the Internet. That is our future. Are we being watched? Cameras are hanging everywhere to guarantee our safety. But do we feel safe by it? We could get the feeling that we are being watched, every step we take is registered by authorities. Besides cameras, all data is collected. This way, authorities know for example the number of visitors at a certain event or they possess information about citizens for commercial purposes. They may sell this information to third parties. Privacy in a smart city Like mentioned before, cameras are everywhere, and data is collected. What does that mean for our privacy? Who is the gatekeeper to our data? And what if the information is hacked? The more internet data there is, the more fragile we become. Fortunately, with the arrival of the GDPR in May 2018, the rules on the subject are becoming more strict. The citizen must be informed in understandable language, especially when it comes to data traffic in a smart city. Costs savings or costs loss? All these new technologies cost money. To upgrade the existing technologies, we (governments, state or country) need to invest vast amounts of money. However, due to these smart cities , there could be economic benefits coming from the transition towards a smart city, for example when it comes to real estate. Buildings have to deal with endless energy, such as heating and cooling installations, lighting, electrical wiring, communication, lifts, electrical appliances, etcetera. A computer-controlled system regulates, monitors and controls all of this. But this can be done by automated systems. Automated systems can be used for this purpose, and therefore energy consumption can be reduced. For example, the light is turned off at a fixed time, or when nobody is present in the room, ventilation can be regulated on the number of people in the room. This can improve air quality, and will lead to user satisfaction. So yes, at first it will cost money, but in the end, it will save a lot as well. Reducing damages in case of a disaster Smart cities use sensors that are suitable for detecting abnormalities in a town or during an event. In this way, the sensors can inform the authorities if a measurement differs from the limited safety features in a city. This helps the city effectively track everything, and if there is a discrepancy, the authorities are able to act quickly and put an end to the situation so that it does not escalate. Better sustainability in a smart city Smart cities pay extra attention to sustainability, and this is reflected in the fact that they focus on renewable energy sources . If everyone uses a solar-powered system, carbon emissions will be reduced. We can recycle garbage and use the thrown away materials again. Or we may use free rainwater to flush our toilets. We can also apply durability to traffic by using smart transport. For example, to see where there is congestion and possibly change to a better route. We could also use smart traffic lights. All of this will contribute to a better quality of life. That is the ultimate purpose of a smart city: the best possible living circumstances for everybody, to provide a way of life that is the best combination of technology and comfort. https://www.whatsorb.com/solution/community  
Information from a library, hospital or public transport exposed? More sustainability , improved mobility, efficiency and safety? Where can you find all of the above in one place? The answer is a smart city. Its purpose is to improve the quality of life by making the town more efficient and by reducing the distance between the citizens and the government. In this article you will read more about the smart city and what it means for our privacy.  Improved technologies Technology is moving forward, devices are becoming smarter, so it is inevitable that in the future we will use electronic devices much more than we do now. To keep the city up and running, the existing technologies need to be upgraded. Otherwise, they cannot meet the specifications and demands of the current system. But what do we want? Investigation shows that we wish for smart transportation, where machines and devices communicate with each other. We want smart buildings, where the windows can open automatically, where there is always a connection with the Internet. That is our future. Are we being watched? Cameras are hanging everywhere to guarantee our safety. But do we feel safe by it? We could get the feeling that we are being watched, every step we take is registered by authorities. Besides cameras, all data is collected. This way, authorities know for example the number of visitors at a certain event or they possess information about citizens for commercial purposes. They may sell this information to third parties. Privacy in a smart city Like mentioned before, cameras are everywhere, and data is collected. What does that mean for our privacy? Who is the gatekeeper to our data? And what if the information is hacked? The more internet data there is, the more fragile we become. Fortunately, with the arrival of the GDPR in May 2018, the rules on the subject are becoming more strict. The citizen must be informed in understandable language, especially when it comes to data traffic in a smart city. Costs savings or costs loss? All these new technologies cost money. To upgrade the existing technologies, we (governments, state or country) need to invest vast amounts of money. However, due to these smart cities , there could be economic benefits coming from the transition towards a smart city, for example when it comes to real estate. Buildings have to deal with endless energy, such as heating and cooling installations, lighting, electrical wiring, communication, lifts, electrical appliances, etcetera. A computer-controlled system regulates, monitors and controls all of this. But this can be done by automated systems. Automated systems can be used for this purpose, and therefore energy consumption can be reduced. For example, the light is turned off at a fixed time, or when nobody is present in the room, ventilation can be regulated on the number of people in the room. This can improve air quality, and will lead to user satisfaction. So yes, at first it will cost money, but in the end, it will save a lot as well. Reducing damages in case of a disaster Smart cities use sensors that are suitable for detecting abnormalities in a town or during an event. In this way, the sensors can inform the authorities if a measurement differs from the limited safety features in a city. This helps the city effectively track everything, and if there is a discrepancy, the authorities are able to act quickly and put an end to the situation so that it does not escalate. Better sustainability in a smart city Smart cities pay extra attention to sustainability, and this is reflected in the fact that they focus on renewable energy sources . If everyone uses a solar-powered system, carbon emissions will be reduced. We can recycle garbage and use the thrown away materials again. Or we may use free rainwater to flush our toilets. We can also apply durability to traffic by using smart transport. For example, to see where there is congestion and possibly change to a better route. We could also use smart traffic lights. All of this will contribute to a better quality of life. That is the ultimate purpose of a smart city: the best possible living circumstances for everybody, to provide a way of life that is the best combination of technology and comfort. https://www.whatsorb.com/solution/community  
Smart Cities, Safe And Efficient, But Are We Being Watched?
Smart Cities, Safe And Efficient, But Are We Being Watched?
Floating City – A Sci-Fi Trope Or A Salvation For Many Nations?
In 1995, Universal Studios released a movie called “Waterworld”. It takes place in distant future, where polar ice caps have completely melted and the sea consumed nearly all of the land, forcing remaining humans to live on floating communities. At the time this was the most expensive movie ever made – and it wasn’t exactly a box office hit. But would it be possible to successfully recreate the futuristic communities from the movie in real life? The Seasteading Institute answers this question with a resounding “yes!” Seasteading Institute is a non-profit organisation that was founded in 2008 and their mission is 'to enable seasteading communities – floating cities – which will allow the next generation of pioneers to peacefully test new ideas for government'. They have partnered up with many companies, academics, architects and governments, and they are aiming to build the first prototype off the coast of Tahiti by 2020. Solution to rising sea levels by climate change At first glance, the idea seems very appealing. Rising sea levels and populism are putting pressure on many communities and the founders of Seasteading Institute are hoping to give people a chance to redesign society and experiment with new forms of government. According to Joe Quirk, the current president of the institute, existing governments don’t get better because “land incentivizes a violent monopoly to control it”. Thus, according to him “no land means no problem”, but this isn’t a view that’s shared by everyone. Many experts have criticized the plan, calling it impractical and elitist. Professor Peter Newman from Curtin University described the idea as “apartheid of the worst kind”. He argues that only the wealthy will be able to afford living on these islands and allowing them to set their own rules will only further the divide between the wealthy and the rest of the world. He also doubts that this is something that will be possible to sustain long-term in most places from a societal point of view – after all, healthcare, education and various forms of entertainment are vital to societies, yet hard to deliver in such small, isolated communities. However, Professor Newman did agree that we have the technology to create such eco-friendly, self-sustaining cities. Neil Davies, the executive director of the University of California agrees with him – it is possible to build floating cities that wouldn’t have a negative impact, as long as you respect certain conditions about shading and location. A precedent was set by the Barrier Reef Resort, which was located about 70km(or 43,5 miles) off Queensland coast. It withstood a cyclone and water quality and noise monitoring has shown that it had no significant effect on the surroundings.  Floating cities are not a way to escape environmental issues , they are a way to solve them Mr Quirk’s plans are truly ambitious when it comes to making these islands self-sufficient and sustainable. The islands will be built on floating panels that will help regenerate coral reefs and reverse coral bleaching. This will be made possible by positioning them in such a way that a perfect balance of light and shadow will be created to allow for photosynthesis, while at the same time lowering the temperatures enough to achieve restorative effect. In addition to this, the floating panels will have a plethora of solar panels integrated into them to power the islands. Regenerating coral reefs isn’t the only positive impact on the environment Mr Quirk is hoping his seasteads can achieve. The Institute is hoping to harness ocean aquaculture as a way to meet food, energy and nutritional supplement demands. Rutger de Graaf and Karina Czapiewska are aquatic engineers from the Netherlands that have partnered up with the Seasteading Institute to create algae farms. Micro- and macroalgae (better known as plankton and seaweed) have an important role in regulating the earth’s atmosphere, absorbing  waste such as oil spills and providing food for fish, as well as being a valuable crop on their own. When seaweed is mass-produced, it can also be converted into biofuel. This way the islands can not only be self-sufficient, but also provide communities on land with more eco-friendly energy and food sources – all while helping create new, complex ecosystems that will be able to sustain thousands of species. Another technology that Mr Quirk is hoping to see implemented in their seasteads are drifter pens made by Velella Mariculture Research Project. These pens will allow to farm fish in conditions that are closest to their natural habitats, but are in fact better. The fish are well-fed, they have no parasites, don’t get exposed to mercury and pesticides, all while being able to school like they would in the wild. This technology is a sustainable food source and it is set to help repopulate oceans with healthier, happier fish. The founder of Velella Mariculture Research Project, Neil Anthony Sims, says “We need to bring together the environmental motive, the humanitarian motive, the profit motive, so they are not at odds with each other, but aligned with each other.” Certainly, these plans sound incredibly ambitious – but if realised, these floating cities can transform many nations and have a positive impact on the environment, economies and societies around the globe. Do you think that Seastead Institute will be able to make these floating communities? Are there similar projects that you think could become more successful? Let us know in the comments below! https://www.whatsorb.com/category/architecture
In 1995, Universal Studios released a movie called “Waterworld”. It takes place in distant future, where polar ice caps have completely melted and the sea consumed nearly all of the land, forcing remaining humans to live on floating communities. At the time this was the most expensive movie ever made – and it wasn’t exactly a box office hit. But would it be possible to successfully recreate the futuristic communities from the movie in real life? The Seasteading Institute answers this question with a resounding “yes!” Seasteading Institute is a non-profit organisation that was founded in 2008 and their mission is 'to enable seasteading communities – floating cities – which will allow the next generation of pioneers to peacefully test new ideas for government'. They have partnered up with many companies, academics, architects and governments, and they are aiming to build the first prototype off the coast of Tahiti by 2020. Solution to rising sea levels by climate change At first glance, the idea seems very appealing. Rising sea levels and populism are putting pressure on many communities and the founders of Seasteading Institute are hoping to give people a chance to redesign society and experiment with new forms of government. According to Joe Quirk, the current president of the institute, existing governments don’t get better because “land incentivizes a violent monopoly to control it”. Thus, according to him “no land means no problem”, but this isn’t a view that’s shared by everyone. Many experts have criticized the plan, calling it impractical and elitist. Professor Peter Newman from Curtin University described the idea as “apartheid of the worst kind”. He argues that only the wealthy will be able to afford living on these islands and allowing them to set their own rules will only further the divide between the wealthy and the rest of the world. He also doubts that this is something that will be possible to sustain long-term in most places from a societal point of view – after all, healthcare, education and various forms of entertainment are vital to societies, yet hard to deliver in such small, isolated communities. However, Professor Newman did agree that we have the technology to create such eco-friendly, self-sustaining cities. Neil Davies, the executive director of the University of California agrees with him – it is possible to build floating cities that wouldn’t have a negative impact, as long as you respect certain conditions about shading and location. A precedent was set by the Barrier Reef Resort, which was located about 70km(or 43,5 miles) off Queensland coast. It withstood a cyclone and water quality and noise monitoring has shown that it had no significant effect on the surroundings.  Floating cities are not a way to escape environmental issues , they are a way to solve them Mr Quirk’s plans are truly ambitious when it comes to making these islands self-sufficient and sustainable. The islands will be built on floating panels that will help regenerate coral reefs and reverse coral bleaching. This will be made possible by positioning them in such a way that a perfect balance of light and shadow will be created to allow for photosynthesis, while at the same time lowering the temperatures enough to achieve restorative effect. In addition to this, the floating panels will have a plethora of solar panels integrated into them to power the islands. Regenerating coral reefs isn’t the only positive impact on the environment Mr Quirk is hoping his seasteads can achieve. The Institute is hoping to harness ocean aquaculture as a way to meet food, energy and nutritional supplement demands. Rutger de Graaf and Karina Czapiewska are aquatic engineers from the Netherlands that have partnered up with the Seasteading Institute to create algae farms. Micro- and macroalgae (better known as plankton and seaweed) have an important role in regulating the earth’s atmosphere, absorbing  waste such as oil spills and providing food for fish, as well as being a valuable crop on their own. When seaweed is mass-produced, it can also be converted into biofuel. This way the islands can not only be self-sufficient, but also provide communities on land with more eco-friendly energy and food sources – all while helping create new, complex ecosystems that will be able to sustain thousands of species. Another technology that Mr Quirk is hoping to see implemented in their seasteads are drifter pens made by Velella Mariculture Research Project. These pens will allow to farm fish in conditions that are closest to their natural habitats, but are in fact better. The fish are well-fed, they have no parasites, don’t get exposed to mercury and pesticides, all while being able to school like they would in the wild. This technology is a sustainable food source and it is set to help repopulate oceans with healthier, happier fish. The founder of Velella Mariculture Research Project, Neil Anthony Sims, says “We need to bring together the environmental motive, the humanitarian motive, the profit motive, so they are not at odds with each other, but aligned with each other.” Certainly, these plans sound incredibly ambitious – but if realised, these floating cities can transform many nations and have a positive impact on the environment, economies and societies around the globe. Do you think that Seastead Institute will be able to make these floating communities? Are there similar projects that you think could become more successful? Let us know in the comments below! https://www.whatsorb.com/category/architecture
Floating City – A Sci-Fi Trope Or A Salvation For Many Nations?
Floating City – A Sci-Fi Trope Or A Salvation For Many Nations?
Sustainable Architecture 2018. How Does It Feel For You?
In architecture, sustainability is no longer just about the choice of materials. These surprisingly innovative construction projects have us looking forward in 2018. The first wooden skyscraper Wooden high-rise: Pendas Timber Tower. Image: Penda Most cities still resemble deserts of concrete and steel. The architects at Penda aim to change all that. Take their Toronto-based  Timber Tower, planned together with the consultants at Tmber. Spanning an impressive 18 levels, the entirely wooden structure relies on a high-tech wood blend called CLT and a special, modular construction approach. To achieve the supremely resilient, 62-meter-high result, Penda will stack wood panel boxes in a particular pattern. The finished apartment building will pay proud homage to its roots by resembling a huge tree. The building in Toronto consists entirely of wood. Image: Penda The green hill Sometimes, architects can actually let their imagination roam and realize their wildest dreams. Thomas Heatherwick is one of the lucky few who gets to build his ambitious vision with the 100 Trees Complex in Shanghai. The immense project will not only cover more than 300,000 square meters, but also transcend the mere notion of being just another skyscraper block in the Chinese metropolis. 100 Trees is an entire district with schools, kindergartens, shopping centres, offices, and apartments, brought together in Heatherwick’s nature-inspired, hill-like complex covered in plenty of luscious greenery. Each pillar is topped by a tree, surrounded by more than 400 planted terraces. Liveable landscape – in the heart of Shanghai. Image: Mir Inside/outside hybrid For his latest project in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnamese star architect Vo Tronh Nghia decided to turn the planning process upside down: He started with the plants and trees , only turning to the actual living space once the landscaping had been finalized. Vo Tronh Nghia built this house around its trees. Image: Hiroyuki Oki As a result, the buildings residences are massively influenced and shaped by nature: Rooms are structured around enclosed gardens; concrete walls double as trellises for climbers. Many roofs leave deliberate gaps for growing trees or incoming daylight, infusing indoor areas with a distinct outdoor feel and appeal. Lots of daylight and lofty rooms.Image: Hiroyuki Oki Innovative exterior Anyone who automatically associates sustainable architecture with natural materials like bamboo is in for a big surprise. Architect Francois Perrin favours an innovative textile woven from aluminium threads. Francois Perrins Air Houses are made of a metallic mesh fabric. Image: Steve Hall For the 2017 Chicago Architecture Biennial, he spun this futuristic fabric into distinctive Air Houses : pyramid-shaped, treehouse-like structures based on a lightweight steel frame and an exterior skin fashioned from the aluminium material. The result is reflective, wind- and waterproof, and easily cools the interior without any additional input. Who needs air conditioning? Like a mountain range A desert range in Amsterdam might be the most accurate description of the Valley designed by the MVRDV architecture studio. The sizeable project, comprising three towers, 200 apartments, several public institutions, shops and restaurants, is set to revive Amsterdams Zuidas office district sometime after 2021. Individual segments are stacked like the striations of a mountain range, then connected across several levels via paths and strips of green. Natural stone facades, roof gardens, and water reservoirs are designed to make Valley dwellers feel far-removed from everyday life – towering high above the rest of the city . Natural stone, green terraces, and water reservoirs in Amsterdam Image: Vero Visuals, Rotterdam Inspired by the shapes of nature Its quite a lofty goal: If Henning Larsen Architects get their way, the Icone Tower will become a new landmark of Manila and possibly the entire Philippines. For their radical design, the Danish firm took inspiration from the countrys Mount Mayon volcano, basing the Icone Towers distinctive silhouette on the volcanos characteristic cone shape. Inside, a clever mix and match of public and private areas awaits: The net-style glass/steel facade lets in a maximum of daylight while affording great views of the surrounding park. And at night, the illuminated panorama platform on the buildings top promises to serve as a stylized beacon for progress and things to come. The Icone Tower will be visible for all of Manila. Image: Henning Larsen The building was inspired by the volcano Mount Mayon. Image: Henning Larsen Saving space Shanghai is as flat as the Netherlands but much more densely populated. To solve the booming republics lack of living space, the Chinese mega metropolis has increasingly upped the ante by building skywards. Buildings like a hilly landscape in Shanghai. Image: MVRDV This vertical, multi-level approach and principle is also reflected in the latest ambitious project by Rotterdam-based architectural firm MWRDV. All buildings of their Zhangjiang future park (including a library, an event space, a theater, and a sports center) will be embedded at different depths, resulting in a landscape and skyline of rolling hills with walkable roofs. The latter, planted with plenty of greenery, double as welcome insulation, coolant, and water filters. The future park an idea of Dutch studio MVRDV. Vertical forest France has swathes of vast woodlands, but not a single vertical forest. Italian architect aims to change this with his Fort Blanche on the outskirts of Paris, a 50-meter tower fashioned from stacked wood and glass cubes with thickly planted edges. The towers sustainable architecture not only boasts more than 2,000  plants (equivalent to an entire hectare of forest), but also a wooden facade, daylight wells, and a unique construction that favors natural ventilation. Stefano Boeri is bringing his green facades to Paris. Image: Compagnie De Phalsbourg Architectes Stacked glas cubes dominate the aesthetics of Boeris Fort Blanche. Image: Compagnie De Phalsbourg Architectes Floating university It almost sounds like a fairy-tale: Contaminated swampland becomes a sustainable utopia. Yet this fiction might soon become fact in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. The Floating University planned by Woha Architects recently won the worlds most prestigious award for sustainable architecture. The LafargeHolcim Awards jury praised the projects idea to place the classrooms on pontoons in the wetlands. Vertical gardens lower the buildings cooling requirements while photovoltaic panels and a rainwater recovery system add to the universitys overall sustainability. Wohas sustainable university campus within a formerly contaminated swamp. Image: WOHA Natural high The lower levels aim to convey the look and feel of the brightly green rice terraces of Vietnam. Yet the higher you move up the Empire City Towers, the more incredible the illusion: The mega project’s 333-meter-high spiralling towers include mezzanine floors with tropical gardens, lakes, and even waterfalls. Planned highlight of Ho Chi Minh City: the Empire City Towers. Image: Ole Scheeren Verdant all the way, the Ho Chi Minh City-based brainchild of Ole Scheeren definitely takes a leaf or three out of Vietnams stunning nature. Organic shapes and energy-neutral construction complete the harmonious picture, yet its up to each visitor to decide what ultimately takes their breath away: the view or the inspiration behind it all. Like rice fields high above the city. https://www.whatsorb.com/category/architecture By: Janina Temmen Header image: Paris Smart City 2050 with 8 Plus-Energy Towers | Vincent Callebaut
In architecture, sustainability is no longer just about the choice of materials. These surprisingly innovative construction projects have us looking forward in 2018. The first wooden skyscraper Wooden high-rise: Pendas Timber Tower. Image: Penda Most cities still resemble deserts of concrete and steel. The architects at Penda aim to change all that. Take their Toronto-based  Timber Tower, planned together with the consultants at Tmber. Spanning an impressive 18 levels, the entirely wooden structure relies on a high-tech wood blend called CLT and a special, modular construction approach. To achieve the supremely resilient, 62-meter-high result, Penda will stack wood panel boxes in a particular pattern. The finished apartment building will pay proud homage to its roots by resembling a huge tree. The building in Toronto consists entirely of wood. Image: Penda The green hill Sometimes, architects can actually let their imagination roam and realize their wildest dreams. Thomas Heatherwick is one of the lucky few who gets to build his ambitious vision with the 100 Trees Complex in Shanghai. The immense project will not only cover more than 300,000 square meters, but also transcend the mere notion of being just another skyscraper block in the Chinese metropolis. 100 Trees is an entire district with schools, kindergartens, shopping centres, offices, and apartments, brought together in Heatherwick’s nature-inspired, hill-like complex covered in plenty of luscious greenery. Each pillar is topped by a tree, surrounded by more than 400 planted terraces. Liveable landscape – in the heart of Shanghai. Image: Mir Inside/outside hybrid For his latest project in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnamese star architect Vo Tronh Nghia decided to turn the planning process upside down: He started with the plants and trees , only turning to the actual living space once the landscaping had been finalized. Vo Tronh Nghia built this house around its trees. Image: Hiroyuki Oki As a result, the buildings residences are massively influenced and shaped by nature: Rooms are structured around enclosed gardens; concrete walls double as trellises for climbers. Many roofs leave deliberate gaps for growing trees or incoming daylight, infusing indoor areas with a distinct outdoor feel and appeal. Lots of daylight and lofty rooms.Image: Hiroyuki Oki Innovative exterior Anyone who automatically associates sustainable architecture with natural materials like bamboo is in for a big surprise. Architect Francois Perrin favours an innovative textile woven from aluminium threads. Francois Perrins Air Houses are made of a metallic mesh fabric. Image: Steve Hall For the 2017 Chicago Architecture Biennial, he spun this futuristic fabric into distinctive Air Houses : pyramid-shaped, treehouse-like structures based on a lightweight steel frame and an exterior skin fashioned from the aluminium material. The result is reflective, wind- and waterproof, and easily cools the interior without any additional input. Who needs air conditioning? Like a mountain range A desert range in Amsterdam might be the most accurate description of the Valley designed by the MVRDV architecture studio. The sizeable project, comprising three towers, 200 apartments, several public institutions, shops and restaurants, is set to revive Amsterdams Zuidas office district sometime after 2021. Individual segments are stacked like the striations of a mountain range, then connected across several levels via paths and strips of green. Natural stone facades, roof gardens, and water reservoirs are designed to make Valley dwellers feel far-removed from everyday life – towering high above the rest of the city . Natural stone, green terraces, and water reservoirs in Amsterdam Image: Vero Visuals, Rotterdam Inspired by the shapes of nature Its quite a lofty goal: If Henning Larsen Architects get their way, the Icone Tower will become a new landmark of Manila and possibly the entire Philippines. For their radical design, the Danish firm took inspiration from the countrys Mount Mayon volcano, basing the Icone Towers distinctive silhouette on the volcanos characteristic cone shape. Inside, a clever mix and match of public and private areas awaits: The net-style glass/steel facade lets in a maximum of daylight while affording great views of the surrounding park. And at night, the illuminated panorama platform on the buildings top promises to serve as a stylized beacon for progress and things to come. The Icone Tower will be visible for all of Manila. Image: Henning Larsen The building was inspired by the volcano Mount Mayon. Image: Henning Larsen Saving space Shanghai is as flat as the Netherlands but much more densely populated. To solve the booming republics lack of living space, the Chinese mega metropolis has increasingly upped the ante by building skywards. Buildings like a hilly landscape in Shanghai. Image: MVRDV This vertical, multi-level approach and principle is also reflected in the latest ambitious project by Rotterdam-based architectural firm MWRDV. All buildings of their Zhangjiang future park (including a library, an event space, a theater, and a sports center) will be embedded at different depths, resulting in a landscape and skyline of rolling hills with walkable roofs. The latter, planted with plenty of greenery, double as welcome insulation, coolant, and water filters. The future park an idea of Dutch studio MVRDV. Vertical forest France has swathes of vast woodlands, but not a single vertical forest. Italian architect aims to change this with his Fort Blanche on the outskirts of Paris, a 50-meter tower fashioned from stacked wood and glass cubes with thickly planted edges. The towers sustainable architecture not only boasts more than 2,000  plants (equivalent to an entire hectare of forest), but also a wooden facade, daylight wells, and a unique construction that favors natural ventilation. Stefano Boeri is bringing his green facades to Paris. Image: Compagnie De Phalsbourg Architectes Stacked glas cubes dominate the aesthetics of Boeris Fort Blanche. Image: Compagnie De Phalsbourg Architectes Floating university It almost sounds like a fairy-tale: Contaminated swampland becomes a sustainable utopia. Yet this fiction might soon become fact in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. The Floating University planned by Woha Architects recently won the worlds most prestigious award for sustainable architecture. The LafargeHolcim Awards jury praised the projects idea to place the classrooms on pontoons in the wetlands. Vertical gardens lower the buildings cooling requirements while photovoltaic panels and a rainwater recovery system add to the universitys overall sustainability. Wohas sustainable university campus within a formerly contaminated swamp. Image: WOHA Natural high The lower levels aim to convey the look and feel of the brightly green rice terraces of Vietnam. Yet the higher you move up the Empire City Towers, the more incredible the illusion: The mega project’s 333-meter-high spiralling towers include mezzanine floors with tropical gardens, lakes, and even waterfalls. Planned highlight of Ho Chi Minh City: the Empire City Towers. Image: Ole Scheeren Verdant all the way, the Ho Chi Minh City-based brainchild of Ole Scheeren definitely takes a leaf or three out of Vietnams stunning nature. Organic shapes and energy-neutral construction complete the harmonious picture, yet its up to each visitor to decide what ultimately takes their breath away: the view or the inspiration behind it all. Like rice fields high above the city. https://www.whatsorb.com/category/architecture By: Janina Temmen Header image: Paris Smart City 2050 with 8 Plus-Energy Towers | Vincent Callebaut
Sustainable Architecture 2018. How Does It Feel For You?
Sustainable Architecture 2018. How Does It Feel For You?
Architecture Designs: Green White Roofs To Cool Urban Area
The summers in the city can be hot - several degrees warmer than in the countryside. However, recent research indicates that this does not necessarily have to be the case. The systematic replacement of dark surfaces with white can reduce the temperature by 2 degrees Celsius or more. The heat island effect will increase with climate change and the ongoing urbanization. There is therefore sufficient reason to look for multiple ways to keep us cool. Are white roofs the solution for warming cities? The meteorological phenomenon of the 'urban heat island effect' has been known since the rise of large cities in the 19th century. The materials with which most cities and roads are built reflect much less solar radiation - and absorb it more - than the vegetation they have replaced. Part of that energy is again released in the air in the form of heat. The darker the surface, the stronger the warming. Fresh asphalt reflects only 4 percent of the sunlight, compared with 25 percent for grassland and up to 90 percent for a white surface such as fresh snow. Approximately 2 percent of the earth's surface is occupied by cities and is subject to a certain level of district heating. According to the American Environmental Protection Agency, New York City is on average 1 to 3 degrees Celsius warmer than the surrounding countryside, and up to 12 degrees warmer on some evenings. The effect is so overwhelming that some climate skeptics have already claimed that global warming is only an illusion created by thousands of meteorological stations that once stood in rural areas but were gradually surrounded by urbanization by more and more buildings. Climate scientists take this type of deviation from measurements into account, so the claim does not hold. Nevertheless, the effect is real. So, says a recent study published in the journal Nature Geoscience, if dark, heat-absorbing surfaces heat our cities, why not reverse the effect and install white roofs and other light-colored surfaces to reflect the sun's rays? White roofs from New York to Melbourne Photo: under Architecture, Environment, global warming, Green Roof, News & Inhabitat During a heat wave, when the sun has free rein in a cloudless sky, the creation of lighter land surfaces can 'help to reduce extreme temperatures by 2 or 3 degrees Celsius' in much of Europe, North America and Asia, says co-author of the new study Sonia Seneviratne, which studies land-climate dynamics at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich. It could save lives, she says, and the warmer it gets, the stronger the effect. It could save lives, and the warmer it gets, the stronger the effect. Seneviratne is not alone in defending the reflection of sunlight. There are many small-scale initiatives in cities to make roof surfaces more reflective. For example, in 2012 New York introduced rules about white roofs in the building codes. Volunteers in the city have painted almost seven million square meters of roof covered with tar white. However, this is only about 1 percent of the potential roof surface. Chicago is trying something similar, and last year Los Angeles started a program to paint road surfaces in asphalt in light gray paint. Outside the United States there are initiatives on cooling roofs in cities such as Melbourne. However, these remain small-scale programs, the results rather anecdotal. It is therefore important that researchers now gather evidence around the world that shows that the benefits of converting that 1 percent into 100 percent every year can save many lives. Custom farming Keith Oleson of the National Center for Atmospheric Research at Boulder, Colorado, looked at what would happen if every roof in large cities around the world was painted white. As a result, the reflectivity of objects - climate scientists would call the 'albedo' - increase from 32 percent today to 90 percent. He discovered that the heat island effect would be reduced by a third. That is enough to reduce the maximum daily temperatures by an average of 0.6 degrees Celsius, and more in hot regions such as the Arabian peninsula and Brazil. Other studies indicate even greater benefits in the US. In a 2014 publication, Matei Georgescu of Arizona State University shows that 'cooling roofs' can lower temperatures in California to 1.5 degrees and to 1.8 degrees in cities like Washington. Not only the cities benefit from a whitewashing, as it turns out. Seneviratne and her team suggested that farmers can also cool their residential areas with other farming methods. Modified methods, applied over large areas, can have a considerable effect according to her. In Europe, grain fields are almost always plowed shortly after harvesting. This makes the fields large, dark surfaces that absorb the sun's rays during the winter. However, if the land is not plowed immediately, the light-colored stubble that remains on the fields after harvesting could reflect about 30 percent of the sunlight, compared to only 20 percent for a field that is released immediately. This may sound like a relative trivial difference, but it can be calculated for large areas of arable land that the temperature in some rural areas may decrease by as much as 2 degrees on sunny days. In North America, early shifts occur much less often. But Peter Irvine, a researcher in the field of climate and geo-engineering at Harvard University, has suggested that crops can also be chosen on the basis of their ability to reflect sunlight. In Europe, for example, a cereal such as barley, which reflects 23 percent of the sunlight, can be replaced by sugar beet, an economically comparable crop that reflects 26 percent. In other words, farmers can simply choose more reflective varieties to grow. Again, the difference sounds marginal. But since arable land covers more than 10 percent of the land surface of the earth, about five times more than cities, the potential can be considerable. Unpleasant consequences for other regions At first glance, such initiatives seem appropriate if countries have difficulty with the consequences of climate change. But there is also concern that if large parts of the world take such policy measures to reduce local heat waves, this may lead to noticeable and possibly unpleasant consequences for temperature and rain in neighboring regions. 'Local management of solar radiation differs from global geoengineering because it is not aimed at influencing the global temperature and global effects are therefore negligible' Proponents of local projects, such as suppressing the heat island effect, say that they are only trying to reverse the consequences of unintentional geo-engineering through urbanization and the growth of arable land. Moreover, they state that local adjustments will only have local effects. 'If all French farmers stop plowing in the summer, their impact on the temperature in Germany will be negligible', says Seneviratne. 'Local solar radiation management differs from global geo-engineering because it is not aimed at influencing the global temperature and global effects are therefore negligible', she says. It is only an 'adjustment measure'. But sometimes things are not that simple. For example, lowering local temperatures would limit evaporation and thus potentially affect rainfall. A model study by Irvine concluded that rumbling with reflection of sunlight in larger areas such as deserts could cause a "large decrease in the intensity of Indian and African monsoons in particular." But the same study also concluded that changing albedo in cities or likely to have no significant effect on agricultural land. Cool cities, save lives What is clear is that tackling the heat island effect by increasing solar reflection is not enough to ward off climate change. According to Oleson's calculations, the whitening of every urban roof and square in the world would only slow down global warming by eleven years. But the potential value of alleviating the most serious effects of overheating in cities can save lives. The heat island effect can be a killer. Counter-intuitively, the biggest effect is often at night. Vulnerable people, such as the elderly who suffer from the heat during the day, need the night to cool down again. Without this possibility they can succumb to heat stroke and dehydration. Research from this month shows that temperature peaks also cause a peak in heart attacks. This happened during the big European heat wave of 2003, where about 70,000 people died, mostly in houses without air conditioning. Doctors said that the killer was not so much the daytime temperature of 40 degrees Celsius or higher, but the fact that the nights were warmer than 30 degrees. Heatwave 2003. Photo: uneed2know.eu Such nightmares are likely to occur more and more in the future, because the urban area is increasing, and because of climate change. Taking into account the predicted urban expansion in the US this century 'the temperature near the earth's surface can be expected to increase by 1 to 2 degrees Celsius across large regional parts of the country', says Georgescu's paper from 2014. Similar scenarios threaten other parts of the country. world that is rapidly urbanizing, including China, India and Africa. These areas are expected to multiply their urban land area by 2030 compared to 1970. 'Vulnerable populations are thus exposed to climate change driven by land use.' Several studies suggest that climate change itself can fuel the heat island effect. Richard Betts of the British Met Office Hadley predicts that in some places this will increase the difference between urban and rural temperatures by as much as 30 percent, especially in the Middle East and South Asia, where deaths during heatwaves are already prevalent. The combination of rising temperatures due to  climate change and high humidity will make it likely that large parts of the Persian Gulf area will be the first in the world to become uninhabitable. And a study published in February predicted temperatures could rise to 10 degrees in most European cities by the end of the century. No wonder the call for cooling of cities sounds louder. Not white but green Photo by: greenrooftechnology.com Another option is not to spray roofs white, but to make green roofs. This is already being applied in different cities. In 2016, San Francisco became the first American city to make the installation of green roofs mandatory on some new buildings. New York announced last year a program of 100 million dollars for cooling neighborhoods by planting trees. So, what's better, a white roof or a green" roof? According to Georgescu, the direct cooling effect of white roofs is greater. Vincenzo Costanzo from the University of Reading, has a similar conclusion regarding Italian cities. But green roofs have other advantages. An investigation in Adelaide, Australia, has shown that in addition to cooling in the summer they also serve as an insulating layer to keep buildings warmer in the winter. Whitewashed walls, photovoltaic cells and fields full of stubble can provide relief during the sweltering decades that are coming Photo by: doityourself.com There is also a third option: covering roofs with photovoltaic cells. They are dark and therefore do not reflect much solar radiation in space. But that is because it is their job to capture the energy and convert it into sustainable electricity . Solar panels 'cool day temperatures in a way that is comparable to increasing albedo via white roofs', say scientists at the University of New South Wales. Their research, published last year in the journal Scientific Reports, showed that  solar panels in a city like Sydney in Australia could lower the temperature to 1 degree. That is the theory. The question is whether it will also work in practice. After all, research into the influence on local temperatures of large solar parks in deserts has yielded contradictory findings. Because while they prevent the sun's rays from reaching the desert surface, they also work at night as an insulating blanket, so that the desert sand cannot release the absorbed heat. The conclusion is then that light, reflective surfaces can have a major impact on cooling the ambient air - in cities, but also in rural areas. Whitewashed walls, photovoltaic cells and fields full of stubble can all provide local relief during the sweltering decades that are coming. But policy makers beware. It does not always work that way. There may be unintended consequences, both for temperature and for some other aspects of the climate such as rainfall. Even local geo-engineering must therefore be handled with care. By: Mondiaal Nieuws (MO). Cover photo: originaltravel.co.uk https://www.whatsorb.com/category/architecture
The summers in the city can be hot - several degrees warmer than in the countryside. However, recent research indicates that this does not necessarily have to be the case. The systematic replacement of dark surfaces with white can reduce the temperature by 2 degrees Celsius or more. The heat island effect will increase with climate change and the ongoing urbanization. There is therefore sufficient reason to look for multiple ways to keep us cool. Are white roofs the solution for warming cities? The meteorological phenomenon of the 'urban heat island effect' has been known since the rise of large cities in the 19th century. The materials with which most cities and roads are built reflect much less solar radiation - and absorb it more - than the vegetation they have replaced. Part of that energy is again released in the air in the form of heat. The darker the surface, the stronger the warming. Fresh asphalt reflects only 4 percent of the sunlight, compared with 25 percent for grassland and up to 90 percent for a white surface such as fresh snow. Approximately 2 percent of the earth's surface is occupied by cities and is subject to a certain level of district heating. According to the American Environmental Protection Agency, New York City is on average 1 to 3 degrees Celsius warmer than the surrounding countryside, and up to 12 degrees warmer on some evenings. The effect is so overwhelming that some climate skeptics have already claimed that global warming is only an illusion created by thousands of meteorological stations that once stood in rural areas but were gradually surrounded by urbanization by more and more buildings. Climate scientists take this type of deviation from measurements into account, so the claim does not hold. Nevertheless, the effect is real. So, says a recent study published in the journal Nature Geoscience, if dark, heat-absorbing surfaces heat our cities, why not reverse the effect and install white roofs and other light-colored surfaces to reflect the sun's rays? White roofs from New York to Melbourne Photo: under Architecture, Environment, global warming, Green Roof, News & Inhabitat During a heat wave, when the sun has free rein in a cloudless sky, the creation of lighter land surfaces can 'help to reduce extreme temperatures by 2 or 3 degrees Celsius' in much of Europe, North America and Asia, says co-author of the new study Sonia Seneviratne, which studies land-climate dynamics at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich. It could save lives, she says, and the warmer it gets, the stronger the effect. It could save lives, and the warmer it gets, the stronger the effect. Seneviratne is not alone in defending the reflection of sunlight. There are many small-scale initiatives in cities to make roof surfaces more reflective. For example, in 2012 New York introduced rules about white roofs in the building codes. Volunteers in the city have painted almost seven million square meters of roof covered with tar white. However, this is only about 1 percent of the potential roof surface. Chicago is trying something similar, and last year Los Angeles started a program to paint road surfaces in asphalt in light gray paint. Outside the United States there are initiatives on cooling roofs in cities such as Melbourne. However, these remain small-scale programs, the results rather anecdotal. It is therefore important that researchers now gather evidence around the world that shows that the benefits of converting that 1 percent into 100 percent every year can save many lives. Custom farming Keith Oleson of the National Center for Atmospheric Research at Boulder, Colorado, looked at what would happen if every roof in large cities around the world was painted white. As a result, the reflectivity of objects - climate scientists would call the 'albedo' - increase from 32 percent today to 90 percent. He discovered that the heat island effect would be reduced by a third. That is enough to reduce the maximum daily temperatures by an average of 0.6 degrees Celsius, and more in hot regions such as the Arabian peninsula and Brazil. Other studies indicate even greater benefits in the US. In a 2014 publication, Matei Georgescu of Arizona State University shows that 'cooling roofs' can lower temperatures in California to 1.5 degrees and to 1.8 degrees in cities like Washington. Not only the cities benefit from a whitewashing, as it turns out. Seneviratne and her team suggested that farmers can also cool their residential areas with other farming methods. Modified methods, applied over large areas, can have a considerable effect according to her. In Europe, grain fields are almost always plowed shortly after harvesting. This makes the fields large, dark surfaces that absorb the sun's rays during the winter. However, if the land is not plowed immediately, the light-colored stubble that remains on the fields after harvesting could reflect about 30 percent of the sunlight, compared to only 20 percent for a field that is released immediately. This may sound like a relative trivial difference, but it can be calculated for large areas of arable land that the temperature in some rural areas may decrease by as much as 2 degrees on sunny days. In North America, early shifts occur much less often. But Peter Irvine, a researcher in the field of climate and geo-engineering at Harvard University, has suggested that crops can also be chosen on the basis of their ability to reflect sunlight. In Europe, for example, a cereal such as barley, which reflects 23 percent of the sunlight, can be replaced by sugar beet, an economically comparable crop that reflects 26 percent. In other words, farmers can simply choose more reflective varieties to grow. Again, the difference sounds marginal. But since arable land covers more than 10 percent of the land surface of the earth, about five times more than cities, the potential can be considerable. Unpleasant consequences for other regions At first glance, such initiatives seem appropriate if countries have difficulty with the consequences of climate change. But there is also concern that if large parts of the world take such policy measures to reduce local heat waves, this may lead to noticeable and possibly unpleasant consequences for temperature and rain in neighboring regions. 'Local management of solar radiation differs from global geoengineering because it is not aimed at influencing the global temperature and global effects are therefore negligible' Proponents of local projects, such as suppressing the heat island effect, say that they are only trying to reverse the consequences of unintentional geo-engineering through urbanization and the growth of arable land. Moreover, they state that local adjustments will only have local effects. 'If all French farmers stop plowing in the summer, their impact on the temperature in Germany will be negligible', says Seneviratne. 'Local solar radiation management differs from global geo-engineering because it is not aimed at influencing the global temperature and global effects are therefore negligible', she says. It is only an 'adjustment measure'. But sometimes things are not that simple. For example, lowering local temperatures would limit evaporation and thus potentially affect rainfall. A model study by Irvine concluded that rumbling with reflection of sunlight in larger areas such as deserts could cause a "large decrease in the intensity of Indian and African monsoons in particular." But the same study also concluded that changing albedo in cities or likely to have no significant effect on agricultural land. Cool cities, save lives What is clear is that tackling the heat island effect by increasing solar reflection is not enough to ward off climate change. According to Oleson's calculations, the whitening of every urban roof and square in the world would only slow down global warming by eleven years. But the potential value of alleviating the most serious effects of overheating in cities can save lives. The heat island effect can be a killer. Counter-intuitively, the biggest effect is often at night. Vulnerable people, such as the elderly who suffer from the heat during the day, need the night to cool down again. Without this possibility they can succumb to heat stroke and dehydration. Research from this month shows that temperature peaks also cause a peak in heart attacks. This happened during the big European heat wave of 2003, where about 70,000 people died, mostly in houses without air conditioning. Doctors said that the killer was not so much the daytime temperature of 40 degrees Celsius or higher, but the fact that the nights were warmer than 30 degrees. Heatwave 2003. Photo: uneed2know.eu Such nightmares are likely to occur more and more in the future, because the urban area is increasing, and because of climate change. Taking into account the predicted urban expansion in the US this century 'the temperature near the earth's surface can be expected to increase by 1 to 2 degrees Celsius across large regional parts of the country', says Georgescu's paper from 2014. Similar scenarios threaten other parts of the country. world that is rapidly urbanizing, including China, India and Africa. These areas are expected to multiply their urban land area by 2030 compared to 1970. 'Vulnerable populations are thus exposed to climate change driven by land use.' Several studies suggest that climate change itself can fuel the heat island effect. Richard Betts of the British Met Office Hadley predicts that in some places this will increase the difference between urban and rural temperatures by as much as 30 percent, especially in the Middle East and South Asia, where deaths during heatwaves are already prevalent. The combination of rising temperatures due to  climate change and high humidity will make it likely that large parts of the Persian Gulf area will be the first in the world to become uninhabitable. And a study published in February predicted temperatures could rise to 10 degrees in most European cities by the end of the century. No wonder the call for cooling of cities sounds louder. Not white but green Photo by: greenrooftechnology.com Another option is not to spray roofs white, but to make green roofs. This is already being applied in different cities. In 2016, San Francisco became the first American city to make the installation of green roofs mandatory on some new buildings. New York announced last year a program of 100 million dollars for cooling neighborhoods by planting trees. So, what's better, a white roof or a green" roof? According to Georgescu, the direct cooling effect of white roofs is greater. Vincenzo Costanzo from the University of Reading, has a similar conclusion regarding Italian cities. But green roofs have other advantages. An investigation in Adelaide, Australia, has shown that in addition to cooling in the summer they also serve as an insulating layer to keep buildings warmer in the winter. Whitewashed walls, photovoltaic cells and fields full of stubble can provide relief during the sweltering decades that are coming Photo by: doityourself.com There is also a third option: covering roofs with photovoltaic cells. They are dark and therefore do not reflect much solar radiation in space. But that is because it is their job to capture the energy and convert it into sustainable electricity . Solar panels 'cool day temperatures in a way that is comparable to increasing albedo via white roofs', say scientists at the University of New South Wales. Their research, published last year in the journal Scientific Reports, showed that  solar panels in a city like Sydney in Australia could lower the temperature to 1 degree. That is the theory. The question is whether it will also work in practice. After all, research into the influence on local temperatures of large solar parks in deserts has yielded contradictory findings. Because while they prevent the sun's rays from reaching the desert surface, they also work at night as an insulating blanket, so that the desert sand cannot release the absorbed heat. The conclusion is then that light, reflective surfaces can have a major impact on cooling the ambient air - in cities, but also in rural areas. Whitewashed walls, photovoltaic cells and fields full of stubble can all provide local relief during the sweltering decades that are coming. But policy makers beware. It does not always work that way. There may be unintended consequences, both for temperature and for some other aspects of the climate such as rainfall. Even local geo-engineering must therefore be handled with care. By: Mondiaal Nieuws (MO). Cover photo: originaltravel.co.uk https://www.whatsorb.com/category/architecture
Architecture Designs: Green White Roofs To Cool Urban Area
Architecture Designs: Green White Roofs To Cool Urban Area's
Green Urban Sustainable Project: Marine One In Singapore
With a larger share of green spaces than the lot area, Marina One is a role model for megacities. In the high-rise project, homes, offices and public facilities are connected in high density, in a sustainable manner that leads to a pleasant microclimate. Marina One is a role model for megacities On the lower layers there is a publicly accessible park that gradually passes into the towers. Picture: Darren Soh Marina One by Ingenhoven Architects can rightly be called an impressive project. In terms of size it looks a bit like a small city. The complex is part of the new Central Business District of Singapore and offers space for 20,000 workplaces and 3,000 residents. As a 'hub project' for green urban development, it presents a strong example of sustainable architecture. In the design not only attention was paid to the creation of sufficient commercial floor space, but also valuable green urban space was integrated. In this case, instead of four obvious separate buildings, a neighborhood that was accessible to everyone around a green heart arose here. A vertical park that extends over several floors. Singapore has grown since 1990 mainly thanks to artificial land reclamation with 8.9 percent. With the development of Marina One and many other new construction projects, it is currently undergoing a radical transformation from a 'Garden City' to a 'City in a Garden'. The city state, which in the sixties was still regarded as one of the most unhealthiest places in the world, has since grown into an international economic hotspot. To ensure that Singapore remains attractive for living and working in the future, there is now also a lot of attention for improving the quality of life. Marina Bay, west of the old city center from Singapore Marina Bay is located directly to the west of the old city center and is without doubt one of the largest and most prominent new neighborhoods in the area. Where empty yards and railroads still existed in the 1990s, the new Central Business District has been realized since 2006 under the watchful eye of government agency Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA). And ambitious goals are envisaged for this new business district. Strict energy guidelines and higher requirements for public and green spaces apply to all new building projects. The publicly accessible areas must occupy at least 25 percent of the plot surface, the green spaces at least one hundred percent. For the energy requirements even a national standard, the 'Green Mark Standard', has been created. With its unlimited authority, the URA is a unique planning body that investors have the opportunity to join and which, unlike many other countries, is also much more active in establishing and maintaining development goals. The wavy facade is continued on all sides Rice terraces and 'Gardens by the Bay' Here, the URA uses so-called 'studies', for which architects are asked without knowledge of the concrete location, but on the basis of very concrete planning guidelines to develop interesting ideas and to submit them to a committee. Marina One also resulted from such a study. Christoph Ingenhoven, who together with local architect Michael Ngu of architects a61 on the Robinson Road created a remarkable office building, initially received only basic information about a plot that provided space for four blocks of one hundred by one hundred meters and was split up. through two streets of twenty to twenty-five meters wide. Instead of an obvious idea with a separate building on each corner, he suggested giving up the intersection and creating a neighborhood around a vertical park . In doing so, he aroused the interest of the URA, who soon invited him to further develop his green concept in the context of a small-scale architectural competition. The plot is located northwest of the famous 'Gardens by the Bay' by architects WilkinsonEyre and directly between two small city parks. For this, the architects came up with a complex with space for offices (half) and houses (a third), which would go down in height from two hundred to 139 meters in the direction of one of the two parks. For their project, Christoph Ingenhoven and Michael Ngu took the idea of ​​park C in the middle of park A and B in 2010. Large frames in the façade provide shade effects in the residential towers Green Heart Park, Singapore In order to create the large 'Green Heart Park' in the middle of the complex, all buildings have been shifted cartesian and strictly orthogonal to the outer boundaries of the plot, following the example of the New York city map. Around the green heart, for example, two blocks of two buildings were realized, with sloping galleries and vertical, step-by-step lamella constructions that do not entirely reminiscent of the well-known Southeast Asian rice terraces. Thanks to the cascading, undulating floors that come closer and closer together, natural air flows are created which ensure that even in the outdoor areas, despite the subtropical climate, it is pleasant to stay here. On the outside, highly efficient, perforated sun protection elements adorn the sleek façade. For the inside, the architects and engineers developed extensive slats with a depth of 1.2 to 2 meters, based on extensive climate and design studies. This created a unique dynamic space in the heart of the complex, which, consciously not as a European city square but as a 'city room', a Singaporean version of a city garden, should be seen as a relaxing place to relax, move and to meet each other. The British landscape architects Gustafson Porter + Bowman created here a green oasis with great  biodiversity that invites haptic (soil material) as well as acoustic (birds and insects) to explore. Earth tones However, it did not stay with the creation of this green heart. This only covers part of the very complex building concept with a total of 175,000 square meters of gross floor area for offices, 115,000 square meters for living, 18,000 square meters for trade / gastronomy and 37,000 square meters of green space. In addition to the green heart on the first four floors, in the office buildings on floor 28 and 29 'sky gardens' are integrated, which are publicly accessible and where restaurants are located just below. The green spaces now cover up to 125 percent of the plot surface. Most are accessible to the general public - apart from the roof gardens, which serve as exclusive outdoor spaces for businesses and penthouses. The vegetation of the 'strata terraces', 'cloud garden', 'green screens' and 'rooftop gardens' varies greatly from floor to floor and with the different shades of color and plant structures it is a real enrichment of the otherwise rather strict high-tech façade. Incidentally, for the façade, Ingenhoven consciously took dark earth tones in order to contrast them nicely with the white of the former colonial buildings. Hybrid construction For Marina One, first a reinforced concrete skeleton was planned, but in the end the choice fell on a more advantageous option. In order to place the alternative hybrid construction from reinforced concrete and steel firmly on the soft surface of the newly reclaimed land, a very complex pile foundation was required. Another impressive element, both spatially and constructively, are the three 'suspended' floors of 10,000 square meters each connecting the two office buildings. And do not underestimate the great functionality of Marina One. For the mediated clientele, consisting mainly of financial companies and professionals who can pay an average of 14,762 euros per square meter, there is virtually nothing to be desired: three underground shop floors and direct access to two metro stations, a 2,400-square-meter gym with a ten-meter high climbing wall and a fifty meter long outdoor swimming pool, several 'signature' restaurants, a party zone, lounges, a 'resident clubhouse' and special teppanyaki and BBQ terraces. New urban exploration The smart spatial and sustainable architectural solutions of Marina One can serve as a model for urban compaction projects at other locations. But the significance of this special project goes further. In Singapore, Marina One is part of a complete generation of new, green high-rise projects for an urban transformation and a change in the use wishes that they had not previously thought possible. It represents the desire for more and qualitative green spaces and outdoor spaces, the use of which actually increases despite the sometimes murderous subtropical climate . Although Ingenhoven Architects and the supporting engineering firms Werner Sobek, DS-Plan and Arup Singapore with their complex design solutions managed to lower the temperature in the microclimate of Marina One compared to 'normal' with only a few degrees, the architecture entices many people to trust their familiar to leave the inner world more often. This new urban exploration is, in addition to the great energy values, the most impressive one at Marina One. Ground floor with park, public functions and entrances to homes, offices and parking Microclimate In addition to the large green spaces, more surprising openings have been created, some of which are only visible from close by or even only on the floors in question. For example, vertical slits in which two air shafts are housed in different places run through different residential buildings in order to achieve a completely natural ventilation and thus a more pleasant outdoor climate. This effect is further enhanced by the smartly chosen dimensions and positioning of the slats on the park side. For the architects it still took a lot of steps to convince their client M + S, owned by the Singaporean investment company Temasek and the Malaysian state fund Khazanah, of these slots and slats. Both meant a significant investment and loss of useful floor space. Sustainability played a crucial role not only in the design of the inside, but also in the exterior of both buildings. For example, the different blocks with staggered frames and deeper loggias act as a kind of natural sunblind that helps to reduce the subtropical heat load on the 1,042 dwellings. The fact that the plot is positioned slightly tilted in relation to the wind points was certainly also useful here. None of the facades is in fact oriented towards the very warm west. Thanks to a system for heat recovery, a rainwater collection system (for greywater and irrigation of the gardens), the greater heat tolerance to office temperatures of 24-26 degrees and the use of state-of-the-art glazing that prevents heat, the energy consumption is up to 35 percent lower than for this kind of complexes is common. This gave the project the Pre-Certification LEED Platinum and the Green Mark Platinum. By: Claus Käpplinger, Photography HG Esch https://www.whatsorb.com/category/architecture
With a larger share of green spaces than the lot area, Marina One is a role model for megacities. In the high-rise project, homes, offices and public facilities are connected in high density, in a sustainable manner that leads to a pleasant microclimate. Marina One is a role model for megacities On the lower layers there is a publicly accessible park that gradually passes into the towers. Picture: Darren Soh Marina One by Ingenhoven Architects can rightly be called an impressive project. In terms of size it looks a bit like a small city. The complex is part of the new Central Business District of Singapore and offers space for 20,000 workplaces and 3,000 residents. As a 'hub project' for green urban development, it presents a strong example of sustainable architecture. In the design not only attention was paid to the creation of sufficient commercial floor space, but also valuable green urban space was integrated. In this case, instead of four obvious separate buildings, a neighborhood that was accessible to everyone around a green heart arose here. A vertical park that extends over several floors. Singapore has grown since 1990 mainly thanks to artificial land reclamation with 8.9 percent. With the development of Marina One and many other new construction projects, it is currently undergoing a radical transformation from a 'Garden City' to a 'City in a Garden'. The city state, which in the sixties was still regarded as one of the most unhealthiest places in the world, has since grown into an international economic hotspot. To ensure that Singapore remains attractive for living and working in the future, there is now also a lot of attention for improving the quality of life. Marina Bay, west of the old city center from Singapore Marina Bay is located directly to the west of the old city center and is without doubt one of the largest and most prominent new neighborhoods in the area. Where empty yards and railroads still existed in the 1990s, the new Central Business District has been realized since 2006 under the watchful eye of government agency Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA). And ambitious goals are envisaged for this new business district. Strict energy guidelines and higher requirements for public and green spaces apply to all new building projects. The publicly accessible areas must occupy at least 25 percent of the plot surface, the green spaces at least one hundred percent. For the energy requirements even a national standard, the 'Green Mark Standard', has been created. With its unlimited authority, the URA is a unique planning body that investors have the opportunity to join and which, unlike many other countries, is also much more active in establishing and maintaining development goals. The wavy facade is continued on all sides Rice terraces and 'Gardens by the Bay' Here, the URA uses so-called 'studies', for which architects are asked without knowledge of the concrete location, but on the basis of very concrete planning guidelines to develop interesting ideas and to submit them to a committee. Marina One also resulted from such a study. Christoph Ingenhoven, who together with local architect Michael Ngu of architects a61 on the Robinson Road created a remarkable office building, initially received only basic information about a plot that provided space for four blocks of one hundred by one hundred meters and was split up. through two streets of twenty to twenty-five meters wide. Instead of an obvious idea with a separate building on each corner, he suggested giving up the intersection and creating a neighborhood around a vertical park . In doing so, he aroused the interest of the URA, who soon invited him to further develop his green concept in the context of a small-scale architectural competition. The plot is located northwest of the famous 'Gardens by the Bay' by architects WilkinsonEyre and directly between two small city parks. For this, the architects came up with a complex with space for offices (half) and houses (a third), which would go down in height from two hundred to 139 meters in the direction of one of the two parks. For their project, Christoph Ingenhoven and Michael Ngu took the idea of ​​park C in the middle of park A and B in 2010. Large frames in the façade provide shade effects in the residential towers Green Heart Park, Singapore In order to create the large 'Green Heart Park' in the middle of the complex, all buildings have been shifted cartesian and strictly orthogonal to the outer boundaries of the plot, following the example of the New York city map. Around the green heart, for example, two blocks of two buildings were realized, with sloping galleries and vertical, step-by-step lamella constructions that do not entirely reminiscent of the well-known Southeast Asian rice terraces. Thanks to the cascading, undulating floors that come closer and closer together, natural air flows are created which ensure that even in the outdoor areas, despite the subtropical climate, it is pleasant to stay here. On the outside, highly efficient, perforated sun protection elements adorn the sleek façade. For the inside, the architects and engineers developed extensive slats with a depth of 1.2 to 2 meters, based on extensive climate and design studies. This created a unique dynamic space in the heart of the complex, which, consciously not as a European city square but as a 'city room', a Singaporean version of a city garden, should be seen as a relaxing place to relax, move and to meet each other. The British landscape architects Gustafson Porter + Bowman created here a green oasis with great  biodiversity that invites haptic (soil material) as well as acoustic (birds and insects) to explore. Earth tones However, it did not stay with the creation of this green heart. This only covers part of the very complex building concept with a total of 175,000 square meters of gross floor area for offices, 115,000 square meters for living, 18,000 square meters for trade / gastronomy and 37,000 square meters of green space. In addition to the green heart on the first four floors, in the office buildings on floor 28 and 29 'sky gardens' are integrated, which are publicly accessible and where restaurants are located just below. The green spaces now cover up to 125 percent of the plot surface. Most are accessible to the general public - apart from the roof gardens, which serve as exclusive outdoor spaces for businesses and penthouses. The vegetation of the 'strata terraces', 'cloud garden', 'green screens' and 'rooftop gardens' varies greatly from floor to floor and with the different shades of color and plant structures it is a real enrichment of the otherwise rather strict high-tech façade. Incidentally, for the façade, Ingenhoven consciously took dark earth tones in order to contrast them nicely with the white of the former colonial buildings. Hybrid construction For Marina One, first a reinforced concrete skeleton was planned, but in the end the choice fell on a more advantageous option. In order to place the alternative hybrid construction from reinforced concrete and steel firmly on the soft surface of the newly reclaimed land, a very complex pile foundation was required. Another impressive element, both spatially and constructively, are the three 'suspended' floors of 10,000 square meters each connecting the two office buildings. And do not underestimate the great functionality of Marina One. For the mediated clientele, consisting mainly of financial companies and professionals who can pay an average of 14,762 euros per square meter, there is virtually nothing to be desired: three underground shop floors and direct access to two metro stations, a 2,400-square-meter gym with a ten-meter high climbing wall and a fifty meter long outdoor swimming pool, several 'signature' restaurants, a party zone, lounges, a 'resident clubhouse' and special teppanyaki and BBQ terraces. New urban exploration The smart spatial and sustainable architectural solutions of Marina One can serve as a model for urban compaction projects at other locations. But the significance of this special project goes further. In Singapore, Marina One is part of a complete generation of new, green high-rise projects for an urban transformation and a change in the use wishes that they had not previously thought possible. It represents the desire for more and qualitative green spaces and outdoor spaces, the use of which actually increases despite the sometimes murderous subtropical climate . Although Ingenhoven Architects and the supporting engineering firms Werner Sobek, DS-Plan and Arup Singapore with their complex design solutions managed to lower the temperature in the microclimate of Marina One compared to 'normal' with only a few degrees, the architecture entices many people to trust their familiar to leave the inner world more often. This new urban exploration is, in addition to the great energy values, the most impressive one at Marina One. Ground floor with park, public functions and entrances to homes, offices and parking Microclimate In addition to the large green spaces, more surprising openings have been created, some of which are only visible from close by or even only on the floors in question. For example, vertical slits in which two air shafts are housed in different places run through different residential buildings in order to achieve a completely natural ventilation and thus a more pleasant outdoor climate. This effect is further enhanced by the smartly chosen dimensions and positioning of the slats on the park side. For the architects it still took a lot of steps to convince their client M + S, owned by the Singaporean investment company Temasek and the Malaysian state fund Khazanah, of these slots and slats. Both meant a significant investment and loss of useful floor space. Sustainability played a crucial role not only in the design of the inside, but also in the exterior of both buildings. For example, the different blocks with staggered frames and deeper loggias act as a kind of natural sunblind that helps to reduce the subtropical heat load on the 1,042 dwellings. The fact that the plot is positioned slightly tilted in relation to the wind points was certainly also useful here. None of the facades is in fact oriented towards the very warm west. Thanks to a system for heat recovery, a rainwater collection system (for greywater and irrigation of the gardens), the greater heat tolerance to office temperatures of 24-26 degrees and the use of state-of-the-art glazing that prevents heat, the energy consumption is up to 35 percent lower than for this kind of complexes is common. This gave the project the Pre-Certification LEED Platinum and the Green Mark Platinum. By: Claus Käpplinger, Photography HG Esch https://www.whatsorb.com/category/architecture
Green Urban Sustainable Project: Marine One In Singapore
Green Urban Sustainable Project: Marine One In Singapore
Community

A community is you and me. A network of social, economic, ecological and many other relationships. We all work together and live in urban, suburban and rural areas. Social sustainability is becoming increasingly important on our small planet. We define: support, quality of life, development, adaptation, rights and labour.

We belong to a group of individuals - our society - in which we belong geographically. Certain environmental issues play an important role in our society. Here, sustainable solutions are sought, developed and implemented. This may differ from societies in other countries, but because of our global environmental issues and dependence, we must learn to work more together so that we can all benefit from sharing sustainable knowledge to tackle, for example, climate change.

Green architecture is important. Building with local materials that can be recycled and reused brings us a big step forward to have less impact on the environment. With green architecture we can build smart cities where resources can be used more efficiently and information can be shared, thus improving our society, your community.

Lifestyle is the way we live, the dynamics of personality. Fashion defines our self and together with food it is getting - at present - an even more important role in our society. It's not just about taste, but especially about the burden that the fashion industry, agriculture and the meat industry have on our resources, especially water.

If there was an urge to come up with a sustainable way of living solutions and share these topics globally it’s now! WhatsOrb Global Sustainability X-change Platform is for you, storytellers and influencers to write about tiny houses, your experiences and expectations for the future at home and globally. 

Global Sustainability X-change, that’s what you can do together with WhatsOrb. What's in for me?

 

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