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‘Flygskam’: The Trend Of Scandinavian Shame Of Flying
The Scandinavian countries have a reputation to uphold for being very well-organised, sustainable, and generally scoring high in overall wellbeing and happiness. Quite a number of green initiatives have firmly planted their roots in Denmark, Norway, or Sweden; and a significant part of those economies already ‘run’ on renewable energy sources. What’s more, they actively educate (young) people to take their responsibility in being a sustainable citizen of the world. (All you have to do is take a quick look at the Swedish teen Greta Thunberg to find out whether it is working.) Significant drop in passenger numbers So, it would not be unreasonable to state that in many ways, we ought to be looking at the cluster of Northern European nations to figure out where we should be going next. And the next chapter that seems to be looming on the horizon might just surprise you. The Swedish airline industry has taken a massive hit in recent months - one that it is most likely not easy to recover from. Swedavia AB, the holding company of 10 major Swedish airports, reported a significant drop in passenger numbers, that has already been ongoing for seven consecutive months. Not coincidentally, the number of Swedish airline passengers has seen a slowing growth in recent years, with last year showing the weakest overall growth in more than a decade. While the rest of the world is steadily increasing its use of airplanes for work, family or recreational purposes; the Swedish seem to become more hesitant about getting on those fuel-guzzling jets. Experts have contributed this to the phenomenon aptly called 'flying shame', which is quite literally what it says.   Flying shame as ulterior motive   People are ashamed to admit to peers that they are getting on a plane, out of fear of being crucified for not caring about the environment. 23% of Swedes indicate that they have not set foot in a plane in the recent year in order to reduce their impact on the environment; while 18% indicate that they chose to travel by train instead. This trend has even infiltrated the Swedish vocabulary, where words such as ‘flygskam’, or flying shame, ‘tagskryt’, or train bragging, and ‘smygflyga’, or flying in secret, have found their way in daily conversations. It is an interesting development. After all, air travel has become slightly 'greener' in recent times, with today’s modern jets requiring 80% less fuel. Yet it is still a major contributor to climate change as a whole - and one that is largely exempt from government regulations and limits, being given a ‘status extraordinaire’ for their apparent importance to the economy. Nonetheless, consumers are wisening up, as proven by our Swedish friends. And this quantifiable expression of flying shame is only serving as another figurative kick in the behind of the airline industry, forcing them to become more serious about reducing their emissions and finding ways of becoming ‘greener’. Scandinavian Airlines greening up Some have clearly understood the message. The partly Swedish, partly Danish Scandinavian Airlines for instance is sending a clear message with their drastic fleet overhaul. Older airplane models, such as the McDonnell Douglas MD-80 models, are rapidly being replaced by modern ones that use only a fraction of the fuel that their older counterparts use - such as the Airbus A320neo and A350-900. Additionally, Scandinavian Airlines is one of the frontrunners in the search for a viable biofuel , such as algae or used cooking oil.   Biofuel is pretty much the 'holy grail' of the airline industry, consisting of fully renewable and emission-free fuel sources. Not too long ago, the very first airplane to run on 100% biofuel made its ‘jump’ across the Pacific Ocean on a long haul flight. Although it wasn’t one of Scandinavian, they are definitely keeping a close eye on this trend - and finding ways of creating more biofuel, as its current limited supply is the largest bottleneck. Furthermore, SAS is looking at other ways of helping passengers reduce their impact on the environment as well, by letting them pre-book their (sustainable and locally sourced) meals and offering incentives for those who travel light. After all, a lighter plane means that less fuel is required to get it from A to B.   The company is also investing in measures that may not be as visible to passengers, but important nonetheless: it is looking to offset the emissions of its frequent fliers by heavily investing in green energy projects. For the company’s directors, the reason why is obvious: the solution is not to stop flying, as it is an integral part of the world that we live in today. Instead, the goal should be do to it more responsibly: “ Airlines, like other infrastructure, are needed in order for us to have the societies we want, with growth, transparency, openness, clarity and tolerance,” SAS CEO Rickard Gustafson says. " It’s important that people can continue to meet and that the world can continue to travel. But we can’t continue to just travel without adjusting to a sustainable way." https://www.whatsorb.com/category/community
The Scandinavian countries have a reputation to uphold for being very well-organised, sustainable, and generally scoring high in overall wellbeing and happiness. Quite a number of green initiatives have firmly planted their roots in Denmark, Norway, or Sweden; and a significant part of those economies already ‘run’ on renewable energy sources. What’s more, they actively educate (young) people to take their responsibility in being a sustainable citizen of the world. (All you have to do is take a quick look at the Swedish teen Greta Thunberg to find out whether it is working.) Significant drop in passenger numbers So, it would not be unreasonable to state that in many ways, we ought to be looking at the cluster of Northern European nations to figure out where we should be going next. And the next chapter that seems to be looming on the horizon might just surprise you. The Swedish airline industry has taken a massive hit in recent months - one that it is most likely not easy to recover from. Swedavia AB, the holding company of 10 major Swedish airports, reported a significant drop in passenger numbers, that has already been ongoing for seven consecutive months. Not coincidentally, the number of Swedish airline passengers has seen a slowing growth in recent years, with last year showing the weakest overall growth in more than a decade. While the rest of the world is steadily increasing its use of airplanes for work, family or recreational purposes; the Swedish seem to become more hesitant about getting on those fuel-guzzling jets. Experts have contributed this to the phenomenon aptly called 'flying shame', which is quite literally what it says.   Flying shame as ulterior motive   People are ashamed to admit to peers that they are getting on a plane, out of fear of being crucified for not caring about the environment. 23% of Swedes indicate that they have not set foot in a plane in the recent year in order to reduce their impact on the environment; while 18% indicate that they chose to travel by train instead. This trend has even infiltrated the Swedish vocabulary, where words such as ‘flygskam’, or flying shame, ‘tagskryt’, or train bragging, and ‘smygflyga’, or flying in secret, have found their way in daily conversations. It is an interesting development. After all, air travel has become slightly 'greener' in recent times, with today’s modern jets requiring 80% less fuel. Yet it is still a major contributor to climate change as a whole - and one that is largely exempt from government regulations and limits, being given a ‘status extraordinaire’ for their apparent importance to the economy. Nonetheless, consumers are wisening up, as proven by our Swedish friends. And this quantifiable expression of flying shame is only serving as another figurative kick in the behind of the airline industry, forcing them to become more serious about reducing their emissions and finding ways of becoming ‘greener’. Scandinavian Airlines greening up Some have clearly understood the message. The partly Swedish, partly Danish Scandinavian Airlines for instance is sending a clear message with their drastic fleet overhaul. Older airplane models, such as the McDonnell Douglas MD-80 models, are rapidly being replaced by modern ones that use only a fraction of the fuel that their older counterparts use - such as the Airbus A320neo and A350-900. Additionally, Scandinavian Airlines is one of the frontrunners in the search for a viable biofuel , such as algae or used cooking oil.   Biofuel is pretty much the 'holy grail' of the airline industry, consisting of fully renewable and emission-free fuel sources. Not too long ago, the very first airplane to run on 100% biofuel made its ‘jump’ across the Pacific Ocean on a long haul flight. Although it wasn’t one of Scandinavian, they are definitely keeping a close eye on this trend - and finding ways of creating more biofuel, as its current limited supply is the largest bottleneck. Furthermore, SAS is looking at other ways of helping passengers reduce their impact on the environment as well, by letting them pre-book their (sustainable and locally sourced) meals and offering incentives for those who travel light. After all, a lighter plane means that less fuel is required to get it from A to B.   The company is also investing in measures that may not be as visible to passengers, but important nonetheless: it is looking to offset the emissions of its frequent fliers by heavily investing in green energy projects. For the company’s directors, the reason why is obvious: the solution is not to stop flying, as it is an integral part of the world that we live in today. Instead, the goal should be do to it more responsibly: “ Airlines, like other infrastructure, are needed in order for us to have the societies we want, with growth, transparency, openness, clarity and tolerance,” SAS CEO Rickard Gustafson says. " It’s important that people can continue to meet and that the world can continue to travel. But we can’t continue to just travel without adjusting to a sustainable way." https://www.whatsorb.com/category/community
‘Flygskam’: The Trend Of Scandinavian Shame Of Flying
‘Flygskam’: The Trend Of Scandinavian Shame Of Flying
Earth Day: Colonialisme, Overexploiting Of Natural Resources
This article was originally published on The Conversation, an independent and nonprofit source of news, analysis and commentary from academic experts. Disclosure information is available on the original site. We are currently experiencing the worst environmental crisis in human history, including a “biological annihilation” of wildlife and dire risks for the future of human civilization. The scale of that environmental devastation has increased drastically in recent years. Mostly to blame are anthropogenic, or human-generated factors, including the burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil. Other industries like gem and mineral mining also destroy the world’s ecological sustainability, leading to deforestation and the destruction of natural habitats. Much of this traumatic exploitation of natural resources traces its origins to early colonialism. Unlimited resources to exploit, with little consideration for the long-term impacts Colonialists saw “new” territories as places with unlimited resources to exploit, with little consideration for the long-term impacts. They exploited what they considered to be an “unending frontier” at the service of early modern state-making and capitalist development. To understand our current ecological catastrophe, described as “a world of worsening food shortages and wildfires, and a mass die-off of coral reefs as soon as 2040 ,” we need to look at the role of colonialism at its roots. This exploration is not a debate over whether colonialism was “good” or “bad”. Instead, it is about understanding how this global process helped create the world we currently inhabit. Clear-cutting rainforests for industrial rubber Since the 15th century, the Indian Ocean has been the site of global trade. Colonialism built upon local economic systems but also profoundly built up and shaped many of the massive industries and processes that are currently at play in the region. For example, British colonialists transformed the Malay peninsula into a plantation economy to meet the needs of industrial Britain and America. This included the expanding demand for cheap rubber during the industrial revolution. Exploitative colonial policies in Singapore and the peninsula limited the economic options of poor Malays, Indians and Chinese. These workers were increasingly forced to clear cut vast swathes of rainforest to literally carve out a living for themselves at the expense of local ecosystems. Deforestation for palomoil plantations Meanwhile, more than half a century after the end of colonial rule in the Malay peninsula, the over-exploitation of local resources through extensive logging continues apace. Once numerous, Malayan tigers are now classified as a critically endangered species due, in part, to habitat loss from logging and road development. Deforestation in Malaysian Borneo also continues to accelerate, mainly due to the ongoing global demand for palm oil and lumber. Exporting for global markets In Myanmar (formerly Burma), trade in raw commodities goes back centuries. Under colonial rule, the export of minerals, timber and opium expanded enormously, placing unprecedented strain on local resources. The integration of regions north of the Irrawaddy River basin into the Burmese colonial state drastically increased economic integration between upland areas rich in natural resources and larger flows of European and Chinese capital. Today, despite generating billions of dollars in revenue, these regions are some of the poorest in the country and are home to widespread human rights abuses and environmental disasters . Extracting Africa’s gemstones and minerals The human cost of the diamond trade in West and South Africa is relatively well-known. Less known are the devastating effects on Africa’s environment that the stripping of natural resources such as diamonds, ivory, bauxite, oil, timber and minerals has produced. This mining serves a global demand for these minerals and gems. The intensive mining operations required to deliver diamonds and other precious stones or minerals to world markets degrades the land, reduces air quality and pollutes local water sources. The result is an overall loss of biodiversity and significant environmental impacts on human health. From 1867 to 1871, exploratory digging along the Vaal, Harts and Orange rivers in South Africa prompted a large-scale diamond rush that saw a massive influx of miners and speculators pour into the region in search of riches. By 1888, the diamond industry in South Africa had transformed into a monopoly, with De Beers Consolidated Mines becoming the sole producer. Around the same time, miners in nearby Witwatersrand discovered the world’s largest gold fields, fuelling the spread of lucrative new mining industries. As European powers carved up the continent in the so-called “scramble for Africa” during the late 19th century, commercial exports came to replace slavery as the primary economic motivation for direct colonial occupation. New transportation technologies and economic growth fuelled by the industrial revolution created a global demand for African exports, including gemstones and minerals that required extensive mining operations to extract. From 1930 to 1961, the diamond industry in Sierra Leone played a crucial role in shaping and defining colonial governmental strategies and scientific expertise throughout the region. Nearby Liberia was never formally colonized and was established as a homeland for freed African-American slaves. But American slaveholders and politicians saw the republic primarily as a solution to limit the “corrupting influence” of freed slaves on American society. To “help” Liberia get out of debt to Britain, the U.S.-based Firestone Tire and Rubber Company extended a $5-million loan in 1926 in exchange for a 99-year lease on a million acres of land to be used for rubber plantations. This loan was the beginning of direct economic control over Liberian affairs. Unequal power relations A report suggests that Africa is on the verge of a fresh mining boom driven by demand in North America, India, and China that will only worsen existing ecological crises. Consumer demand for minerals such as tantalum, a key component for the production of electronics, lies at the heart of current mining operations. Our understanding of colonialism is often limited to simple ideas about what we think colonialism looked like in the past. These ideas impede our ability to identify the complex ways that colonialism shaped and continues to shape the uneven power structures of the 21st century, as anthropologist and historian Ann Laura Stoler argues in her book, Duress. Unequal power relations between and within developed and developing countries continue to define the causes and consequences of climate change. A clearer understanding of where these problems came from is a necessary first step towards solving them. People in prosperous countries are often unaware that the garbage they throw out every day often gets shipped around the world to become somebody else’s problem. While people debate whether climate change should be taken seriously from the comfort of their air-conditioned homes, hundreds of thousands of people are already suffering the consequences. This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. By: Joseph McQuade. Cover photo by: Daniel Berehulak (Tech companies says it's too hard to investigate whether they benefit from child labour ) https://www.whatsorb.com/community/consumerism--a-society-built-on-exploitation
This article was originally published on The Conversation, an independent and nonprofit source of news, analysis and commentary from academic experts. Disclosure information is available on the original site. We are currently experiencing the worst environmental crisis in human history, including a “biological annihilation” of wildlife and dire risks for the future of human civilization. The scale of that environmental devastation has increased drastically in recent years. Mostly to blame are anthropogenic, or human-generated factors, including the burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil. Other industries like gem and mineral mining also destroy the world’s ecological sustainability, leading to deforestation and the destruction of natural habitats. Much of this traumatic exploitation of natural resources traces its origins to early colonialism. Unlimited resources to exploit, with little consideration for the long-term impacts Colonialists saw “new” territories as places with unlimited resources to exploit, with little consideration for the long-term impacts. They exploited what they considered to be an “unending frontier” at the service of early modern state-making and capitalist development. To understand our current ecological catastrophe, described as “a world of worsening food shortages and wildfires, and a mass die-off of coral reefs as soon as 2040 ,” we need to look at the role of colonialism at its roots. This exploration is not a debate over whether colonialism was “good” or “bad”. Instead, it is about understanding how this global process helped create the world we currently inhabit. Clear-cutting rainforests for industrial rubber Since the 15th century, the Indian Ocean has been the site of global trade. Colonialism built upon local economic systems but also profoundly built up and shaped many of the massive industries and processes that are currently at play in the region. For example, British colonialists transformed the Malay peninsula into a plantation economy to meet the needs of industrial Britain and America. This included the expanding demand for cheap rubber during the industrial revolution. Exploitative colonial policies in Singapore and the peninsula limited the economic options of poor Malays, Indians and Chinese. These workers were increasingly forced to clear cut vast swathes of rainforest to literally carve out a living for themselves at the expense of local ecosystems. Deforestation for palomoil plantations Meanwhile, more than half a century after the end of colonial rule in the Malay peninsula, the over-exploitation of local resources through extensive logging continues apace. Once numerous, Malayan tigers are now classified as a critically endangered species due, in part, to habitat loss from logging and road development. Deforestation in Malaysian Borneo also continues to accelerate, mainly due to the ongoing global demand for palm oil and lumber. Exporting for global markets In Myanmar (formerly Burma), trade in raw commodities goes back centuries. Under colonial rule, the export of minerals, timber and opium expanded enormously, placing unprecedented strain on local resources. The integration of regions north of the Irrawaddy River basin into the Burmese colonial state drastically increased economic integration between upland areas rich in natural resources and larger flows of European and Chinese capital. Today, despite generating billions of dollars in revenue, these regions are some of the poorest in the country and are home to widespread human rights abuses and environmental disasters . Extracting Africa’s gemstones and minerals The human cost of the diamond trade in West and South Africa is relatively well-known. Less known are the devastating effects on Africa’s environment that the stripping of natural resources such as diamonds, ivory, bauxite, oil, timber and minerals has produced. This mining serves a global demand for these minerals and gems. The intensive mining operations required to deliver diamonds and other precious stones or minerals to world markets degrades the land, reduces air quality and pollutes local water sources. The result is an overall loss of biodiversity and significant environmental impacts on human health. From 1867 to 1871, exploratory digging along the Vaal, Harts and Orange rivers in South Africa prompted a large-scale diamond rush that saw a massive influx of miners and speculators pour into the region in search of riches. By 1888, the diamond industry in South Africa had transformed into a monopoly, with De Beers Consolidated Mines becoming the sole producer. Around the same time, miners in nearby Witwatersrand discovered the world’s largest gold fields, fuelling the spread of lucrative new mining industries. As European powers carved up the continent in the so-called “scramble for Africa” during the late 19th century, commercial exports came to replace slavery as the primary economic motivation for direct colonial occupation. New transportation technologies and economic growth fuelled by the industrial revolution created a global demand for African exports, including gemstones and minerals that required extensive mining operations to extract. From 1930 to 1961, the diamond industry in Sierra Leone played a crucial role in shaping and defining colonial governmental strategies and scientific expertise throughout the region. Nearby Liberia was never formally colonized and was established as a homeland for freed African-American slaves. But American slaveholders and politicians saw the republic primarily as a solution to limit the “corrupting influence” of freed slaves on American society. To “help” Liberia get out of debt to Britain, the U.S.-based Firestone Tire and Rubber Company extended a $5-million loan in 1926 in exchange for a 99-year lease on a million acres of land to be used for rubber plantations. This loan was the beginning of direct economic control over Liberian affairs. Unequal power relations A report suggests that Africa is on the verge of a fresh mining boom driven by demand in North America, India, and China that will only worsen existing ecological crises. Consumer demand for minerals such as tantalum, a key component for the production of electronics, lies at the heart of current mining operations. Our understanding of colonialism is often limited to simple ideas about what we think colonialism looked like in the past. These ideas impede our ability to identify the complex ways that colonialism shaped and continues to shape the uneven power structures of the 21st century, as anthropologist and historian Ann Laura Stoler argues in her book, Duress. Unequal power relations between and within developed and developing countries continue to define the causes and consequences of climate change. A clearer understanding of where these problems came from is a necessary first step towards solving them. People in prosperous countries are often unaware that the garbage they throw out every day often gets shipped around the world to become somebody else’s problem. While people debate whether climate change should be taken seriously from the comfort of their air-conditioned homes, hundreds of thousands of people are already suffering the consequences. This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. By: Joseph McQuade. Cover photo by: Daniel Berehulak (Tech companies says it's too hard to investigate whether they benefit from child labour ) https://www.whatsorb.com/community/consumerism--a-society-built-on-exploitation
Earth Day: Colonialisme, Overexploiting Of Natural Resources
Earth Day: Colonialisme, Overexploiting Of Natural Resources
Fast Internet Globally. Environmental And Health Risks: 5G
Most of us are probably familiar with the 3G and 4G networks, as we will frequently see these symbols displayed on the screens of our mobile devices. We understand that this is where we get our internet connection on those devices from, even when we are not on any Wi-Fi network. With the advent of 5G, that promises even greater connection power and speed, we are likely to start relying even more on this next generation of mobile networks. Even more importantly, 5G is expected to have a great impact on the development of Internet of Things (IoT) applications, as it will serve as the gold standard for most internet connected devices - and will eventually connect and tie them all together. As of today, there is no actual standard yet in place for what would define a 5G network, so the industry is working hard to develop a viable version of it. First 5G roll-outs It is generally expected that the first 5G networks will be available to the general public after 2020, although several 5G test areas have already been established in cities such as Sacramento, Washington DC, Atlanta, Dallas and New York. This means that a significant portion of the population will already be exposed to 5G radiation before it will be released to the world as a whole. And while all government entities and corporations involved in the development and rollout of this highly anticipated successor of 3G are adamant that its radiation will not in any way be harmful, there has been a large number of scientists and doctors who have opposed those claims: around 250 of them, from all around the world, have appealed to nations working on 4G technology to call a halt to the commercial roll-out. Pressing health concerns Citing concerns for human health as well as the environment, these scientists are quick to point at the risks already associated with the use of our current wireless technologies, including 2G, 3G and 4G. These are frequently used in our cell phones, computers, and wearable tech devices - and while it has definitely improved many aspects of our lives, there have been indications that its radiofrequency exposure poses a health risk for humans, animals, and the larger environment. And no, this is not just a story flaunted about by some conspiracy theorists. Research published in peer-reviewed publications have confirmed their theory, and would support their main premise: more research is definitely needed if we want to ensure that a 5G roll-out would not be harmful to anything or anyone. Gains of 5G versus local interests However, by only focussing on the quick gains, most countries and corporations have ignored this scientific impasse. Instead, they are opting for a quick implementation of 5G test areas throughout densely populated areas. Local and federal regulations are adjusted accordingly, all to facilitate a smooth rollout. And all of this will make it even harder for communities and scientists to demand further research. Yet those who are looking beyond the surface will quickly find that even the wireless corporations themselves are acknowledging that the use of 5G will increase levels of radiofrequency radiation in the immediate area surrounding the antennas. Although there are some countries - including China, India and Russia - that have imposed stricter regulations on radiation limits, effectively prohibiting the implementation of any 5G networks. These countries are facing immense pressure from the industry to loosen their limits, which would allow them to bring 5G within their borders as well. A dangerous trend. Pushing through 5G To highlight the urgency of the matter: as part of the rollout of 5G, hundreds of thousands of wireless antennas will have to be installed in densely populated areas: recent estimates are that there will have to be a transmitter of sorts for every two to ten homes. These will especially be needed to increase the range and capacity, in anticipation of 5G. This makes it a network technology that requires a higher frequency. And thus, a network that is potentially more damaging to us and the world around us. Even more worrisome - most countries are pushing through legislation that allows them to place these antennas and transmitters virtually anywhere. So technically, they could even place them right in front of your home - and you, as homeowner, will have absolutely no say in the matter. It can hardly be called surprising that numerous communities have taken the network companies or local governments to court to fight the matter. The technicalities of 5G So what exactly would be the problem? Well, as explained before, 5G is committed to utilising several frequencies from those that are already being used, only with higher millimeter frequencies. Put simply: today’s mobile networks - including 3G and 4G - use microwaves. This type of electromagnetic radiation uses various frequencies up to 6 gigahertz, or GHz. It is able to wirelessly send data over those frequencies.   5G, on the other hand, requires a much greater spectrum band in higher frequency ranges, which could potentially be as high as 100 GHz or more. For this, so-called submillimeter and millimeter waves are used instead of microwaves: that are capable of super quick and big data transmissions. Measurable health effects The big difference between microwaves and those millimeter and submillimeter waves is that the latter are biologically active. This is to say, they are capable of interacting directly with our skin; as proven by, amongst others, Dr. Ben-Ishai of the Hebrew University in Israel. He showed how such wavelengths could affect our sweat ducts and skin. And he was certainly not the only one to claim that wireless technology has a real, measurable impact on our health. Even the wireless modalities that we use today (2G, 3G, 4G) have already been proven to have led to various health issues. This so-called mechanism of action has been substantiated by numerous researchers over the years, making it a virtually undisputed claim. 5G radiation use in warfare In fact, 5G frequencies are currently used by the Americans, Russians and Chinese in their weaponry. The defence agencies of these countries have been working on weapons that use the possibilities of this frequency range - with the ultimate goal of inciting unpleasant burning sensations on people’s skins .   Let’s take a moment to let that sink in: some of the greatest military nations on the planet are actively pursuing 5G technology as a means of doing harm to potential targets. As the Department of Defence of the United States explains: “ The sensation dissipates when the target moves out of the beam. The sensation is intense enough to cause a nearly instantaneous reflex action of the target to flee the beam .”   Just imagine what this means if you would be constantly exposed to this kind of radiation. Our human skin would basically act as some kind of receiver - or antenna, if you wish - as a result of our sweat duct’s conductivity. This process starts when we are near sub-THz technologies, which includes 5G. The possible health effects of this are not exactly known - apart from the ‘unpleasant burning sensation’ when directly exposed to a beam.   Need for further research It should suffice to say that further research into those health effects is very much warranted. If these invisible radiation waves are already capable of quite literally setting our skins on fire, who knows what side effects this will have on our organs or brain, just to name a few obvious suspects. “ We need to know if 5G increases the risk of skin diseases such as melanoma or other skin cancers ,” according to prominent researcher Ron Melnick. It is time to take a step back and put some real effort in the investigation of the potential health effects of 5G-related technologies, before we start implementing it on a greater scale. As Dr. Cindy Russell so accurately summarised it in her paper on the matter: “ 3G, 4G, 5G or a combination of zapping frequencies giving us immersive connection and entertainment but at a potentially steep price. ”   And as this ‘potentially steep price’ might include not only skin cancers but also arrhythmias, heart rate variability, bacterial affects, antibiotic resistance, immune system affects, chromatin affects, teratogenic effects, altered gene expression and cataracts - just to mention a few -, we would do well to listen to the doctors and think about our health before profits and gains. https://www.whatsorb.com/solution/community/artificial-intel
Most of us are probably familiar with the 3G and 4G networks, as we will frequently see these symbols displayed on the screens of our mobile devices. We understand that this is where we get our internet connection on those devices from, even when we are not on any Wi-Fi network. With the advent of 5G, that promises even greater connection power and speed, we are likely to start relying even more on this next generation of mobile networks. Even more importantly, 5G is expected to have a great impact on the development of Internet of Things (IoT) applications, as it will serve as the gold standard for most internet connected devices - and will eventually connect and tie them all together. As of today, there is no actual standard yet in place for what would define a 5G network, so the industry is working hard to develop a viable version of it. First 5G roll-outs It is generally expected that the first 5G networks will be available to the general public after 2020, although several 5G test areas have already been established in cities such as Sacramento, Washington DC, Atlanta, Dallas and New York. This means that a significant portion of the population will already be exposed to 5G radiation before it will be released to the world as a whole. And while all government entities and corporations involved in the development and rollout of this highly anticipated successor of 3G are adamant that its radiation will not in any way be harmful, there has been a large number of scientists and doctors who have opposed those claims: around 250 of them, from all around the world, have appealed to nations working on 4G technology to call a halt to the commercial roll-out. Pressing health concerns Citing concerns for human health as well as the environment, these scientists are quick to point at the risks already associated with the use of our current wireless technologies, including 2G, 3G and 4G. These are frequently used in our cell phones, computers, and wearable tech devices - and while it has definitely improved many aspects of our lives, there have been indications that its radiofrequency exposure poses a health risk for humans, animals, and the larger environment. And no, this is not just a story flaunted about by some conspiracy theorists. Research published in peer-reviewed publications have confirmed their theory, and would support their main premise: more research is definitely needed if we want to ensure that a 5G roll-out would not be harmful to anything or anyone. Gains of 5G versus local interests However, by only focussing on the quick gains, most countries and corporations have ignored this scientific impasse. Instead, they are opting for a quick implementation of 5G test areas throughout densely populated areas. Local and federal regulations are adjusted accordingly, all to facilitate a smooth rollout. And all of this will make it even harder for communities and scientists to demand further research. Yet those who are looking beyond the surface will quickly find that even the wireless corporations themselves are acknowledging that the use of 5G will increase levels of radiofrequency radiation in the immediate area surrounding the antennas. Although there are some countries - including China, India and Russia - that have imposed stricter regulations on radiation limits, effectively prohibiting the implementation of any 5G networks. These countries are facing immense pressure from the industry to loosen their limits, which would allow them to bring 5G within their borders as well. A dangerous trend. Pushing through 5G To highlight the urgency of the matter: as part of the rollout of 5G, hundreds of thousands of wireless antennas will have to be installed in densely populated areas: recent estimates are that there will have to be a transmitter of sorts for every two to ten homes. These will especially be needed to increase the range and capacity, in anticipation of 5G. This makes it a network technology that requires a higher frequency. And thus, a network that is potentially more damaging to us and the world around us. Even more worrisome - most countries are pushing through legislation that allows them to place these antennas and transmitters virtually anywhere. So technically, they could even place them right in front of your home - and you, as homeowner, will have absolutely no say in the matter. It can hardly be called surprising that numerous communities have taken the network companies or local governments to court to fight the matter. The technicalities of 5G So what exactly would be the problem? Well, as explained before, 5G is committed to utilising several frequencies from those that are already being used, only with higher millimeter frequencies. Put simply: today’s mobile networks - including 3G and 4G - use microwaves. This type of electromagnetic radiation uses various frequencies up to 6 gigahertz, or GHz. It is able to wirelessly send data over those frequencies.   5G, on the other hand, requires a much greater spectrum band in higher frequency ranges, which could potentially be as high as 100 GHz or more. For this, so-called submillimeter and millimeter waves are used instead of microwaves: that are capable of super quick and big data transmissions. Measurable health effects The big difference between microwaves and those millimeter and submillimeter waves is that the latter are biologically active. This is to say, they are capable of interacting directly with our skin; as proven by, amongst others, Dr. Ben-Ishai of the Hebrew University in Israel. He showed how such wavelengths could affect our sweat ducts and skin. And he was certainly not the only one to claim that wireless technology has a real, measurable impact on our health. Even the wireless modalities that we use today (2G, 3G, 4G) have already been proven to have led to various health issues. This so-called mechanism of action has been substantiated by numerous researchers over the years, making it a virtually undisputed claim. 5G radiation use in warfare In fact, 5G frequencies are currently used by the Americans, Russians and Chinese in their weaponry. The defence agencies of these countries have been working on weapons that use the possibilities of this frequency range - with the ultimate goal of inciting unpleasant burning sensations on people’s skins .   Let’s take a moment to let that sink in: some of the greatest military nations on the planet are actively pursuing 5G technology as a means of doing harm to potential targets. As the Department of Defence of the United States explains: “ The sensation dissipates when the target moves out of the beam. The sensation is intense enough to cause a nearly instantaneous reflex action of the target to flee the beam .”   Just imagine what this means if you would be constantly exposed to this kind of radiation. Our human skin would basically act as some kind of receiver - or antenna, if you wish - as a result of our sweat duct’s conductivity. This process starts when we are near sub-THz technologies, which includes 5G. The possible health effects of this are not exactly known - apart from the ‘unpleasant burning sensation’ when directly exposed to a beam.   Need for further research It should suffice to say that further research into those health effects is very much warranted. If these invisible radiation waves are already capable of quite literally setting our skins on fire, who knows what side effects this will have on our organs or brain, just to name a few obvious suspects. “ We need to know if 5G increases the risk of skin diseases such as melanoma or other skin cancers ,” according to prominent researcher Ron Melnick. It is time to take a step back and put some real effort in the investigation of the potential health effects of 5G-related technologies, before we start implementing it on a greater scale. As Dr. Cindy Russell so accurately summarised it in her paper on the matter: “ 3G, 4G, 5G or a combination of zapping frequencies giving us immersive connection and entertainment but at a potentially steep price. ”   And as this ‘potentially steep price’ might include not only skin cancers but also arrhythmias, heart rate variability, bacterial affects, antibiotic resistance, immune system affects, chromatin affects, teratogenic effects, altered gene expression and cataracts - just to mention a few -, we would do well to listen to the doctors and think about our health before profits and gains. https://www.whatsorb.com/solution/community/artificial-intel
Fast Internet Globally. Environmental And Health Risks: 5G
Fast Internet Globally. Environmental And Health Risks: 5G
Sustainable Housing Reused Materials and Photo-voltaic Panels
There are various problems concerning housing construction in countries as Lebanon: problems of waste management and construction pressure, for example. A solution could be Lifehaus, a new housing prototype for homes that regain building techniques from the ancestor and that use natural and recycled materials to create home-free emissions. The designers are aiming for a sustainable and inexpensive alternative that helps alleviate the problem of access to housing in developing countries. Self-reliance and a low carbon footprint The idea for Lifehaus emerged from the hand of Lebanese architect Nizar Haddad and Australian journalist Nadine Mazloum. The concept revolves around affordability, self-reliance and a low carbon footprint. The design corresponds to a house of 160 square meters: this surface consists of a study with living room, mezzanine, terrace, greenhouse and a technical room. The first experimental test was held in Baskinta, Lebanon. The construction process Lifehaus: comfortable, made with natural materials and low cost. It all sounds like a dream, but how does the design of Lifehaus actually work? In this video you will get to know in depth the construction process and the characteristics of this house, which is offered in three categories: economic, standard and luxury. It combines comfort with the application of traditional methods of construction and the use of natural materials available in the environment, to which parts and recycled products are added. Reused materials and photovoltaic panels The construction is shaped by different types of material. In particular, a fundamental part is based on local materials of low energy consumption such as limestone, clay, hemp or rock. Also, materials like reused glass bottles, tires and aluminium cans are discussed. Because there is no availability of wood or bamboo in the area, cement is chosen for the roofs. The area around the house has been of great important in the design of Lifehaus. Created in a way that allows to retain heat and humidity, as well as to protect the interior of the external climatological conditions, this house is designed to operate outside the network and thus give a response to those who live in areas without access to electricity. Therefore, the design incorporates photovoltaic panels, as well as wind and hydraulic turbines to ensure the supply of the home. The scarcity of water has also been included in the design. The house is equipped with a system for collecting rainwater, in addition to using recycled water for irrigation. And this model also seeks to alleviate the lack of food that effects millions of people in the world, which is why these houses also include  a greenhouse and a hydroponic cultivation system. A low-cost option With Lifehaus, the creators want to facilitate access to housing by offering a low-cost option. Specifically, the price per square meter would be reduced by half compared to a house built by oneself. The reduced dependence on fuel and electricity would also mean significant savings for those who choose this type of house. https://www.whatsorb.com/category/architecture
There are various problems concerning housing construction in countries as Lebanon: problems of waste management and construction pressure, for example. A solution could be Lifehaus, a new housing prototype for homes that regain building techniques from the ancestor and that use natural and recycled materials to create home-free emissions. The designers are aiming for a sustainable and inexpensive alternative that helps alleviate the problem of access to housing in developing countries. Self-reliance and a low carbon footprint The idea for Lifehaus emerged from the hand of Lebanese architect Nizar Haddad and Australian journalist Nadine Mazloum. The concept revolves around affordability, self-reliance and a low carbon footprint. The design corresponds to a house of 160 square meters: this surface consists of a study with living room, mezzanine, terrace, greenhouse and a technical room. The first experimental test was held in Baskinta, Lebanon. The construction process Lifehaus: comfortable, made with natural materials and low cost. It all sounds like a dream, but how does the design of Lifehaus actually work? In this video you will get to know in depth the construction process and the characteristics of this house, which is offered in three categories: economic, standard and luxury. It combines comfort with the application of traditional methods of construction and the use of natural materials available in the environment, to which parts and recycled products are added. Reused materials and photovoltaic panels The construction is shaped by different types of material. In particular, a fundamental part is based on local materials of low energy consumption such as limestone, clay, hemp or rock. Also, materials like reused glass bottles, tires and aluminium cans are discussed. Because there is no availability of wood or bamboo in the area, cement is chosen for the roofs. The area around the house has been of great important in the design of Lifehaus. Created in a way that allows to retain heat and humidity, as well as to protect the interior of the external climatological conditions, this house is designed to operate outside the network and thus give a response to those who live in areas without access to electricity. Therefore, the design incorporates photovoltaic panels, as well as wind and hydraulic turbines to ensure the supply of the home. The scarcity of water has also been included in the design. The house is equipped with a system for collecting rainwater, in addition to using recycled water for irrigation. And this model also seeks to alleviate the lack of food that effects millions of people in the world, which is why these houses also include  a greenhouse and a hydroponic cultivation system. A low-cost option With Lifehaus, the creators want to facilitate access to housing by offering a low-cost option. Specifically, the price per square meter would be reduced by half compared to a house built by oneself. The reduced dependence on fuel and electricity would also mean significant savings for those who choose this type of house. https://www.whatsorb.com/category/architecture
Sustainable Housing Reused Materials and Photo-voltaic Panels
Sustainable Housing Reused Materials and Photo-voltaic Panels
Smart Cities, Safe And Efficient, But Are We Being Watched?
Information from a library, hospital or public transport exposed? More sustainability , improved mobility, efficiency and safety? Where can you find all of the above in one place? The answer is a smart city. Its purpose is to improve the quality of life by making the town more efficient and by reducing the distance between the citizens and the government. In this article you will read more about the smart city and what it means for our privacy.  Improved technologies Technology is moving forward, devices are becoming smarter, so it is inevitable that in the future we will use electronic devices much more than we do now. To keep the city up and running, the existing technologies need to be upgraded. Otherwise, they cannot meet the specifications and demands of the current system. But what do we want? Investigation shows that we wish for smart transportation, where machines and devices communicate with each other. We want smart buildings, where the windows can open automatically, where there is always a connection with the Internet. That is our future. Are we being watched? Cameras are hanging everywhere to guarantee our safety. But do we feel safe by it? We could get the feeling that we are being watched, every step we take is registered by authorities. Besides cameras, all data is collected. This way, authorities know for example the number of visitors at a certain event or they possess information about citizens for commercial purposes. They may sell this information to third parties. Privacy in a smart city Like mentioned before, cameras are everywhere, and data is collected. What does that mean for our privacy? Who is the gatekeeper to our data? And what if the information is hacked? The more internet data there is, the more fragile we become. Fortunately, with the arrival of the GDPR in May 2018, the rules on the subject are becoming more strict. The citizen must be informed in understandable language, especially when it comes to data traffic in a smart city. Costs savings or costs loss? All these new technologies cost money. To upgrade the existing technologies, we (governments, state or country) need to invest vast amounts of money. However, due to these smart cities , there could be economic benefits coming from the transition towards a smart city, for example when it comes to real estate. Buildings have to deal with endless energy, such as heating and cooling installations, lighting, electrical wiring, communication, lifts, electrical appliances, etcetera. A computer-controlled system regulates, monitors and controls all of this. But this can be done by automated systems. Automated systems can be used for this purpose, and therefore energy consumption can be reduced. For example, the light is turned off at a fixed time, or when nobody is present in the room, ventilation can be regulated on the number of people in the room. This can improve air quality, and will lead to user satisfaction. So yes, at first it will cost money, but in the end, it will save a lot as well. Reducing damages in case of a disaster Smart cities use sensors that are suitable for detecting abnormalities in a town or during an event. In this way, the sensors can inform the authorities if a measurement differs from the limited safety features in a city. This helps the city effectively track everything, and if there is a discrepancy, the authorities are able to act quickly and put an end to the situation so that it does not escalate. Better sustainability in a smart city Smart cities pay extra attention to sustainability, and this is reflected in the fact that they focus on renewable energy sources . If everyone uses a solar-powered system, carbon emissions will be reduced. We can recycle garbage and use the thrown away materials again. Or we may use free rainwater to flush our toilets. We can also apply durability to traffic by using smart transport. For example, to see where there is congestion and possibly change to a better route. We could also use smart traffic lights. All of this will contribute to a better quality of life. That is the ultimate purpose of a smart city: the best possible living circumstances for everybody, to provide a way of life that is the best combination of technology and comfort. https://www.whatsorb.com/solution/community  
Information from a library, hospital or public transport exposed? More sustainability , improved mobility, efficiency and safety? Where can you find all of the above in one place? The answer is a smart city. Its purpose is to improve the quality of life by making the town more efficient and by reducing the distance between the citizens and the government. In this article you will read more about the smart city and what it means for our privacy.  Improved technologies Technology is moving forward, devices are becoming smarter, so it is inevitable that in the future we will use electronic devices much more than we do now. To keep the city up and running, the existing technologies need to be upgraded. Otherwise, they cannot meet the specifications and demands of the current system. But what do we want? Investigation shows that we wish for smart transportation, where machines and devices communicate with each other. We want smart buildings, where the windows can open automatically, where there is always a connection with the Internet. That is our future. Are we being watched? Cameras are hanging everywhere to guarantee our safety. But do we feel safe by it? We could get the feeling that we are being watched, every step we take is registered by authorities. Besides cameras, all data is collected. This way, authorities know for example the number of visitors at a certain event or they possess information about citizens for commercial purposes. They may sell this information to third parties. Privacy in a smart city Like mentioned before, cameras are everywhere, and data is collected. What does that mean for our privacy? Who is the gatekeeper to our data? And what if the information is hacked? The more internet data there is, the more fragile we become. Fortunately, with the arrival of the GDPR in May 2018, the rules on the subject are becoming more strict. The citizen must be informed in understandable language, especially when it comes to data traffic in a smart city. Costs savings or costs loss? All these new technologies cost money. To upgrade the existing technologies, we (governments, state or country) need to invest vast amounts of money. However, due to these smart cities , there could be economic benefits coming from the transition towards a smart city, for example when it comes to real estate. Buildings have to deal with endless energy, such as heating and cooling installations, lighting, electrical wiring, communication, lifts, electrical appliances, etcetera. A computer-controlled system regulates, monitors and controls all of this. But this can be done by automated systems. Automated systems can be used for this purpose, and therefore energy consumption can be reduced. For example, the light is turned off at a fixed time, or when nobody is present in the room, ventilation can be regulated on the number of people in the room. This can improve air quality, and will lead to user satisfaction. So yes, at first it will cost money, but in the end, it will save a lot as well. Reducing damages in case of a disaster Smart cities use sensors that are suitable for detecting abnormalities in a town or during an event. In this way, the sensors can inform the authorities if a measurement differs from the limited safety features in a city. This helps the city effectively track everything, and if there is a discrepancy, the authorities are able to act quickly and put an end to the situation so that it does not escalate. Better sustainability in a smart city Smart cities pay extra attention to sustainability, and this is reflected in the fact that they focus on renewable energy sources . If everyone uses a solar-powered system, carbon emissions will be reduced. We can recycle garbage and use the thrown away materials again. Or we may use free rainwater to flush our toilets. We can also apply durability to traffic by using smart transport. For example, to see where there is congestion and possibly change to a better route. We could also use smart traffic lights. All of this will contribute to a better quality of life. That is the ultimate purpose of a smart city: the best possible living circumstances for everybody, to provide a way of life that is the best combination of technology and comfort. https://www.whatsorb.com/solution/community  
Smart Cities, Safe And Efficient, But Are We Being Watched?
Smart Cities, Safe And Efficient, But Are We Being Watched?
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