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Will A Grand Solar Minimum Cool the Globe?
In these days of a zinging heatwave scorching over large parts of Europe, it may seem like a weird topic, but some believe that there might be a major cooling event going on. One that is not hinging on any human action, but completely natural. Welcome to the miraculous world of natural global warming or, in this case, cooling. Those Funny Black Things Are Sun Spots Let’s start off with some theory. The Sun provides the fuel that the Earth needs to thrive. Like a ball of electrically charged hot gases, it basically holds our solar system together, with planets gravitating around it. This means that any changes in the Sun’s activity will inevitably impact everything around it - including our Earth. We first saw the Sun through a telescope in the early 1600s. Back then, people were confused by the dark spots on its surface. Now we know that those are sunspots. Large, periodically occurring areas of up to a few times the size of the Earth. They are incredibly magnetic, probably due to an underlying magnetic cycle of the Sun, produced by the solar dynamo mechanism in its interior.   Recommended:  Cooling By Grand Solar Minimum Or Warming By CO2? Solar Cycles Are A Regular Thing The number of sunspots increases and decreases in a cyclical way - with a cycle lasting 11 years. This is known as a solar cycle. Several patterns can be observed during the cycle, one of which being the solar minimum. Actually, there are two types of solar minima.   First, the grand minima phase is a period during which the sunspot cycle goes in a so-called deep sleep for a large number of years - meaning that a minimal number of sunspots are visible on the Sun. The last time this happened was between 1645 and 1715. Second, there is the normal, regular minimum, which is a part of the solar cycle. It appears once every 11 years and lasts a couple of years, right between two peaks. We just experienced this regular minimum in 2019, and before that in 2008.   Recommended:  Solar Geo-Engineering: Answer To Climate Change? Solar Activity Goes Down During those minima, the solar activity dwindles. There are no more solar storms, while solar radiation and particle fluxes are definitely on the low as well. Basically, the solar system environment becomes more peaceful and calmer in the absence of solar activity. The solar cycle is tracked religiously, with sunspots visible through telescopes - both down on Earth as well as in space. Through these, we were once again able to see how the sunspots were gone for a period of time. Eventually, the new cycle starts up again, as the number of sunspots rises. Fittingly, this period is dubbed the ‘rising phase’ of the cycle.   This rising phase builds up to the opposite of the solar minimum: the solar maximum. This is the period during which the highest number of sunspots is visible. After a while, the number will start to drop as the cycle heads for its next solar minimum or period of inactivity.   Radiation Goes Down With The Sunspots During a solar minimum, the radiation as emitted by the Sun is lower than normal: the temperature on the Sun’s surface will drop as solar activity drops, and a lower temperature of the emitting source means that radiation goes down as well. As sunspots start appearing again, the radiated energy will increase once again. This explains the periodic increase and decreases in radiation throughout the cycle, although this will not be very noticeable for us, down on Earth. The solar conditions are important for us as they help us in determining the exact weather and climate effects. Solar minimum conditions, for instance, help us to determine what the climate impacts of the sun are throughout the solar system. This makes it the base for establishing the effect of higher solar activity levels and their potential impact on our Earth.   The above graph compares global surface temperature changes (red line) and the Sun's energy that Earth receives (yellow line) in watts (units of energy) per square meter since 1880. The lighter/thinner lines show the yearly levels while the heavier/thicker lines show the 11-year average trends. Eleven-year averages are used to reduce the year-to-year natural noise in the data, making the underlying trends more obvious. The amount of solar energy that Earth receives has followed the Sun’s natural 11-year cycle of small ups and downs with no net increase since the 1950s. Over the same period, global temperature has risen markedly. It is therefore extremely unlikely that the Sun has caused the observed global temperature warming trend over the past half-century. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech Recommended:  Cooling Earth By Sun Dimming Or Warming By CO2 Will Solar Minima Cool The Planet? This does not mean that periods of solar minima and solar maxima actually change our climate. Far from it. Although many people believe that such a solar minimum can cool our globe, perhaps even solving climate change as we speak, this is definitely not the case. The regularly occurring solar minimum mostly influences radiation and UV levels, not the actual temperature. Even the effect of grand solar minima on our climate is debated, as it will not have a lasting effect in the face of our increasing emissions. The solar activity must directly impact our climate, or so was the prevailing thought that has now been debunked by detailed calculations and climate models. It is not ‘just’ a solar cycle that has led to the rising temperatures on Earth. Those are largely due to anthropogenic or man-made causes. Even if we would be experiencing another grand minimum phase, this would not help us in cooling down the Earth enough to save it from its wasteful, polluting inhabitants. So sorry, folks, the Sun isn’t going to help us. This one is all on us. Before you go! Recommended:  Global Cooling Or Warming: Will It Kill Us? Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your article about global cooling? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage.'
In these days of a zinging heatwave scorching over large parts of Europe, it may seem like a weird topic, but some believe that there might be a major cooling event going on. One that is not hinging on any human action, but completely natural. Welcome to the miraculous world of natural global warming or, in this case, cooling. Those Funny Black Things Are Sun Spots Let’s start off with some theory. The Sun provides the fuel that the Earth needs to thrive. Like a ball of electrically charged hot gases, it basically holds our solar system together, with planets gravitating around it. This means that any changes in the Sun’s activity will inevitably impact everything around it - including our Earth. We first saw the Sun through a telescope in the early 1600s. Back then, people were confused by the dark spots on its surface. Now we know that those are sunspots. Large, periodically occurring areas of up to a few times the size of the Earth. They are incredibly magnetic, probably due to an underlying magnetic cycle of the Sun, produced by the solar dynamo mechanism in its interior.   Recommended:  Cooling By Grand Solar Minimum Or Warming By CO2? Solar Cycles Are A Regular Thing The number of sunspots increases and decreases in a cyclical way - with a cycle lasting 11 years. This is known as a solar cycle. Several patterns can be observed during the cycle, one of which being the solar minimum. Actually, there are two types of solar minima.   First, the grand minima phase is a period during which the sunspot cycle goes in a so-called deep sleep for a large number of years - meaning that a minimal number of sunspots are visible on the Sun. The last time this happened was between 1645 and 1715. Second, there is the normal, regular minimum, which is a part of the solar cycle. It appears once every 11 years and lasts a couple of years, right between two peaks. We just experienced this regular minimum in 2019, and before that in 2008.   Recommended:  Solar Geo-Engineering: Answer To Climate Change? Solar Activity Goes Down During those minima, the solar activity dwindles. There are no more solar storms, while solar radiation and particle fluxes are definitely on the low as well. Basically, the solar system environment becomes more peaceful and calmer in the absence of solar activity. The solar cycle is tracked religiously, with sunspots visible through telescopes - both down on Earth as well as in space. Through these, we were once again able to see how the sunspots were gone for a period of time. Eventually, the new cycle starts up again, as the number of sunspots rises. Fittingly, this period is dubbed the ‘rising phase’ of the cycle.   This rising phase builds up to the opposite of the solar minimum: the solar maximum. This is the period during which the highest number of sunspots is visible. After a while, the number will start to drop as the cycle heads for its next solar minimum or period of inactivity.   Radiation Goes Down With The Sunspots During a solar minimum, the radiation as emitted by the Sun is lower than normal: the temperature on the Sun’s surface will drop as solar activity drops, and a lower temperature of the emitting source means that radiation goes down as well. As sunspots start appearing again, the radiated energy will increase once again. This explains the periodic increase and decreases in radiation throughout the cycle, although this will not be very noticeable for us, down on Earth. The solar conditions are important for us as they help us in determining the exact weather and climate effects. Solar minimum conditions, for instance, help us to determine what the climate impacts of the sun are throughout the solar system. This makes it the base for establishing the effect of higher solar activity levels and their potential impact on our Earth.   The above graph compares global surface temperature changes (red line) and the Sun's energy that Earth receives (yellow line) in watts (units of energy) per square meter since 1880. The lighter/thinner lines show the yearly levels while the heavier/thicker lines show the 11-year average trends. Eleven-year averages are used to reduce the year-to-year natural noise in the data, making the underlying trends more obvious. The amount of solar energy that Earth receives has followed the Sun’s natural 11-year cycle of small ups and downs with no net increase since the 1950s. Over the same period, global temperature has risen markedly. It is therefore extremely unlikely that the Sun has caused the observed global temperature warming trend over the past half-century. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech Recommended:  Cooling Earth By Sun Dimming Or Warming By CO2 Will Solar Minima Cool The Planet? This does not mean that periods of solar minima and solar maxima actually change our climate. Far from it. Although many people believe that such a solar minimum can cool our globe, perhaps even solving climate change as we speak, this is definitely not the case. The regularly occurring solar minimum mostly influences radiation and UV levels, not the actual temperature. Even the effect of grand solar minima on our climate is debated, as it will not have a lasting effect in the face of our increasing emissions. The solar activity must directly impact our climate, or so was the prevailing thought that has now been debunked by detailed calculations and climate models. It is not ‘just’ a solar cycle that has led to the rising temperatures on Earth. Those are largely due to anthropogenic or man-made causes. Even if we would be experiencing another grand minimum phase, this would not help us in cooling down the Earth enough to save it from its wasteful, polluting inhabitants. So sorry, folks, the Sun isn’t going to help us. This one is all on us. Before you go! Recommended:  Global Cooling Or Warming: Will It Kill Us? Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your article about global cooling? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage.'
Will A Grand Solar Minimum Cool the Globe?
Will A Grand Solar Minimum Cool the Globe?
Climate Change Optimism: Can Human Blood Save US?
Nowadays, CO2 is extracted from the industry by using molecules known as amines (an organic compound), which react with CO2. DTU has introduced a new method of removing CO2 from human blood using molecules. The new technology may help prevent climate change. Climate Change: Cleaning Gasses Governments all over the world need to act as quickly as possible, climate change is moving fast, and we need to prevent further alteration. The Danish government took an important step recently to reduce CO2-emissions by 70 percent before 2030. How they want to do that is yet unknown. At this moment, we are still relying on fossil fuels. It would be way cheaper and more logical to avoid CO2-emissions reaching the atmosphere by cleaning the gases instead of removing it. Polluting Tackled At The Source The concept is comparable to wastewater treatment plants that clean water at the source, instead of polluting and cleaning the oceans years later. That is why we need to implement CO2 capture and storage (CCS) on an industrial scale to secure the climate and prevent further global warming. Climate Change Optimism: Bio-Based Materials  Carbon dioxide is separated from the waste gases coming from the power plants/process industry. It is then inserted passively under the land and the sea and stored. There are various storage options for CO2. Even if we were able to reduce the use of fossil fuels, we would still have to start by removing CO2 from the atmosphere to halt climate change. Recommended:  Climate Change Efforts On Reducing CO2 Why Not Recycle It? Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change The better and more durable the technology is, the better global warming can be prevented. We need to use bio-based materials that are close to natural mechanisms, like plant photosynthesis or human respiration. These natural processes could relegate the carbon dioxide level. The amines which we use to react with CO2 are synthetic organic chemicals. They do not correlate with nature. By replacing them with natural materials from a biological origin, we can find the right balance. That is why we could better use materials we do not need synthetic processes for. Thus, we could use human blood or respiration. How Can Human Blood Help to prevent Climate Change? {youtube}                                            Rescue Globally: Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change                                                                  Capturing CO2 - Mongstad, Norway Human blood consists of many biological chemicals and compounds. It transmits nutrients such as proteins, oxygen, sugars, and fats to our body cells. Also, a lot of waste products are transported by the blood, including carbon dioxide, a by-product of our metabolism. Besides, various helpful substances such as enzymes and electrolytes maintain the right balance in the composition of the blood and keep our bodies healthy. Enzymes are biological reactors that significantly increase the speed of the chemical reaction. We have a lot of enzymes in our blood, and one of them is carbonic anhydrase. Carbonic anhydrase helps to capture CO2 from different body parts, and release it in pure form into our lungs, where it is then exhaled. We can use this process outside our body as well. When used in existing carbon capture plants, the enzyme can capture CO2 forever. Recommended:  Energy Miracle Algae. 10.000 Barrels A Day, Less CO2: 2025 Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change Not long ago, the carbonic anhydrase enzyme is studied for carbon capture applications at DHU. The results are quite promising and state that a combination of a protein and a portable biological material can efficiently separate CO2 from the gas mixture. The result is the elaboration of a new process where CO2 can be chemically absorbed in the organic material. The bio-based molecules can be converted back to gaseous CO2. All in all, the project aims to achieve potential energy savings and ecological sustainability. This process has to potential to disrupt the area of CO2 capture. With the help of bio-based molecules, we could almost create artificial lungs for the world. This would be amazing! But for now, we will be focusing on developing bio-based carbon capture and storage (Bio-CCS). For the next decade, the new technology concept will be available for first commercial use. Human Blood Prevent Climate Change. It Will Work, But Is It Enough? This is not always possible. It is tempting to have a project or process that is similar to the actual human lung, which pollutes CO2 with the help of natural materials. If we want to reduce climate change, we need different approaches. These approaches need to be close to nature and close to ourselves to be technologically feasible and socially acceptable. Recommended:  How An Artificial Leaf Sucks CO2 And Makes Fuel. Amazing! We know for sure that this technique works. But we need to put all our efforts together to make a change to reduce CO2-emissions. Global Bio-CCS systems need to be put in place to achieve a carbon-negative emission standard by 2050 that meets the objectives of the Paris agreement. We need time and resources to beat climate change. But we can do something if we all help. This new technology may be a small step for us, for CCS, but a giant leap for the global environment. Before you go! Recommended:  Climate Change Stop, Store CO2, Add Phytoplankton By Whales? Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your article about climate change? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage.'
Nowadays, CO2 is extracted from the industry by using molecules known as amines (an organic compound), which react with CO2. DTU has introduced a new method of removing CO2 from human blood using molecules. The new technology may help prevent climate change. Climate Change: Cleaning Gasses Governments all over the world need to act as quickly as possible, climate change is moving fast, and we need to prevent further alteration. The Danish government took an important step recently to reduce CO2-emissions by 70 percent before 2030. How they want to do that is yet unknown. At this moment, we are still relying on fossil fuels. It would be way cheaper and more logical to avoid CO2-emissions reaching the atmosphere by cleaning the gases instead of removing it. Polluting Tackled At The Source The concept is comparable to wastewater treatment plants that clean water at the source, instead of polluting and cleaning the oceans years later. That is why we need to implement CO2 capture and storage (CCS) on an industrial scale to secure the climate and prevent further global warming. Climate Change Optimism: Bio-Based Materials  Carbon dioxide is separated from the waste gases coming from the power plants/process industry. It is then inserted passively under the land and the sea and stored. There are various storage options for CO2. Even if we were able to reduce the use of fossil fuels, we would still have to start by removing CO2 from the atmosphere to halt climate change. Recommended:  Climate Change Efforts On Reducing CO2 Why Not Recycle It? Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change The better and more durable the technology is, the better global warming can be prevented. We need to use bio-based materials that are close to natural mechanisms, like plant photosynthesis or human respiration. These natural processes could relegate the carbon dioxide level. The amines which we use to react with CO2 are synthetic organic chemicals. They do not correlate with nature. By replacing them with natural materials from a biological origin, we can find the right balance. That is why we could better use materials we do not need synthetic processes for. Thus, we could use human blood or respiration. How Can Human Blood Help to prevent Climate Change? {youtube}                                            Rescue Globally: Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change                                                                  Capturing CO2 - Mongstad, Norway Human blood consists of many biological chemicals and compounds. It transmits nutrients such as proteins, oxygen, sugars, and fats to our body cells. Also, a lot of waste products are transported by the blood, including carbon dioxide, a by-product of our metabolism. Besides, various helpful substances such as enzymes and electrolytes maintain the right balance in the composition of the blood and keep our bodies healthy. Enzymes are biological reactors that significantly increase the speed of the chemical reaction. We have a lot of enzymes in our blood, and one of them is carbonic anhydrase. Carbonic anhydrase helps to capture CO2 from different body parts, and release it in pure form into our lungs, where it is then exhaled. We can use this process outside our body as well. When used in existing carbon capture plants, the enzyme can capture CO2 forever. Recommended:  Energy Miracle Algae. 10.000 Barrels A Day, Less CO2: 2025 Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change Not long ago, the carbonic anhydrase enzyme is studied for carbon capture applications at DHU. The results are quite promising and state that a combination of a protein and a portable biological material can efficiently separate CO2 from the gas mixture. The result is the elaboration of a new process where CO2 can be chemically absorbed in the organic material. The bio-based molecules can be converted back to gaseous CO2. All in all, the project aims to achieve potential energy savings and ecological sustainability. This process has to potential to disrupt the area of CO2 capture. With the help of bio-based molecules, we could almost create artificial lungs for the world. This would be amazing! But for now, we will be focusing on developing bio-based carbon capture and storage (Bio-CCS). For the next decade, the new technology concept will be available for first commercial use. Human Blood Prevent Climate Change. It Will Work, But Is It Enough? This is not always possible. It is tempting to have a project or process that is similar to the actual human lung, which pollutes CO2 with the help of natural materials. If we want to reduce climate change, we need different approaches. These approaches need to be close to nature and close to ourselves to be technologically feasible and socially acceptable. Recommended:  How An Artificial Leaf Sucks CO2 And Makes Fuel. Amazing! We know for sure that this technique works. But we need to put all our efforts together to make a change to reduce CO2-emissions. Global Bio-CCS systems need to be put in place to achieve a carbon-negative emission standard by 2050 that meets the objectives of the Paris agreement. We need time and resources to beat climate change. But we can do something if we all help. This new technology may be a small step for us, for CCS, but a giant leap for the global environment. Before you go! Recommended:  Climate Change Stop, Store CO2, Add Phytoplankton By Whales? Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your article about climate change? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage.'
Climate Change Optimism: Can Human Blood Save US?
Climate Change Optimism: Can Human Blood Save US?
Climate Change: China Floods The Arctic On Fire
Since early June, the water levels of 433 rivers in China have risen over the danger mark, with 33 of them rising to historical highs. In Siberia, nearly 300 wildfires are blazing amid record warm weather. China Is Flooding: Torrential Rains China has a four-tier, color-coded weather warning system, with red representing the most severe, followed by orange, yellow, and blue. Since July, 31 people have died or are missing, and 23.85 million people have been affected due to floods in 24 provincial regions, including East China's Anhui and Jiangxi provinces. Water levels on many rivers have been unusually high this year because of torrential rains. Blasting dams and embankments to discharge water was an extreme response employed during China’s worst floods in recent years. Last week, the huge Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze opened three floodgates after the water level rose more than 15 meters (50ft) above flood level. Elsewhere, soldiers and workers have been testing the strength of embankments and shoring them up with sandbags and rocks. Recently, firefighters and others finished filling in a 188-meter (620ft) break on Poyang Lake, China’s largest freshwater lake, that had caused widespread flooding across 15 villages and agricultural fields in Jiangxi province. More than 14,000 people were evacuated. Seasonal flooding strikes large parts of China annually, especially in its central and southern regions, but has been especially severe this summer. Recommended:  Climate Change Pictures: Weird Global Anomalies The second-highest rainfall that's swamped China in more than a half-century has fuelled new questions about the world's biggest hydroelectric facility, billed as helping to tame floodwaters. Vice Minister of Emergency Management Zheng Guoguang told reporters that the Yangtze, Asia's longest river, and parts of its watershed had seen the second-highest rainfall since 1961 over the past six months. But after weeks of devastating flooding, questions are being raised about the Three Gorges Dam's impact on Yangtze floods and if the massive structure itself may be at risk. One of the primary justifications for the Three Gorges Dam was flood control, but less than 20 years after its completion, we have the highest floodwater in recorded history. But the fact is that it cannot prevent these severe events.” China Is Flooding: The Three Gorges Dam The Three Gorges Dam was officially completed in 2006. Its power operation went online in 2012, and it is one of China’s most expensive and questionable developmental projects. Some 1.4 million people had to be resettled as a result of the massive project on the Yangtze River. Photo by Yao Yilong.  The Three Gorges Dam is spanning the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) near Yichang, Hubei province, China. The dam also was touted as the best way to end centuries of flooding along the Yangtze and provide power for China's industrial boom. But some geologists contended that damming up too much water in the reservoir carried a heightened risk of earthquakes and prolonged damage to the river's ecology. In 2012, the Ministry of Land Resources said the number of landslides and other disasters around the reservoir had increased 70 percent after the water level in the $23 billion projects rose to its maximum in 2010. Recommended:  Asia’s Water War: Is The Mekong Still A River? Critics of the project, like Chinese geologist Fan Xiao, have said that Three Gorges and other major dam projects may make flooding worse by altering the flow of sedimentation down the river. Three Gorges, storage capacity amounts to less than 9 percent of average floodwaters. “It can only partially and temporarily intercept the upstream floods, and is powerless to help with floods caused by heavy rainfall in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River,” he said. {youtube}                                                       Climate change blamed for China flood disaster Damage from this season's floods has been estimated in the hundreds of millions of dollars, further pressuring an economy deeply impacted by the Flooding In Hubei Province Hubei province, through which the Yangtze flows, is known for its numerous lakes and rivers and is under particular threat. The province's capital Wuhan was the epicenter of China's coronavirus outbreak. Residents in the Yangtze River basin in recent weeks have expressed concerns over the ability of the massive dam to handle more heavy rain, even though authorities have been releasing floodwater from the structure. China Is Flooding: Wuhan The central Chinese city of Wuhan and the provinces of Anhui, Jiangxi, and Zhejiang declared red alerts as heavy rain threatened to swell rivers and lakes and bring more disruption across the countryside and to global commerce. Wuhan, on the banks of the Yangtze River, where the novel coronavirus emerged late last year, warned residents to take precautions as water levels fast their maximum guaranteed safety level. The giant Three Gorges reservoir, which has been holding back more water to try to ease downstream flood risks, is more than 10 meters higher than its warning level, with inflows now at more than 50,000 cubic meters a second. Recommended:  Coronavirus: Symptoms Flu And Climate Change The Poyang Lake in Jiangxi province, which is formed from the overspill of the Yangtze, is 2.5 meters higher than its warning level. It has expanded by more than 2,000 square kilometers during thus flood season, and parts of the surrounding town have been inundated. China Is Flooding: Delays In Delivering Of PPE Further east, the Tai lake near Shanghai has also declared a red alert after its water level rose to nearly a meter higher than its safe level. The summer rainy season brings floods to China almost every year, but the impact of the disruption they cause is being felt further afield as Chinese goods become more important in supply chains of items such as personal protective equipment (PPE). "It's just creating another major roadblock here in terms of PPE getting into the United States - it is the worst of times for it to happen, but that's what we're dealing with right now," said Michael Einhorn, president of Dealmed. This U.S. medical supply distributor sources disposable lab coats and other products from Wuhan and nearby regions. Recommended:  Coronavirus: Will The Weather Help Us Beat It? "We cannot get the product out for over a week, which is a very long time in our business," he said, adding that the delays could last another two or three weeks. Economic activity in parts of China, especially construction and steel and cement demand, continues to be hurt by the flooding, analysts say, suggesting some loss of momentum after a stronger than expected bounce in the second quarter from the coronavirus crisis. The Artic, Siberia On Fire You have after reading above already a lot on your mind, but may I suggest one additional topic of alarm for consideration: Siberia is on fire. Siberia, the proverbial coldest place, situated way up at the top of the globe in the Arctic circle, is experiencing record warm temperatures, melting sea ice, and massive wildfires — changes to the environment that even the scientists most urgently tracking the climate crisis didn’t expect to see for another several decade. As New York’s David Wallace-Wells wrote of one town that hit triple-digit temperatures on June 20, “In a world without climate change, this anomaly, one Danish meteorologist calculated, would be a 1-in-100,000-year event.” Recommended:  Climate Change: Antarctica Is Melting Says NASA “We always expected the Arctic to change faster than the rest of the globe,” one researcher told the Washington Post. “But I don’t think anyone expected the changes to happen as fast as we are seeing them happen.” Siberian towns are experiencing a heatwave throughout the region, with many smashing centuries-old temperature records, records that are now being broken year after year. Scientists say that the area is warming at three times the rate of the rest of the world, due to a phenomenon called “Arctic amplification,” in which melting ice exposes more dark sea and lake waters. These turning zones were once net heat-reflecting into heat-absorbing. And temperatures rise even more. The effects of that increase are myriad and terrifying. Melting snow creates dry vegetation for wildfires, which have reached record levels this summer, sending out giant plumes of smoke and releasing more greenhouse gases than ever before. Some of these are troublingly named “zombie fires,” which don’t go out in winter but burn under the snow and ice only to erupt in the air once again once the snow melts. People in Siberia are at risk of infrastructure collapse as towns built for the severe strain under new, extreme conditions. At the same time, the melting of Arctic ice contributes to sea-level rise and irregular weather patterns around the world. Perhaps scariest is the potential calamity of total permafrost melting: Permafrost is a layer of continuous ice that covers nearly a quarter of the landmass in the Northern Hemisphere, in which approximately 1,460 billion to 1,600 billion metric tons of organic carbon is trapped. That’s more than twice the amount of carbon currently in the atmosphere. If with previously stable permafrost subject to never-before-seen heat, it is released, we could reach a tipping point beyond human intervention. Siberia On Fire And The Coronavirus: A Connection? With much of the world consumed by the coronavirus pandemic, and with the United States engaged in reckoning on racial injustice on top of reaching a record number of virus cases, temperature records in Siberia might seem like a faraway problem. But seemingly separate crises are not so disconnected; studies recently show, for example, how warming affects poor pregnant women in the U.S., and Black expecting mothers, in particular, a disparity that will get even worse as warming continues. Recommended:  Bushfires Australia Generate Their Own Weather “When we develop a fever, it’s a sign. It’s a warning sign that something is wrong, and we stop, and we take note,” a Colorado-based Arctic researcher said to the Post. “The Arctic is on fire. It has a fever right now, and so it’s a good warning sign that we need to stop, take note, and figure out what’s going on. Flooding And Climate Change China has perennial flooding in summer, but a combination of climate reasons and human behavior has contributed to a longer-than-usual duration and incessant rainfall in some regions. The subtropical high-pressure system over the western North Pacific was robust this year. Its intersection with cold air has led to continuous heavy rain in the Yangtze River basin. Another reason was global warming. We cannot say a single extreme weather event is directly caused by climate change, but seeing it over the long term, global warming has led to an increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. From 1961 to 2018, there has been an increase in ‘hefty rainfall’ events in China, according to the China Climate Change Blue Book (2019). And since the mid-1990s, the frequency of extreme precipitation has increased dramatically. Recommended:  China Will Make It Rain In Tibet: Space Technology Over the past 60 years, the number of days of heavy rain has gone up by 3.9 percent a decade. Aside from the rainfall, human behavior has also contributed to the severity of the floods in China. Decades of land reclamation and dam-building on nearby rivers had reduced the area and volume of Poyang Lake, the country’s largest freshwater lake, which is located in Jiangxi. Some 1,300 sq km (502 sq miles) of land was reclaimed there from 1954 to 1998, which caused the surface area of the lake to shrink from 5,160 sq km (1,992 sq miles) to 3,860 sq km (1,490 sq miles), according to a study by University of Alabama geographer David Shankman. Environmental volunteer Zhang Wenbin said he had investigated illegal land reclamation activities at Tuolin, another lake in the province. He said some of the projects around the lake were still underway last year, even though they had been ordered to stop by environmental inspectors from Beijing. “There are many similar cases,” Zhang said, adding that Tuolin Lake had also shrunk in size, reducing its storage capacity for floodwaters. Flooding: How Does It Compare To Other Years? China’s worst known floods were in 1931 when more than 2 million people were killed. The flooding inundated an area the size of England and half of Scotland combined, affecting about 25 million people – or a tenth of the population at the time, Chris Courtney, an assistant professor at Durham University, wrote like Disaster in China . Since the People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949, there have been two catastrophic floods. The first was in the summer of 1954 along the Yangtze River, resulting in over 30,000 deaths and affecting 18 million people. The second was in 1998, again along the Yangtze but also in the south and north of the country. It was the worst flooding in recent years, with more than 3,000 people killed, 15 million left homeless, and US$24 billion in economic losses. The Artic On Fire And Climate Change Climate change has lit parts of the Arctic on fire, with the region also recording temperature highs of 38C (100F), sparking concern among scientists worried about the ramifications for the rest of the world. This year the fires have begun burning even earlier than the usual July start, said Vladimir Chuprov, director of the project department at Greenpeace Russia. Unseasonably warm weather, particularly if coupled with wildfires, causes permafrost to thaw faster. This, in turn, exacerbates global warming by releasing large amounts of methane. This methane a potent greenhouse gas 28 times stronger than carbon dioxide. Recommended:  Our Focus On CO2 Alone: Other Climate Culprits Methane escaping from permafrost thaw sites enters the atmosphere and circulates the globe. Methane that originates in the Arctic, does not stay in the Arctic. It has global ramifications. What is taking place in the Arctic can even warp the weather in Europe and the US. In the summer, the unusual warming lessens the temperature and pressure difference between the Arctic and lower latitudes where more people live. This phenomenon appears to weaken or even stall the jet stream. And the effect of this means weather systems such as those bringing extreme heat or rain can remain in place for several days. Meteorologists at Russian weather agency Rosgidrome believe factors including a high-pressure system with a clear sky and the Sun being very high, extremely long daylight hours, and short warm nights have contributed to the Siberian temperature spike. The ground surface heats up intensively. The nights are hot; the air doesn't have time to cool and continues to heat up for several days." The scientific consensus is the spike indicates a far more extensive global warming trend. Dr. Freja Vamborg, the senior scientist at the UK's Copernicus Climate Change Service, said: "The key point is that the climate is changing and global temperatures are warming. "We will be breaking more and more records as we go." A catastrophic oil spill from a collapsed storage tank last month near the Arctic city of Norilsk has also partly blamed on melting permafrost. In 2011, part of a residential building in Yakutsk, a town in the Sakha Republic, actually collapsed due to the thawing of the frozen ground. The ground surface heats up intensively. The nights are hot; the air doesn't have time to cool and continues to heat up for several days. Scientists agree that the spike is indicative of a much bigger global warming trend. Before you go! Recommended:  Earth Matters. Nature And Us: What Was, What’s Left: Hope? Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your article about the effect of climate change in your neighborhood? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage.'
Since early June, the water levels of 433 rivers in China have risen over the danger mark, with 33 of them rising to historical highs. In Siberia, nearly 300 wildfires are blazing amid record warm weather. China Is Flooding: Torrential Rains China has a four-tier, color-coded weather warning system, with red representing the most severe, followed by orange, yellow, and blue. Since July, 31 people have died or are missing, and 23.85 million people have been affected due to floods in 24 provincial regions, including East China's Anhui and Jiangxi provinces. Water levels on many rivers have been unusually high this year because of torrential rains. Blasting dams and embankments to discharge water was an extreme response employed during China’s worst floods in recent years. Last week, the huge Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze opened three floodgates after the water level rose more than 15 meters (50ft) above flood level. Elsewhere, soldiers and workers have been testing the strength of embankments and shoring them up with sandbags and rocks. Recently, firefighters and others finished filling in a 188-meter (620ft) break on Poyang Lake, China’s largest freshwater lake, that had caused widespread flooding across 15 villages and agricultural fields in Jiangxi province. More than 14,000 people were evacuated. Seasonal flooding strikes large parts of China annually, especially in its central and southern regions, but has been especially severe this summer. Recommended:  Climate Change Pictures: Weird Global Anomalies The second-highest rainfall that's swamped China in more than a half-century has fuelled new questions about the world's biggest hydroelectric facility, billed as helping to tame floodwaters. Vice Minister of Emergency Management Zheng Guoguang told reporters that the Yangtze, Asia's longest river, and parts of its watershed had seen the second-highest rainfall since 1961 over the past six months. But after weeks of devastating flooding, questions are being raised about the Three Gorges Dam's impact on Yangtze floods and if the massive structure itself may be at risk. One of the primary justifications for the Three Gorges Dam was flood control, but less than 20 years after its completion, we have the highest floodwater in recorded history. But the fact is that it cannot prevent these severe events.” China Is Flooding: The Three Gorges Dam The Three Gorges Dam was officially completed in 2006. Its power operation went online in 2012, and it is one of China’s most expensive and questionable developmental projects. Some 1.4 million people had to be resettled as a result of the massive project on the Yangtze River. Photo by Yao Yilong.  The Three Gorges Dam is spanning the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) near Yichang, Hubei province, China. The dam also was touted as the best way to end centuries of flooding along the Yangtze and provide power for China's industrial boom. But some geologists contended that damming up too much water in the reservoir carried a heightened risk of earthquakes and prolonged damage to the river's ecology. In 2012, the Ministry of Land Resources said the number of landslides and other disasters around the reservoir had increased 70 percent after the water level in the $23 billion projects rose to its maximum in 2010. Recommended:  Asia’s Water War: Is The Mekong Still A River? Critics of the project, like Chinese geologist Fan Xiao, have said that Three Gorges and other major dam projects may make flooding worse by altering the flow of sedimentation down the river. Three Gorges, storage capacity amounts to less than 9 percent of average floodwaters. “It can only partially and temporarily intercept the upstream floods, and is powerless to help with floods caused by heavy rainfall in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River,” he said. {youtube}                                                       Climate change blamed for China flood disaster Damage from this season's floods has been estimated in the hundreds of millions of dollars, further pressuring an economy deeply impacted by the Flooding In Hubei Province Hubei province, through which the Yangtze flows, is known for its numerous lakes and rivers and is under particular threat. The province's capital Wuhan was the epicenter of China's coronavirus outbreak. Residents in the Yangtze River basin in recent weeks have expressed concerns over the ability of the massive dam to handle more heavy rain, even though authorities have been releasing floodwater from the structure. China Is Flooding: Wuhan The central Chinese city of Wuhan and the provinces of Anhui, Jiangxi, and Zhejiang declared red alerts as heavy rain threatened to swell rivers and lakes and bring more disruption across the countryside and to global commerce. Wuhan, on the banks of the Yangtze River, where the novel coronavirus emerged late last year, warned residents to take precautions as water levels fast their maximum guaranteed safety level. The giant Three Gorges reservoir, which has been holding back more water to try to ease downstream flood risks, is more than 10 meters higher than its warning level, with inflows now at more than 50,000 cubic meters a second. Recommended:  Coronavirus: Symptoms Flu And Climate Change The Poyang Lake in Jiangxi province, which is formed from the overspill of the Yangtze, is 2.5 meters higher than its warning level. It has expanded by more than 2,000 square kilometers during thus flood season, and parts of the surrounding town have been inundated. China Is Flooding: Delays In Delivering Of PPE Further east, the Tai lake near Shanghai has also declared a red alert after its water level rose to nearly a meter higher than its safe level. The summer rainy season brings floods to China almost every year, but the impact of the disruption they cause is being felt further afield as Chinese goods become more important in supply chains of items such as personal protective equipment (PPE). "It's just creating another major roadblock here in terms of PPE getting into the United States - it is the worst of times for it to happen, but that's what we're dealing with right now," said Michael Einhorn, president of Dealmed. This U.S. medical supply distributor sources disposable lab coats and other products from Wuhan and nearby regions. Recommended:  Coronavirus: Will The Weather Help Us Beat It? "We cannot get the product out for over a week, which is a very long time in our business," he said, adding that the delays could last another two or three weeks. Economic activity in parts of China, especially construction and steel and cement demand, continues to be hurt by the flooding, analysts say, suggesting some loss of momentum after a stronger than expected bounce in the second quarter from the coronavirus crisis. The Artic, Siberia On Fire You have after reading above already a lot on your mind, but may I suggest one additional topic of alarm for consideration: Siberia is on fire. Siberia, the proverbial coldest place, situated way up at the top of the globe in the Arctic circle, is experiencing record warm temperatures, melting sea ice, and massive wildfires — changes to the environment that even the scientists most urgently tracking the climate crisis didn’t expect to see for another several decade. As New York’s David Wallace-Wells wrote of one town that hit triple-digit temperatures on June 20, “In a world without climate change, this anomaly, one Danish meteorologist calculated, would be a 1-in-100,000-year event.” Recommended:  Climate Change: Antarctica Is Melting Says NASA “We always expected the Arctic to change faster than the rest of the globe,” one researcher told the Washington Post. “But I don’t think anyone expected the changes to happen as fast as we are seeing them happen.” Siberian towns are experiencing a heatwave throughout the region, with many smashing centuries-old temperature records, records that are now being broken year after year. Scientists say that the area is warming at three times the rate of the rest of the world, due to a phenomenon called “Arctic amplification,” in which melting ice exposes more dark sea and lake waters. These turning zones were once net heat-reflecting into heat-absorbing. And temperatures rise even more. The effects of that increase are myriad and terrifying. Melting snow creates dry vegetation for wildfires, which have reached record levels this summer, sending out giant plumes of smoke and releasing more greenhouse gases than ever before. Some of these are troublingly named “zombie fires,” which don’t go out in winter but burn under the snow and ice only to erupt in the air once again once the snow melts. People in Siberia are at risk of infrastructure collapse as towns built for the severe strain under new, extreme conditions. At the same time, the melting of Arctic ice contributes to sea-level rise and irregular weather patterns around the world. Perhaps scariest is the potential calamity of total permafrost melting: Permafrost is a layer of continuous ice that covers nearly a quarter of the landmass in the Northern Hemisphere, in which approximately 1,460 billion to 1,600 billion metric tons of organic carbon is trapped. That’s more than twice the amount of carbon currently in the atmosphere. If with previously stable permafrost subject to never-before-seen heat, it is released, we could reach a tipping point beyond human intervention. Siberia On Fire And The Coronavirus: A Connection? With much of the world consumed by the coronavirus pandemic, and with the United States engaged in reckoning on racial injustice on top of reaching a record number of virus cases, temperature records in Siberia might seem like a faraway problem. But seemingly separate crises are not so disconnected; studies recently show, for example, how warming affects poor pregnant women in the U.S., and Black expecting mothers, in particular, a disparity that will get even worse as warming continues. Recommended:  Bushfires Australia Generate Their Own Weather “When we develop a fever, it’s a sign. It’s a warning sign that something is wrong, and we stop, and we take note,” a Colorado-based Arctic researcher said to the Post. “The Arctic is on fire. It has a fever right now, and so it’s a good warning sign that we need to stop, take note, and figure out what’s going on. Flooding And Climate Change China has perennial flooding in summer, but a combination of climate reasons and human behavior has contributed to a longer-than-usual duration and incessant rainfall in some regions. The subtropical high-pressure system over the western North Pacific was robust this year. Its intersection with cold air has led to continuous heavy rain in the Yangtze River basin. Another reason was global warming. We cannot say a single extreme weather event is directly caused by climate change, but seeing it over the long term, global warming has led to an increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. From 1961 to 2018, there has been an increase in ‘hefty rainfall’ events in China, according to the China Climate Change Blue Book (2019). And since the mid-1990s, the frequency of extreme precipitation has increased dramatically. Recommended:  China Will Make It Rain In Tibet: Space Technology Over the past 60 years, the number of days of heavy rain has gone up by 3.9 percent a decade. Aside from the rainfall, human behavior has also contributed to the severity of the floods in China. Decades of land reclamation and dam-building on nearby rivers had reduced the area and volume of Poyang Lake, the country’s largest freshwater lake, which is located in Jiangxi. Some 1,300 sq km (502 sq miles) of land was reclaimed there from 1954 to 1998, which caused the surface area of the lake to shrink from 5,160 sq km (1,992 sq miles) to 3,860 sq km (1,490 sq miles), according to a study by University of Alabama geographer David Shankman. Environmental volunteer Zhang Wenbin said he had investigated illegal land reclamation activities at Tuolin, another lake in the province. He said some of the projects around the lake were still underway last year, even though they had been ordered to stop by environmental inspectors from Beijing. “There are many similar cases,” Zhang said, adding that Tuolin Lake had also shrunk in size, reducing its storage capacity for floodwaters. Flooding: How Does It Compare To Other Years? China’s worst known floods were in 1931 when more than 2 million people were killed. The flooding inundated an area the size of England and half of Scotland combined, affecting about 25 million people – or a tenth of the population at the time, Chris Courtney, an assistant professor at Durham University, wrote like Disaster in China . Since the People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949, there have been two catastrophic floods. The first was in the summer of 1954 along the Yangtze River, resulting in over 30,000 deaths and affecting 18 million people. The second was in 1998, again along the Yangtze but also in the south and north of the country. It was the worst flooding in recent years, with more than 3,000 people killed, 15 million left homeless, and US$24 billion in economic losses. The Artic On Fire And Climate Change Climate change has lit parts of the Arctic on fire, with the region also recording temperature highs of 38C (100F), sparking concern among scientists worried about the ramifications for the rest of the world. This year the fires have begun burning even earlier than the usual July start, said Vladimir Chuprov, director of the project department at Greenpeace Russia. Unseasonably warm weather, particularly if coupled with wildfires, causes permafrost to thaw faster. This, in turn, exacerbates global warming by releasing large amounts of methane. This methane a potent greenhouse gas 28 times stronger than carbon dioxide. Recommended:  Our Focus On CO2 Alone: Other Climate Culprits Methane escaping from permafrost thaw sites enters the atmosphere and circulates the globe. Methane that originates in the Arctic, does not stay in the Arctic. It has global ramifications. What is taking place in the Arctic can even warp the weather in Europe and the US. In the summer, the unusual warming lessens the temperature and pressure difference between the Arctic and lower latitudes where more people live. This phenomenon appears to weaken or even stall the jet stream. And the effect of this means weather systems such as those bringing extreme heat or rain can remain in place for several days. Meteorologists at Russian weather agency Rosgidrome believe factors including a high-pressure system with a clear sky and the Sun being very high, extremely long daylight hours, and short warm nights have contributed to the Siberian temperature spike. The ground surface heats up intensively. The nights are hot; the air doesn't have time to cool and continues to heat up for several days." The scientific consensus is the spike indicates a far more extensive global warming trend. Dr. Freja Vamborg, the senior scientist at the UK's Copernicus Climate Change Service, said: "The key point is that the climate is changing and global temperatures are warming. "We will be breaking more and more records as we go." A catastrophic oil spill from a collapsed storage tank last month near the Arctic city of Norilsk has also partly blamed on melting permafrost. In 2011, part of a residential building in Yakutsk, a town in the Sakha Republic, actually collapsed due to the thawing of the frozen ground. The ground surface heats up intensively. The nights are hot; the air doesn't have time to cool and continues to heat up for several days. Scientists agree that the spike is indicative of a much bigger global warming trend. Before you go! Recommended:  Earth Matters. Nature And Us: What Was, What’s Left: Hope? Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your article about the effect of climate change in your neighborhood? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage.'
Climate Change: China Floods The Arctic On Fire
Climate Change: China Floods The Arctic On Fire
Climate Change Pictures: Weird Global Anomalies
Earth’s climate systems are extraordinarily complex, producing every moment of the day weather, strangest weather and climate conditions of all varieties. Predicting the weather even a few days into the future remains an imperfect science riddled with challenges only made larger by climate change.  Climate Strangest Weather Some of these unusual weather events appear to be occurring with greater frequency as shifts in the Earth’s climate continue to accelerate. Last year - 2019 - was the second hottest recorded year on earth. Below You Can Find 38 Examples Of The Strangest Weather Events Incl. Video: 1. Lenticular Clouds Lenticular Clouds have a round disc shape that has actually meant they have explained some UFO sightings. The stationary clouds normally form in perpendicular alignment to the wind direction. El Chaltén A rare flying saucer-shaped cloud known as a lenticular appears over a rock formation in Argentina. 2. Electrical tentacles of red jellyfish sprite lightning If you’ve ever looked up during a thunderstorm and glimpsed a red jellyfish sitting high in the sky, you weren’t hallucinating. These tentacle-like spurts of red lightning are called sprites. According to the European Space Agency, they’re ultrafast bursts of electricity that crackle through the upper regions of the atmosphere – between 37 and 50 miles up in the sky – and move towards space. The phenomenon is a rare sighting: It lasts just tenths of a second and can be hard to see from the ground since storm clouds generally obscure it. But Stephen Hummel, a dark-skies specialist at the McDonald Observatory, captured a spectacular image of one of these sprites on July 2 (shown above) from a ridge on Mount Locke in Texas. “Sprites usually appear to the eye as very brief, dim, grey structures. It would help if you looked for them to spot them, and oftentimes I am not certain I actually saw one until I check the camera footage to confirm,” Hummel told Business Insider. In the video below: Fire Devil, Fog Tsunami, Water Spout, Morning Glory clouds, Penienties, Ice Tsunami, Lenticular clouds, sand storm, red Rainbow.   {youtube}                                                          20 Strangest Weather Phenomena - That Actually Exist   3. Gustnadoes Gustnadoes are not a type of tornado. NOAA classifies the weather phenomenon as 'thunderstorm wind events.' Unlike tornadoes, the root of a gustnado is not connected to a cloud; rather, the vortex rises from the ground. 4. Asperitas clouds Scientists named asperities clouds after the Latin word 'aspero,' which means aggravate, enrage, and roughen and was used during the classical era to describe stormy seas. NOAA considers these clouds 'other cloud phenomenon', characterized by long rippling waves through the cloud base. Recommended:  Climate Change: Hurricane Season With Big And Wet Storms 5. Microbursts A microburst is a small version of a downburst, a column of sinking air with high-speed winds associated with thunderstorms. Similar to a tornado, microbursts can cause significant damage to buildings and landscapes and are also a threat to aircraft. Microbursts are less than 2.5 miles in scale, and extreme ones can produce wind speeds up to 150 mph. They can be either wet, dry, or a hybrid of the two. 6. Brinicle First discovered in the 1960s, brinicle forms below sea ice when a flow of icy saline water meets an area of ocean water, forming the equivalent of an underwater icicle. Recommended: Breaking: Did You Know, All You Read About CO2 Rise Is Half The Truth 7. Hail glaciers Hail glaciers are large accumulations of hail that can stay frozen for some time. In 2004, in Clayton, New Mexico, 15-foot deep ice “glaciers” formed along riverbanks following a summer hail storm. The ice remained for nearly a month. Such hail glaciers have been documented on a few other occasions in locations in the American Southwest, including Dalhart and Amarillo, Texas, and most recently in the Mexican city of Guadalajara in June of 2019. Recommended:  Delay Climate Change With Submarines Which Produce Icebergs 8. Derechos A derecho is a rare type of severe thunderstorm event. It is a long-lived, wide wind storm with showers or thunderstorms that typically moves in a straight line. A derecho often creates striking visual formations as an ominous shelf clouds approach. By definition, Derechos must include winds of at least 58 mph along most of their length and produce a swath of wind damage at least 240 miles long. 9. Mammatus clouds Mammatus clouds occur when a large base cloud develops a series of smaller, round protuberances on the underside. While they can occur in different clouds, they are most often seen on cumulonimbus clouds, towering cloud formations with flat bases. They occur when ice crystals fall out of the cloud and turn to water vapor, cooling the air around them, creating the sunken pockets indicative of Mammatus formations. 10. Frost Flowers These frost flowers in the Arctic ocean form from imperfections on the ice's surface in sub-zero temperatures, normally around the -20C mark. The spikes have been found to contain microorganisms making them temporary miniature ecosystems similar to a coral reef. 11. Kelvin-Helmholtz clouds Resembling a series of rolling ocean waves, Kelvin-Helmholtz clouds often form when two adjacent atmospheric air layers are moving at different speeds. Their presence may indicate atmospheric instability and turbulence for aircraft. They may also have been the inspiration behind Van Gogh’s famous painting Starry Night. Recommended:  Solar Geo-Engineering As The Ultimate Answer To Climate Change 12. St. Elmo’s fire Most often occurring during thunderstorms at sea, St. Elmo’s Fire is a burst of plasma or ionized air that glows blue and can cause tall structures such as ship masts or church steeples to appear to be on fire. It occurs when an imbalance in electrical charge causes molecules to rip apart. 13. Thundersleet Thunder sleet happens when a thunderstorm occurs simultaneously with a sleet storm. Like thundersnow, this phenomenon is infrequent and occurs when the friction created by strong up and downdrafts causes charged particles to collide within a cloud. 14. Fallstreak holes These picturesque elliptical holes that can appear in cirrocumulus or altocumulus clouds are caused by tiny water droplets within the cloud that are colder than freezing but have yet to turn to ice. Once a triggering event such as a plane flying through the clouds causes the supercooled droplets to start freezing, they rapidly crystalize and fall, leaving a hole in the cloud layer. 15.  Twin tornadoes With about 1,200 occurrences every year, tornadoes are relatively common weather events in the United States. While it is also normal for clusters of tornadoes to form simultaneously, multiple smaller vortexes almost always combine or orbit a single parent tornado. For more than one tornado of a sizable magnitude to coexist, conditions have to be unusually balanced. This dangerous and rare phenomenon occurs on average once every 10 to 15 years. Recommended:  Rescue Globally: Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change 16. Nacreous clouds Rare but made more common by climate change, nacreous or noctilucent clouds form ice crystals and methane at high altitudes. Nick-named “mother of pearl” clouds, they appear in temperatures of approximately negative 110 F. The ice crystals refract light, producing a glimmery, iridescent look. According to NOAA, it is likely that these weather phenomena did not exist before 1885. 17.  Tubular clouds Tubular clouds, a type of arcus cloud also known as a roll cloud, form low and horizontally in the sky. They tend to form along with the edges or in the downdrafts of thunderstorms. While relatively rare and ominous-looking, these clouds are not usually a sign of dangerous weather. Before you go! Recommended:  Bushfires Australia Generate Their Own Weather Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own experience with strange weather? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage.'
Earth’s climate systems are extraordinarily complex, producing every moment of the day weather, strangest weather and climate conditions of all varieties. Predicting the weather even a few days into the future remains an imperfect science riddled with challenges only made larger by climate change.  Climate Strangest Weather Some of these unusual weather events appear to be occurring with greater frequency as shifts in the Earth’s climate continue to accelerate. Last year - 2019 - was the second hottest recorded year on earth. Below You Can Find 38 Examples Of The Strangest Weather Events Incl. Video: 1. Lenticular Clouds Lenticular Clouds have a round disc shape that has actually meant they have explained some UFO sightings. The stationary clouds normally form in perpendicular alignment to the wind direction. El Chaltén A rare flying saucer-shaped cloud known as a lenticular appears over a rock formation in Argentina. 2. Electrical tentacles of red jellyfish sprite lightning If you’ve ever looked up during a thunderstorm and glimpsed a red jellyfish sitting high in the sky, you weren’t hallucinating. These tentacle-like spurts of red lightning are called sprites. According to the European Space Agency, they’re ultrafast bursts of electricity that crackle through the upper regions of the atmosphere – between 37 and 50 miles up in the sky – and move towards space. The phenomenon is a rare sighting: It lasts just tenths of a second and can be hard to see from the ground since storm clouds generally obscure it. But Stephen Hummel, a dark-skies specialist at the McDonald Observatory, captured a spectacular image of one of these sprites on July 2 (shown above) from a ridge on Mount Locke in Texas. “Sprites usually appear to the eye as very brief, dim, grey structures. It would help if you looked for them to spot them, and oftentimes I am not certain I actually saw one until I check the camera footage to confirm,” Hummel told Business Insider. In the video below: Fire Devil, Fog Tsunami, Water Spout, Morning Glory clouds, Penienties, Ice Tsunami, Lenticular clouds, sand storm, red Rainbow.   {youtube}                                                          20 Strangest Weather Phenomena - That Actually Exist   3. Gustnadoes Gustnadoes are not a type of tornado. NOAA classifies the weather phenomenon as 'thunderstorm wind events.' Unlike tornadoes, the root of a gustnado is not connected to a cloud; rather, the vortex rises from the ground. 4. Asperitas clouds Scientists named asperities clouds after the Latin word 'aspero,' which means aggravate, enrage, and roughen and was used during the classical era to describe stormy seas. NOAA considers these clouds 'other cloud phenomenon', characterized by long rippling waves through the cloud base. Recommended:  Climate Change: Hurricane Season With Big And Wet Storms 5. Microbursts A microburst is a small version of a downburst, a column of sinking air with high-speed winds associated with thunderstorms. Similar to a tornado, microbursts can cause significant damage to buildings and landscapes and are also a threat to aircraft. Microbursts are less than 2.5 miles in scale, and extreme ones can produce wind speeds up to 150 mph. They can be either wet, dry, or a hybrid of the two. 6. Brinicle First discovered in the 1960s, brinicle forms below sea ice when a flow of icy saline water meets an area of ocean water, forming the equivalent of an underwater icicle. Recommended: Breaking: Did You Know, All You Read About CO2 Rise Is Half The Truth 7. Hail glaciers Hail glaciers are large accumulations of hail that can stay frozen for some time. In 2004, in Clayton, New Mexico, 15-foot deep ice “glaciers” formed along riverbanks following a summer hail storm. The ice remained for nearly a month. Such hail glaciers have been documented on a few other occasions in locations in the American Southwest, including Dalhart and Amarillo, Texas, and most recently in the Mexican city of Guadalajara in June of 2019. Recommended:  Delay Climate Change With Submarines Which Produce Icebergs 8. Derechos A derecho is a rare type of severe thunderstorm event. It is a long-lived, wide wind storm with showers or thunderstorms that typically moves in a straight line. A derecho often creates striking visual formations as an ominous shelf clouds approach. By definition, Derechos must include winds of at least 58 mph along most of their length and produce a swath of wind damage at least 240 miles long. 9. Mammatus clouds Mammatus clouds occur when a large base cloud develops a series of smaller, round protuberances on the underside. While they can occur in different clouds, they are most often seen on cumulonimbus clouds, towering cloud formations with flat bases. They occur when ice crystals fall out of the cloud and turn to water vapor, cooling the air around them, creating the sunken pockets indicative of Mammatus formations. 10. Frost Flowers These frost flowers in the Arctic ocean form from imperfections on the ice's surface in sub-zero temperatures, normally around the -20C mark. The spikes have been found to contain microorganisms making them temporary miniature ecosystems similar to a coral reef. 11. Kelvin-Helmholtz clouds Resembling a series of rolling ocean waves, Kelvin-Helmholtz clouds often form when two adjacent atmospheric air layers are moving at different speeds. Their presence may indicate atmospheric instability and turbulence for aircraft. They may also have been the inspiration behind Van Gogh’s famous painting Starry Night. Recommended:  Solar Geo-Engineering As The Ultimate Answer To Climate Change 12. St. Elmo’s fire Most often occurring during thunderstorms at sea, St. Elmo’s Fire is a burst of plasma or ionized air that glows blue and can cause tall structures such as ship masts or church steeples to appear to be on fire. It occurs when an imbalance in electrical charge causes molecules to rip apart. 13. Thundersleet Thunder sleet happens when a thunderstorm occurs simultaneously with a sleet storm. Like thundersnow, this phenomenon is infrequent and occurs when the friction created by strong up and downdrafts causes charged particles to collide within a cloud. 14. Fallstreak holes These picturesque elliptical holes that can appear in cirrocumulus or altocumulus clouds are caused by tiny water droplets within the cloud that are colder than freezing but have yet to turn to ice. Once a triggering event such as a plane flying through the clouds causes the supercooled droplets to start freezing, they rapidly crystalize and fall, leaving a hole in the cloud layer. 15.  Twin tornadoes With about 1,200 occurrences every year, tornadoes are relatively common weather events in the United States. While it is also normal for clusters of tornadoes to form simultaneously, multiple smaller vortexes almost always combine or orbit a single parent tornado. For more than one tornado of a sizable magnitude to coexist, conditions have to be unusually balanced. This dangerous and rare phenomenon occurs on average once every 10 to 15 years. Recommended:  Rescue Globally: Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change 16. Nacreous clouds Rare but made more common by climate change, nacreous or noctilucent clouds form ice crystals and methane at high altitudes. Nick-named “mother of pearl” clouds, they appear in temperatures of approximately negative 110 F. The ice crystals refract light, producing a glimmery, iridescent look. According to NOAA, it is likely that these weather phenomena did not exist before 1885. 17.  Tubular clouds Tubular clouds, a type of arcus cloud also known as a roll cloud, form low and horizontally in the sky. They tend to form along with the edges or in the downdrafts of thunderstorms. While relatively rare and ominous-looking, these clouds are not usually a sign of dangerous weather. Before you go! Recommended:  Bushfires Australia Generate Their Own Weather Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own experience with strange weather? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage.'
Climate Change Pictures: Weird Global Anomalies
Best Eco-Friendly Hiking Backpacks 2020
Summer is calling, and we need to stretch our legs. How is it possible in this time of social distancing? Get out in nature and be adventurous! Backpacking and hiking are popular activities during our holidays. Great for the body, perfect for the mind. Before you start, you need to explore your options and take care of your gear. To hike or backpack in nature, please think about Mother Earth before buying synthetic materials. Did you know there are eco-friendly backpacks? 1. Paravel Fold-Up Backpack Paravel backpacks are collapsible, appropriately assembled, and made from recycled plastic bottles. Perfect for a great day hike and feather-light. Made of durable cotton and nylon. Travel light and free as a bird with this must-have eco-friendly backpack.  2. Fjallraven Abisko Hike 35 Do you want a high-quality backpack with a stylish design? Then the Fjallraven backpacks are your choice. In the entire production process, the Fjallraven is committed to durability. They use recycled and natural materials without dangerous chemicals. The Fjallraven Abisko Hike 35 is light, flexible, and easy to carry if you hike from cabin-to-cabin. Made of G-1000 Eco and G-100 HeavyDuty Eco S. materials. The price of this sustainable, high-quality backpack. Recommendation:  Urban Mobility: The 15 Friendliest Bike Cities In the World 3. United By Blue Bluff Utility Backpack This United By Blue Bluff Utility Backpack not only use sustainable materials, like organic cotton and recycled polyester, they also remove one pound of waste in oceans and waterways for every product sold. This durable backpack offers plenty of storage, two water bottle holders on each side and has a smooth flip top. On the inside, it has a padded interior tablet sleeve. Also, the durable material is coated in a water repellent finish; perfect for rainy days.  4. Ogio Keep earth in mind, and you will get the backpacks of Ogio. Highly rated, sustainable (they make use of recycled and discarded materials) and perfect for a day trip. They guarantee 100 per cent satisfaction and a lifetime warranty.   Recommendation:  Electric Bike Buying Guide For Starters And Professionals 5. Patagonia Day Pack If you are familiar with the backpack world, you will know that Patagonia offers high-quality products and that they try to be eco-friendly. They show their love for nature in their backs and try to use only recycled and ethically sourced materials. It might be a bit more expensive than others, but it lasts a lifetime! This backpack is 12 centimeters wide and 48 centimeters high, and it offers a top-load function. The price varies between $57,20 en $107,95, depending on the size. 6. Ojas Yatra  Large Hemp Backpack Are you looking for a beautiful bag during the day? This Ojas Yatra Large Hemp Backpack is perfect. The bag is made of 100 percent hemp and cotton canvas. They promote consumerism because skilled Nepalese artisans make the bags and with every purchase, you support the trade and provide opportunities for and support to underprivileged local communities.  Recommended:  Hemps Multifunctional Versatile Applications. Does It Work? 7. Ecogear Grizzly Backpack This environmentally friendly backpack is manufactured from REPREVE fabric, made from "recycled water bottles and heather polyester". The Ecogear Grizzly Backpack has dual side mesh pockets, is lightweight, and has a lot of storage. It has a front elastic bungee - ergonomic padding, - on the sides, back and over the shoulders. You can adapt to the sternum strap.    8. Lakhays Eco-Friendly Hemp and Cotton Boho Backpack If you go eco-friendly, try to resist this hemp-cotton duo backpack. Lakhays Eco-Friendly Hemp and Cotton Boho Backpack ensure durability, comfort and are 100 percent eco-friendly and cruelty-free. With zippered front and back pockets and a spacy outer pocket, this backpack has it all.  Recommended:  Sustainable Food, Medicine, Building Material, Fuel: Hemp 9. SoYoung Store Eco-Friendly Bunny Tile Toddler Backpack Does your toddler need a backpack? Choose SoYoung Store Eco-friendly Bunny Tile Toddler Rugzak/Amazon.com. Enough space for everything your kid needs and a chest strap to secure the bag while your kid plays around. The backpack is machine washable and does not contain PVC, phthalates, lead, or BPA.  10. Nepal Hemp House  100% Pure Hemp Natural Color Backpack Payable and durable? Yes, it can, with hemp! The Nepal Hemp House 100% Pure Hemp Natural Color Backpack is hand-made and is known for its high-quality. It guarantees fair-trade purchasing and eco-friendly materials. The back has extra pockets, adjustable straps, and extra padding on the back. Perfect for schoolbooks, travels, or a long walk.  WhatsOrb cannot be held responsible for price changes, out-of-stock of products, and material or color differences. All information is provided by third parties. Before you go! Recommended:  Sustainable Air Travel: Climate Change Mindset And Tips Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your article about sustainable traveling? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'.
Summer is calling, and we need to stretch our legs. How is it possible in this time of social distancing? Get out in nature and be adventurous! Backpacking and hiking are popular activities during our holidays. Great for the body, perfect for the mind. Before you start, you need to explore your options and take care of your gear. To hike or backpack in nature, please think about Mother Earth before buying synthetic materials. Did you know there are eco-friendly backpacks? 1. Paravel Fold-Up Backpack Paravel backpacks are collapsible, appropriately assembled, and made from recycled plastic bottles. Perfect for a great day hike and feather-light. Made of durable cotton and nylon. Travel light and free as a bird with this must-have eco-friendly backpack.  2. Fjallraven Abisko Hike 35 Do you want a high-quality backpack with a stylish design? Then the Fjallraven backpacks are your choice. In the entire production process, the Fjallraven is committed to durability. They use recycled and natural materials without dangerous chemicals. The Fjallraven Abisko Hike 35 is light, flexible, and easy to carry if you hike from cabin-to-cabin. Made of G-1000 Eco and G-100 HeavyDuty Eco S. materials. The price of this sustainable, high-quality backpack. Recommendation:  Urban Mobility: The 15 Friendliest Bike Cities In the World 3. United By Blue Bluff Utility Backpack This United By Blue Bluff Utility Backpack not only use sustainable materials, like organic cotton and recycled polyester, they also remove one pound of waste in oceans and waterways for every product sold. This durable backpack offers plenty of storage, two water bottle holders on each side and has a smooth flip top. On the inside, it has a padded interior tablet sleeve. Also, the durable material is coated in a water repellent finish; perfect for rainy days.  4. Ogio Keep earth in mind, and you will get the backpacks of Ogio. Highly rated, sustainable (they make use of recycled and discarded materials) and perfect for a day trip. They guarantee 100 per cent satisfaction and a lifetime warranty.   Recommendation:  Electric Bike Buying Guide For Starters And Professionals 5. Patagonia Day Pack If you are familiar with the backpack world, you will know that Patagonia offers high-quality products and that they try to be eco-friendly. They show their love for nature in their backs and try to use only recycled and ethically sourced materials. It might be a bit more expensive than others, but it lasts a lifetime! This backpack is 12 centimeters wide and 48 centimeters high, and it offers a top-load function. The price varies between $57,20 en $107,95, depending on the size. 6. Ojas Yatra  Large Hemp Backpack Are you looking for a beautiful bag during the day? This Ojas Yatra Large Hemp Backpack is perfect. The bag is made of 100 percent hemp and cotton canvas. They promote consumerism because skilled Nepalese artisans make the bags and with every purchase, you support the trade and provide opportunities for and support to underprivileged local communities.  Recommended:  Hemps Multifunctional Versatile Applications. Does It Work? 7. Ecogear Grizzly Backpack This environmentally friendly backpack is manufactured from REPREVE fabric, made from "recycled water bottles and heather polyester". The Ecogear Grizzly Backpack has dual side mesh pockets, is lightweight, and has a lot of storage. It has a front elastic bungee - ergonomic padding, - on the sides, back and over the shoulders. You can adapt to the sternum strap.    8. Lakhays Eco-Friendly Hemp and Cotton Boho Backpack If you go eco-friendly, try to resist this hemp-cotton duo backpack. Lakhays Eco-Friendly Hemp and Cotton Boho Backpack ensure durability, comfort and are 100 percent eco-friendly and cruelty-free. With zippered front and back pockets and a spacy outer pocket, this backpack has it all.  Recommended:  Sustainable Food, Medicine, Building Material, Fuel: Hemp 9. SoYoung Store Eco-Friendly Bunny Tile Toddler Backpack Does your toddler need a backpack? Choose SoYoung Store Eco-friendly Bunny Tile Toddler Rugzak/Amazon.com. Enough space for everything your kid needs and a chest strap to secure the bag while your kid plays around. The backpack is machine washable and does not contain PVC, phthalates, lead, or BPA.  10. Nepal Hemp House  100% Pure Hemp Natural Color Backpack Payable and durable? Yes, it can, with hemp! The Nepal Hemp House 100% Pure Hemp Natural Color Backpack is hand-made and is known for its high-quality. It guarantees fair-trade purchasing and eco-friendly materials. The back has extra pockets, adjustable straps, and extra padding on the back. Perfect for schoolbooks, travels, or a long walk.  WhatsOrb cannot be held responsible for price changes, out-of-stock of products, and material or color differences. All information is provided by third parties. Before you go! Recommended:  Sustainable Air Travel: Climate Change Mindset And Tips Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your article about sustainable traveling? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'.
Best Eco-Friendly Hiking Backpacks 2020
Best Eco-Friendly Hiking Backpacks 2020
Climate

Climate change! Currently, the most discussed topic in the world. Climate change occurs when changes in Earth's climate system result in new weather patterns that last for at least a few decades, and maybe for millions of years. Climate change can also result from ‘external forcing’ and include changes in solar output and volcanism.

Human activities can also influence our climate. Debates, posts and answers on (social) platforms about the role of humanity in the climate change process regularly lead to heated discussions

If there was an urge to come up with a sustainable way of living solutions and share these topics globally it’s now! WhatsOrb Global Sustainability X-change Platform is for you, storytellers and influencers to write about tiny houses, your experiences and expectations for the future at home and globally. 

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