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Storm Dennis: Extreme Weather In Europe On The Rise
Storm Dennis brewing in the Atlantic Ocean expected to hit this weekend Ireland, the UK and the Netherlands. We may still be struggling with the aftermath of Ciara (a.k.a. Sabine in Germany), but it doesn’t look like we’ll have long to recover as there is another storm brewing in the Atlantic Ocean. This one goes by the name of Dennis. Storm Dennis Will Knock On Your Door This Weekend Jump quickly to subject by clicking on: Extreme Weather Events In Europe On The Rise Damage Statistics Storm And Flood Trends Recommended:  Climate Extremes Australia Floods, Wildfires And Destruction After storm Ciara comes storm Dennis. Dennis is currently brewing in the Atlantic Ocean and is expected to reach Ireland and the Uk on Saterday and the Netherlands on Sunday afternoon. According to current weather models, we can expect stormy winds of up to 100 to 120km/h on the northwest coast and on the Wadden Islands. It seems as though Dennis won’t be as destructive as Ciara, but weather models may change in the coming days. When did the North Sea 'flood'? The 1953 North Sea flood was a major flood caused by a heavy storm that occurred on the night of Saturday, 31 January 1953 and morning of Sunday, 1 February 1953. The floods struck the Netherlands, Belgium, England and Scotland. {youtube}                                           STORM DENNIS to batter UK this weekend with heavy rain and gales Dennis gets his name from the Brits, just like Ciara. The names don’t carry any significance, they were sent in by the public, says a Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) spokesperson. The next storm will also get a name sent in by the Brits, but after that, it’s time for one sent in by the Dutch public. Goeree-Overflakkee (Zuid-Holland, Netherlands) during the major flood in 1953 The sixth storm will get the name Francis, after Francis Beaufort, creator of the Beaufort scale used to measure wind speed. The storm after Francis will get the Dutch name Gerda. After that, we’ll have to wait until J and P for the Dutch names Jan and Piet. Does Europe get hit by hurricanes? There is only one modern tropical cyclone officially regarded as directly impacting Europe, Hurricane Vince in 2005, which struck southwestern Spain—having made landfall in the European mainland while still fully tropical. Storms can move around the Bermuda high and turn to the northeast and affect Europe. Storm Dennis On The Horizon: A Storm After Another It seems we will have to wait some more for some calm spring weather, as new storm might emerge by Sunday. A nameless storm occured on Sunday the 9 th.  Yes, it was nameless, unlike the recent Ciara. because it was significantly weaker, reaching only 98 kilometres, compared to the heavier Ciara which had winds of up to 129 kilometres. Recommended:  Cooling Earth By A Sun Dimming Effect Or Warming By More CO2 Windy, Rainy And Snowy The Rest Of The Week Unfortunately, the weather does not seem to significantly improve in week 7 of 2020. Expect your typical mix of hail, the occasional sunshine peaking long enough only for you to miss it when it is gone, as well as potential wet snow in some places. The wind force will also remain substantial at the coasts, reaching level 8, while being level 5 inland. Fun! Was Ciara a hurricane? Storm Ciara was an active extratropical cyclone, and the third named storm of the 2019–20 Ireland, Netherlands and UK windstorm season. Ciara brought heavy rain and severe winds across much of the United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden and other northern regions in Europe. Ciara is a popular Irish given name. Storm Dennis  While it is not yet completely clear as of now, it seems we will have another named windy visitor next weekend. The weather will tease us by becoming somewhat better on Friday, but don’t worry, there is no calm after the storm, just more storm. As such, on Sunday we might see Storm Dennis coming on our doorway. We might also get 15 degrees Celsius in some areas in the south next weekend, so I guess we’ll have to wait and see what happens. What is your weather forecast for this week: first days of spring or last days of winter? Let us know in the comment Boxes below this article. Recommended:  Climate Change Africa, Pakistan: Locust Destroy All Crops Storm Dennis At 'Our Neighbors' Ireland And The UK A number of sailings from Belfast, Dublin and Rosslare have been delayed or cancelled as an orange weather marine warning remains in place, along with a yellow weather snow/ice warning which is in place until midnight. Met Éireann issued a number of warnings over the past two days as a cold snap set in across the country in the aftermath of a nationwide orange weather warning at the weekend when Storm Ciara made landfall. Storm Dennis will hit the UK this Saturday The Met Office in the UK, meanwhile has issued a warning over the next named storm – Storm Dennis – which is on the way but predicted not to be as severe as Storm Ciara. Strong westerly winds continuing and high seas will result in a risk of coastal flooding, especially around high tide, it added. Gale force Meanwhile, an orange weather warning for coastal waters is in place as westerly winds will reach gale force 8 or stronger gale 9 today on all Irish coastal waters and on the Irish Sea. What was the heaviest storm in the UK The Great Storm of 1987 was a violent extratropical cyclone that occurred on the night of 15–16 October, with hurricane-force winds causing casualties in England, France and the Channel Islands as a severe depression in the Bay of Biscay moved northeast. It will 'occasionally touch storm force 10', Met Éireann announced. The wind warning has prompted ferry operator Stena Line to cancel a number of crossings as a result. In a statement, it stated, Stena Line is continuing to see disruptions to its ferry sailings on the Irish Sea caused by high winds and rough seas in the aftermath of Storm Ciara. As a result, sailings from Belfast to Liverpool have been delayed and Belfast to Heysham sailings have been cancelled. The Dublin to Holyhead route is experiencing delays of around an hour, while an early morning sailing was cancelled. All sailings from Rosslare were cancelled yesterday and will resume at 8am this morning. Overall, the weather forecast for the coming week looks 'unsettled but turning less cold from Thursday'. Ahead of Storm Dennis’ landfall in the UK, the Met Office there has issued wind warnings for much of England and Wales for Saturday. A statement said: 'Storm Dennis is expected to bring a range of impacts, including delays and cancellations to transport services, damage to power supplies and large coastal waves. Another spell of very wet and windy ​weather is expected for Saturday, although Storm Dennis is currently not expected to be as severe as Ciara disruption is still likely. Below a checklist (UK) of five steps that every household at risk of flooding should implement: Have a home emergency plan in place, which would include what to do in a flood and other scenarios such as a fire. Check that home insurance includes flood cover, and make sure that any changes to the T&Cs in the future do not change the type of cover you think you have. Sign up to receive Floodline alerts – the service is free and messages can be received in different formats (by phone, SMS). If Sepa (or bodies such as the Environment Agency in other parts of the UK) make river level data for a water body near where you live publicly available use this resource. Make use of publicly available resources such as Sepa’s flood risk maps to find out if a property you are considering buying is at risk of flooding. Damage And Fatalities Extreme Weather Events In Europe On The Rise: Before Dennis In the last two decades there has hardly been a year without weather disasters like storms in Europe. There were (mostly river) floods, in Italy, France and Switzerland in 2000, in the upper Elbe and Danube catchments in 2002 and 2013, along the lower Danube in 2006, in the United Kingdom in 2007, in the Adriatic region in 2014, and in Germany and France in 2016. Flood in Dresden (Germany) Severe heat waves and droughts marked the summers of 2003, 2010 and 2018, and large-scale wildfires burned in southern and eastern Europe in 2007, 2010 and 2017. Hailstorms caused a lot of damage in Germany in 2013, and the winter storms Kyrill (2007) and Xynthia (2010) left a trail of destruction in Western Europe. Social Disruption resulted from extreme snowpack in the northern Alps in 2006 and 2019. Storms Like Dennis: Munich Re Has Collected Information On These Events Since 1974  The company’s NatCatSERVICE database on losses caused by natural extreme events is among the world's largest and contains more than 40,000 entries. A distinction is made between disastrous weather events and geophysical events. The latter include earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis. The weather disasters include winter storms and storm surges, thunderstorms and flash floods, river and lake flooding, landslides, winter hazards, heat waves, droughts, and wildfires.   Damage Statistics: Storms And Floods Dominate 95% of all loss events in the period 1980-2018 are weather-related. Storms make up almost 50% of all events, and flooding almost another third. The so-called 'climatological' events, such as heat waves, droughts, wildfires and frost, account for 16%. The remaining 5% refer to geophysical hazards. A man walks amidst rubble following an earthquake in Pescara del Tronto Winter storms produce losses in excess of one billion dollars practically every year. The most expensive storm disasters since 1990 are winter storms Daria (1990), Lothar (1999), Kyrill (2007), and Xynthia (2010), with overall losses of US$ 7bn, 11.5bn, 9bn, and 6.1bn, respectively. The most expensive weather-related disaster in Europe, affecting large parts of Germany and neighbouring countries, was the 2002 summer flood: two flood events caused a total of US$ 21.5bn (original values, not adjusted for inflation) across the continent. As a result, flood insurance has gained importance. The penetration of flood insurance for private homes in Germany increased countrywide to about 41% in 2018, as compared to around 26% in 2009 and only less than 10% in the year 2002. Recommended:  Climate Change: Cause Of The Next Global Economic Collapse Europe's Average Annual Overall Losses For 1980-2018 Are Equal To US$ 16.2bn. Casualties: 2003 and 2010 heat waves stand out In all 1,719 events in Europe in which at least one person was killed, storms and floods are leading by a long way. However, 2003 and 2010 stand out as years with extremely high numbers of fatalities in Europe caused by heat waves: 70,000 and 56,000, respectively. These two events dominate the number of weather-related fatalities in Europe since 1980: the number of fatalities by all natural hazards combined in the period 1980-2018 is about 155,000. High Temperature And Storms Also Enhance The Wildfire Danger Wildfires in 2003 caused US$ 1.2bn of damage and killed 70 people in southern Europe. In 2010, the fires around Moscow approached a US$ 2bn loss and claimed 130 lives. More recently, in the summer of 2017, 123 people died in several wildfire episodes, 110 of them in Portugal alone. In 2018, 100 people perished in wildfires in Greece.   Storm And Flood Trends? With respect to damage, the number of severe floods seems to be increasing. With respect to fatalities, the mortality risk related to heat waves has been on the rise. Heat wave frequency, duration, and intensity are increasing, while resistance is decreasing because European societies are ageing. Local inhabitants are evacuated from a flooded village of Sokolniki in Southern Poland, May 20, 2010 Altogether, from 1980 to 2018, 4,890 destructive weather events have been recorded in this database for Europe. 837 Of the events occurred in the 1980s, 1,239 in the 1990s, 1,345 in the first decade of the 21stcentury and 1,469 since 2010. The losses of 525 of these events exceeded US$ 100 m (in original values, not inflation-corrected); 92 were above US$ 1bn, and four even topped US$ 10bn. The number of disastrous weather events in the Munich Re database is growing much faster than the number of geophysical events. Is this due to climate change? For a small part at most. Non-climatic factors such as land-use and land-cover change play a role as well. Nowadays, more people and more valuable assets are exposed to disasters because more people live in unsafe areas, such as floodplains. Future Weather Outlook Weather catastrophes constitute a growing burden on national economies and insurance companies, not least because of the costs of precautionary measures. The projections for the future look grim, the authors of this study conclude. The percentage of the European population affected by weather-related disasters may increase by an order of magnitude in a hundred years: from 5% in 1981-2010 to two-thirds by 2100. The record number of heat-related fatalities of 2003 may become the new norm by 2050. Before you go! Recommended:  Climate Change: Hurricane Season With Big And Wet Storms Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about the weather? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Storm Dennis brewing in the Atlantic Ocean expected to hit this weekend Ireland, the UK and the Netherlands. We may still be struggling with the aftermath of Ciara (a.k.a. Sabine in Germany), but it doesn’t look like we’ll have long to recover as there is another storm brewing in the Atlantic Ocean. This one goes by the name of Dennis. Storm Dennis Will Knock On Your Door This Weekend Jump quickly to subject by clicking on: Extreme Weather Events In Europe On The Rise Damage Statistics Storm And Flood Trends Recommended:  Climate Extremes Australia Floods, Wildfires And Destruction After storm Ciara comes storm Dennis. Dennis is currently brewing in the Atlantic Ocean and is expected to reach Ireland and the Uk on Saterday and the Netherlands on Sunday afternoon. According to current weather models, we can expect stormy winds of up to 100 to 120km/h on the northwest coast and on the Wadden Islands. It seems as though Dennis won’t be as destructive as Ciara, but weather models may change in the coming days. When did the North Sea 'flood'? The 1953 North Sea flood was a major flood caused by a heavy storm that occurred on the night of Saturday, 31 January 1953 and morning of Sunday, 1 February 1953. The floods struck the Netherlands, Belgium, England and Scotland. {youtube}                                           STORM DENNIS to batter UK this weekend with heavy rain and gales Dennis gets his name from the Brits, just like Ciara. The names don’t carry any significance, they were sent in by the public, says a Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) spokesperson. The next storm will also get a name sent in by the Brits, but after that, it’s time for one sent in by the Dutch public. Goeree-Overflakkee (Zuid-Holland, Netherlands) during the major flood in 1953 The sixth storm will get the name Francis, after Francis Beaufort, creator of the Beaufort scale used to measure wind speed. The storm after Francis will get the Dutch name Gerda. After that, we’ll have to wait until J and P for the Dutch names Jan and Piet. Does Europe get hit by hurricanes? There is only one modern tropical cyclone officially regarded as directly impacting Europe, Hurricane Vince in 2005, which struck southwestern Spain—having made landfall in the European mainland while still fully tropical. Storms can move around the Bermuda high and turn to the northeast and affect Europe. Storm Dennis On The Horizon: A Storm After Another It seems we will have to wait some more for some calm spring weather, as new storm might emerge by Sunday. A nameless storm occured on Sunday the 9 th.  Yes, it was nameless, unlike the recent Ciara. because it was significantly weaker, reaching only 98 kilometres, compared to the heavier Ciara which had winds of up to 129 kilometres. Recommended:  Cooling Earth By A Sun Dimming Effect Or Warming By More CO2 Windy, Rainy And Snowy The Rest Of The Week Unfortunately, the weather does not seem to significantly improve in week 7 of 2020. Expect your typical mix of hail, the occasional sunshine peaking long enough only for you to miss it when it is gone, as well as potential wet snow in some places. The wind force will also remain substantial at the coasts, reaching level 8, while being level 5 inland. Fun! Was Ciara a hurricane? Storm Ciara was an active extratropical cyclone, and the third named storm of the 2019–20 Ireland, Netherlands and UK windstorm season. Ciara brought heavy rain and severe winds across much of the United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden and other northern regions in Europe. Ciara is a popular Irish given name. Storm Dennis  While it is not yet completely clear as of now, it seems we will have another named windy visitor next weekend. The weather will tease us by becoming somewhat better on Friday, but don’t worry, there is no calm after the storm, just more storm. As such, on Sunday we might see Storm Dennis coming on our doorway. We might also get 15 degrees Celsius in some areas in the south next weekend, so I guess we’ll have to wait and see what happens. What is your weather forecast for this week: first days of spring or last days of winter? Let us know in the comment Boxes below this article. Recommended:  Climate Change Africa, Pakistan: Locust Destroy All Crops Storm Dennis At 'Our Neighbors' Ireland And The UK A number of sailings from Belfast, Dublin and Rosslare have been delayed or cancelled as an orange weather marine warning remains in place, along with a yellow weather snow/ice warning which is in place until midnight. Met Éireann issued a number of warnings over the past two days as a cold snap set in across the country in the aftermath of a nationwide orange weather warning at the weekend when Storm Ciara made landfall. Storm Dennis will hit the UK this Saturday The Met Office in the UK, meanwhile has issued a warning over the next named storm – Storm Dennis – which is on the way but predicted not to be as severe as Storm Ciara. Strong westerly winds continuing and high seas will result in a risk of coastal flooding, especially around high tide, it added. Gale force Meanwhile, an orange weather warning for coastal waters is in place as westerly winds will reach gale force 8 or stronger gale 9 today on all Irish coastal waters and on the Irish Sea. What was the heaviest storm in the UK The Great Storm of 1987 was a violent extratropical cyclone that occurred on the night of 15–16 October, with hurricane-force winds causing casualties in England, France and the Channel Islands as a severe depression in the Bay of Biscay moved northeast. It will 'occasionally touch storm force 10', Met Éireann announced. The wind warning has prompted ferry operator Stena Line to cancel a number of crossings as a result. In a statement, it stated, Stena Line is continuing to see disruptions to its ferry sailings on the Irish Sea caused by high winds and rough seas in the aftermath of Storm Ciara. As a result, sailings from Belfast to Liverpool have been delayed and Belfast to Heysham sailings have been cancelled. The Dublin to Holyhead route is experiencing delays of around an hour, while an early morning sailing was cancelled. All sailings from Rosslare were cancelled yesterday and will resume at 8am this morning. Overall, the weather forecast for the coming week looks 'unsettled but turning less cold from Thursday'. Ahead of Storm Dennis’ landfall in the UK, the Met Office there has issued wind warnings for much of England and Wales for Saturday. A statement said: 'Storm Dennis is expected to bring a range of impacts, including delays and cancellations to transport services, damage to power supplies and large coastal waves. Another spell of very wet and windy ​weather is expected for Saturday, although Storm Dennis is currently not expected to be as severe as Ciara disruption is still likely. Below a checklist (UK) of five steps that every household at risk of flooding should implement: Have a home emergency plan in place, which would include what to do in a flood and other scenarios such as a fire. Check that home insurance includes flood cover, and make sure that any changes to the T&Cs in the future do not change the type of cover you think you have. Sign up to receive Floodline alerts – the service is free and messages can be received in different formats (by phone, SMS). If Sepa (or bodies such as the Environment Agency in other parts of the UK) make river level data for a water body near where you live publicly available use this resource. Make use of publicly available resources such as Sepa’s flood risk maps to find out if a property you are considering buying is at risk of flooding. Damage And Fatalities Extreme Weather Events In Europe On The Rise: Before Dennis In the last two decades there has hardly been a year without weather disasters like storms in Europe. There were (mostly river) floods, in Italy, France and Switzerland in 2000, in the upper Elbe and Danube catchments in 2002 and 2013, along the lower Danube in 2006, in the United Kingdom in 2007, in the Adriatic region in 2014, and in Germany and France in 2016. Flood in Dresden (Germany) Severe heat waves and droughts marked the summers of 2003, 2010 and 2018, and large-scale wildfires burned in southern and eastern Europe in 2007, 2010 and 2017. Hailstorms caused a lot of damage in Germany in 2013, and the winter storms Kyrill (2007) and Xynthia (2010) left a trail of destruction in Western Europe. Social Disruption resulted from extreme snowpack in the northern Alps in 2006 and 2019. Storms Like Dennis: Munich Re Has Collected Information On These Events Since 1974  The company’s NatCatSERVICE database on losses caused by natural extreme events is among the world's largest and contains more than 40,000 entries. A distinction is made between disastrous weather events and geophysical events. The latter include earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis. The weather disasters include winter storms and storm surges, thunderstorms and flash floods, river and lake flooding, landslides, winter hazards, heat waves, droughts, and wildfires.   Damage Statistics: Storms And Floods Dominate 95% of all loss events in the period 1980-2018 are weather-related. Storms make up almost 50% of all events, and flooding almost another third. The so-called 'climatological' events, such as heat waves, droughts, wildfires and frost, account for 16%. The remaining 5% refer to geophysical hazards. A man walks amidst rubble following an earthquake in Pescara del Tronto Winter storms produce losses in excess of one billion dollars practically every year. The most expensive storm disasters since 1990 are winter storms Daria (1990), Lothar (1999), Kyrill (2007), and Xynthia (2010), with overall losses of US$ 7bn, 11.5bn, 9bn, and 6.1bn, respectively. The most expensive weather-related disaster in Europe, affecting large parts of Germany and neighbouring countries, was the 2002 summer flood: two flood events caused a total of US$ 21.5bn (original values, not adjusted for inflation) across the continent. As a result, flood insurance has gained importance. The penetration of flood insurance for private homes in Germany increased countrywide to about 41% in 2018, as compared to around 26% in 2009 and only less than 10% in the year 2002. Recommended:  Climate Change: Cause Of The Next Global Economic Collapse Europe's Average Annual Overall Losses For 1980-2018 Are Equal To US$ 16.2bn. Casualties: 2003 and 2010 heat waves stand out In all 1,719 events in Europe in which at least one person was killed, storms and floods are leading by a long way. However, 2003 and 2010 stand out as years with extremely high numbers of fatalities in Europe caused by heat waves: 70,000 and 56,000, respectively. These two events dominate the number of weather-related fatalities in Europe since 1980: the number of fatalities by all natural hazards combined in the period 1980-2018 is about 155,000. High Temperature And Storms Also Enhance The Wildfire Danger Wildfires in 2003 caused US$ 1.2bn of damage and killed 70 people in southern Europe. In 2010, the fires around Moscow approached a US$ 2bn loss and claimed 130 lives. More recently, in the summer of 2017, 123 people died in several wildfire episodes, 110 of them in Portugal alone. In 2018, 100 people perished in wildfires in Greece.   Storm And Flood Trends? With respect to damage, the number of severe floods seems to be increasing. With respect to fatalities, the mortality risk related to heat waves has been on the rise. Heat wave frequency, duration, and intensity are increasing, while resistance is decreasing because European societies are ageing. Local inhabitants are evacuated from a flooded village of Sokolniki in Southern Poland, May 20, 2010 Altogether, from 1980 to 2018, 4,890 destructive weather events have been recorded in this database for Europe. 837 Of the events occurred in the 1980s, 1,239 in the 1990s, 1,345 in the first decade of the 21stcentury and 1,469 since 2010. The losses of 525 of these events exceeded US$ 100 m (in original values, not inflation-corrected); 92 were above US$ 1bn, and four even topped US$ 10bn. The number of disastrous weather events in the Munich Re database is growing much faster than the number of geophysical events. Is this due to climate change? For a small part at most. Non-climatic factors such as land-use and land-cover change play a role as well. Nowadays, more people and more valuable assets are exposed to disasters because more people live in unsafe areas, such as floodplains. Future Weather Outlook Weather catastrophes constitute a growing burden on national economies and insurance companies, not least because of the costs of precautionary measures. The projections for the future look grim, the authors of this study conclude. The percentage of the European population affected by weather-related disasters may increase by an order of magnitude in a hundred years: from 5% in 1981-2010 to two-thirds by 2100. The record number of heat-related fatalities of 2003 may become the new norm by 2050. Before you go! Recommended:  Climate Change: Hurricane Season With Big And Wet Storms Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about the weather? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Storm Dennis: Extreme Weather In Europe On The Rise
Society Collapse: Climate Change, The Environment Or Us?
Nowadays, we are making the world worse. True or not? A study of the downfall of historical civilisations has shown that we face many risks currently. Historian Arnold Toynbee explains in his 12-volume 'A study of History’ that great civilisations take their own lives and not of others. But in fact, that is not the whole truth: other elements help with their self-destruction. The Roman Empire The Roman Empire, for example, did not only destruct itself, but due to poor leadership, damage to the environment and climate change, Rome was a victim. In 410 Rome was plundered by the Visigoths and in 455 by the Vandals. The Roman Empire contained 4.4 million square kilometres in 390. Five years later it had collapsed to 2 million square kilometres. By 476, the empire's range was practically nil. A repeating failure characterises our deep past. What can the rise and fall of historical civilisations tell us about ours? What are the forces that bring down or slow down a collapse? And do we see comparable patterns today? Recommended:  Siberia, Africa, Australia, Are Burning: What Caused It? Lifespan Of Civilisations At first, we need to look at past civilisations and compare their lifespan. This can be difficult. In this study, we look at agriculture, multiple cities, military dominance in its geographical region and a continuous political structure. You can say that all empires are civilisations, but not all cultures are empires. What is civilization? A civilization is generally defined as an advanced state of human society containing highly developed forms of government, culture, industry, and common social norms. London, Great Brittain. The end of an empire.... Almost all past civilisations have dealt with a collapse. This meant a fast and prolonged loss of population, identity and socio-economic complexity. Public services fall apart, and disorder is created when the government loses its monopoly on violence. Some civilisations have recovered (the Chinese and Egyptians, for example), and other collapses were permanent (Easter Island, for example). In Rome, the destruction was revived. What can this tell us concerning the future of modern global civilisation? Is collapse a normal phenomenon for civilisations? {youtube}                                                 Society Collapse: Climate Change, The Environment Or Us?                                                                          Will America Fall Like Rome? Maybe societies of the past and the present are simply complex systems made up of people and technology. Failing is part of life, so collapse can also be a regular phenomenon for civilisations, regardless of their size and stage. We are more technologically advanced now, but that does not mean we can concur every unpredicted challenge. We are not immune to new technology. What is technology? It includes machines (like computers) but also techniques and processes (like the way we produce computer chips). It might seem like all technology is only electronic, but that's just most modern technology. In fact, a hammer and the wheel are two examples of early human technology. Society Collapse: What Can The Past Tell Us? While there is no one acceptable theory for the why of collapses, historians, anthropologists, and others have suggested various explanations, including: Recommended:  Climate Change Causes Nature To Change: The World Affected Society Collapse: Climate Change , when the climate's stability changes, the results can be catastrophic, resulting in crop failures, famine and desertification Environmental degradation . Collapse can occur when societies exceed the carrying capacity of their environment. This ecological collapse theory points to over-deforestation, water pollution, soil degradation and the loss of biodiversity as causes of precipitation. Oil pollution, China Society Collapse: Inequality and Oligarchy. Wealth and political disparity can be central drivers of social disruption, as well as aristocracy and centralisation of power among leaders. This not only causes social suffering but hampers a society's ability to respond to ecological, social and economic problems. For example, the population grows; this exceeds the demand for labour. Workers become cheaper; society becomes top-heavy. This inequality undermines collective solidarity, and political unrest follows. What is government oligarchy? Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); meaning 'few', and ἄρχω (arkho), meaning 'to rule or to command') is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. Protests in Paris Society Collapse: Complexity.  Joseph Tainter, a collapse expert and historian, says that societies eventually collapse under the weight of their own accumulated complexity and bureaucracy. Another indicator of increasing complexity is called Energy Return on Investment (EROI). This refers to the proportion between the amount of energy produced by raw material and the energy needed to obtain it. Like complexity, EROI seems to have a point at which efficiency decreases. Society Collapse: External Shocks.  In other words, the 'four horsemen': war, natural disasters, starvation and plagues. The Aztec Empire, for example, was destroyed by Spanish invaders. Most of the early agricultural states were volatile due to deadly epidemics. The concentration of people and livestock in walled colonies with poor hygiene made disease outbreaks inevitable and disastrous. Disasters sometimes went hand in hand, as was the case with the Spanish introduction of salmonella into America. Society Collapse: Randomness & Bad Luck.  A statistical analysis of the empires suggests that the collapse is arbitrary and independent of age. Evolutionary biologist and data scientist Indre Zliobaite and her colleagues have observed a parallel pattern in the evolution of species. A simplified explanation for this apparent arbitrariness is the 'Red Queen Effect': if species are continually struggling to survive in a changing environment with numerous competitors, extinction is a consistent possibility. What is the Red Queen effect in evolution? The “Red Queen” hypothesis in evolution is related to the coevolution of species. It states that species must continuously adapt and evolve to pass on genes to the next generation and also to keep from going extinct when other species within a symbiotic relationship are evolving. Society Collapse: Indicators Recommended:  Is Neoliberalism Hurting Our Climate And The Paris Accord? Despite the overload of books and articles, we have no definitive explanation for the collapse of civilisations. What we do know is this: the factors mentioned above can all contribute. Stressors can overrun societal coping capacity, which can cause collapse. To examine a different kind of indicators of danger to see whether collapsing is rising or falling, we show you four possible metrics. These are measured over the past few decades: Temperature is a clear indicator of climate change Inequality is more complicated to calculate. The specific measurement of the Gini index suggests that inequality has reduced slightly worldwide (although it is increasing within countries). But the Gini index can be deceptive because it only measures relative changes in income The rich are becoming richer, which in the past has led to extra pressure on society. Studies show that the EROI for fossil fuels has declined steadily over time as the easiest to reach and most precious reserves are exhausted. Unfortunately, most of the renewable substitutes, such as solar energy, have a significantly lower EROI, mainly because of their energy density and the rare earth metals and production needed to produce them. Society Collapse: Measures Of Resilience The only positive thing is that collapses are not the entire picture. Social elasticity can slow down or prevent the collapse. The economic diversity is more significant than ever. We can cope more than ever, and we have more knowledge than ever. Especially, population groups with more experience may be better able to respond to crises when they occur. Also, the innovation of civilisation is rising. If we look at the collapse and elasticity indicators, we cannot be complacent. If we keep on innovate and diversify like this, we can be optimistic. Nevertheless, the world is deteriorating in areas that have contributed to the collapse of earlier societies. The climate is changing, the difference between rich and poor is growing, the world is becoming more and more complex, and our environmental demands exceed the carrying capacity of the planet. What does elasticity mean? Elasticity is a measure of a variable's sensitivity to a change in another variable. In business and economics, elasticity refers the degree to which individuals, consumers or producers change their demand or the amount supplied in response to price or income changes. Society Collapse: We May Fall Down Our weapons are more massive than it used to be (now: nuclear weapons and biological agents instead of arrows and swords). New tools of violence, such as deadly autonomous weapons, may be available in the near future. People are becoming exceptionally specialised and less involved in the manufacture of food and essential goods. Recommended:  Climate Change: Cause Of The Next Global Economic Collapse And a changing climate can destroy our ability to return to simple farming practices. With the expansion of nuclear weapons, we may already have reached the point of civilized 'terminal speed'. Any collapse threatens to be permanent. A nuclear war can lead to an actual risk: either the disappearance of our species or a permanent slingshot, back to the Stone Age.  Climate change is a different kind of threat than what the Maya's dealt with. Now, they are global, quicker, more dangerous and human-driven. A collapse of our civilisation is not unavoidable. History indicates that it is possible, we have the rare advantage of being able to learn from the pieces of the wreckage of societies' past. We know what we have to do, what needs to be done. We need to reduce the emissions, inequalities must become equal, and we have to care more about the environment. Innovation should be stimulated, and we need more diversity in economics. The policy suggestions are there; only the political will is missing. We can invest in recovering better. There are already well-developed ideas to improve the capacity of food and knowledge systems to recover after a disaster. We have to listen to the past, to improve ourselves. Do not walk blindly into the future that will destroy us. Before you go! Recommended:  Economic Growth Is Dead: Welcome To The Circular Economy Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about your society?  What you gain?  Extra:  Global exposure, a valuable backlink! Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Nowadays, we are making the world worse. True or not? A study of the downfall of historical civilisations has shown that we face many risks currently. Historian Arnold Toynbee explains in his 12-volume 'A study of History’ that great civilisations take their own lives and not of others. But in fact, that is not the whole truth: other elements help with their self-destruction. The Roman Empire The Roman Empire, for example, did not only destruct itself, but due to poor leadership, damage to the environment and climate change, Rome was a victim. In 410 Rome was plundered by the Visigoths and in 455 by the Vandals. The Roman Empire contained 4.4 million square kilometres in 390. Five years later it had collapsed to 2 million square kilometres. By 476, the empire's range was practically nil. A repeating failure characterises our deep past. What can the rise and fall of historical civilisations tell us about ours? What are the forces that bring down or slow down a collapse? And do we see comparable patterns today? Recommended:  Siberia, Africa, Australia, Are Burning: What Caused It? Lifespan Of Civilisations At first, we need to look at past civilisations and compare their lifespan. This can be difficult. In this study, we look at agriculture, multiple cities, military dominance in its geographical region and a continuous political structure. You can say that all empires are civilisations, but not all cultures are empires. What is civilization? A civilization is generally defined as an advanced state of human society containing highly developed forms of government, culture, industry, and common social norms. London, Great Brittain. The end of an empire.... Almost all past civilisations have dealt with a collapse. This meant a fast and prolonged loss of population, identity and socio-economic complexity. Public services fall apart, and disorder is created when the government loses its monopoly on violence. Some civilisations have recovered (the Chinese and Egyptians, for example), and other collapses were permanent (Easter Island, for example). In Rome, the destruction was revived. What can this tell us concerning the future of modern global civilisation? Is collapse a normal phenomenon for civilisations? {youtube}                                                 Society Collapse: Climate Change, The Environment Or Us?                                                                          Will America Fall Like Rome? Maybe societies of the past and the present are simply complex systems made up of people and technology. Failing is part of life, so collapse can also be a regular phenomenon for civilisations, regardless of their size and stage. We are more technologically advanced now, but that does not mean we can concur every unpredicted challenge. We are not immune to new technology. What is technology? It includes machines (like computers) but also techniques and processes (like the way we produce computer chips). It might seem like all technology is only electronic, but that's just most modern technology. In fact, a hammer and the wheel are two examples of early human technology. Society Collapse: What Can The Past Tell Us? While there is no one acceptable theory for the why of collapses, historians, anthropologists, and others have suggested various explanations, including: Recommended:  Climate Change Causes Nature To Change: The World Affected Society Collapse: Climate Change , when the climate's stability changes, the results can be catastrophic, resulting in crop failures, famine and desertification Environmental degradation . Collapse can occur when societies exceed the carrying capacity of their environment. This ecological collapse theory points to over-deforestation, water pollution, soil degradation and the loss of biodiversity as causes of precipitation. Oil pollution, China Society Collapse: Inequality and Oligarchy. Wealth and political disparity can be central drivers of social disruption, as well as aristocracy and centralisation of power among leaders. This not only causes social suffering but hampers a society's ability to respond to ecological, social and economic problems. For example, the population grows; this exceeds the demand for labour. Workers become cheaper; society becomes top-heavy. This inequality undermines collective solidarity, and political unrest follows. What is government oligarchy? Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); meaning 'few', and ἄρχω (arkho), meaning 'to rule or to command') is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. Protests in Paris Society Collapse: Complexity.  Joseph Tainter, a collapse expert and historian, says that societies eventually collapse under the weight of their own accumulated complexity and bureaucracy. Another indicator of increasing complexity is called Energy Return on Investment (EROI). This refers to the proportion between the amount of energy produced by raw material and the energy needed to obtain it. Like complexity, EROI seems to have a point at which efficiency decreases. Society Collapse: External Shocks.  In other words, the 'four horsemen': war, natural disasters, starvation and plagues. The Aztec Empire, for example, was destroyed by Spanish invaders. Most of the early agricultural states were volatile due to deadly epidemics. The concentration of people and livestock in walled colonies with poor hygiene made disease outbreaks inevitable and disastrous. Disasters sometimes went hand in hand, as was the case with the Spanish introduction of salmonella into America. Society Collapse: Randomness & Bad Luck.  A statistical analysis of the empires suggests that the collapse is arbitrary and independent of age. Evolutionary biologist and data scientist Indre Zliobaite and her colleagues have observed a parallel pattern in the evolution of species. A simplified explanation for this apparent arbitrariness is the 'Red Queen Effect': if species are continually struggling to survive in a changing environment with numerous competitors, extinction is a consistent possibility. What is the Red Queen effect in evolution? The “Red Queen” hypothesis in evolution is related to the coevolution of species. It states that species must continuously adapt and evolve to pass on genes to the next generation and also to keep from going extinct when other species within a symbiotic relationship are evolving. Society Collapse: Indicators Recommended:  Is Neoliberalism Hurting Our Climate And The Paris Accord? Despite the overload of books and articles, we have no definitive explanation for the collapse of civilisations. What we do know is this: the factors mentioned above can all contribute. Stressors can overrun societal coping capacity, which can cause collapse. To examine a different kind of indicators of danger to see whether collapsing is rising or falling, we show you four possible metrics. These are measured over the past few decades: Temperature is a clear indicator of climate change Inequality is more complicated to calculate. The specific measurement of the Gini index suggests that inequality has reduced slightly worldwide (although it is increasing within countries). But the Gini index can be deceptive because it only measures relative changes in income The rich are becoming richer, which in the past has led to extra pressure on society. Studies show that the EROI for fossil fuels has declined steadily over time as the easiest to reach and most precious reserves are exhausted. Unfortunately, most of the renewable substitutes, such as solar energy, have a significantly lower EROI, mainly because of their energy density and the rare earth metals and production needed to produce them. Society Collapse: Measures Of Resilience The only positive thing is that collapses are not the entire picture. Social elasticity can slow down or prevent the collapse. The economic diversity is more significant than ever. We can cope more than ever, and we have more knowledge than ever. Especially, population groups with more experience may be better able to respond to crises when they occur. Also, the innovation of civilisation is rising. If we look at the collapse and elasticity indicators, we cannot be complacent. If we keep on innovate and diversify like this, we can be optimistic. Nevertheless, the world is deteriorating in areas that have contributed to the collapse of earlier societies. The climate is changing, the difference between rich and poor is growing, the world is becoming more and more complex, and our environmental demands exceed the carrying capacity of the planet. What does elasticity mean? Elasticity is a measure of a variable's sensitivity to a change in another variable. In business and economics, elasticity refers the degree to which individuals, consumers or producers change their demand or the amount supplied in response to price or income changes. Society Collapse: We May Fall Down Our weapons are more massive than it used to be (now: nuclear weapons and biological agents instead of arrows and swords). New tools of violence, such as deadly autonomous weapons, may be available in the near future. People are becoming exceptionally specialised and less involved in the manufacture of food and essential goods. Recommended:  Climate Change: Cause Of The Next Global Economic Collapse And a changing climate can destroy our ability to return to simple farming practices. With the expansion of nuclear weapons, we may already have reached the point of civilized 'terminal speed'. Any collapse threatens to be permanent. A nuclear war can lead to an actual risk: either the disappearance of our species or a permanent slingshot, back to the Stone Age.  Climate change is a different kind of threat than what the Maya's dealt with. Now, they are global, quicker, more dangerous and human-driven. A collapse of our civilisation is not unavoidable. History indicates that it is possible, we have the rare advantage of being able to learn from the pieces of the wreckage of societies' past. We know what we have to do, what needs to be done. We need to reduce the emissions, inequalities must become equal, and we have to care more about the environment. Innovation should be stimulated, and we need more diversity in economics. The policy suggestions are there; only the political will is missing. We can invest in recovering better. There are already well-developed ideas to improve the capacity of food and knowledge systems to recover after a disaster. We have to listen to the past, to improve ourselves. Do not walk blindly into the future that will destroy us. Before you go! Recommended:  Economic Growth Is Dead: Welcome To The Circular Economy Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about your society?  What you gain?  Extra:  Global exposure, a valuable backlink! Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Society Collapse: Climate Change, The Environment Or Us?
Society Collapse: Climate Change, The Environment Or Us?
Rescue Globally: Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change
Nowadays, CO2 is extracted from the industry by using molecules known as amines (an organic compound), which react with CO2. DTU has introduced a new method of removing CO2 from human blood using molecules. The new technology may help prevent climate change. Rescue Globally: Cleaning Gasses Governments all over the world need to act as quick as possible, climate change is moving fast, and we need to prevent further alteration. The Danish government took an important step recently to reduce CO2-emissions by 70 per cent before 2030. How they want to do that is yet unknown. At this moment, we are still relying on fossil fuels. It would be way cheaper and more logical to avoid CO2-emissions reaching the atmosphere by cleaning the gases instead of removing it. Rescue Globally: Polluting Tackled At The Source The concept is comparable to wastewater treatment plants that clean water at the source, instead of polluting and cleaning the oceans years later. That is why we need to implement CO2 capture and storage (CCS) on an industrial scale to secure the climate and prevent further global warming. Rescue Globally: Bio-Based Materials Are The Way Forward Carbon dioxide is separated from the waste gases coming from the power plants/process industry. It is then inserted passively under the land and the sea and stored. There are various storage options for CO2. Even if we were able to reduce the use of fossil fuels, we would still have to start by removing CO2 from the atmosphere. Recommended:  Climate Change Efforts On Reducing CO2 Why Not Recycle It? Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change The better and more durable the technology is, the better global warming can be prevented. We need to use bio-based materials that are close to natural mechanisms, like plant photosynthesis or human respiration. These natural processes could relegate the carbon dioxide level. The amines which we use to react with CO2 are synthetic organic chemicals. They do not correlate with nature. By replacing them with natural materials from a biological origin, we can find the right balance. That is why we could better use materials we do not need synthetic processes for. Thus, we could use human blood or respiration. How Can Human Blood Help? {youtube}                                            Rescue Globally: Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change                                                                  Capturing CO2 - Mongstad, Norway Human blood consists of many biological chemicals and compounds. It transmits nutrients such as proteins, oxygen, sugars and fats to our body cells. Also, a lot of waste products are transported by the blood, including carbon dioxide, a by-product of our metabolism. Besides, various helpful substances such as enzymes and electrolytes maintain the right balance in the composition of the blood and keep our bodies healthy. Enzymes are biological reactors that significantly increase the speed of the chemical reaction. We have a lot of enzymes in our blood, and one of them is carbonic anhydrase. Carbonic anhydrase helps to capture CO2 from different body parts, and release it in pure form into our lungs, where it is then exhaled. We can use this process outside our body as well. When used in existing carbon capture plants, the enzyme can capture CO2 forever. Recommended:  Energy Miracle Algae. 10.000 Barrels A Day, Less CO2: 2025 Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change: The Projects Has Potential Not long ago, the carbonic anhydrase enzyme is studied for carbon capture applications at DHU. The results are quite promising and state that a combination of an enzyme and a portable biological material can efficiently separate CO2 from the gas mixture. The result is the elaboration of a new process where CO2 can be chemically absorbed in the biological material. The bio-based molecules can be converted back to gaseous CO2. All in all, the project aims to achieve potential energy savings and ecological sustainability. This process has to potential to disrupt the area of CO2 capture. With the help of bio-based molecules, we could almost create artificial lungs for the world. This would be amazing! But for now, we will be focusing on developing bio-based carbon capture and storage (Bio-CCS). For the next decade, the new technology concept will be available for first commercial use. Human Blood Prevent Climate Change. It Will Work, But Is It Enough? This is not always possible. It is tempting to have a project or process that is similar to the actual human lung, which pollutes CO2 with the help of natural materials. If we want to reduce climate change, we need different approaches. These approaches need to be close to nature and close to ourselves to be technologically feasible and socially acceptable. Recommended:  How An Artificial Leaf Sucks CO2 And Makes Fuel. Amazing! We know for sure that this technique works. But we need to put all our efforts together to make a change, to reduce CO2-emissions. Global Bio-CCS systems need to be put in place to achieve a carbon-negative emission standard by 2050 that meets the objectives of the Paris agreement. We need time and resources to beat climate change. But we can do something if we all help. This new technology may be a small step for us, for CCS, but a giant leap for the global environment. Before you go! Recommended:  Climate Change Stop, Store CO2, Add Phytoplankton By Whales? Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about sustainability? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Nowadays, CO2 is extracted from the industry by using molecules known as amines (an organic compound), which react with CO2. DTU has introduced a new method of removing CO2 from human blood using molecules. The new technology may help prevent climate change. Rescue Globally: Cleaning Gasses Governments all over the world need to act as quick as possible, climate change is moving fast, and we need to prevent further alteration. The Danish government took an important step recently to reduce CO2-emissions by 70 per cent before 2030. How they want to do that is yet unknown. At this moment, we are still relying on fossil fuels. It would be way cheaper and more logical to avoid CO2-emissions reaching the atmosphere by cleaning the gases instead of removing it. Rescue Globally: Polluting Tackled At The Source The concept is comparable to wastewater treatment plants that clean water at the source, instead of polluting and cleaning the oceans years later. That is why we need to implement CO2 capture and storage (CCS) on an industrial scale to secure the climate and prevent further global warming. Rescue Globally: Bio-Based Materials Are The Way Forward Carbon dioxide is separated from the waste gases coming from the power plants/process industry. It is then inserted passively under the land and the sea and stored. There are various storage options for CO2. Even if we were able to reduce the use of fossil fuels, we would still have to start by removing CO2 from the atmosphere. Recommended:  Climate Change Efforts On Reducing CO2 Why Not Recycle It? Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change The better and more durable the technology is, the better global warming can be prevented. We need to use bio-based materials that are close to natural mechanisms, like plant photosynthesis or human respiration. These natural processes could relegate the carbon dioxide level. The amines which we use to react with CO2 are synthetic organic chemicals. They do not correlate with nature. By replacing them with natural materials from a biological origin, we can find the right balance. That is why we could better use materials we do not need synthetic processes for. Thus, we could use human blood or respiration. How Can Human Blood Help? {youtube}                                            Rescue Globally: Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change                                                                  Capturing CO2 - Mongstad, Norway Human blood consists of many biological chemicals and compounds. It transmits nutrients such as proteins, oxygen, sugars and fats to our body cells. Also, a lot of waste products are transported by the blood, including carbon dioxide, a by-product of our metabolism. Besides, various helpful substances such as enzymes and electrolytes maintain the right balance in the composition of the blood and keep our bodies healthy. Enzymes are biological reactors that significantly increase the speed of the chemical reaction. We have a lot of enzymes in our blood, and one of them is carbonic anhydrase. Carbonic anhydrase helps to capture CO2 from different body parts, and release it in pure form into our lungs, where it is then exhaled. We can use this process outside our body as well. When used in existing carbon capture plants, the enzyme can capture CO2 forever. Recommended:  Energy Miracle Algae. 10.000 Barrels A Day, Less CO2: 2025 Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change: The Projects Has Potential Not long ago, the carbonic anhydrase enzyme is studied for carbon capture applications at DHU. The results are quite promising and state that a combination of an enzyme and a portable biological material can efficiently separate CO2 from the gas mixture. The result is the elaboration of a new process where CO2 can be chemically absorbed in the biological material. The bio-based molecules can be converted back to gaseous CO2. All in all, the project aims to achieve potential energy savings and ecological sustainability. This process has to potential to disrupt the area of CO2 capture. With the help of bio-based molecules, we could almost create artificial lungs for the world. This would be amazing! But for now, we will be focusing on developing bio-based carbon capture and storage (Bio-CCS). For the next decade, the new technology concept will be available for first commercial use. Human Blood Prevent Climate Change. It Will Work, But Is It Enough? This is not always possible. It is tempting to have a project or process that is similar to the actual human lung, which pollutes CO2 with the help of natural materials. If we want to reduce climate change, we need different approaches. These approaches need to be close to nature and close to ourselves to be technologically feasible and socially acceptable. Recommended:  How An Artificial Leaf Sucks CO2 And Makes Fuel. Amazing! We know for sure that this technique works. But we need to put all our efforts together to make a change, to reduce CO2-emissions. Global Bio-CCS systems need to be put in place to achieve a carbon-negative emission standard by 2050 that meets the objectives of the Paris agreement. We need time and resources to beat climate change. But we can do something if we all help. This new technology may be a small step for us, for CCS, but a giant leap for the global environment. Before you go! Recommended:  Climate Change Stop, Store CO2, Add Phytoplankton By Whales? Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about sustainability? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Rescue Globally: Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change
Rescue Globally: Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change
Hemp: High-Performance Stuff For Buildings, Fashion, Health
About 30 years ago, the European legislations changed in favour of hemp. People said that this green development has potential. This green crop was developed to thousands of products for several sectors, like automotive, textile, industrial design, medical, food, cosmetic, paper, animal bedding and care, paint, biomass and construction. Hemp: High-Performance Stuff For Buildings, Fashion, Health Hemp farming and processing around the world is only sustainable when taking into account the whole resource as well as local circumstances. Sadly, this is not always the case due to economic interests. Hemp: High-Performance Stuff For Buildings, Fashion, Health is a follow up to  Hemps Multifunctional Versatile Applications. Does It Work?  where we wrote that hemp could be one of the most ecologically durable and promising alternatives to concrete and several other applications. Hemp Construction: Energy, Water, Resources Do you know that construction consumes about 40 per cent of the world's global energy, 25 per cent of the worldwide water and 40 per cent of the global resources (UN Environment Program, 2016)? We can change this. Hempcrete could be very interesting for climate change. We could reduce operational energy, e.g. air conditioning, due to the insulating properties of hemp. Is hemp a good building material? The hurds (also known as shives) are strong enough that they can be used in building. Hemp has other properties that make it a good building material. A hemp crop can be ready to harvest in 4-6 months, and its roots grow densely enough that weeds aren't a problem. Hemp Material For Construction In France In the article mentioned above, you can read that France already uses hemp as a construction material. Early 1990s France started to develop in using hemp as an insulating construction material. Other European countries followed, and for 15 years, hemp has the attention of the world. Two main components of hemp are used as materials: fibre and the more woody core. Hemp is excellent in use: it is free of nutrients for parasites, it does not require protection, like wood or some other plants. And last: it is hardly flammable (classification B1 or B2). Hemp-based building materials range from loose wool or thermally welded insulation boards and felt for acoustic attenuation or levelling to chipboard for drywalls and ceilings (up to 100% hemp), pellets for boards (pressed dust, hemp fibre decortication), hemp fibre-reinforced polymers for façade boards and curtain walls and hemp oil-based varnishes. Hemp insulation panels replace non-renewable and energy-consuming insulation materials such as glass and stone wool, which have the same or very similar thermal conductivity coefficients. Hemp As Insulation Material Is hemp a good insulator? Hemp makes an excellent insulator. This is due to its low conductivity levels and its high thermal mass Hemp concrete is the most all-around insulation material. If you mix it, e.g. with lime, hemp hurts (or you can use other natural binders) and water, this material only uses up to one cubic meter hemp hurds per constructed square metre. Its suitability for interior applications and its diffusion of water vapour make it very interesting, not only for bioclimatic architecture but also for the retrofitting of vernacular architecture. Besides, a 30 cm thick hemp concrete wall without mesh allows for storage of 36.08 kg CO2 per m2. Structural vault of hemp concrete The principal fields of application are concrete for manually compacted, cast walls, sprayed insulation coatings, interior and exterior plasters, prefabricated blocks and panels for non-load-bearing or load-bearing applications, floor plates, sheets and roof insulation, including structural use such as vaulting and domed roofs. Hemp: High-Performance Stuff For Buildings {youtube}                                       Building with Hemp – An Incredible Natural Insulation & Sustainable Material                                                    Hemp: High-Performance Stuff For Buildings, Fashion, Health Could you imagine that concrete could be replaced by anything else? The industry is calling for other ecological and economical alternatives. Cement manufacturers are responsible for approximately 7% of annual global CO2-emissions. Besides, the high demand for cement has led to a considerable shortage of sand. This could be catastrophic for the economy and the environment. Luckily, it has proven that hemp could be one of the most promising and sustainable alternatives for conventional concrete. Builders are already implementing concrete in their construction/architecture. Hemp As Modern Building Material Is Hempcrete waterproof? Hempcrete, unlike traditional concrete, does not produce large cracks under movement. Waterproof, fireproof and 100 per cent recyclable, hempcrete can also be used as a fertiliser once demolished. Hemp fibres are also used as a modern building material, an application that is successfully used and exploited in France. Hemp fibres can be mixed with water and limestone to form a solid, lightweight, natural cement. It has not only excellent insulating qualities but also offers more flexibility than conventional concrete, making it very useful as a construction material in areas where earthquakes happen a lot. Dutch Dun Agro Builders Use Hempcrete The Dutch company, Dun Agro, has presented a hemp home. The hempcrete of Dun Agro is made of fibres, water and lime. It has to dry for three months and then you can assemble it to create an entire home. People are looking for alternatives because there is not sufficient sand to sustain the demand for conventional concrete. You may not know it, but sand is the second most widely used natural resource in the world and is only outdone by water. This high demand often creates an incentive for criminal cartels to fight over resource-rich areas of developing countries, disrupting the local ecosystem and intimidating citizens who are trying to get in their way. Is hemp stronger than steel? With these two measurements of strength, we are easily able to understand why hemp is stronger than steel. Hemp can hold almost twice the weight as steel before it cracks and breaks. ... Hemp can bend and mend almost six times better than steel. If the construction sector were to adopt a renewable alternative such as hemp entirely, it could drastically improve some of these social, ecological and economic problems. Dun Agro is not the only Dutch company that used hemp to build a home. Another Dutch architectural firm Werkstatt created the first Dutch house constructed entirely from hempcrete. Werkstatt Architects Build House From Hempcrete The hempcrete home is situated in Oudega, Friesland. The material of the house offers a healthy interior with its breathing capacities. The most important construction of the house is made of oak. Hempcrete is poured into the timber frame construction; this provides a homogenous, insulating wall. The home is designed to be self-sufficient, using compost toilets and generating its own energy. The shape of the house is designed to fit in the landscape but is updated with modern qualities. Werkstatt wanted to use as many natural construction materials as possible. This is not only comfortable but also breathable and has regulatory characteristics. This fits the simple and elegant aesthetics of Werkstatt. Henry Ford Build A Car From Hemp Hemp goes way back. In 1941 Henry ford built a car from 'hemp plastic'. The cool thing was that he also ran on hemp fuel, pressed from seeds. Returning from the past: automotive manufacturers are turning to hemp as a resource to provide cars from lightweight, shock absorbent and ecologically material. Finally, some of the top automotive manufacturers are following Ford in his footsteps. Hemps And Fashion Is hemp a good fabric? Hemp fiber is one of the strongest and most durable of all natural textile fibers. Due to the porous nature of the fiber, hemp is more water absorbent, and will dye and retain its color better than any fabric including cotton. This porous nature allows hemp to 'breathe', so that it is cool in warm weather. As mentioned before, hemp has strong natural fibres, which can be used for canvass and sails. But sustainable work clothes (e.g. jeans) are also made from fibres. When the hemp crops are grown close together, the fibre is shorter and more delicate, which can be used for delicate textile. Nowadays, fashion designers are experimenting with hemp in bags, clothing, shirts, suits, and whatsoever. Hemp Oil Uses Hemp contains herb and can be used for skin and hair products. Next to hair or skin products, hemp is utilized in health issues, like painkiller or medicine. You can also use hemp after a shower or bath; massaging your body with hemp, increases the blood circulation. It prevents skin conditions, like eczema, psoriasis, acne and dry skin. Hemp oil could replace olive oil, but it is not suitable to cook at high temperature. It can give a slightly nutty and crispy taste to food. You already read that hemp oil is an alternative for biodiesel. It is safe because it is not toxic and does not harm the environment. Next to the applications mentioned above, hemp is a perfect substitution for paint. It has very low emissions and is not harmful to the environment. Before you go! Recommended:  Greenest Buildings In The World: Sustainable Highlights Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about Hemp? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
About 30 years ago, the European legislations changed in favour of hemp. People said that this green development has potential. This green crop was developed to thousands of products for several sectors, like automotive, textile, industrial design, medical, food, cosmetic, paper, animal bedding and care, paint, biomass and construction. Hemp: High-Performance Stuff For Buildings, Fashion, Health Hemp farming and processing around the world is only sustainable when taking into account the whole resource as well as local circumstances. Sadly, this is not always the case due to economic interests. Hemp: High-Performance Stuff For Buildings, Fashion, Health is a follow up to  Hemps Multifunctional Versatile Applications. Does It Work?  where we wrote that hemp could be one of the most ecologically durable and promising alternatives to concrete and several other applications. Hemp Construction: Energy, Water, Resources Do you know that construction consumes about 40 per cent of the world's global energy, 25 per cent of the worldwide water and 40 per cent of the global resources (UN Environment Program, 2016)? We can change this. Hempcrete could be very interesting for climate change. We could reduce operational energy, e.g. air conditioning, due to the insulating properties of hemp. Is hemp a good building material? The hurds (also known as shives) are strong enough that they can be used in building. Hemp has other properties that make it a good building material. A hemp crop can be ready to harvest in 4-6 months, and its roots grow densely enough that weeds aren't a problem. Hemp Material For Construction In France In the article mentioned above, you can read that France already uses hemp as a construction material. Early 1990s France started to develop in using hemp as an insulating construction material. Other European countries followed, and for 15 years, hemp has the attention of the world. Two main components of hemp are used as materials: fibre and the more woody core. Hemp is excellent in use: it is free of nutrients for parasites, it does not require protection, like wood or some other plants. And last: it is hardly flammable (classification B1 or B2). Hemp-based building materials range from loose wool or thermally welded insulation boards and felt for acoustic attenuation or levelling to chipboard for drywalls and ceilings (up to 100% hemp), pellets for boards (pressed dust, hemp fibre decortication), hemp fibre-reinforced polymers for façade boards and curtain walls and hemp oil-based varnishes. Hemp insulation panels replace non-renewable and energy-consuming insulation materials such as glass and stone wool, which have the same or very similar thermal conductivity coefficients. Hemp As Insulation Material Is hemp a good insulator? Hemp makes an excellent insulator. This is due to its low conductivity levels and its high thermal mass Hemp concrete is the most all-around insulation material. If you mix it, e.g. with lime, hemp hurts (or you can use other natural binders) and water, this material only uses up to one cubic meter hemp hurds per constructed square metre. Its suitability for interior applications and its diffusion of water vapour make it very interesting, not only for bioclimatic architecture but also for the retrofitting of vernacular architecture. Besides, a 30 cm thick hemp concrete wall without mesh allows for storage of 36.08 kg CO2 per m2. Structural vault of hemp concrete The principal fields of application are concrete for manually compacted, cast walls, sprayed insulation coatings, interior and exterior plasters, prefabricated blocks and panels for non-load-bearing or load-bearing applications, floor plates, sheets and roof insulation, including structural use such as vaulting and domed roofs. Hemp: High-Performance Stuff For Buildings {youtube}                                       Building with Hemp – An Incredible Natural Insulation & Sustainable Material                                                    Hemp: High-Performance Stuff For Buildings, Fashion, Health Could you imagine that concrete could be replaced by anything else? The industry is calling for other ecological and economical alternatives. Cement manufacturers are responsible for approximately 7% of annual global CO2-emissions. Besides, the high demand for cement has led to a considerable shortage of sand. This could be catastrophic for the economy and the environment. Luckily, it has proven that hemp could be one of the most promising and sustainable alternatives for conventional concrete. Builders are already implementing concrete in their construction/architecture. Hemp As Modern Building Material Is Hempcrete waterproof? Hempcrete, unlike traditional concrete, does not produce large cracks under movement. Waterproof, fireproof and 100 per cent recyclable, hempcrete can also be used as a fertiliser once demolished. Hemp fibres are also used as a modern building material, an application that is successfully used and exploited in France. Hemp fibres can be mixed with water and limestone to form a solid, lightweight, natural cement. It has not only excellent insulating qualities but also offers more flexibility than conventional concrete, making it very useful as a construction material in areas where earthquakes happen a lot. Dutch Dun Agro Builders Use Hempcrete The Dutch company, Dun Agro, has presented a hemp home. The hempcrete of Dun Agro is made of fibres, water and lime. It has to dry for three months and then you can assemble it to create an entire home. People are looking for alternatives because there is not sufficient sand to sustain the demand for conventional concrete. You may not know it, but sand is the second most widely used natural resource in the world and is only outdone by water. This high demand often creates an incentive for criminal cartels to fight over resource-rich areas of developing countries, disrupting the local ecosystem and intimidating citizens who are trying to get in their way. Is hemp stronger than steel? With these two measurements of strength, we are easily able to understand why hemp is stronger than steel. Hemp can hold almost twice the weight as steel before it cracks and breaks. ... Hemp can bend and mend almost six times better than steel. If the construction sector were to adopt a renewable alternative such as hemp entirely, it could drastically improve some of these social, ecological and economic problems. Dun Agro is not the only Dutch company that used hemp to build a home. Another Dutch architectural firm Werkstatt created the first Dutch house constructed entirely from hempcrete. Werkstatt Architects Build House From Hempcrete The hempcrete home is situated in Oudega, Friesland. The material of the house offers a healthy interior with its breathing capacities. The most important construction of the house is made of oak. Hempcrete is poured into the timber frame construction; this provides a homogenous, insulating wall. The home is designed to be self-sufficient, using compost toilets and generating its own energy. The shape of the house is designed to fit in the landscape but is updated with modern qualities. Werkstatt wanted to use as many natural construction materials as possible. This is not only comfortable but also breathable and has regulatory characteristics. This fits the simple and elegant aesthetics of Werkstatt. Henry Ford Build A Car From Hemp Hemp goes way back. In 1941 Henry ford built a car from 'hemp plastic'. The cool thing was that he also ran on hemp fuel, pressed from seeds. Returning from the past: automotive manufacturers are turning to hemp as a resource to provide cars from lightweight, shock absorbent and ecologically material. Finally, some of the top automotive manufacturers are following Ford in his footsteps. Hemps And Fashion Is hemp a good fabric? Hemp fiber is one of the strongest and most durable of all natural textile fibers. Due to the porous nature of the fiber, hemp is more water absorbent, and will dye and retain its color better than any fabric including cotton. This porous nature allows hemp to 'breathe', so that it is cool in warm weather. As mentioned before, hemp has strong natural fibres, which can be used for canvass and sails. But sustainable work clothes (e.g. jeans) are also made from fibres. When the hemp crops are grown close together, the fibre is shorter and more delicate, which can be used for delicate textile. Nowadays, fashion designers are experimenting with hemp in bags, clothing, shirts, suits, and whatsoever. Hemp Oil Uses Hemp contains herb and can be used for skin and hair products. Next to hair or skin products, hemp is utilized in health issues, like painkiller or medicine. You can also use hemp after a shower or bath; massaging your body with hemp, increases the blood circulation. It prevents skin conditions, like eczema, psoriasis, acne and dry skin. Hemp oil could replace olive oil, but it is not suitable to cook at high temperature. It can give a slightly nutty and crispy taste to food. You already read that hemp oil is an alternative for biodiesel. It is safe because it is not toxic and does not harm the environment. Next to the applications mentioned above, hemp is a perfect substitution for paint. It has very low emissions and is not harmful to the environment. Before you go! Recommended:  Greenest Buildings In The World: Sustainable Highlights Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about Hemp? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Hemp: High-Performance Stuff For Buildings, Fashion, Health
Hemp: High-Performance Stuff For Buildings, Fashion, Health
How An Artificial Leaf Sucks CO2 And Makes Fuel. Amazing!
Can nature itself be our leading example in solving climate issues? Yes: this artificial leaf might be one of the solutions for global warming. With new and low-cost technology where CO2 is converted into liquid fuel by sunlight, scientists of the University of Waterloo may be able to solve the enormous problem of rising greenhouse levels. A Breakthrough In Converting CO2 Into Liquid Scientists from the University of Waterloo claim that their artificial leaf can be a breakthrough in converting CO2 into liquid. The new technology can turn carbon dioxide into fuel, with Mother Earth as an inspiration. The artificial leaf mimics photosynthesis in nature, hence the invention’s name, ‘leaf’. With the help of a cheap red powder called cuprous oxide, CO2 can be converted into methanol and oxygen – and these substances are again converted into fuel. This cuprous oxide is found in abundance in nature. What is cuprous oxide? Curpous oxide, or red copper oxide or Cu2O, is a red coloured crystal of powder, and oxide of copper - and found in nature as cuprite. Fuel Efficiency Larger Than Natural Photosynthesis Oil buble abstract {youtube}                             Artificial Leaves Designed By Scientists Absorb More CO2 Than Natural Leaves                                                How An Artificial Leaf Sucks CO2 And Makes Fuel. Amazing! The inexpensive technology can hopefully help in the fight against rising greenhouse gas levels. The research team of the University of Waterloo's motivation to develop this artificial leaf is to ‘reduce carbon dioxide emissions, a greenhouse gas, and hopefully reduce global warming and to provide sustainable energy.’  It seems to be working: lead researcher Yimin Wu said: "This technology has achieved the solar to fuel efficiency about 10 per cent. This is already larger than the natural photosynthesis (about one per cent)." Recommended: Global Cooling Will Kills Us All. No, Wait Global Warming Will Kill Us! What´s Next For The Artificial Leaf? How does photosynthesis work simple? Photosynthesis is the process by which plants and other things make food. It is an endothermic (takes in heat) chemical process that uses sunlight to turn carbon dioxide into sugars that the cell can use as energy. As well as plants, many kinds of algae, protists and bacteria use it to get food. It could take a while for the artificial leaf to be commercialised. Further research is needed to increase the amount of ethanol during the process before the technology is offered to industrial companies. In a partnership with industry companies, more efficient artificial leaves can be developed – but this can take up to a few years. Professor Wu says that oil, steel, and automotive companies will take advantage of the technology to help reduce their carbon emissions. On that note, he tells Independent: “I’m extremely excited about the potential of this discovery to change the game. Climate change is an urgent problem, and we can help reduce carbon dioxide emissions while also creating an alternative fuel.” Lead researcher Yimin Wu Before you go! Recommended:  Breaking: Did You Know, All You Read About CO2 Rise Is Half The Truth Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about CO2 Absorbing Techniques? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Can nature itself be our leading example in solving climate issues? Yes: this artificial leaf might be one of the solutions for global warming. With new and low-cost technology where CO2 is converted into liquid fuel by sunlight, scientists of the University of Waterloo may be able to solve the enormous problem of rising greenhouse levels. A Breakthrough In Converting CO2 Into Liquid Scientists from the University of Waterloo claim that their artificial leaf can be a breakthrough in converting CO2 into liquid. The new technology can turn carbon dioxide into fuel, with Mother Earth as an inspiration. The artificial leaf mimics photosynthesis in nature, hence the invention’s name, ‘leaf’. With the help of a cheap red powder called cuprous oxide, CO2 can be converted into methanol and oxygen – and these substances are again converted into fuel. This cuprous oxide is found in abundance in nature. What is cuprous oxide? Curpous oxide, or red copper oxide or Cu2O, is a red coloured crystal of powder, and oxide of copper - and found in nature as cuprite. Fuel Efficiency Larger Than Natural Photosynthesis Oil buble abstract {youtube}                             Artificial Leaves Designed By Scientists Absorb More CO2 Than Natural Leaves                                                How An Artificial Leaf Sucks CO2 And Makes Fuel. Amazing! The inexpensive technology can hopefully help in the fight against rising greenhouse gas levels. The research team of the University of Waterloo's motivation to develop this artificial leaf is to ‘reduce carbon dioxide emissions, a greenhouse gas, and hopefully reduce global warming and to provide sustainable energy.’  It seems to be working: lead researcher Yimin Wu said: "This technology has achieved the solar to fuel efficiency about 10 per cent. This is already larger than the natural photosynthesis (about one per cent)." Recommended: Global Cooling Will Kills Us All. No, Wait Global Warming Will Kill Us! What´s Next For The Artificial Leaf? How does photosynthesis work simple? Photosynthesis is the process by which plants and other things make food. It is an endothermic (takes in heat) chemical process that uses sunlight to turn carbon dioxide into sugars that the cell can use as energy. As well as plants, many kinds of algae, protists and bacteria use it to get food. It could take a while for the artificial leaf to be commercialised. Further research is needed to increase the amount of ethanol during the process before the technology is offered to industrial companies. In a partnership with industry companies, more efficient artificial leaves can be developed – but this can take up to a few years. Professor Wu says that oil, steel, and automotive companies will take advantage of the technology to help reduce their carbon emissions. On that note, he tells Independent: “I’m extremely excited about the potential of this discovery to change the game. Climate change is an urgent problem, and we can help reduce carbon dioxide emissions while also creating an alternative fuel.” Lead researcher Yimin Wu Before you go! Recommended:  Breaking: Did You Know, All You Read About CO2 Rise Is Half The Truth Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about CO2 Absorbing Techniques? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
How An Artificial Leaf Sucks CO2 And Makes Fuel. Amazing!
How An Artificial Leaf Sucks CO2 And Makes Fuel. Amazing!
Climate

Climate change! Currently, the most discussed topic in the world. Climate change occurs when changes in Earth's climate system result in new weather patterns that last for at least a few decades, and maybe for millions of years. Climate change can also result from ‘external forcing’ and include changes in solar output and volcanism.

Human activities can also influence our climate. Debates, posts and answers on (social) platforms about the role of humanity in the climate change process regularly lead to heated discussions

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