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Algae-Based Bioreactor Swallows CO2 Faster Than Trees! How?
Did you know that algae are one of the most efficient instruments in nature for carbon dioxide consumption? Algae need three crucial elements to grow: light, water and carbon dioxide. CO2 Quantities Nowadays, people are more worried about the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the air. Scientists have shown in the early 1800s that greenhouses gases in the atmosphere maintain heat, now also known as global warming. CO2 is a significant contributor to this problem. But how did this problem arise? Well, burning fuels, like natural gas or oil or greenhouse gas emissions, are responsible for a lot of CO2 in the atmosphere. 72% of the total is CO2, in comparison with 18% methane and 9% nitrous oxide. Recommended:  Algae Canopy Miracle Works Better Than A Forrest: How? CO2 And Bio Sequestration Since 1950, the amount of these emissions as a result of human activity has increased by more than 400 per cent. Although the effects of climate change are already visible worldwide, many experts claim that it will get even worse as CO2 emissions continue to grow. We need to do something. Does algae remove carbon from the atmosphere? Algae could help remove carbon dioxide from atmosphere - researchers. ... The algae remove CO2 from the atmosphere and turn it into an oil that then serves as the basis for producing carbon fibre, thereby making the capture and reuse of carbon emissions economically viable. One way to slow down this effect is something called bio-commitment; this relates to the capture and storage of carbon dioxide through biological processes. This is an extension of photosynthesis, where plants, such as trees, use energy from the sun to convert carbon dioxide into oxygen. Currently, an A.I. company from Austin, Texas, thinks it has found a way to make this process considerably more efficient. It is a combination of advanced artificial intelligence and algae, the group of photosynthetic organisms that you probably know best from the green, plant-like film that covers ponds and other water bodies. {youtube}                                                                   NAMI's Microalgae Photobioreactor                                             Algae-Based Bioreactor Swallows CO2 Faster Than Trees! How? Algae-Based Bioreactor Is The Answer One of the most significant human challenges of our time is the current global warming crisis. Are trees really the best solution for capturing CO2 or are there other effective alternatives? It appears that algae are much more effective than trees in diminishing atmospheric carbon, and can be used to create carbon-negative fuels, plastics, textiles, food, fertilisers and more. Research has led to the use of algae and A.I. to create the Eos Bioreactor, a prototype bioreactor that can perform up to 400 times better than trees. What is the role of algae in the carbon cycle? Algae and plants absorbs carbon dioxide and give out oxygen but they also return a little carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Algae also need water and they find their nutrients in the water. Algae give us oxygen and use carbon dioxide. This process is called 'photosynthesis'. As said in the introduction: algae are one of the most efficient instruments in nature for carbon dioxide consumption. they need three essential elements to grow: light, water and carbon dioxide. By using CO2, it produces biomass, which can then be processed into materials ranging from fuels, oils and fertilisers to plastics, cosmetics and even protein-rich foods. Algae can not only far surpass the efficiency of agricultural crops in terms of carbon fixation, but they also do not compete for the same croplands. That makes it twice as good a solution alongside the forests that take up space. Algae-Based Device Swallows CO2 Faster Than Trees The manufactured device is a controlled closed system model. Every part of the growth process is tightly controlled and optimised with machine intelligence to maximise CO2 use. This is not the first time that researchers have focused on algae as a potential game-changer for carbon fixation. But now, the new bioreactor not only promises to make these capabilities smarter, thanks to machine learning tech but also to wrap its solution in a disarmingly small form factor. Recommended:  Algae Makes Protein From Manure: Nitrogen Problem Solved Algae-Based Bioreactor Still In Early Stages Climate change is a big problem, and we need to do something about it. It asks for big solutions. One Eos Bioreactor absorbs the same amount of carbon from the atmosphere as an entire hectare of trees. It remains to be seen whether this turns out to be the solution people are hoping for. Before you go! Recommended:  Energy Miracle Algae. 10.000 Barrels A Day, Less CO2: 2025 Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about sustainability? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Did you know that algae are one of the most efficient instruments in nature for carbon dioxide consumption? Algae need three crucial elements to grow: light, water and carbon dioxide. CO2 Quantities Nowadays, people are more worried about the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the air. Scientists have shown in the early 1800s that greenhouses gases in the atmosphere maintain heat, now also known as global warming. CO2 is a significant contributor to this problem. But how did this problem arise? Well, burning fuels, like natural gas or oil or greenhouse gas emissions, are responsible for a lot of CO2 in the atmosphere. 72% of the total is CO2, in comparison with 18% methane and 9% nitrous oxide. Recommended:  Algae Canopy Miracle Works Better Than A Forrest: How? CO2 And Bio Sequestration Since 1950, the amount of these emissions as a result of human activity has increased by more than 400 per cent. Although the effects of climate change are already visible worldwide, many experts claim that it will get even worse as CO2 emissions continue to grow. We need to do something. Does algae remove carbon from the atmosphere? Algae could help remove carbon dioxide from atmosphere - researchers. ... The algae remove CO2 from the atmosphere and turn it into an oil that then serves as the basis for producing carbon fibre, thereby making the capture and reuse of carbon emissions economically viable. One way to slow down this effect is something called bio-commitment; this relates to the capture and storage of carbon dioxide through biological processes. This is an extension of photosynthesis, where plants, such as trees, use energy from the sun to convert carbon dioxide into oxygen. Currently, an A.I. company from Austin, Texas, thinks it has found a way to make this process considerably more efficient. It is a combination of advanced artificial intelligence and algae, the group of photosynthetic organisms that you probably know best from the green, plant-like film that covers ponds and other water bodies. {youtube}                                                                   NAMI's Microalgae Photobioreactor                                             Algae-Based Bioreactor Swallows CO2 Faster Than Trees! How? Algae-Based Bioreactor Is The Answer One of the most significant human challenges of our time is the current global warming crisis. Are trees really the best solution for capturing CO2 or are there other effective alternatives? It appears that algae are much more effective than trees in diminishing atmospheric carbon, and can be used to create carbon-negative fuels, plastics, textiles, food, fertilisers and more. Research has led to the use of algae and A.I. to create the Eos Bioreactor, a prototype bioreactor that can perform up to 400 times better than trees. What is the role of algae in the carbon cycle? Algae and plants absorbs carbon dioxide and give out oxygen but they also return a little carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Algae also need water and they find their nutrients in the water. Algae give us oxygen and use carbon dioxide. This process is called 'photosynthesis'. As said in the introduction: algae are one of the most efficient instruments in nature for carbon dioxide consumption. they need three essential elements to grow: light, water and carbon dioxide. By using CO2, it produces biomass, which can then be processed into materials ranging from fuels, oils and fertilisers to plastics, cosmetics and even protein-rich foods. Algae can not only far surpass the efficiency of agricultural crops in terms of carbon fixation, but they also do not compete for the same croplands. That makes it twice as good a solution alongside the forests that take up space. Algae-Based Device Swallows CO2 Faster Than Trees The manufactured device is a controlled closed system model. Every part of the growth process is tightly controlled and optimised with machine intelligence to maximise CO2 use. This is not the first time that researchers have focused on algae as a potential game-changer for carbon fixation. But now, the new bioreactor not only promises to make these capabilities smarter, thanks to machine learning tech but also to wrap its solution in a disarmingly small form factor. Recommended:  Algae Makes Protein From Manure: Nitrogen Problem Solved Algae-Based Bioreactor Still In Early Stages Climate change is a big problem, and we need to do something about it. It asks for big solutions. One Eos Bioreactor absorbs the same amount of carbon from the atmosphere as an entire hectare of trees. It remains to be seen whether this turns out to be the solution people are hoping for. Before you go! Recommended:  Energy Miracle Algae. 10.000 Barrels A Day, Less CO2: 2025 Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about sustainability? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Algae-Based Bioreactor Swallows CO2 Faster Than Trees! How?
Algae-Based Bioreactor Swallows CO2 Faster Than Trees! How?
ECO-Volution
Could XXXX be the year of planetary scientific awakening? Humanity has one last opportunity to slow down, mitigate, halt and eventually hopefully reverse the worst of Climate Change, but to do so it must stand united against further destruction, and, after half a century of wasted opportunities, we now must also launch much more proactive initiatives, rather than just concentrate on reducing and eliminating emissions. sadly the International Elite is working to timetables set by the great industries, the Giga-parasites! Sustainable, Humane, Ethical Enterprise (SHEE) trading networks for change. For every one of the global issues that besiege the planet there is a string of missed opportunities, dating back to the pre-war years. Climate Change Loss of Biodiversity Loss of drinking water Loss of arable soils Loss of tree cover Loss of grasslands and insect reservoirs {youtube}                                                                    10 of the World's Biggest Problems These threaten all humanity, of all ages and generations, but in particular the young, who will grow up with the consequences of any past and present inaction. We should consider joining peaceful actions that can launch this process today
. Recommended:  Pollination Crisis When Insects Are Gone: Fruit For The Rich Move Our Money: ECO-Volution That means changing our banking, savings, investments, pension funds and our purchasing to Earth-allied providers of every kind, using those same resources to fund Sustainable, Humane Ethical Enterprise (SHEE) alternatives, we can send a loud, global message to the world of banking and finance, breaking vicious circles and creating virtuous ones. Certification: ECO-Volution Seeking certification of Ethical operations, companies, institutes and individual businesses can lead to opportunities in financing our own supply chains and networks. We can turn to SHEE trade and commerce, supporting Indigenous Land Rights and freedoms, fair wage and owner-occupied farms, creating commonality of interests in SHEE trade, at the same time as providing our own needs in energy, housing, food, health and social care, to mention the most immediate, basic needs. What are ethical business practices? Business ethics is the study of appropriate business policies and practices regarding potentially controversial subjects including corporate governance, insider trading, bribery, discrimination, corporate social responsibility, and fiduciary responsibilities. Communal Ownership When peoples begin to buy their own, shared lands, for housing co-operatives, roofed with coo-operatively owned solar generation, flanked by community-owned wind and solar generation, endowed with hydrogen production, storage, transport and distribution, it becomes possible to supply members with these basics, at favourable rates, and offer outsiders the same, at premium rates, still more competitively than outside production, owing to the avoidance of transport/transmission costs. Recommended:  Electric Powered Autonomous Robo-Car For Shared Urban Mobility What next? Whether you are an organisation or an individual, a firm, co-operative, or whoever, we can all become part of the alternative to the catastrophe that otherwise faces us ALL! Our common cause: ours, our children’s and grandchildren’s futures, and that of their descendants, for generations to come! Our common ground: an end to the fear and uncertainty of Climate Change, replaced by action that actively reverses the elements that cause it, within an Ethical Framework. ECO-Volution. How To Make The Dream A Reality? Nature does not create great, monolithic organisms that span whole continents, it evolves myriads upon myriads of small aggregations of molecules, into aminoacids, and builds them into cells and tissues, organs, systems and organisms. Similarly, humanity began with small tribal communities, that created societies as complex and diverse as any found in Earth’s ecosystems. Establishing a closed SHEE online market, as a pilot to evaluate the value, potential, operating costs and benefits, and possibly obtain letters of intent, by SHE entities that would consider joining at a notional range of cost and plans In the UK, it would be possible to contract organisations like ‘Corporate Critic’, - Ethical Consumer Magazine’s sister Company, and the Ethical Investments Research Institute (EIRIS), to screen applicants for membership, at the applicant’s cost. What Will A SHEE Trading Network Achieve? One aim of such a closed market is to shift money invested in unethical, unsustainable, parasitic trade to SHEE enterprise, funding their expansion, innovation and improvement, while defunding dirty, old tech. For every £, € or $ moving from mainstream economics and finance to finance solar, wind, sustainable hydro and preferably local, co-operative or collective, a SHEE can bring together interested Parties and finance. Creating such a Market provides customers with a secure shopping virtual high street, for both, physical and virtual outlets and gives producers and manufacturers a loyal, virtual, ethical market. This could help develop a new form of collective enterprise, better adapted to local circumstances, sensitive to demand, creative in its relationship-building within the strict confines of a set of SHEE standards. e.g. Food producers and farmers (local and global) Maritime Transport Warehousing/Climate controlled storage Road Haulage Delivery networks Collection points These are just a few of the areas that could benefit from immediate development and return real environmental benefits. Pilot stage: Knit two separate demonstrations hubs: Shopping Hubs Membership buyers’ co-operatives could operate via existing retail points, local to buyers, convenient if they should prefer collection, or able to arrange local delivery. This reduces the number of drops for the Wholesaler/delivery service, giving the retailer the opportunity of offering a value-added service, to pick and pack orders for their own customers. This will ensure that the emergent Network does not compete but, on the contrary, supports SHEE enterprises. Why the sharing economy is good? It reduces barriers; users have a greater choice of reasonably priced, high-quality products and services which may have been previously out of reach. The sharing economy helps people earn money by selling or renting underutilized goods or resources. Innovation Hubs Aiming to help stimulate innovative and collaborative projects, prototype builds, research and the like, such virtual spaces could create new SHEEs to eventually join the mainstream markets and jobs. The role of Innovation hubs would therefore be to fund R&D, finding industry Partners and launching pilots through mass Crowdfunding.
 Innovative R&D for community development to Green Tech: two examples. How big is the sharing economy? The sharing economy is projected to grow from $15 billion in 2014 to $335 billion in 2025. Quicker than ever, we're shifting to the world of a shared economy. A shared or sharing economy is an economic system in which assets or services are shared between peers or businesses for free or for a fee. Carbon To Electric Replacement Kits (C2ER) 
Rather than try to convince billions of vehicle owners to buy a new car and scrap their old, IC engine vehicle - with huge carbon emissions for the whole manufacturing process - it is easier to persuade and subsidise them to replace their vehicles’ internal combustion engines. Installing an electric motors offer the option of either Lithium battery or, better still, Hydrogen Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, (PEMFCs). The technology is now ripe for mass marketing, and developing these to be manufactured under licensing agreements, globally, rather than embodying carbon-emissions in their production by manufacturing in just a few locations and shipping around the world. (see appendix for links about the state of the technology today). Community Hydrogen Projects. 
As discussed above, Proton Exchange Membrane Electrolytic Cells (PEMECs) are already available on the market and converting pure water into Hydrogen fuel (and, if required, oxygen, for medical and industrial uses), could therefore offer excellent community investment opportunities. 

By co-funding wind and solar generation plant to produce and sell Hydrogen fuel to crowdfunding members, at a discount, and to the wider public, at full price, can build local capacity to power whole villages and districts. Appendix Could A Hydrogen Society Change The Planet? Yes — Here’s Why Mitsubishi Heavy Industries BRANDVOICE | Paid Program Industry July 29, 2019, 11:52 
https://www.forbes.com/sites/mitsubishiheavyindustries/2019/07/29/could-a-hydrogen-society-change-the-planet-yes--heres-why/#7db4980f2124 A novel hybrid photocell could accelerate the transition to carbon-free power. This Photocell Generates Both Power and Hydrogen 

https://spectrum.ieee.org/energywise/green-tech/solar/hybrid-photocell-generates-power-and-hydrogen?fbclid=IwAR3V9Qzww7c9Gfa6qhP7oi7YfR4EH_UjZX_PhE18SS4KyP7oA1m8cEP4WHE Sorry Graphene! Borophene is the new wonder material that’s got everyone excited! https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613267/borophene-the-new-2d-material-taking-chemistry-by-storm/ HydroGEN Overview: A Consortium on Advanced Water Splitting MaterialsProject ID # P148 - H.N. Dinh, D. Anton, R. Boardman, A. McDaniel, T. Ogitsu, A. Weber Presenter: Huyen Dinh, NRELDate: 4/30/2019 Venue: 2019 DOE Annual Merit Review 

https://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/pdfs/review19/p148_dinh_2019_o.pdf IEA Technology Collaboration Programme: Hydrogen The IEA Technology Collaboration Programme supports the work of 38 independent, international groups of experts that enable governments and industries from around the world to lead programmes and projects on a wide range of energy technologies and related issues. https://www.iea.org/tcp/hydrogen/ DEUTZ prepares the way for carbon-neutral mobility with hydrogen drive systems DEUTZ › Media › Press Releases 25/03/2019 https://www.deutz.com/en/media/press-releases/deutz-prepares-the-way-for-carbon-neutral-mobility-with-hydrogen-drive-systems/ Eneco Holdings Announces New Hydrogen Gas Technology - 26 Jun 2019  by Hydrogen Fuel News/ERIN KILGORE    https://www.world-energy.org/article/372.html Qld puts $19m bet on hydrogen tech - Aimee Chanthadavong - June 3, 2019 https://www.innovationaus.com/2019/06/Qld-puts-19m-bet-on-hydrogen-tech Forthcoming Events: Europe: Hydrogen for Clean transport - Conference 2019 - Registration Fri, 25 October 2019 | 09:30 – 16:30 CEST Add to Calendar 
https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/hydrogen-for-clean-transport-conference-2019-registration-62641553573 © Toni Massari, Bristol - 7th Aug2019. Before you go! Recommended:  Green Hydrogen Economy: The Enormous Potential Worldwide Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about sustainability? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Could XXXX be the year of planetary scientific awakening? Humanity has one last opportunity to slow down, mitigate, halt and eventually hopefully reverse the worst of Climate Change, but to do so it must stand united against further destruction, and, after half a century of wasted opportunities, we now must also launch much more proactive initiatives, rather than just concentrate on reducing and eliminating emissions. sadly the International Elite is working to timetables set by the great industries, the Giga-parasites! Sustainable, Humane, Ethical Enterprise (SHEE) trading networks for change. For every one of the global issues that besiege the planet there is a string of missed opportunities, dating back to the pre-war years. Climate Change Loss of Biodiversity Loss of drinking water Loss of arable soils Loss of tree cover Loss of grasslands and insect reservoirs {youtube}                                                                    10 of the World's Biggest Problems These threaten all humanity, of all ages and generations, but in particular the young, who will grow up with the consequences of any past and present inaction. We should consider joining peaceful actions that can launch this process today
. Recommended:  Pollination Crisis When Insects Are Gone: Fruit For The Rich Move Our Money: ECO-Volution That means changing our banking, savings, investments, pension funds and our purchasing to Earth-allied providers of every kind, using those same resources to fund Sustainable, Humane Ethical Enterprise (SHEE) alternatives, we can send a loud, global message to the world of banking and finance, breaking vicious circles and creating virtuous ones. Certification: ECO-Volution Seeking certification of Ethical operations, companies, institutes and individual businesses can lead to opportunities in financing our own supply chains and networks. We can turn to SHEE trade and commerce, supporting Indigenous Land Rights and freedoms, fair wage and owner-occupied farms, creating commonality of interests in SHEE trade, at the same time as providing our own needs in energy, housing, food, health and social care, to mention the most immediate, basic needs. What are ethical business practices? Business ethics is the study of appropriate business policies and practices regarding potentially controversial subjects including corporate governance, insider trading, bribery, discrimination, corporate social responsibility, and fiduciary responsibilities. Communal Ownership When peoples begin to buy their own, shared lands, for housing co-operatives, roofed with coo-operatively owned solar generation, flanked by community-owned wind and solar generation, endowed with hydrogen production, storage, transport and distribution, it becomes possible to supply members with these basics, at favourable rates, and offer outsiders the same, at premium rates, still more competitively than outside production, owing to the avoidance of transport/transmission costs. Recommended:  Electric Powered Autonomous Robo-Car For Shared Urban Mobility What next? Whether you are an organisation or an individual, a firm, co-operative, or whoever, we can all become part of the alternative to the catastrophe that otherwise faces us ALL! Our common cause: ours, our children’s and grandchildren’s futures, and that of their descendants, for generations to come! Our common ground: an end to the fear and uncertainty of Climate Change, replaced by action that actively reverses the elements that cause it, within an Ethical Framework. ECO-Volution. How To Make The Dream A Reality? Nature does not create great, monolithic organisms that span whole continents, it evolves myriads upon myriads of small aggregations of molecules, into aminoacids, and builds them into cells and tissues, organs, systems and organisms. Similarly, humanity began with small tribal communities, that created societies as complex and diverse as any found in Earth’s ecosystems. Establishing a closed SHEE online market, as a pilot to evaluate the value, potential, operating costs and benefits, and possibly obtain letters of intent, by SHE entities that would consider joining at a notional range of cost and plans In the UK, it would be possible to contract organisations like ‘Corporate Critic’, - Ethical Consumer Magazine’s sister Company, and the Ethical Investments Research Institute (EIRIS), to screen applicants for membership, at the applicant’s cost. What Will A SHEE Trading Network Achieve? One aim of such a closed market is to shift money invested in unethical, unsustainable, parasitic trade to SHEE enterprise, funding their expansion, innovation and improvement, while defunding dirty, old tech. For every £, € or $ moving from mainstream economics and finance to finance solar, wind, sustainable hydro and preferably local, co-operative or collective, a SHEE can bring together interested Parties and finance. Creating such a Market provides customers with a secure shopping virtual high street, for both, physical and virtual outlets and gives producers and manufacturers a loyal, virtual, ethical market. This could help develop a new form of collective enterprise, better adapted to local circumstances, sensitive to demand, creative in its relationship-building within the strict confines of a set of SHEE standards. e.g. Food producers and farmers (local and global) Maritime Transport Warehousing/Climate controlled storage Road Haulage Delivery networks Collection points These are just a few of the areas that could benefit from immediate development and return real environmental benefits. Pilot stage: Knit two separate demonstrations hubs: Shopping Hubs Membership buyers’ co-operatives could operate via existing retail points, local to buyers, convenient if they should prefer collection, or able to arrange local delivery. This reduces the number of drops for the Wholesaler/delivery service, giving the retailer the opportunity of offering a value-added service, to pick and pack orders for their own customers. This will ensure that the emergent Network does not compete but, on the contrary, supports SHEE enterprises. Why the sharing economy is good? It reduces barriers; users have a greater choice of reasonably priced, high-quality products and services which may have been previously out of reach. The sharing economy helps people earn money by selling or renting underutilized goods or resources. Innovation Hubs Aiming to help stimulate innovative and collaborative projects, prototype builds, research and the like, such virtual spaces could create new SHEEs to eventually join the mainstream markets and jobs. The role of Innovation hubs would therefore be to fund R&D, finding industry Partners and launching pilots through mass Crowdfunding.
 Innovative R&D for community development to Green Tech: two examples. How big is the sharing economy? The sharing economy is projected to grow from $15 billion in 2014 to $335 billion in 2025. Quicker than ever, we're shifting to the world of a shared economy. A shared or sharing economy is an economic system in which assets or services are shared between peers or businesses for free or for a fee. Carbon To Electric Replacement Kits (C2ER) 
Rather than try to convince billions of vehicle owners to buy a new car and scrap their old, IC engine vehicle - with huge carbon emissions for the whole manufacturing process - it is easier to persuade and subsidise them to replace their vehicles’ internal combustion engines. Installing an electric motors offer the option of either Lithium battery or, better still, Hydrogen Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, (PEMFCs). The technology is now ripe for mass marketing, and developing these to be manufactured under licensing agreements, globally, rather than embodying carbon-emissions in their production by manufacturing in just a few locations and shipping around the world. (see appendix for links about the state of the technology today). Community Hydrogen Projects. 
As discussed above, Proton Exchange Membrane Electrolytic Cells (PEMECs) are already available on the market and converting pure water into Hydrogen fuel (and, if required, oxygen, for medical and industrial uses), could therefore offer excellent community investment opportunities. 

By co-funding wind and solar generation plant to produce and sell Hydrogen fuel to crowdfunding members, at a discount, and to the wider public, at full price, can build local capacity to power whole villages and districts. Appendix Could A Hydrogen Society Change The Planet? Yes — Here’s Why Mitsubishi Heavy Industries BRANDVOICE | Paid Program Industry July 29, 2019, 11:52 
https://www.forbes.com/sites/mitsubishiheavyindustries/2019/07/29/could-a-hydrogen-society-change-the-planet-yes--heres-why/#7db4980f2124 A novel hybrid photocell could accelerate the transition to carbon-free power. This Photocell Generates Both Power and Hydrogen 

https://spectrum.ieee.org/energywise/green-tech/solar/hybrid-photocell-generates-power-and-hydrogen?fbclid=IwAR3V9Qzww7c9Gfa6qhP7oi7YfR4EH_UjZX_PhE18SS4KyP7oA1m8cEP4WHE Sorry Graphene! Borophene is the new wonder material that’s got everyone excited! https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613267/borophene-the-new-2d-material-taking-chemistry-by-storm/ HydroGEN Overview: A Consortium on Advanced Water Splitting MaterialsProject ID # P148 - H.N. Dinh, D. Anton, R. Boardman, A. McDaniel, T. Ogitsu, A. Weber Presenter: Huyen Dinh, NRELDate: 4/30/2019 Venue: 2019 DOE Annual Merit Review 

https://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/pdfs/review19/p148_dinh_2019_o.pdf IEA Technology Collaboration Programme: Hydrogen The IEA Technology Collaboration Programme supports the work of 38 independent, international groups of experts that enable governments and industries from around the world to lead programmes and projects on a wide range of energy technologies and related issues. https://www.iea.org/tcp/hydrogen/ DEUTZ prepares the way for carbon-neutral mobility with hydrogen drive systems DEUTZ › Media › Press Releases 25/03/2019 https://www.deutz.com/en/media/press-releases/deutz-prepares-the-way-for-carbon-neutral-mobility-with-hydrogen-drive-systems/ Eneco Holdings Announces New Hydrogen Gas Technology - 26 Jun 2019  by Hydrogen Fuel News/ERIN KILGORE    https://www.world-energy.org/article/372.html Qld puts $19m bet on hydrogen tech - Aimee Chanthadavong - June 3, 2019 https://www.innovationaus.com/2019/06/Qld-puts-19m-bet-on-hydrogen-tech Forthcoming Events: Europe: Hydrogen for Clean transport - Conference 2019 - Registration Fri, 25 October 2019 | 09:30 – 16:30 CEST Add to Calendar 
https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/hydrogen-for-clean-transport-conference-2019-registration-62641553573 © Toni Massari, Bristol - 7th Aug2019. Before you go! Recommended:  Green Hydrogen Economy: The Enormous Potential Worldwide Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about sustainability? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
ECO-Volution
Rescue Globally: Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change
Nowadays, CO2 is extracted from the industry by using molecules known as amines (an organic compound), which react with CO2. DTU has introduced a new method of removing CO2 from human blood using molecules. The new technology may help prevent climate change. Governments all over the world need to act as quick as possible, climate change is moving fast, and we need to prevent further alteration. The Danish government took an important step recently to reduce CO2-emissions by 70 per cent before 2030. How they want to do that is yet unknown.  At this moment, we are still relying on fossil fuels. It would be way cheaper and more logical to avoid CO2-emissions reaching the atmosphere by cleaning the gases instead of removing it. Polluting Tackled At The Source The concept is comparable to wastewater treatment plants that clean water at the source, instead of polluting and cleaning the oceans years later. That is why we need to implement CO2 capture and storage (CCS) on an industrial scale to secure the climate and prevent further global warming. Bio-Based Materials Are The Way Forward Carbon dioxide is separated from the waste gases coming from the power plants/process industry. It is then inserted passively under the land and the sea and stored. There are various storage options for CO2. Even if we were able to reduce the use of fossil fuels, we would still have to start by removing CO2 from the atmosphere. Recommended:  Climate Change Efforts On Reducing CO2 Why Not Recycle It? Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change The better and more durable the technology is, the better global warming can be prevented. We need to use bio-based materials that are close to natural mechanisms, like plant photosynthesis or human respiration. These natural processes could relegate the carbon dioxide level. The amines which we use to react with CO2 are synthetic organic chemicals. They do not correlate with nature. By replacing them with natural materials from a biological origin, we can find the right balance. That is why we could better use materials we do not need synthetic processes for. Thus, we could use human blood or respiration. How Can Human Blood Help? Human blood consists of many biological chemicals and compounds. It transmits nutrients such as proteins, oxygen, sugars and fats to our body cells. Also, a lot of waste products are transported by the blood, including carbon dioxide, a by-product of our metabolism. Besides, various helpful substances such as enzymes and electrolytes maintain the right balance in the composition of the blood and keep our bodies healthy. Enzymes are biological reactors that significantly increase the speed of the chemical reaction. We have a lot of enzymes in our blood, and one of them is carbonic anhydrase. Carbonic anhydrase helps to capture CO2 from different body parts, and release it in pure form into our lungs, where it is then exhaled. We can use this process outside our body as well. When used in existing carbon capture plants, the enzyme can capture CO2 forever. Recommended:  Energy Miracle Algae. 10.000 Barrels A Day, Less CO2: 2025 The Projects Has Potential Not long ago, the carbonic anhydrase enzyme is studied for carbon capture applications at DHU. The results are quite promising and state that a combination of an enzyme and a portable biological material can efficiently separate CO2 from the gas mixture. The result is the elaboration of a new process where CO2 can be chemically absorbed in the biological material. The bio-based molecules can be converted back to gaseous CO2. All in all, the project aims to achieve potential energy savings and ecological sustainability. This process has to potential to disrupt the area of CO2 capture. With the help of bio-based molecules, we could almost create artificial lungs for the world. This would be amazing! But for now, we will be focusing on developing bio-based carbon capture and storage (Bio-CCS). For the next decade, the new technology concept will be available for first commercial use. Human Blood Prevent Climate Change. It Will Work, But Is It Enough? This is not always possible. It is tempting to have a project or process that is similar to the actual human lung, which pollutes CO2 with the help of natural materials. If we want to reduce climate change, we need different approaches. These approaches need to be close to nature and close to ourselves to be technologically feasible and socially acceptable. We know for sure that this technique works. But we need to put all our efforts together to make a change, to reduce CO2-emissions. Global Bio-CCS systems need to be put in place to achieve a carbon-negative emission standard by 2050 that meets the objectives of the Paris agreement. We need time and resources to beat climate change. But we can do something if we all help. This new technology may be a small step for us, for CCS, but a giant leap for the global environment. Before you go! Recommended:  CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise: 16 Meters Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about sustainability? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Nowadays, CO2 is extracted from the industry by using molecules known as amines (an organic compound), which react with CO2. DTU has introduced a new method of removing CO2 from human blood using molecules. The new technology may help prevent climate change. Governments all over the world need to act as quick as possible, climate change is moving fast, and we need to prevent further alteration. The Danish government took an important step recently to reduce CO2-emissions by 70 per cent before 2030. How they want to do that is yet unknown.  At this moment, we are still relying on fossil fuels. It would be way cheaper and more logical to avoid CO2-emissions reaching the atmosphere by cleaning the gases instead of removing it. Polluting Tackled At The Source The concept is comparable to wastewater treatment plants that clean water at the source, instead of polluting and cleaning the oceans years later. That is why we need to implement CO2 capture and storage (CCS) on an industrial scale to secure the climate and prevent further global warming. Bio-Based Materials Are The Way Forward Carbon dioxide is separated from the waste gases coming from the power plants/process industry. It is then inserted passively under the land and the sea and stored. There are various storage options for CO2. Even if we were able to reduce the use of fossil fuels, we would still have to start by removing CO2 from the atmosphere. Recommended:  Climate Change Efforts On Reducing CO2 Why Not Recycle It? Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change The better and more durable the technology is, the better global warming can be prevented. We need to use bio-based materials that are close to natural mechanisms, like plant photosynthesis or human respiration. These natural processes could relegate the carbon dioxide level. The amines which we use to react with CO2 are synthetic organic chemicals. They do not correlate with nature. By replacing them with natural materials from a biological origin, we can find the right balance. That is why we could better use materials we do not need synthetic processes for. Thus, we could use human blood or respiration. How Can Human Blood Help? Human blood consists of many biological chemicals and compounds. It transmits nutrients such as proteins, oxygen, sugars and fats to our body cells. Also, a lot of waste products are transported by the blood, including carbon dioxide, a by-product of our metabolism. Besides, various helpful substances such as enzymes and electrolytes maintain the right balance in the composition of the blood and keep our bodies healthy. Enzymes are biological reactors that significantly increase the speed of the chemical reaction. We have a lot of enzymes in our blood, and one of them is carbonic anhydrase. Carbonic anhydrase helps to capture CO2 from different body parts, and release it in pure form into our lungs, where it is then exhaled. We can use this process outside our body as well. When used in existing carbon capture plants, the enzyme can capture CO2 forever. Recommended:  Energy Miracle Algae. 10.000 Barrels A Day, Less CO2: 2025 The Projects Has Potential Not long ago, the carbonic anhydrase enzyme is studied for carbon capture applications at DHU. The results are quite promising and state that a combination of an enzyme and a portable biological material can efficiently separate CO2 from the gas mixture. The result is the elaboration of a new process where CO2 can be chemically absorbed in the biological material. The bio-based molecules can be converted back to gaseous CO2. All in all, the project aims to achieve potential energy savings and ecological sustainability. This process has to potential to disrupt the area of CO2 capture. With the help of bio-based molecules, we could almost create artificial lungs for the world. This would be amazing! But for now, we will be focusing on developing bio-based carbon capture and storage (Bio-CCS). For the next decade, the new technology concept will be available for first commercial use. Human Blood Prevent Climate Change. It Will Work, But Is It Enough? This is not always possible. It is tempting to have a project or process that is similar to the actual human lung, which pollutes CO2 with the help of natural materials. If we want to reduce climate change, we need different approaches. These approaches need to be close to nature and close to ourselves to be technologically feasible and socially acceptable. We know for sure that this technique works. But we need to put all our efforts together to make a change, to reduce CO2-emissions. Global Bio-CCS systems need to be put in place to achieve a carbon-negative emission standard by 2050 that meets the objectives of the Paris agreement. We need time and resources to beat climate change. But we can do something if we all help. This new technology may be a small step for us, for CCS, but a giant leap for the global environment. Before you go! Recommended:  CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise: 16 Meters Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about sustainability? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Rescue Globally: Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change
Rescue Globally: Human Blood Can Help Prevent Climate Change
CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise: 16 Meters
Scientists discover evidence that sea-evel rises because of the current atmospheric carbon dioxide. In a Mallorcan cave, they found 4-million-year-old geologic evidence giving them new insight into magnitude global sea-level rise. Sea Rise: 16 Meters An international team is studying the evidence, which is preserved in the coastal cave in Mallorca. The evidence illustrates that three million years ago, the Earth was two to three degree Celsius warmer than the pre-industrial ear. Sea level was 16 meters higher than at this moment. Their findings foresee important implications and understandings about the current-day sea level rise. With these new findings, they can predict the rapidity of sea-level rise in a warming climate. {youtube}                                                  CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise: 16 Meters                                                                   The State of Sea Level Rise (2019)   CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise The sea level is rising as a result of the ice caps which are melting, such as those of Greenland and Antarctica. But how much and how fast the sea level will rise during global warming is a question that scientists have tried to answer. Reconstructing the ice sheet and the changes in sea level in recent periods, when the climate was naturally warmer than it is today, offers a global laboratory experiment to study this question. This is according to USF PhD student Oana Dumitru, the principal author, who has done much of her data work at UNM under the direction of Asmerom and Polyak. "Limiting models of sea-level rise due to increased global warming depends to a large extent on actual sea level measurements in the past," says Polyak. "This study provides sea-level measurements very robustly during the Pliocene. "We can use the knowledge we have gained from past warm periods to fine-tune ice sheet models which are then used to predict the future response of the ice sheet to current global warming," says Bogdan Onac, professor at the USF Department of Geosciences. Recommended:  Delay Climate Change With Submarines Which Produce Icebergs Changes Can Be Seen In Artà Cave, Mallorca The project centralises on cave deposits known as phreatic overgrowths on speleothems. Every time ancient caves were flooded by rising sea levels, you could see the phreatic excesses at the interface. "Changes in sea level in Artà Cave can be caused by the melting and growth of the ice sheets or by the elevation or subsidence of the island itself," says Columbia University Assistant Professor Jacky Austermann, a member of the research team. She used numerical and statistical models to carefully analyse how much increase or decrease may have occurred since the Pliocene and subtracted it from the height of the formations studied. Artà Cave, Mallorca "Given current melting patterns, this degree of sea-level rise would most likely be caused by a meltdown of both Greenland and the Western Antarctic Ice Sheets," said Dumitru. The writers also measured sea level at 23.5 meters higher than about four million years ago during the Pliocene Climate Optimum, when global average temperatures were up to four °C higher than pre-industrial levels."This is a possible scenario if no active and aggressive reduction of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is undertaken," said Asmerom. We need to do something, to diminish sea level rise. These aragonite crystals formed 4.39 million years ago inside an overgrowth on a cave feature in the Theater Room in Spain’s Artà Caves. The locations and ages of such growths helps researchers track past sea levels Recommended:  Climate Change Natural Man Made: Causes And Facts What Can We Do To Help? Global warmth is unstoppable, but if we emit less CO2 worldwide, it will slow down. We can make some changes in our home. Avoid food waste. We waste a lot of food, and it is not necessary. You did not have to buy the food that disappears into your trash can unused. After all, you did not need it. By purchasing food wisely, storing it well and cooking it to size, you can prevent food from being wasted. You can save up to 210 kilos of CO2 per person per year. Also, if you eat less meat that will help as well. Travel by train instead of plane or car to your holiday destination. Read more about global warmth and CO2-emission to see how you can help the Earth. Recommended: 'Flygskam’: The Trend Of Scandinavian Shame Of Flying Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about sustainability? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
Scientists discover evidence that sea-evel rises because of the current atmospheric carbon dioxide. In a Mallorcan cave, they found 4-million-year-old geologic evidence giving them new insight into magnitude global sea-level rise. Sea Rise: 16 Meters An international team is studying the evidence, which is preserved in the coastal cave in Mallorca. The evidence illustrates that three million years ago, the Earth was two to three degree Celsius warmer than the pre-industrial ear. Sea level was 16 meters higher than at this moment. Their findings foresee important implications and understandings about the current-day sea level rise. With these new findings, they can predict the rapidity of sea-level rise in a warming climate. {youtube}                                                  CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise: 16 Meters                                                                   The State of Sea Level Rise (2019)   CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise The sea level is rising as a result of the ice caps which are melting, such as those of Greenland and Antarctica. But how much and how fast the sea level will rise during global warming is a question that scientists have tried to answer. Reconstructing the ice sheet and the changes in sea level in recent periods, when the climate was naturally warmer than it is today, offers a global laboratory experiment to study this question. This is according to USF PhD student Oana Dumitru, the principal author, who has done much of her data work at UNM under the direction of Asmerom and Polyak. "Limiting models of sea-level rise due to increased global warming depends to a large extent on actual sea level measurements in the past," says Polyak. "This study provides sea-level measurements very robustly during the Pliocene. "We can use the knowledge we have gained from past warm periods to fine-tune ice sheet models which are then used to predict the future response of the ice sheet to current global warming," says Bogdan Onac, professor at the USF Department of Geosciences. Recommended:  Delay Climate Change With Submarines Which Produce Icebergs Changes Can Be Seen In Artà Cave, Mallorca The project centralises on cave deposits known as phreatic overgrowths on speleothems. Every time ancient caves were flooded by rising sea levels, you could see the phreatic excesses at the interface. "Changes in sea level in Artà Cave can be caused by the melting and growth of the ice sheets or by the elevation or subsidence of the island itself," says Columbia University Assistant Professor Jacky Austermann, a member of the research team. She used numerical and statistical models to carefully analyse how much increase or decrease may have occurred since the Pliocene and subtracted it from the height of the formations studied. Artà Cave, Mallorca "Given current melting patterns, this degree of sea-level rise would most likely be caused by a meltdown of both Greenland and the Western Antarctic Ice Sheets," said Dumitru. The writers also measured sea level at 23.5 meters higher than about four million years ago during the Pliocene Climate Optimum, when global average temperatures were up to four °C higher than pre-industrial levels."This is a possible scenario if no active and aggressive reduction of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is undertaken," said Asmerom. We need to do something, to diminish sea level rise. These aragonite crystals formed 4.39 million years ago inside an overgrowth on a cave feature in the Theater Room in Spain’s Artà Caves. The locations and ages of such growths helps researchers track past sea levels Recommended:  Climate Change Natural Man Made: Causes And Facts What Can We Do To Help? Global warmth is unstoppable, but if we emit less CO2 worldwide, it will slow down. We can make some changes in our home. Avoid food waste. We waste a lot of food, and it is not necessary. You did not have to buy the food that disappears into your trash can unused. After all, you did not need it. By purchasing food wisely, storing it well and cooking it to size, you can prevent food from being wasted. You can save up to 210 kilos of CO2 per person per year. Also, if you eat less meat that will help as well. Travel by train instead of plane or car to your holiday destination. Read more about global warmth and CO2-emission to see how you can help the Earth. Recommended: 'Flygskam’: The Trend Of Scandinavian Shame Of Flying Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about sustainability? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage'
CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise: 16 Meters
CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise: 16 Meters
Climate Change Causes Nature To Change: The World Affected
Climate Change Causes Nature To Change: The World Affected is the third article in a series of 6 on the topic of climate change. One of the most important consequences of climate change is the capability that it has to irreversibly change the world around us. This statement should not be news to you, nor should it be surprising. Yet it never hurts to emphasise just how much the world is affected by the actions that we take today. Climate change is moving ahead at a rapid pace, with various animals, plants and even microbiota scrambling to catch up. All around the world, species are being displaced, forced to move to different lands that are safe(r) and provide (more) sufficient nutrition. We are facing a true Diaspora of not just species, but businesses, people and diseases being spread out around the world as well.   This trend was, most likely, first recognised in shrubs. In the 19th century, willows in the Alaskan Arctic did not get much taller than a small child. They were perfectly suited for their environment and managed to balance the ecosystem. However, as temperatures rose as a result of increased fossil fuel emissions, effectively lengthening the growing seasons, shrubs grew spectacularly - up to double their original size. Now, there were some moose who considered these shrubs to be a particularly tasty meal. Before the 20th century, they did not bother to cross the Brooks Range, the mountain range stretching from northern Alaska to Canada’s Yukon Territory. They knew that the lands to the north did not have much to offer. That is, until they slowly started migrating over the range less than a century ago. Today, they can be found meandering all along the Arctic rivers - now that the vegetation is tall enough to withstand layers of snow and able to withstand the more moderate temperatures. Not much later, the hares followed - snacking on the same plants and enjoying the same new lands. Moose and hares are now becoming a fixture in the diet of indigenous Alaskan hunters, as they are facing difficulties hunting for their ‘original’ meal - consisting of seals, that have now been driven away by the melting ice. It is a cycle that is easily recognised as the so-called butterfly effect: a relatively minor adjustment has had far-reaching consequences and is impacting the local environment on an increasingly larger scale. Thousands of those effects put in motion by climate change can be pointed out, with human-caused climate change radically changing the life of all beings inhabiting this earth. Plant and animal species tend to find that place where they are most likely to thrive, and with changing temperatures and environments, this may be in a completely different place than before.   We, as humans, also have to deal with this changing ‘diet’ of animals and plants; while they bring along diseases and pests previously unknown to the areas that we live in. Similarly, our carefully built up businesses and industries, often relying on certain natural resources, have to shift accordingly. The term Diaspora that I used before might not even fully cover this drastically changing global landscape.   Germs and Pests on the March   Today, we are battling outbreaks of malaria in areas further north and at higher altitudes in countries such as Colombia and Ethiopia, with mosquitos being able to survive the milder temperatures uphill. In northern Texas, the potentially fatal tropical disease leishmaniasis has claimed its first victims - having been carried up north by sand-flies hosting the parasite. It is not just our health that is suffering these adverse effects. Agriculture is suffering as well, with crop pests expanding their territories. There are diamondback moths, feasting on the vegetables grown by urban farmers, who have recently moved into South Africa. Then there are the numerous funguses and pests creating havoc on Latin America’s coffee plantations. France is facing a similar problem, with their olives, wines and lavender under siege.   Not everyone is losing, though. A number of those migration patterns have led to more favourable circumstances for some: the Atlantic mackerel, for instance, has moved so far up north that it entered the Icelandic waters. Now, the country is enjoying a large share of the market previously held by Europe alone.   So we cannot really say that it is all bad. It is just changing - and requiring us to change and adapt along with it, good or bad as it may be. The point is that wildlife is, in fact, feeling the effects of climate change; impacting us humans in ways we are only starting to see the first motions of. Watch out for oak processionary caterpillars The oak processionary caterpillar has made headlines in The Netherlands in recent weeks. For an insect this small, it is rather surprising to see how quickly it has become the subject of a national crisis. It first set foot in the small European country in 1991, in the far south. Over the years, it has steadfastly increased its geographical range, with climate change nudging it further north-east. There are a lot of oak trees in the south of the Netherlands, which coincidentally make up its favourite snack. From mid-May to mid-July, this has prompted a rather strange sight: oak trees all wrapped in red-white warning tape. These trees are, in fact, infested with the oak processionary moth (or ‘eikenprocessierups’, as it is known locally). These are poisonous, capable of causing significant discomfort to humans and animals alike - its most prominent symptom being severe itching. The affected trees will find themselves being woven in silky nests surrounding their branches and trunks, which does not just occur in forest areas but also in densely populated areas, including those lining streets in cities and towns. Even if you avoid those trees altogether, you might still feel their literal sting: the caterpillar has bristles that can be fired when a threat is perceived, and which can be carried by the wind for up to 500 meters. Enough to affect those living around it. This only goes to show how a tiny species, previously unknown to an area, can start to dominate a defenceless ecosystem within some short decades. Half of All Life Is Moving The oak processionary crisis is not an exception. The general consensus is that species will move when facing a radical shift in their environment. It has been this way for centuries. Our ancestors already knew that they had to find different hunting grounds when seasons would change. So it is not necessarily surprising that species are moving or changing their range as climate change moves along. What is surprising, though, is its pace. Recently, an inventory was made of over 4,000 species all around the world. The results amazed friend and foe: over half of those were actively ‘on the move’. Land-living creatures are moving at 10 miles per decade, while marine species tend to move up to four times quicker. These are just averages. Some individual species are moving a lot faster. The Atlantic cod, for instance, moves more than 125 miles per decade. It is not just the physical location that is changing. The biological cycles are quick to follow suit as well. Amphibians, like frogs, have been found to be breeding about eight days earlier with each passing decade. Birds and butterflies are shifting their cycles in a similar fashion, with about four days per decade. Historical research has shown that in Concord, Massachusetts, plants are now flowering some 18 days earlier than they did in the 1850s.   While those might be too subtle to perceive, people all over - from Asia to Europe and over the Atlantic to America - are finding that springtime jumps upon us sooner than it used to, with trees and shrubs leafing out and animals initiating mating rituals earlier in the season. Something like this can change our ecology as a whole. Another striking conclusion is that we cannot possibly predict where this will lead us. Although we are able to connect the dots on the majority of changes, we cannot possibly predict all the ways in which species are to respond to the changing environment. Shifts occur at different paces and are triggered by different signals.   Some species respond favourably to rising temperatures, while others are more in tune with the change in sunlight or precipitation: Californian mountain plants have been observed moving downhill as climate change has brought more precipitation to the valleys. It is not just the existing species that are adapting to the changing circumstances. New hybrid species are developing as well: having already been found in toads, sharks, butterflies, bears and trout, just to name a few. Climate change is changing ecosystems and throwing species together that were previously kept separate, allowing them to interbreed.   Other species are put at risk of extinction, with them unable to find a good new ecosystem and/or their favourite food supplies having moved out of reach or dwindling altogether. In West Greenland, for instance, young caribou are dying in large numbers as their mothers are unable to eat sufficient plants during the calving season, leaving them weak and vulnerable. Bumblebees find that their favourite plants have already flowered before they emerge, leaving them scrambling to find their food supplies and unable to pollinate. In nature, timing is crucial - and these examples point out where exactly timing is threatening species in their very survival. Eventually, this will become visible on a larger scale - possibly even leaving us, humans, with shortages and ecological issues that cannot easily be resolved.   Some more animals threatened by climate change All in all, predictions have been made that by the year 2100, about 50% of all the species inhabiting our world could go extinct as the result of climate change - be it through one of the ways described above, or novel ways that we have not even began to observe just yet. Animals that may depend on us taking action today include bumblebees, whales, elephants, giraffes, insects, marine birds, sharks, coral reefs, butterflies and apes. All innocent victims of our lust for more energy and power, who will find themselves in a shrinking or polluted habitat with dwindling food supplies.   No matter where you live, you will undoubtedly find that the species that occupy your habitat are struggling as well; as are the farmers, who are dealing with pests, infected crops and other diseases affecting their businesses. Eventually, we will all suffer the consequences. The world has already been affected and will, if you were to travel 200 years in time, ultimately become utterly unrecognisable.   https://www.whatsorb.com/category/climate
Climate Change Causes Nature To Change: The World Affected is the third article in a series of 6 on the topic of climate change. One of the most important consequences of climate change is the capability that it has to irreversibly change the world around us. This statement should not be news to you, nor should it be surprising. Yet it never hurts to emphasise just how much the world is affected by the actions that we take today. Climate change is moving ahead at a rapid pace, with various animals, plants and even microbiota scrambling to catch up. All around the world, species are being displaced, forced to move to different lands that are safe(r) and provide (more) sufficient nutrition. We are facing a true Diaspora of not just species, but businesses, people and diseases being spread out around the world as well.   This trend was, most likely, first recognised in shrubs. In the 19th century, willows in the Alaskan Arctic did not get much taller than a small child. They were perfectly suited for their environment and managed to balance the ecosystem. However, as temperatures rose as a result of increased fossil fuel emissions, effectively lengthening the growing seasons, shrubs grew spectacularly - up to double their original size. Now, there were some moose who considered these shrubs to be a particularly tasty meal. Before the 20th century, they did not bother to cross the Brooks Range, the mountain range stretching from northern Alaska to Canada’s Yukon Territory. They knew that the lands to the north did not have much to offer. That is, until they slowly started migrating over the range less than a century ago. Today, they can be found meandering all along the Arctic rivers - now that the vegetation is tall enough to withstand layers of snow and able to withstand the more moderate temperatures. Not much later, the hares followed - snacking on the same plants and enjoying the same new lands. Moose and hares are now becoming a fixture in the diet of indigenous Alaskan hunters, as they are facing difficulties hunting for their ‘original’ meal - consisting of seals, that have now been driven away by the melting ice. It is a cycle that is easily recognised as the so-called butterfly effect: a relatively minor adjustment has had far-reaching consequences and is impacting the local environment on an increasingly larger scale. Thousands of those effects put in motion by climate change can be pointed out, with human-caused climate change radically changing the life of all beings inhabiting this earth. Plant and animal species tend to find that place where they are most likely to thrive, and with changing temperatures and environments, this may be in a completely different place than before.   We, as humans, also have to deal with this changing ‘diet’ of animals and plants; while they bring along diseases and pests previously unknown to the areas that we live in. Similarly, our carefully built up businesses and industries, often relying on certain natural resources, have to shift accordingly. The term Diaspora that I used before might not even fully cover this drastically changing global landscape.   Germs and Pests on the March   Today, we are battling outbreaks of malaria in areas further north and at higher altitudes in countries such as Colombia and Ethiopia, with mosquitos being able to survive the milder temperatures uphill. In northern Texas, the potentially fatal tropical disease leishmaniasis has claimed its first victims - having been carried up north by sand-flies hosting the parasite. It is not just our health that is suffering these adverse effects. Agriculture is suffering as well, with crop pests expanding their territories. There are diamondback moths, feasting on the vegetables grown by urban farmers, who have recently moved into South Africa. Then there are the numerous funguses and pests creating havoc on Latin America’s coffee plantations. France is facing a similar problem, with their olives, wines and lavender under siege.   Not everyone is losing, though. A number of those migration patterns have led to more favourable circumstances for some: the Atlantic mackerel, for instance, has moved so far up north that it entered the Icelandic waters. Now, the country is enjoying a large share of the market previously held by Europe alone.   So we cannot really say that it is all bad. It is just changing - and requiring us to change and adapt along with it, good or bad as it may be. The point is that wildlife is, in fact, feeling the effects of climate change; impacting us humans in ways we are only starting to see the first motions of. Watch out for oak processionary caterpillars The oak processionary caterpillar has made headlines in The Netherlands in recent weeks. For an insect this small, it is rather surprising to see how quickly it has become the subject of a national crisis. It first set foot in the small European country in 1991, in the far south. Over the years, it has steadfastly increased its geographical range, with climate change nudging it further north-east. There are a lot of oak trees in the south of the Netherlands, which coincidentally make up its favourite snack. From mid-May to mid-July, this has prompted a rather strange sight: oak trees all wrapped in red-white warning tape. These trees are, in fact, infested with the oak processionary moth (or ‘eikenprocessierups’, as it is known locally). These are poisonous, capable of causing significant discomfort to humans and animals alike - its most prominent symptom being severe itching. The affected trees will find themselves being woven in silky nests surrounding their branches and trunks, which does not just occur in forest areas but also in densely populated areas, including those lining streets in cities and towns. Even if you avoid those trees altogether, you might still feel their literal sting: the caterpillar has bristles that can be fired when a threat is perceived, and which can be carried by the wind for up to 500 meters. Enough to affect those living around it. This only goes to show how a tiny species, previously unknown to an area, can start to dominate a defenceless ecosystem within some short decades. Half of All Life Is Moving The oak processionary crisis is not an exception. The general consensus is that species will move when facing a radical shift in their environment. It has been this way for centuries. Our ancestors already knew that they had to find different hunting grounds when seasons would change. So it is not necessarily surprising that species are moving or changing their range as climate change moves along. What is surprising, though, is its pace. Recently, an inventory was made of over 4,000 species all around the world. The results amazed friend and foe: over half of those were actively ‘on the move’. Land-living creatures are moving at 10 miles per decade, while marine species tend to move up to four times quicker. These are just averages. Some individual species are moving a lot faster. The Atlantic cod, for instance, moves more than 125 miles per decade. It is not just the physical location that is changing. The biological cycles are quick to follow suit as well. Amphibians, like frogs, have been found to be breeding about eight days earlier with each passing decade. Birds and butterflies are shifting their cycles in a similar fashion, with about four days per decade. Historical research has shown that in Concord, Massachusetts, plants are now flowering some 18 days earlier than they did in the 1850s.   While those might be too subtle to perceive, people all over - from Asia to Europe and over the Atlantic to America - are finding that springtime jumps upon us sooner than it used to, with trees and shrubs leafing out and animals initiating mating rituals earlier in the season. Something like this can change our ecology as a whole. Another striking conclusion is that we cannot possibly predict where this will lead us. Although we are able to connect the dots on the majority of changes, we cannot possibly predict all the ways in which species are to respond to the changing environment. Shifts occur at different paces and are triggered by different signals.   Some species respond favourably to rising temperatures, while others are more in tune with the change in sunlight or precipitation: Californian mountain plants have been observed moving downhill as climate change has brought more precipitation to the valleys. It is not just the existing species that are adapting to the changing circumstances. New hybrid species are developing as well: having already been found in toads, sharks, butterflies, bears and trout, just to name a few. Climate change is changing ecosystems and throwing species together that were previously kept separate, allowing them to interbreed.   Other species are put at risk of extinction, with them unable to find a good new ecosystem and/or their favourite food supplies having moved out of reach or dwindling altogether. In West Greenland, for instance, young caribou are dying in large numbers as their mothers are unable to eat sufficient plants during the calving season, leaving them weak and vulnerable. Bumblebees find that their favourite plants have already flowered before they emerge, leaving them scrambling to find their food supplies and unable to pollinate. In nature, timing is crucial - and these examples point out where exactly timing is threatening species in their very survival. Eventually, this will become visible on a larger scale - possibly even leaving us, humans, with shortages and ecological issues that cannot easily be resolved.   Some more animals threatened by climate change All in all, predictions have been made that by the year 2100, about 50% of all the species inhabiting our world could go extinct as the result of climate change - be it through one of the ways described above, or novel ways that we have not even began to observe just yet. Animals that may depend on us taking action today include bumblebees, whales, elephants, giraffes, insects, marine birds, sharks, coral reefs, butterflies and apes. All innocent victims of our lust for more energy and power, who will find themselves in a shrinking or polluted habitat with dwindling food supplies.   No matter where you live, you will undoubtedly find that the species that occupy your habitat are struggling as well; as are the farmers, who are dealing with pests, infected crops and other diseases affecting their businesses. Eventually, we will all suffer the consequences. The world has already been affected and will, if you were to travel 200 years in time, ultimately become utterly unrecognisable.   https://www.whatsorb.com/category/climate
Climate Change Causes Nature To Change: The World Affected
Climate Change Causes Nature To Change: The World Affected
Climate

Climate change! Currently, the most discussed topic in the world. Climate change occurs when changes in Earth's climate system result in new weather patterns that last for at least a few decades, and maybe for millions of years. Climate change can also result from ‘external forcing’ and include changes in solar output and volcanism.

Human activities can also influence our climate. Debates, posts and answers on (social) platforms about the role of humanity in the climate change process regularly lead to heated discussions

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