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Breaking News cooling by grand solar minimum or warming by co2  | Breaking News

Cooling By Grand Solar Minimum Or Warming By CO2?

by: Cap Allon
cooling by grand solar minimum or warming by co2  | Breaking News

An approaching Grand Solar Minimum is gaining ever more support. Even NASA appears to be on-board, with their recent SC25 (solar cycle every 11 years) prediction. NASA’s Grand Solar Minimum forecast for the next solar cycle (25) reveals it will be the weakest of the last 200 years.

Cooling By A Grand Solar Minimum

The maximum of this next cycle measured in terms of sunspot number, a standard measure of solar activity level could be 30 to 50% lower than the most recent one. The agency’s results show that the next solar cycle will start in 2020 and reach its maximum in 2025.

What happens during a Grand Solar Minimum?
During solar minimum, the effects of Earth's upper atmosphere on satellites in low Earth orbit changes too. Normally Earth's upper atmosphere is heated and puffed up by ultraviolet radiation from the sun

Recommended: Global Cooling Or Warming: CO2 Matters Because It Doesn’t

What happens during a grand solar minimum?

Recommended: Climate Change On Earth Caused By Jupiter And Venus

Grand Solar Minimum Update: 3 Sources Of Sun Observations

The new research was led by Irina Kitiashvili, a researcher with the Bay Area Environmental Research Institute at NASA’s Ames Research Centre in California’s Silicon Valley. It combined observations from two NASA space missions, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory and the Solar Dynamics Observatory, with data collected since 1976 from the ground-based National Solar Observatory.

Could an ice age happen again?
An ice age is triggered when summer temperatures in the northern hemisphere fail to rise above freezing for years. This means that winter snowfall doesn't melt, but instead builds up, compresses and over time starts to compact, or glaciate, into ice sheets.

Kitiashvili’s method differs from other prediction tools in terms of the raw material for its forecast. Previously, researchers used the number of sunspots to represent the activity of the solar magnetic field indirectly. The new approach takes advantage of direct observations of magnetic fields emerging on the surface of the Sun data, which has only existed for the last four solar cycles.

Timeline of Grand Solar Minimum Effects

Grand Solar Minimum Timeline
According to the Actuaries Institute, in a solar minimum, when solar flares hit Earth, they can temporarily significantly change climatic conditions, earthquake and volcanic risks.

Mathematically combining the data from the three sources of Sun observations with the estimates of its interior activity generated a forecast designed to be more reliable than using any of those sources alone. In 2008 the researchers used this method to make their prediction, which was then put to the test as the current solar cycle unfolded over the last decade. It has performed well, with the forecast strength and timing of the solar maximum aligning closely with reality.

Do sunspots make it hotter on Earth?
Their effect on Earth
Sunspots are cooler than the rest of the Sun, but many scientists think that when there are a lot of sunspots, the Sun actually gets hotter. This affects the weather here on Earth, and also radio reception. Without sunspots the Earth would probably be cooler.

Solar Activity, Climate And The Implications For The Earth And Humanity

Recommended: Climate Change Natural Man-Made: Causes And Facts)

NASA is effectively forecasting a return to the Dalton Minimum (1790-1830) but gives no mention of the brutal cold, crop loss, famine, war, and powerful Volcanic eruptions associated with it. Like the deeper Maunder and Spörer Minimums preceding it, the Dalton brought on a period of lower-than-average global temperatures. The Oberlach Station in Germany, for example, experienced a 2C decline over 20 years, which devastated the country’s food production.


                                                                  Grand Solar Minimum Global Cooling
                                                               ScienceCasts: Solar Minimum is Coming

The Year Without a Summer also occurred during the Dalton Minimum, in 1816. It was caused by a combination of already low temperatures plus the aftereffects of the second-largest volcanic eruption in 2000 years: Mount Tambora’s VEI 7 on April 10, 1815.

Cooling And The Implications For The Earth And Humanity
Mount Tambora Vulcano, Soembawa, Indonesia

Grand Solar Minimum 2020 Update

Climate change is real. However, scientific severe evidence is pointing to a very different causality than most discuss.

Climate is a huge subject, an immensely complex one. There is controversy around whether we must implement drastic new taxes on fuels or other measures to reduce or ‘capture’ CO2 to reduce Man-Made Global Warming. So far, however, there are strong indications we are ignoring what might be a far more significant factor in our climate and increasing occurrence of severe weather around the world, from hurricanes to volcanic eruptions to earthquakes to severe cold, severe warm and severe rainfall. One causal factor being ignored in all the discussions is what influence solar activity has on our climate. We might well be ignoring this to our peril.

Recommended: Climate Change Efforts On Reducing CO2 Why Not Recycle It?

Sunspots And World Extreme Weather

Is it Man or Something Else? The point to be noted is that the frequency and intensity of sunspot activity has proven profound influence on Earth weather, atmosphere, ocean temperature, Gulf Stream flows, and more. It is also notable that the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Control dismisses such solar influence as not significant. That is a colossal mistake by all severe evidence.

While governments and the UN have funneled billions of dollars to computer modelers to create various models of CO2 and other greenhouse gases since the 1970s, far too little attention has been given to the effect of our sun on earth climate. At a minimum, in the interest of science, if not survival, we need to remedy this.

White Island New Zealand
White Island has been classified as New Zealand's most active volcano since 1976 when it began 24 years of almost continuous eruption. A second "eruptive episode" started in 2011 and continues today.

Some scientists have correlated volcanic and earthquake activity with increased periods of galactic cosmic ray penetration. For most of 2019 as just one example, the Shiveluch (Kamchatka) volcano in Russia has been regularly ejecting vast volumes of volcanic ash particulates into the stratosphere as high as 70,000 feet and cooling the planet. Other volcanic eruptions or earthquakes during recent months have taken place from Chile, Japan, Philippines, Indonesia, Puerto Rico, and Washington State and California, to name a few.

Strong explosive activity at Kamchatka volcano in Russia.
The recent (August 2019) intense explosive activity at Kamchatka (Shiveluch) volcano, Russia climaxed as a VEI 5/6 monster of an eruption rocked the mountain, and there’s likely more to come.

According to Prof. Masayuki Hyodo of the Research Centre for Inland Seas, Kobe University, "The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has discussed the impact of cloud cover on climate in their evaluations, but this phenomenon has never been considered in climate predictions due to the insufficient physical understanding of it."

He stresses, "When galactic cosmic rays increase, so do low clouds, and when cosmic rays decrease clouds do as well, so an opposite-umbrella effect may cause climate warming." Galactic cosmic ray penetration decreases during periods of high sunspot eruptions.

What do cosmic rays do?
Cosmic rays are high-energy protons and atomic nuclei which move through space at nearly the speed of light. ... Upon impact with the Earth's atmosphere, cosmic rays can produce showers of secondary particles that sometimes reach the surface.

Solar Cycles And Likely Effects On Climate

If astrophysicists’ predictions are accurate, and we soon will know, we are in for a long series of extreme weather events and climate changes globally over the coming decades until perhaps 2055, owing to the onset of what is being called a new Grand Solar Minimum beginning around 2020, the conjuncture of an 11-year series of declines in sunspot numbers with more extended wave 100 years or longer cycles. If this is so, the extreme weather events from volcanoes, ultra-severe cold waves across the Midwest USA growing regions, severe heat in other places, volcanoes, and earthquakes, could be a pre-taste of what is coming. Along with that could come shortened growing seasons around the world and harvest failures.

Recommended: Hurricane Harvey: This Storm Had It All

Among the issues, scientists believe we likely will experience during this period of an emerging Grand Solar Minimum, if accurate, will be a further slowing of the Atlantic Conveyor or Gulf Stream, a dramatic decline in the Total Solar Irradiance, or solar power incident on the Earth’s upper atmosphere over the coming decades.

Grand Solar Minimum And Likely Effects On Climate

One of the most respected astrophysicists studying solar cycles is Professor Valentina Zharkova, an astrophysicist who teaches mathematics at Northumbria University in the UK. Zharkova was one of only two scientists out of 150 who accurately predicted that Solar Cycle 24 would be weaker than Cycle 23. At a conference of the Global Warming Policy Foundation in October 2018, Zharkova presented findings that suggest in 2020, a ‘Super Grand Solar Minimum’ period could begin. Until now, her models have run at a 93-97% accuracy.

Whether Prof Zharkova is right or not is not the issue, so much as the fact that we tend to block the possible influences of the sun on Earth's climate at all. Increasing evidence from independent scientists such as Zharkova suggests that we need to invest far more resources into understanding better our sun and its effects on our climate long-term if we are to avoid significant climate catastrophe in the coming years. Climate Change is real, but far more complicated than we are imagining.

Snow, sand Sahara desert
I snowed in the Sahara Desert.

Our planet seems to be in a growing crisis in terms of agriculture and crop production related to unusual weather shifts. Many reports in recent months use the term ‘extreme weather’ to describe record heat across Europe this summer, record flooding in US Midwest farm states, or record drought across India and significant parts of Africa and China. Parts of the USA Midwest are undergoing the worst growing conditions since at least the 1980s. In the UK, the weather has been ruinous to the grain harvest there.

Recommended: Climate Change Natural Man-Made: Marching Towards Extinction

The crucial question to ask is whether we can assume, as many do, that this is all part of human-made global warming, today renamed climate change, or whether it can be caused by something entirely different: The periodic cycles of solar activity that in the past months have entered what Astro-scientists call a 'solar minimum.' If it is due to the latter, we are spending huge sums on addressing a wrong problem, in fact, trillions of dollars.

Tower to measure water depth
Chennai water reservoir. Tower to measure water depth.

Until this July (2019), large parts of India were suffering record drought. Chennai reservoirs were down to 0.2% of capacity over the past two years as a severe heatwave saw 99% less water than a year ago. Acute water shortages have forced thousands to flee their villages. Though in early August above-average monsoon seasonal rains relieved the situation in some parts, so far, the rainfall is far from adequate to restore empty reservoirs across India.

In China, severe drought has left about 800,000 hectares of crops affected in northern China’s Hebei Province with rainfall some 55% below average. That comes as devastation of China’s pig population from the deadly African Swine Fever spreads and crops across the country are being destroyed by a plague of Army Fallworm infestation that is resistant to most weed-killers.

Pigs dump chine African swine flu

At the same time, record rains have devastated agriculture in key growing regions. In the UK, excessive rainfall in August has brought the wheat harvest to a halt according to the National Farmers’ Union. Across the significant US Midwest record snowfall in winter, coupled with record rains this spring, have severely delayed plantings for corn and soybeans. The twelve months through July have been the wettest on record in the Midwest grain belt resulting in millions of acres going unplanted. In Africa, Zambia is experiencing the worst drought since 1981, and severe drought in other African countries is reported.

Mini Ice Age: What If?

Various advocacy groups and political parties have dramatized the events as proof that human-made global warming– emissions of CO2 from industry, coal plants, cars, and the like– are the cause. We are being inundated with proposals for new taxes in the hundreds of billions of dollars in especially the European Union, taxes that we are told are needed to solve this problem. What if we are focused on the wrong cause-effect relation?

Grand Solar Minimum: What If?

Cooling Sun! Are We Blocking It?

Recent research suggests that we have been too limited in our science and are ignoring what is likely orders of magnitude a more significant influence in world weather and its shifts than any humanmade emissions. What is relevant to this discussion is the fact that no linear climate model used by the UN IPCC or any of the hundreds of climate think tanks around the world can model what is by far the most significant single factor affecting our weather, the 'moody' sun.

Currently, since 2018, we are experiencing a period of a significant decline in solar activity, a solar minimum. The last such was during 2008-2009. There is convincing evidence that this minimum will be what is called a Grand Solar Minimum, far more than any in recent decades. What are the observable effects of such cyclical solar minimum periods?

Cosmic Rays And Clouds

According to astrophysicists, when the sun’s magnetic field weakens, the outward pressure of the solar wind decreases. This allows more cosmic rays to penetrate our planet’s atmosphere. In turn, the cosmic rays hitting Earth’s atmosphere create aerosols which, in turn, seed clouds.

Cosmic radiation
En route to the moon in 1969, Buzz Aldrin reported seeing flashes (cosmic rays) in his eyes in the darkened cabin of the command module. Neil Armstrong noticed them too. 

Recommended: Solar Geo-Engineering As The Ultimate Answer To Climate Change

According to Dr. Roy Spencer, “Clouds are the Earth’s sunshade, and if cloud cover changes for any reason, you have global warming or global cooling.” The US Government’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) says. “All-weather on Earth, from the surface of the planet out into space, begins with the Sun. Space weather and terrestrial weather (the weather we feel at the surface) are influenced by the small changes the Sun undergoes during its solar cycle. The most important impact the Sun has on Earth is from the brightness or irradiance of the Sun itself.”

Grand Solar Minimum, A Weaker Solar Activity

What are the effects of weaker solar activity, a more dormant cycle as we now experience less solar energy or irradiance reaching Earth? In addition to increased cloud coverage globally, the vital jet streams weaken, and volcanic activity increases, along with earthquakes, combined with erratic, unpredictable weather. The Earth’s magnetosphere, which usually locks the Jet Stream in place, weakens, and that in turn causes the stable Jet Stream to shift South as it did in January 2019 in North America creating the record cold and snows across the USA Midwest.

Arctic blast bringing freezing temps
Jet stream November 2019

In some regions, there will be significantly more drought while in other significant flooding with significant effect on world food production possible. The weaker solar activity, known as Solar Minimum, also correlates with a global cooling trend. This has been documented going back centuries and longer.

woman, snow, trees, road
The Arctic blast that descended this week on a swath of the country stretching from the Rocky Mountains to New England continued Tuesday, bringing record-breaking low temperatures, snowfall in some Northeast areas, and school closings in the Mid-South. December 2019.

The current solar cycle, called by NASA the Number 24 Cycle, peaked in early 2014 before starting its measurable decline in annual sunspot activity. The minimum is predicted to take place in 2020. It could last for years. Some predict a new “mini Ice Age.”

The subject is complex and vastly under-researched as we focus instead almost exclusively on human-made changes or possible changes to our weather with simplistic computer models. If the coming winter in the Northern Hemisphere is anything like the past one, it should prompt us to take this solar component of our climate seriously. By refusing to promote vigorous new research, we run a real risk in coming years of being unprepared for dramatic harvest failures globally at a time when most OECD governments have decided to eliminate emergency public grain reserves, and our food supply is organized on a “just-in-time” system. Science is not about ‘consensus,’ but rather about discovering the truth, however controversial.

Before you go!

Recommended: Solar Farms In Space: Next Step In Renewable Energy

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For WhatsOrb, publishing on the environment is a priority. We give reporting on climate, nature, waste, lifestyle and sustainable solutions the prominence it deserves.

At this turbulent time for ‘all’ species and our planet, we are determined to inform readers about threats, consequences and solutions based on facts, not on political prejudice or business interests.

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Johann Wundersamer - 3 WEEKS AGO
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Banda Aceh 2004:

https://www.google.com/search?client=ms-android-huawei&sxsrf=ALeKk02gKPPsl5mpqwbg3yvH5CqGnP1JmQ%3A1598407945965&ei=CcVFX5i-OtSMwPAP-8qVwAw&q=Banda+Aceh+Tsunami&oq=Banda+Aceh+Tsunami&gs_lcp=ChNtb2JpbGUtZ3dzLXdpei1zZXJwEAMyAggAMgIIADICCAAyAggAMgIIADICCAAyAggAMgIIADoECAAQRzoHCC4QJxCTAjoFCC4QywE6BwguEAoQywE6BQgAEMsBOgoILhDqAhAnEJMCOgcIIxDqAhAnOgUILhCTAjoECAAQQ1DDf1iJhgJglpECaAFwAXgBgAGdAYgB8AuSAQQwLjExmAEAoAEBoAECsAEPwAEB&sclient=mobile-gws-wiz-serp

Fukushima 2011:

https://www.google.com/search?q=Fukushima+Tsunami+2011&oq=Fukushima+Tsunami+2011&aqs=chrome.

Interesting times.

https://www.google.com/search?q=Turkish+earthquake+20..&oq=Turkish+earthquake+20..&aqs=chrome.

The beat goes on.


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William H - 15 WEEKS AGO
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I'm not even a Climate Scientist but it was very clear to me when I got into this debate that the Sun determines Global temperature. The Earth's Atmosphere has had a CO2 content of .0417% (417ppm) since the appearance of Chlorophyll producing Plant Life began. I don't know when that was but there were Dinosaurs walking the Earth long after that. CO2 is Plant Food which they use to produce O2 which the Dinosaurs needed and we need now. I learned this number when I was a first Semester Medical Student at Penn in the Fall of 1974 during my Science course in Human Physiology during the Renal and Pulmonary section of the Course. We had joint Lecture sessions with the Renal and Pulmonary Teachers and discussed both Systems at the same time because they are closely linked topics in Human Physiology.
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Martin - 18 WEEKS AGO
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The beginning of this article is completely erratic. Which is infuriating. Stuff is interesting thought. But DONT JUST DROP A THREAD THAT YOU BEGIN SPINNING, PLEASE? I mean, just imagine you are the poor reader confronted by the start of an article looking like this:

An approaching Grand Solar Minimum is gaining ever more support. Even NASA appears to be on-board, with their recent SC25 (solar cycle every 11 years) prediction. NASA’s Grand Solar Minimum forecast for the next solar cycle (25) reveals it will be the weakest of the last 200 years.

The maximum of this next cycle measured in terms of sunspot number, a standard measure of solar activity level could be 30 to 50% lower than the most recent one. The agency’s results show that the next solar cycle will start in 2020 and reach its maximum in 2025.

What happens during a Grand Solar Minimum?

During solar minimum, the effects of Earth's upper atmosphere on satellites in low Earth orbit changes too. Normally Earth's upper atmosphere is heated and puffed up by ultraviolet radiation from the sun

What happens during a grand solar minimum?

Grand Solar Minimum Update: 3 Sources Of Sun Observations

The new research was led by Irina Kitiashvili, a researcher...
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davin - 22 WEEKS AGO
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Not trying to troll here.. just to make sense of all this. What do you make of these articles if carbon doesn't play a part in rising temps?

https://phys.org/news/2020-01-graphs-blame-climate-solar.html

The hottest decade on record has coincided with the weakest solar cycle for over a century.

NASA also has an article on this.

It seems both play a part?
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Debamboozler - 29 WEEKS AGO
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The current rapidly progressing SUPER-GSM is represented by the White Horse of the Apocalypse. It is white representing glaciation. Starvation, disease and conflict will drastically reduce population and the few who survive will be driven towards the equator to continue their desperate existences. The Prophecy of the Eagle and the Condor mentions a 400 year periodicity when the people of the eagle (N. America) are made to co-exist with the people of the condor (S. America). This time frame precisely corresponds with the cyclicity of the GSM. Knowledge is power which has been withheld by those in whom we have mistakenly placed our trust. We are in great peril as the curtain falls on this Age of Deception. The age that will be borne from this event will be one of Enlightenment. Jump for joy!
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In our world, WhatsOrb refuses to turn away from the changes in our society and environment which succeeds each other at a rapid pace.

For WhatsOrb, publishing on the environment is a priority. We give reporting on climate, nature, waste, lifestyle and sustainable solutions the prominence it deserves.

At this turbulent time for ‘all’ species and our planet, we are determined to inform readers about threats, consequences and solutions based on facts, not on political prejudice or business interests.

WhatsOrb Breaking News will be published as soon as urgent events from around the world and startling sustainable innovations reach us.

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Cooling By Grand Solar Minimum Or Warming By CO2?

An approaching Grand Solar Minimum is gaining ever more support. Even NASA appears to be on-board, with their recent SC25 (solar cycle every 11 years) prediction. NASA’s Grand Solar Minimum forecast for the next solar cycle (25) reveals it will be the weakest of the last 200 years. Cooling By A Grand Solar Minimum The maximum of this next cycle measured in terms of sunspot number, a standard measure of solar activity level could be 30 to 50% lower than the most recent one. The agency’s results show that the next solar cycle will start in 2020 and reach its maximum in 2025. What happens during a Grand Solar Minimum? During solar minimum, the effects of Earth's upper atmosphere on satellites in low Earth orbit changes too. Normally Earth's upper atmosphere is heated and puffed up by ultraviolet radiation from the sun Recommended:  Global Cooling Or Warming: CO2 Matters Because It Doesn’t Recommended:  Climate Change On Earth Caused By Jupiter And Venus Grand Solar Minimum Update: 3 Sources Of Sun Observations The new research was led by Irina Kitiashvili, a researcher with the Bay Area Environmental Research Institute at NASA’s Ames Research Centre in California’s Silicon Valley. It combined observations from two NASA space missions, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory and the Solar Dynamics Observatory, with data collected since 1976 from the ground-based National Solar Observatory. Could an ice age happen again? An ice age is triggered when summer temperatures in the northern hemisphere fail to rise above freezing for years. This means that winter snowfall doesn't melt, but instead builds up, compresses and over time starts to compact, or glaciate, into ice sheets. Kitiashvili’s method differs from other prediction tools in terms of the raw material for its forecast. Previously, researchers used the number of sunspots to represent the activity of the solar magnetic field indirectly. The new approach takes advantage of direct observations of magnetic fields emerging on the surface of the Sun data, which has only existed for the last four solar cycles. Timeline of Grand Solar Minimum Effects According to the Actuaries Institute, in a solar minimum, when solar flares hit Earth, they can temporarily significantly change climatic conditions, earthquake and volcanic risks. Mathematically combining the data from the three sources of Sun observations with the estimates of its interior activity generated a forecast designed to be more reliable than using any of those sources alone. In 2008 the researchers used this method to make their prediction, which was then put to the test as the current solar cycle unfolded over the last decade. It has performed well , with the forecast strength and timing of the solar maximum aligning closely with reality. Do sunspots make it hotter on Earth? Their effect on Earth Sunspots are cooler than the rest of the Sun, but many scientists think that when there are a lot of sunspots, the Sun actually gets hotter. This affects the weather here on Earth, and also radio reception. Without sunspots the Earth would probably be cooler. Solar Activity, Climate And The Implications For The Earth And Humanity Recommended:  Climate Change Natural Man-Made: Causes And Facts ) NASA is effectively forecasting a return to the Dalton Minimum (1790-1830) but gives no mention of the brutal cold, crop loss, famine, war, and powerful Volcanic eruptions associated with it. Like the deeper Maunder and Spörer Minimums preceding it, the Dalton brought on a period of lower-than-average global temperatures. The Oberlach Station in Germany, for example, experienced a 2C decline over 20 years, which devastated the country’s food production. {youtube}                                                                   Grand Solar Minimum Global Cooling                                                                ScienceCasts: Solar Minimum is Coming The Year Without a Summer also occurred during the Dalton Minimum, in 1816. It was caused by a combination of already low temperatures plus the aftereffects of the second-largest volcanic eruption in 2000 years: Mount Tambora’s VEI 7 on April 10, 1815. Mount Tambora Vulcano, Soembawa, Indonesia Grand Solar Minimum 2020 Update Climate change is real. However, scientific severe evidence is pointing to a very different causality than most discuss. Climate is a huge subject, an immensely complex one. There is controversy around whether we must implement drastic new taxes on fuels or other measures to reduce or ‘capture’ CO2 to reduce Man-Made Global Warming. So far, however, there are strong indications we are ignoring what might be a far more significant factor in our climate and increasing occurrence of severe weather around the world, from hurricanes to volcanic eruptions to earthquakes to severe cold, severe warm and severe rainfall. One causal factor being ignored in all the discussions is what influence solar activity has on our climate. We might well be ignoring this to our peril. Recommended:  Climate Change Efforts On Reducing CO2 Why Not Recycle It? Sunspots And World Extreme Weather Is it Man or Something Else? The point to be noted is that the frequency and intensity of sunspot activity has proven profound influence on Earth weather, atmosphere, ocean temperature, Gulf Stream flows, and more.  It is also notable that the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Control dismisses such solar influence as not significant. That is a colossal mistake by all severe evidence. While governments and the UN have funneled billions of dollars to computer modelers to create various models of CO2 and other greenhouse gases since the 1970s, far too little attention has been given to the effect of our sun on earth climate. At a minimum, in the interest of science, if not survival, we need to remedy this. White Island has been classified as New Zealand's most active volcano since 1976 when it began 24 years of almost continuous eruption. A second "eruptive episode" started in 2011 and continues today. Some scientists have correlated volcanic and earthquake activity with increased periods of galactic cosmic ray penetration. For most of 2019 as just one example, the Shiveluch (Kamchatka) volcano in Russia has been regularly ejecting vast volumes of volcanic ash particulates into the stratosphere as high as 70,000 feet and cooling the planet. Other volcanic eruptions or earthquakes during recent months have taken place from Chile, Japan, Philippines, Indonesia, Puerto Rico, and Washington State and California, to name a few. The recent (August 2019) intense explosive activity at Kamchatka (Shiveluch) volcano, Russia climaxed as a VEI 5/6 monster of an eruption rocked the mountain, and there’s likely more to come. According to Prof. Masayuki Hyodo of the Research Centre for Inland Seas, Kobe University, "The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has discussed the impact of cloud cover on climate in their evaluations, but this phenomenon has never been considered in climate predictions due to the insufficient physical understanding of it." He stresses, "When galactic cosmic rays increase, so do low clouds, and when cosmic rays decrease clouds do as well, so an opposite-umbrella effect may cause climate warming." Galactic cosmic ray penetration decreases during periods of high sunspot eruptions. What do cosmic rays do? Cosmic rays are high-energy protons and atomic nuclei which move through space at nearly the speed of light. ... Upon impact with the Earth's atmosphere, cosmic rays can produce showers of secondary particles that sometimes reach the surface. Solar Cycles And Likely Effects On Climate If astrophysicists’ predictions are accurate, and we soon will know, we are in for a long series of extreme weather events and climate changes globally over the coming decades until perhaps 2055, owing to the onset of what is being called a new Grand Solar Minimum beginning around 2020, the conjuncture of an 11-year series of declines in sunspot numbers with more extended wave 100 years or longer cycles. If this is so, the extreme weather events from volcanoes, ultra-severe cold waves across the Midwest USA growing regions, severe heat in other places, volcanoes, and earthquakes, could be a pre-taste of what is coming. Along with that could come shortened growing seasons around the world and harvest failures. Recommended:  Hurricane Harvey: This Storm Had It All Among the issues, scientists believe we likely will experience during this period of an emerging Grand Solar Minimum , if accurate, will be a further slowing of the Atlantic Conveyor or Gulf Stream, a dramatic decline in the Total Solar Irradiance, or solar power incident on the Earth’s upper atmosphere over the coming decades. One of the most respected astrophysicists studying solar cycles is Professor Valentina Zharkova, an astrophysicist who teaches mathematics at Northumbria University in the UK. Zharkova was one of only two scientists out of 150 who accurately predicted that Solar Cycle 24 would be weaker than Cycle 23. At a conference of the Global Warming Policy Foundation in October 2018, Zharkova presented findings that suggest in 2020, a ‘Super Grand Solar Minimum’ period could begin. Until now, her models have run at a 93-97% accuracy. Whether Prof Zharkova is right or not is not the issue, so much as the fact that we tend to block the possible influences of the sun on Earth's climate at all. Increasing evidence from independent scientists such as Zharkova suggests that we need to invest far more resources into understanding better our sun and its effects on our climate long-term if we are to avoid significant climate catastrophe in the coming years. Climate Change is real, but far more complicated than we are imagining. I snowed in the Sahara Desert. Our planet seems to be in a growing crisis in terms of agriculture and crop production related to unusual weather shifts. Many reports in recent months use the term ‘extreme weather’ to describe record heat across Europe this summer, record flooding in US Midwest farm states, or record drought across India and significant parts of Africa and China. Parts of the USA Midwest are undergoing the worst growing conditions since at least the 1980s. In the UK, the weather has been ruinous to the grain harvest there. Recommended:  Climate Change Natural Man-Made: Marching Towards Extinction The crucial question to ask is whether we can assume, as many do, that this is all part of human-made global warming, today renamed climate change, or whether it can be caused by something entirely different: The periodic cycles of solar activity that in the past months have entered what Astro-scientists call a 'solar minimum.' If it is due to the latter, we are spending huge sums on addressing a wrong problem, in fact, trillions of dollars. Chennai water reservoir. Tower to measure water depth. Until this July (2019), large parts of India were suffering record drought. Chennai reservoirs were down to 0.2% of capacity over the past two years as a severe heatwave saw 99% less water than a year ago. Acute water shortages have forced thousands to flee their villages. Though in early August above-average monsoon seasonal rains relieved the situation in some parts, so far, the rainfall is far from adequate to restore empty reservoirs across India. In China, severe drought has left about 800,000 hectares of crops affected in northern China’s Hebei Province with rainfall some 55% below average. That comes as devastation of China’s pig population from the deadly African Swine Fever spreads and crops across the country are being destroyed by a plague of Army Fallworm infestation that is resistant to most weed-killers. At the same time, record rains have devastated agriculture in key growing regions. In the UK, excessive rainfall in August has brought the wheat harvest to a halt according to the National Farmers’ Union. Across the significant US Midwest record snowfall in winter, coupled with record rains this spring, have severely delayed plantings for corn and soybeans. The twelve months through July have been the wettest on record in the Midwest grain belt resulting in millions of acres going unplanted. In Africa, Zambia is experiencing the worst drought since 1981, and severe drought in other African countries is reported. Mini Ice Age: What If? Various advocacy groups and political parties have dramatized the events as proof that human-made global warming– emissions of CO2 from industry, coal plants, cars, and the like– are the cause. We are being inundated with proposals for new taxes in the hundreds of billions of dollars in especially the European Union, taxes that we are told are needed to solve this problem. What if we are focused on the wrong cause-effect relation? Cooling Sun! Are We Blocking It? Recent research suggests that we have been too limited in our science and are ignoring what is likely orders of magnitude a more significant influence in world weather and its shifts than any humanmade emissions. What is relevant to this discussion is the fact that no linear climate model used by the UN IPCC or any of the hundreds of climate think tanks around the world can model what is by far the most significant single factor affecting our weather, the 'moody' sun. Currently, since 2018, we are experiencing a period of a significant decline in solar activity, a solar minimum. The last such was during 2008-2009. There is convincing evidence that this minimum will be what is called a Grand Solar Minimum, far more than any in recent decades. What are the observable effects of such cyclical solar minimum periods? Cosmic Rays And Clouds According to astrophysicists, when the sun’s magnetic field weakens, the outward pressure of the solar wind decreases. This allows more cosmic rays to penetrate our planet’s atmosphere. In turn, the cosmic rays hitting Earth’s atmosphere create aerosols which, in turn, seed clouds. En route to the moon in 1969, Buzz Aldrin reported seeing flashes (cosmic rays) in his eyes in the darkened cabin of the command module. Neil Armstrong noticed them too.  Recommended:  Solar Geo-Engineering As The Ultimate Answer To Climate Change According to Dr. Roy Spencer, “Clouds are the Earth’s sunshade, and if cloud cover changes for any reason, you have global warming or global cooling.” The US Government’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) says. “All-weather on Earth, from the surface of the planet out into space, begins with the Sun. Space weather and terrestrial weather (the weather we feel at the surface) are influenced by the small changes the Sun undergoes during its solar cycle. The most important impact the Sun has on Earth is from the brightness or irradiance of the Sun itself.” Grand Solar Minimum, A Weaker Solar Activity What are the effects of weaker solar activity, a more dormant cycle as we now experience less solar energy or irradiance reaching Earth? In addition to increased cloud coverage globally, the vital jet streams weaken, and volcanic activity increases, along with earthquakes, combined with erratic, unpredictable weather. The Earth’s magnetosphere, which usually locks the Jet Stream in place, weakens, and that in turn causes the stable Jet Stream to shift South as it did in January 2019 in North America creating the record cold and snows across the USA Midwest. Jet stream November 2019 In some regions, there will be significantly more drought while in other significant flooding with significant effect on world food production possible. The weaker solar activity, known as Solar Minimum, also correlates with a global cooling trend. This has been documented going back centuries and longer. The Arctic blast that descended this week on a swath of the country stretching from the Rocky Mountains to New England continued Tuesday, bringing record-breaking low temperatures, snowfall in some Northeast areas, and school closings in the Mid-South. December 2019. The current solar cycle, called by NASA the Number 24 Cycle, peaked in early 2014 before starting its measurable decline in annual sunspot activity. The minimum is predicted to take place in 2020. It could last for years. Some predict a new “mini Ice Age.” The subject is complex and vastly under-researched as we focus instead almost exclusively on human-made changes or possible changes to our weather with simplistic computer models. If the coming winter in the Northern Hemisphere is anything like the past one, it should prompt us to take this solar component of our climate seriously. By refusing to promote vigorous new research, we run a real risk in coming years of being unprepared for dramatic harvest failures globally at a time when most OECD governments have decided to eliminate emergency public grain reserves, and our food supply is organized on a “just-in-time” system. Science is not about ‘consensus,’ but rather about discovering the truth, however controversial. Before you go! Recommended:  Solar Farms In Space: Next Step In Renewable Energy Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your article about sustainability? Click on  'Register'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage.'
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