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Gardening & Agriculture gardening   agriculture Others

EU on brink of historic decision on pervasive glyphosate weedkiller

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by: Hans van der Broek
eu on brink of historic decision on pervasive glyphosate weedkiller

Glyphosate is found in 60% of UK bread and environmentalists welcome a ban but industry warn of uproar among farmers if herbicide is phased out Glyphosate is a weedkiller so pervasive that its residues were recently found in 45% of Europe's topsoil and in the urine of three quarters of Germans tested. A pivotal EU vote this week could revoke the licence for the most widely used herbicide in human history, with fateful consequences for global agriculture and its regulation.

Roundup in plastic green package with yellow label and text

Glyphosate is a weedkiller so pervasive that its residues were recently found in 45% of Europe's topsoil and in the urine of Germans tested, at five times the legal limit for drinking water. Since 1974, almost enough of the enzyme-blocking herbicide has been sprayed to cover every cultivable acre of the planet. Its residues have been found in biscuits, crackers, crisps, breakfast cereals and in 60% of breads in the UK. Environmentalists claim that glyphosate is so non-selective that it can even kill large trees and is destructive to wild and semi-natural habitats, and to biodiversity.

The CEO of the Sustainable Food Trust, Patrick Holden, has said that a ban could be the beginning of the end of herbicide use in agriculture as we know it, leading to a new chapter of innovation and diversity. But industry officials warn of farmers in open revolt, environmental degradation and crops rotting in the fields if glyphosate is banned.

Man in white protecting suit spraying green plants with Roundup

Alarm at glyphosates ubiquity has grown since a 2015 study by the World Health Organisations IARC cancer agency found that it was probably carcinogenic to humans. More than a million people have petitioned Brussels for a moratorium. On Tuesday, MEPs will vote on a ban of the chemical by 2020 in a signal to the EU's deadlocked expert committee, which is due to vote on a new lease the next day. Anca Paduraru, an EC spokeswoman, said that a decision was needed before 15 December or for sure the European commission will be taken to court by Monsanto and other industry and agricultural trade representatives for failing to act. We have received letters from Monsanto and others saying this.

France is resisting a new 10-year licence. Spain is in favour. Germany is in coalition talks and likely to abstain. The UK would normally push for a new lease of the licence but is less engaged due to Brexit. There may not be a qualified majority for any outcome. Paduraru said, although a shorter authorisation might be possible. Several famers associations have threatened lawsuits if the weedkiller is not given a new licence. Some research indicates that the surfactants mixed with glyphosate in Monsanto's RoundUp may increase the pesticide's toxicity by a factor of up to 100. Glyphosate is now so widely used in Europe that any ban would have radical consequences. Most herbicides sold in the UK are glyphosate-based and it is integral to the GM industry. The broad spectrum weedkiller makes up a quarter of global herbicide sales. It is mostly used on maize, cotton, soya bean, oilseed and sugar beet crops genetically engineered to resist it. Industry voices say that the no-tillage system encouraged by glyphosate reduces soil emissions and protects against more environmentally damaging alternative herbicides. Its desiccant qualities are highly convenient for farmers. A spokesman for the European Crop Protection Agency said: The longer a crop remains in the ground to dry, the more chance there is that it is exposed to rain and wind and rots.
Women protesting holding purple signs up with the text EU don't gamble with our health

Scott Partridge, Monsanto's VP for corporate strategy, forecast uproar in the agricultural community and a whole host of detrimental effects to crops in the fields if glyphosate were phased out. You would see increased costs for farming and decreased productivity, increased greenhouse gas emissions, loss of topsoil, loss of moisture, he said. There would be some significant reaction by farmers through Europe. They would be very upset that a very effective and safe tool had been taken out of their hands. Renewal, though, would stoke fears among environmentalists of another decade of increasing toxic chemical use, threatening environmental safety, entrenched regulatory capture and public health. Monsanto insists RoundUp is safe to use and points to various studies by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other national agencies that have deemed the product safe.

white sign with the green characters EPA and logo
In a Brussels hotel room, Teri McCall, in her new life as a campaigner, has come to lobby against renewal of the licence as she has no doubt that glyphosate causes cancer. After her late-husband, Jack, contracted non-Hodgkins lymphoma (NHL) in 2015 she became one of 500 US plaintiffs suing Monsanto, claiming that exposure to its was responsible a claim Monsanto denies. Jack was a farmer since 1975, says McCall. For 40 years he used RoundUp to keep the weeds down around his newly planted trees. He must have sprayed thousands of gallons of it. He believed it was safe. Jack did not smoke or drink, exercised regularly and had no family history of cancer. After lumps appeared on his neck in July 2015, he was diagnosed with NHL aged 69. It was an astonishingly swift illness, McCall says. I had no idea I was going to lose him. He just kept getting sicker and sicker. On Christmas day in 2015, the family turned off his life support machine.
After her husband Jacks death, Teri McCall began lobbying against the renewal of the glyphosate licence. Jacks six-year-old dog Duke also died from the same type of cancer, McCall says. He was a beautiful black labrador, the most gorgeous dog. He followed Jack around when he was spraying and was also exposed to a lot of RoundUp. However, Baskut Tuncak, the UNHCRs special rapporteur on hazardous substances and wastes, says there are serious doubts about glyphosates carcinogenicity, while its regulation evinces a conflict of interest between politics and the pesticide industry.

The chemical industrys oligopoly has enormous power, he said. The pesticide industry has prevented reforms and has blocked the introduction of restrictions on the use of such products in various countries and globally. While the EPA has judged glyphosate safe for public use, its methodology was everal of its own scientific advisers. They noted an increased NHL risk of between 27-50% when epidemiological data that the EPA had disregarded was considered, sparking criticism of the agency. Numerous non-industry studies linking glyphosate exposure to tumour development have been ignored by the EPA and other regulators in favour of secret industry reports, conservationists say. Glyphosate is also tested by regulators in isolation, even though underline that the surfactants it is mixed with in RoundUp may increase its toxicity by a factor of up to 100. The underline copy and pasting of Monsanto studies into official reports by the European food safety authority (Efsa) has only added to campaigners concerns over revelations in the Monsanto papers, unsealed documents released in the US NHL lawsuit.

On her deathbed, an award-winning EPA scientist, Marion Copley, wrote that the original findings of an EPA glyphosate review in 1983 made it essentially certain that glyphosate causes cancer The question for many farmers is what could take its place. Glyphosate has reduced the need for more toxic alternative herbicides and also for deep tillage or ploughing which can be highly damaging to soil fertility. But its use has also been associated with an increase in farm size and monoculture systems. Environmentalists say that glyphosate is congruous with continuous arable cropping and an acceleration of the pesticide treadmil.
Any benefits from a glyphosate ban would come too late for farmers such as Johnny Bob Barton, another non-smoker diagnosed with NHL after 40 years of manually spraying diluted RoundUp, on his family farm. We were farming a thousand acres of crops and we spray using a hose. By the end of the day, you would be saturated down to your pants, boots and socks, he said. I never had a choice to say no to this product. There was no warning. Now as a father I have to live with the fact that I exposed my sons to the same thing. Monsanto, though, fiercely defends the safety of its product and points to the findings of several regulatory agencies which dispute the IARC findings. Hammersmith and Fulham, Southwark and Lewes. Leo de Montaignac, the firms CEO, says the estimated 940m cost to British farmers of a glyphosate ban should be weighed against the substantially higher cost of litigation and environmental and public health damage which may result from herbicide use. Companies like ours are already optimising our technology for use in the agricultural sector and we aim to have a production machine for it available before the end of next year, De Montaignac says. There is a huge amount of scaremongering which says that viable alternatives are not available and it is simply not true.

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World traveler, entrepreneur and environmental activist. Has countless ideas and set up several businesses in the Netherlands and abroad. Has an opinion about everything and unlimited thoughts about a better world. He likes hiking and climbed numerous 5.000 m.
World traveler, entrepreneur and environmental activist. Has countless ideas and set up several businesses in the Netherlands and abroad. Has an opinion about everything and unlimited thoughts about a better world. He likes hiking and climbed numerous 5.000 m.
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