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Breaking News coronavirus gets a rival  the chapare virus | Breaking News

Coronavirus Gets A Rival: The Chapare Virus

by: Jessica Glenza
coronavirus gets a rival  the chapare virus | Breaking News

Deadly hemorrhagic fever in Bolivia can spread between people. The virus spread from person to person through bodily fluids in a region near Bolivia's capital city of La Paz, killing three people.
Is the Coronavirus getting a rival like the Chapare virus?

The Chapare Virus: Climate Change And Habitat Destruction

Viruses circulating in animal populations with proximity to humans — farm animals, for example, and rodents — have more opportunities to spread through human populations. And climate change and habitat destruction are changing how wild animals live, making wildlife sicker and altering the relationship between people and the natural world. That brings more people into contact with once-distant viruses. 

Researchers into the region who worked with local experts found that the viral RNA was still present in the semen of one survivor 168 days after infection. They also found signs of the virus in rodents collected around the first patient's home and nearby farmlands.

rat, cage, coronavirus gets rival: the Cahare virus

Chapare virus can come from rats, which have passed it on to humans.

New viruses, including deadly viruses, are a fact of life in the 21st century. The rate of new emerging diseases has clearly increased in the last decade or two, but it's difficult to put a precise number on the uptick. A virus-like the Chapare virus is usually the sort of thing we get 10 years before something bigger along these lines.


                                   Researchers confirm human to human transmission of a rare virus in Bolivia.

 

A deadly animal virus that causes fevers, abdominal pain, vomiting, bleeding gums, skin rash, and pain behind the eyes can now spread between people, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced Monday (Nov. 16).

But in 2019, at least five more people caught the bug, according to research now made public. The virus spread from person to person through bodily fluids in a region near Bolivia's capital city of La Paz, killing three people. There are reasons to be concerned about the news, however. According to a CDC statement, three of the five confirmed patients were health care workers; a "young medical resident," an ambulance medic, and a gastroenterologist all contracted Chapare after contact with bodily fluids from infected patients. Two of them died.

areal, hut, cut trees, habitat destruction
Habitat destruction in Bolivia.

Recommended: COVID19 Due To Human Contempt For The Environment

Hemorrhagic fevers such as Ebola rarely spread as widely as respiratory illnesses like the flu or COVID-19, Colin Carlson, a Georgetown University researcher who studies zoonotic diseases, told Live Science. That's because hemorrhagic fever symptoms typically appear soon after infections (as opposed to the long incubation periods of respiratory illnesses). Direct contact with bodily fluids is generally necessary to catch a hemorrhagic disease. But outbreaks can devastate health care systems, with huge numbers of health care workers becoming sick after treating infected patients.

A New Chapare Outbreak

The first hint of the 2019 Chapare outbreak was found in a collection of bodily fluids that turned up in a government laboratory in the Bolivian city of Santa Cruz. The doctors who collected the samples believed the patients had contracted dengue. This potentially fatal mosquito-borne illness can also cause fever and internal bleeding." In South America in particular, dengue is very prevalent. Many people when they see symptoms of a hemorrhagic fever will always think of dengue before anything else," said Maria Morales-Betoulle, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) researcher. They worked on the 2019 Chapere outbreak. "It's similar. Very similar."

But laboratory tests showed no trace of the dengue virus in the samples. The researchers tested for other pathogens endemic to the region, like yellow fever and Machupo, another rare, deadly hemorrhagic disease. But those tests turned up negative as well.

"They did not have a specific assay for Chapare virus," Morales-Betoulle told Live Science, referring to a method of identifying and studying a virus. Morales-Betoulle's CDC lab had an ongoing partnership with the Latin America-focused Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) to watch for emerging diseases. "They reached out to us through PAHO, and they asked us, 'Would you accept these samples?'" she said. 

The Bodily Fluids Arrived At The CDC.

"Even the description of the cases, in particular, the [then-single known] fatal case among them we decided to treat it as a viral hemorrhagic fever coming to our laboratory, handling it with the highest possible safety level." The researchers identified fragments of genetic material known as RNA from Chapare.

Details from the new outbreak showed the disease was now spreading from one person to another. The infected ambulance medic, for example, likely contracted the virus while resuscitating the medical resident as she was being transported to the hospital. (The medic survived; the resident did not.)

The CDC sent researchers into the region who worked with local experts. They found that the viral RNA was still present in the semen of one survivor 168 days after infection. They also found signs of the virus in rodents collected around the "home and nearby farmlands" of the first patient infected in the 2019 outbreak. (This doesn't yet prove that the rodents were the source of the outbreak. It's not even known whether rodents can infect people.)

The Good News And The Bad News

Morales-Betoulle and Carlson both said that all of these potentially worrisome details are, to a certain extent, good news: They show global health authorities working together effectively to identify and trace an emerging disease.

New Viruses, Including Deadly Viruses, Are A Fact Of Life In The 21st Century.

"It's getting more common" to see new, potentially infectious diseases emerge, Carlson said. "The ballpark used to be that there are about two or so emerging viruses every year. Things we've never seen before that we see for the first time. And usually, most of those are dead ends." The rate of new emerging diseases has clearly increased in the last decade or two, Carlson said, though it's difficult to put a precise number on the uptick.

New viruses often spill over to humans through animals. But just because a virus jumps from an animal to a person doesn't mean it's likely to jump to other people. "Most viruses when they make the jump from wildlife are poorly adapted enough to humans that they don't just luck out right on the first try," he said. In other words, a virus making the jump to human beings is unlikely to have already the traits necessary to thrive and infect other humans.

Recommended: Coronavirus Was Always Here. Deal With It!

Scientists Discover Mysterious Virus With No Recognisable Genes

A bizarre organism found in amoebae in Brazil is named after the mythical sea siren. 

Viruses are some of the world’s smallest life-forms – and the jury is still out as to whether they actually are life-forms at all, as they cannot live or reproduce outside a host organism. A new form of the virus is currently causing scientists to scratch their heads after it emerged the organism had almost no recognizable genes.

This 'mysterious' virus collected from amoebae in an artificial lake in Brazil was considerably smaller than the viruses usually known to infect amoebae. The team named it 'Yaravirus,' after Yara, also known as 'Iara,' meaning “mother of all waters” and representing a beautiful mermaid-like figure from Brazilian mythology who would lure sailors underwater to live with her forever.

Viruses circulating in animal populations with proximity to humans — farm animals, for example, and rodents — have more opportunities to spread through human populations. And climate change and habitat destruction are changing how wild animals live, making wildlife sicker and altering the relationship between people and the natural world, Carlson said. That brings more people into contact with once-distant viruses. 

The Chapare Virus Shows They Can Turn Up Anywhere In The World

Carlson said scientists and the public tend to think of deadly hemorrhagic diseases as African or South Asian. But Chapare's case shows they can turn up anywhere in the world. The reality is hemorrhagic viruses are everywhere, the species that carry them are everywhere, and we haven't had a huge run in like this here," he said. "This makes you sit up and say 'Oh, this is usually the sort of thing we get 10 years before something bigger along these lines.'"

That 10-year figure is a rough approximation. But viruses that eventually become major infectious diseases tend to make a few forays into human populations over the course of decades before really catching on. 

Sars & Mers

SARS-CoV-1 first turned up in 2002, infecting thousands. MERS, a related, much deadlier virus, turned up in 2012 and has killed 866 of the 2,519 people known to have caught it, according to the CDC. SARS-Cov-2, which turned up in 2019, is the cause of the current global pandemic. According to the World Health Organization, Ebola caused 24 outbreaks between its first known appearance in 1976 and 2012, killing 1,590 people. In 2013, a strain of Ebola spread widely across several countries, infecting 28,646 people and killing 11,323.

The good news, Carlson said, is that this research shows the world is getting better at spotting these outbreaks as they emerge. He said ten years ago, researchers would not know about a Chapare outbreak soon after so few people were infected. Finding the RNA in the semen and the potential disease vector of the rodents, he said, is particularly impressive — and good news for future efforts to find and quash the embers of potential pandemics before they explode.

Even in Bolivia, Morales-Betoulle and Carlson said, people, don't need to worry about a major COVID-19-style Chapare outbreak shortly. There are no known human cases right now. Hemorrhagic fevers — lacking the long asymptomatic periods of COVID-19 or the ability to spread through the air — do not spread as easily or widely.

The Damaging Effects Of The Coronavirus, COVID-19

There is a concern, though, Carlson said, that the damaging effects of COVID-19 on health care systems and global populations' health make humanity more susceptible to other viruses. People can protect themselves, though. Rodent-borne diseases are a risk all over the world, Morales-Betoulle said. She recommends people follow CDC guidelines, published here, on avoiding contact with the scurrying little disease vectors. Among the key steps: sealing up holes in and outside homes, setting traps for the creatures to cull their populations, and cleaning up food sources and rodent nesting sites.

CDC researchers presented the news about Chapare at the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene's annual meeting.

Before you go!

Recommended: Travel The World: Keeping The Environment Healthy

Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below.
We try to respond the same day.

Like to write your article about the coronavirus, the Chapare virus, climate change, and or habitat destruction?
Send your writing & scribble with a photo to [email protected], and we will write an interesting article based on your input.

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Breaking News, as the world changes…

In our world, WhatsOrb refuses to turn away from the changes in our society and environment which succeeds each other at a rapid pace.

For WhatsOrb, publishing on the environment is a priority. We give reporting on climate, nature, waste, lifestyle and sustainable solutions the prominence it deserves.

At this turbulent time for ‘all’ species and our planet, we are determined to inform readers about threats, consequences and solutions based on facts, not on political prejudice or business interests.

WhatsOrb Breaking News will be published as soon as urgent events from around the world and startling sustainable innovations reach us.

If there is anything we should know and publish about, please send a note to: [email protected] or write your own story on: www.whatsorb.comthe only news site which gives you a ‘sustainable voice!’

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More like this:

Coronavirus Gets A Rival: The Chapare Virus

Deadly hemorrhagic fever in Bolivia can spread between people. The virus spread from person to person through bodily fluids in a region near Bolivia's capital city of La Paz, killing three people. Is the Coronavirus getting a rival like the Chapare virus? The Chapare Virus: Climate Change And Habitat Destruction Viruses circulating in animal populations with proximity to humans — farm animals, for example, and rodents — have more opportunities to spread through human populations. And climate change and habitat destruction are changing how wild animals live, making wildlife sicker and altering the relationship between people and the natural world. That brings more people into contact with once-distant viruses.  Researchers into the region who worked with local experts found that the viral RNA was still present in the semen of one survivor 168 days after infection. They also found signs of the virus in rodents collected around the first patient's home and nearby farmlands. Chapare virus can come from rats, which have passed it on to humans. New viruses, including deadly viruses, are a fact of life in the 21st century. The rate of new emerging diseases has clearly increased in the last decade or two, but it's difficult to put a precise number on the uptick. A virus-like the Chapare virus is usually the sort of thing we get 10 years before something bigger along these lines. {youtube}                                     Researchers confirm human to human transmission of a rare virus in Bolivia.   A deadly animal virus that causes fevers, abdominal pain, vomiting, bleeding gums, skin rash, and pain behind the eyes can now spread between people, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced Monday (Nov. 16). But in 2019, at least five more people caught the bug, according to research now made public. The virus spread from person to person through bodily fluids in a region near Bolivia's capital city of La Paz, killing three people. There are reasons to be concerned about the news, however. According to a CDC statement, three of the five confirmed patients were health care workers; a "young medical resident," an ambulance medic, and a gastroenterologist all contracted Chapare after contact with bodily fluids from infected patients. Two of them died. Habitat destruction in Bolivia. Recommended:  COVID19 Due To Human Contempt For The Environment Hemorrhagic fevers such as Ebola rarely spread as widely as respiratory illnesses like the flu or COVID-19, Colin Carlson, a Georgetown University researcher who studies zoonotic diseases, told Live Science. That's because hemorrhagic fever symptoms typically appear soon after infections (as opposed to the long incubation periods of respiratory illnesses). Direct contact with bodily fluids is generally necessary to catch a hemorrhagic disease. But outbreaks can devastate health care systems, with huge numbers of health care workers becoming sick after treating infected patients. A New Chapare Outbreak The first hint of the 2019 Chapare outbreak was found in a collection of bodily fluids that turned up in a government laboratory in the Bolivian city of Santa Cruz. The doctors who collected the samples believed the patients had contracted dengue. This potentially fatal mosquito-borne illness can also cause fever and internal bleeding." In South America in particular, dengue is very prevalent. Many people when they see symptoms of a hemorrhagic fever will always think of dengue before anything else," said Maria Morales-Betoulle, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) researcher. They worked on the 2019 Chapere outbreak. "It's similar. Very similar." But laboratory tests showed no trace of the dengue virus in the samples. The researchers tested for other pathogens endemic to the region, like yellow fever and Machupo, another rare, deadly hemorrhagic disease. But those tests turned up negative as well. "They did not have a specific assay for Chapare virus," Morales-Betoulle told Live Science, referring to a method of identifying and studying a virus. Morales-Betoulle's CDC lab had an ongoing partnership with the Latin America-focused Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) to watch for emerging diseases. "They reached out to us through PAHO, and they asked us, 'Would you accept these samples?'" she said.  The Bodily Fluids Arrived At The CDC. "Even the description of the cases, in particular, the [then-single known] fatal case among them we decided to treat it as a viral hemorrhagic fever coming to our laboratory, handling it with the highest possible safety level." The researchers identified fragments of genetic material known as RNA from Chapare. Details from the new outbreak showed the disease was now spreading from one person to another . The infected ambulance medic, for example, likely contracted the virus while resuscitating the medical resident as she was being transported to the hospital. (The medic survived; the resident did not.) The CDC sent researchers into the region who worked with local experts. They found that the viral RNA was still present in the semen of one survivor 168 days after infection. They also found signs of the virus in rodents collected around the "home and nearby farmlands" of the first patient infected in the 2019 outbreak. (This doesn't yet prove that the rodents were the source of the outbreak. It's not even known whether rodents can infect people.) The Good News And The Bad News Morales-Betoulle and Carlson both said that all of these potentially worrisome details are, to a certain extent, good news: They show global health authorities working together effectively to identify and trace an emerging disease. New Viruses, Including Deadly Viruses, Are A Fact Of Life In The 21st Century. "It's getting more common" to see new, potentially infectious diseases emerge, Carlson said. "The ballpark used to be that there are about two or so emerging viruses every year. Things we've never seen before that we see for the first time. And usually, most of those are dead ends." The rate of new emerging diseases has clearly increased in the last decade or two, Carlson said, though it's difficult to put a precise number on the uptick. New viruses often spill over to humans through animals. But just because a virus jumps from an animal to a person doesn't mean it's likely to jump to other people. "Most viruses when they make the jump from wildlife are poorly adapted enough to humans that they don't just luck out right on the first try," he said. In other words, a virus making the jump to human beings is unlikely to have already the traits necessary to thrive and infect other humans. Recommended:  Coronavirus Was Always Here. Deal With It! Scientists Discover Mysterious Virus With No Recognisable Genes A bizarre organism found in amoebae in Brazil is named after the mythical sea siren.  Viruses are some of the world’s smallest life-forms – and the jury is still out as to whether they actually are life-forms at all, as they cannot live or reproduce outside a host organism. A new form of the virus is currently causing scientists to scratch their heads after it emerged the organism had almost no recognizable genes. This 'mysterious' virus collected from amoebae in an artificial lake in Brazil was considerably smaller than the viruses usually known to infect amoebae. The team named it 'Yaravirus,' after Yara, also known as 'Iara,' meaning “mother of all waters” and representing a beautiful mermaid-like figure from Brazilian mythology who would lure sailors underwater to live with her forever. Viruses circulating in animal populations with proximity to humans — farm animals, for example, and rodents — have more opportunities to spread through human populations. And climate change and habitat destruction are changing how wild animals live, making wildlife sicker and altering the relationship between people and the natural world, Carlson said. That brings more people into contact with once-distant viruses.  The Chapare Virus Shows They Can Turn Up Anywhere In The World Carlson said scientists and the public tend to think of deadly hemorrhagic diseases as African or South Asian. But Chapare's case shows they can turn up anywhere in the world. The reality is hemorrhagic viruses are everywhere, the species that carry them are everywhere, and we haven't had a huge run in like this here," he said. "This makes you sit up and say 'Oh, this is usually the sort of thing we get 10 years before something bigger along these lines.'" That 10-year figure is a rough approximation. But viruses that eventually become major infectious diseases tend to make a few forays into human populations over the course of decades before really catching on.  Sars & Mers SARS-CoV-1 first turned up in 2002, infecting thousands. MERS, a related, much deadlier virus, turned up in 2012 and has killed 866 of the 2,519 people known to have caught it, according to the CDC. SARS-Cov-2, which turned up in 2019, is the cause of the current global pandemic. According to the World Health Organization, Ebola caused 24 outbreaks between its first known appearance in 1976 and 2012, killing 1,590 people. In 2013, a strain of Ebola spread widely across several countries, infecting 28,646 people and killing 11,323. The good news, Carlson said, is that this research shows the world is getting better at spotting these outbreaks as they emerge. He said ten years ago, researchers would not know about a Chapare outbreak soon after so few people were infected. Finding the RNA in the semen and the potential disease vector of the rodents, he said, is particularly impressive — and good news for future efforts to find and quash the embers of potential pandemics before they explode. Even in Bolivia, Morales-Betoulle and Carlson said, people, don't need to worry about a major COVID-19-style Chapare outbreak shortly. There are no known human cases right now. Hemorrhagic fevers — lacking the long asymptomatic periods of COVID-19 or the ability to spread through the air — do not spread as easily or widely. The Damaging Effects Of The Coronavirus, COVID-19 There is a concern, though, Carlson said, that the damaging effects of COVID-19 on health care systems and global populations' health make humanity more susceptible to other viruses. People can protect themselves, though. Rodent-borne diseases are a risk all over the world, Morales-Betoulle said. She recommends people follow CDC guidelines, published here, on avoiding contact with the scurrying little disease vectors. Among the key steps: sealing up holes in and outside homes, setting traps for the creatures to cull their populations, and cleaning up food sources and rodent nesting sites. CDC researchers presented the news about Chapare at the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene's annual meeting. Before you go! Recommended:  Travel The World: Keeping The Environment Healthy Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your article about the coronavirus, the Chapare virus, climate change, and or habitat destruction? Send your writing & scribble with a photo to  [email protected] , and we will write an interesting article based on your input.
Stay Updated on Environmental Improvements And Global Innovations