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Community water war brewing over new river nile dam  egypt  ethiopia | Upload Society

Water War Brewing Over New River Nile Dam: Egypt, Ethiopia

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by: Marike Boonstra
water war brewing over new river nile dam  egypt  ethiopia | Upload

There is no doubt that water can be the cause of terrible, violent combats. Earlier we wrote about the imminent water conflict between India and Pakistan. If the Indus Water Treaty is dissolved by India, this means enormous problems for water supplies for Pakistan. But Asia is not the only country with the threat of a water war: the Nile River also causes great tensions between Egypt and Ethiopia. The cause is the construction of an Ethiopian dam in the Blue Nile.

The Nile as the throbbing lifeline 

The Nile can be seen as the throbbing lifeline of Egypt. The Egyptian calendar is based on the river, and the fertile mud from the Nile is reflected in many divine stories from ancient Egypt. There is a reason that the Nile has always played a prominent role - the river offers extremely fertile soil, up to five kilometres from the shore. The agriculture of the land is almost completely dependent on the river. About 94 percent of the Egyptian population lives on the Nile today. The Nile is therefore a source of civilization, but now also a source of a major conflict with Ethiopia, who wants to build a dam in the Blue Nile.

Extremely important

Graphic situation Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia
The course of the Nile

Egypt is namely not the only country that needs the river as a source of life. The five thousand kilometres long Nile is one of the longest rivers in the world and is extremely important for water supply in every country it traverses. Ethiopia, Uganda, South Sudan and Sudan are also relient on the Nile.

                                                                                               Maybe you also like this article: Water War Between India, Pakistan: Kashmir and Jammu

Ethiopia is currently undergoing major development: it is one of the fastest growing economies in Africa. In the ambition to transform into a middle-income country, the Nile is an important pawn. This ambition requires electricity: that is why Ethiopia has been building The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam in the Blue Nile since 2011, so that the country can develop even further. The dam will allow more than six thousand megawatts of electricity to be supplied.

Grand Renaissance Dam would be seventh-largest in the world and Africa's largest hydroelectric power plant
Photo by: Gioia Forster. Grand Renaissance Dam would be seventh-largest in the world and Africa's largest hydroelectric power plant

Benefit for downstream countries

At this moment, Egypt has great political influence over the Nile. This has been the case for thousands of years, with the recent help of British colonialism. But the construction of the Ethiopian dam can change all this - and Egypt is not happy. Egypt is concerned that rival Ethiopia will control the flow of the river. Egypt and Ethiopia have a big disagreement, Sudan is in the middle, and a big geopolitical shift is being played out along the world's longest river. "It's one of the most important flagship projects for Ethiopia," says Seleshi Bekele, the country's Minister for Water, Irrigation and Electricity. "It's not about control of the flow but about providing opportunity for us to develop ourselves through energy development. It has a lot of benefit for the downstream countries."

Sudan agrees - the dam will promote the flow of the Nile through the country. Now the difference between high and low water in Sudan is eight meters, because of the dam this difference will only be two meters. "For Sudan it's wonderful," says Osama Daoud Abdellatif, the owner of the Dal Group which runs farms and irrigation projects. "It's the best thing that's happened for a long time and I think the combination of energy and regular water levels is a great blessing.

An international security issue

What then is the problem for Egypt? Alastair Leithead writes that any threat to the waters of Egypt is considered a threat to his sovereignty. She spoke with Egypt's minister of water resources and irrigation, Mohamed Abdel Aty, who is very concerned. "We are responsible for a nation of about 100 million," he says. "If the water is coming to Egypt reduced by 2% we would lose about 200,000 acres of land. One acre at least makes one family survive. A family in Egypt is average family size about five persons. So this means about one million will be jobless. It is an international security issue. "

Diplomacy and cooperation

Negotiations between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan are not going well. The conversations do not come to the point of assessing the impact. Egypt can do nothing about the dam of the Etiopian dam, which is almost finished - apart from taking extreme military action. To avoid a water war, the only solution, according to Alastair Leithead, is that Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt resolve this conflict with diplomacy and cooperation. ‘But when issues like nationalism and the relative strength and importance of countries is concerned, it muddies the water’.

https://www.whatsorb.com/category/community

Water War Brewing Over New River Nile Dam: Egypt, Ethiopia

There is no doubt that water can be the cause of terrible, violent combats. Earlier we wrote about the imminent water conflict between India and Pakistan . If the Indus Water Treaty is dissolved by India, this means enormous problems for water supplies for Pakistan. But Asia is not the only country with the threat of a water war: the Nile River also causes great tensions between Egypt and Ethiopia. The cause is the construction of an Ethiopian dam in the Blue Nile. The Nile as the throbbing lifeline  The Nile can be seen as the throbbing lifeline of Egypt. The Egyptian calendar is based on the river, and the fertile mud from the Nile is reflected in many divine stories from ancient Egypt. There is a reason that the Nile has always played a prominent role - the river offers extremely fertile soil, up to five kilometres from the shore. The agriculture of the land is almost completely dependent on the river. About 94 percent of the Egyptian population lives on the Nile today. The Nile is therefore a source of civilization, but now also a source of a major conflict with Ethiopia, who wants to build a dam in the Blue Nile. Extremely important The course of the Nile Egypt is namely not the only country that needs the river as a source of life. The five thousand kilometres long Nile is one of the longest rivers in the world and is extremely important for water supply in every country it traverses. Ethiopia, Uganda, South Sudan and Sudan are also relient on the Nile.                                                                                                 Maybe you also like this article: Water War Between India, Pakistan: Kashmir and Jammu Ethiopia is currently undergoing major development: it is one of the fastest growing economies in Africa. In the ambition to transform into a middle-income country, the Nile is an important pawn. This ambition requires electricity: that is why Ethiopia has been building The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam in the Blue Nile since 2011, so that the country can develop even further. The dam will allow more than six thousand megawatts of electricity to be supplied . Photo by: Gioia Forster. Grand Renaissance Dam would be seventh-largest in the world and Africa's largest hydroelectric power plant Benefit for downstream countries At this moment, Egypt has great political influence over the Nile. This has been the case for thousands of years, with the recent help of British colonialism. But the construction of the Ethiopian dam can change all this - and Egypt is not happy. Egypt is concerned that rival Ethiopia will control the flow of the river. Egypt and Ethiopia have a big disagreement, Sudan is in the middle, and a big geopolitical shift is being played out along the world's longest river. "It's one of the most important flagship projects for Ethiopia," says Seleshi Bekele, the country's Minister for Water, Irrigation and Electricity. "It's not about control of the flow but about providing opportunity for us to develop ourselves through energy development. It has a lot of benefit for the downstream countries." Sudan agrees - the dam will promote the flow of the Nile through the country. Now the difference between high and low water in Sudan is eight meters, because of the dam this difference will only be two meters. "For Sudan it's wonderful," says Osama Daoud Abdellatif, the owner of the Dal Group which runs farms and irrigation projects. "It's the best thing that's happened for a long time and I think the combination of energy and regular water levels is a great blessing. An international security issue What then is the problem for Egypt? Alastair Leithead writes that any threat to the waters of Egypt is considered a threat to his sovereignty. She spoke with Egypt's minister of water resources and irrigation, Mohamed Abdel Aty, who is very concerned. "We are responsible for a nation of about 100 million," he says. "If the water is coming to Egypt reduced by 2% we would lose about 200,000 acres of land. One acre at least makes one family survive. A family in Egypt is average family size about five persons. So this means about one million will be jobless. It is an international security issue. " Diplomacy and cooperation Negotiations between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan are not going well. The conversations do not come to the point of assessing the impact. Egypt can do nothing about the dam of the Etiopian dam, which is almost finished - apart from taking extreme military action. To avoid a water war, the only solution, according to Alastair Leithead, is that Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt resolve this conflict with diplomacy and cooperation. ‘But when issues like nationalism and the relative strength and importance of countries is concerned, it muddies the water’. {youtube} https://www.whatsorb.com/category/community
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