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Flood #Hoi An, #Vietnam was man-made. #Climatechange partly to blame!  
Climate Climate Man-Made

Management of Hydro Electric Dams seems to have difficulties to have with the effect the dam they manage and the effect it has on agricultural areas, nature and in rainy season on the low level deltas. If weather forecasters start to inform people about an approaching rainy period and a possible storm, the management of the Hydro Electric Dams should start directly to release water from their basins in the area where the rain is expected. Rain will fil up the basins quickly but also the low level areas get soaked by water till a point it is not possible anymore to absorb water. 
Another problem is that there is so much urbanisation in the lower areas. There are so many buildings and pavement that water has nowhere to go anymore than to rise. In combination with a strong wind from the east which pushes sea water into the river mouth and deforestation in the mountains the water levels will rise quickly when the Hydro Dam Management decides - too late- to release water. A flood, with all the accompanying loss of lives and damages to infrastructure is unavoidable.

Whatever the reason is of Climate Change is, it is clear that we have to learn to adapt to the new circumstances.

In the Netherlands it is already forbidden to have a certain amount of pavement in the garden. Drainage pipes get bigger, canals wider and dikes get higher. But this will be hardly enough to stay dry in the near future. In combination with other areas worldwide getting dryer it is that liveable areas are shifting. Where it gets too dry people will start migrate  to places where it is still possible to grow food and to find clean water. In areas which are less effected or in countries which have more resources to improve infrastructure they can expect people from disaster areas to arrive. This is not new it is happening already for years. With a growing world population and group of people with a middle class income on the raise the demand for products and food will get bigger.

Governments don’t address these issues at all. It’s all short term thinking and the Paris Climate Agreement is just solving a tiny part of these problems. But it is not only the government who have to be more serious about it. It is also society in general. If you think you can continue your life or your children like it is now in the West and in some other countries where everything is available you could be very wrong. The change is now! The story below proves again that behavior change should have started yesterday.

Typhoon Damrey

The death toll from typhoon downpours and floods wreaking havoc along Vietnam's south-central coast has risen to 69, authorities said Tuesday, as the country prepares to host a world leaders' summit.
Typhoon Damrey struck days before Vietnam is set to host the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) conference in Danang next weekend. It will bring together US President Donald Trump, China's Xi Jinping and Russia's Vladimir Putin, among other leaders.

While Danang itself was spared the worst damage, muddy floodwaters have submerged the hardest-hit provinces and swamped nearby Hoi An, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that was due to host APEC spouses later this week.
More than 100,000 houses nationwide are still under water, according to a Tuesday report from Vietnam's disaster management authority.

Since the storm made landfall, 69 people have perished in floods, landslides and on capsized boats at sea, while 30 others are still missing, the government said. UNICEF said at least four children were among the dead, with two others missing and an estimated one million young people affected by one of the worst storms to hit the area in years. Authorities warned that raging rivers were filling reservoirs to near-capacity in central and southern provinces, with rain still pelting down in some areas.

Typhoon Damrey, which made landfall last Saturday, is the latest in a string of major storms to thrash Vietnam's long coastline this year. Flooding and landslides in northern and central regions killed more than 70 people last month. In September Typhoon Doksuri tore through central Vietnam, killing 11 people across several provinces. The country has reported at least 240 people dead or missing in floods and landslides since the beginning of the year. Fishermen in the south-central Vietnamese province of Khanh Hoa have been left empty-handed after the devastating impact of storm Damrey that swept through the province.

Damrey made landfall in Khanh Hoa on Friday last week with winds gusting at up to 90km per hour. It is now considered the fiercest storm to hit the area after Ketsana a category 2 typhoon which hit Hoi An directly in 2009.  As of Monday morning, 16 deaths had been recorded, half of which were in the coastal district of Van Ninh, the home of multiple fishing villages. The victims were either lost at sea, swept away by floods, or buried under their collapsed homes. Those who survived the disaster have been mourning the loss of family members, while many others are now empty-handed as their homes and fishing equipment are gone. Given that Khanh Hoa Province has rarely been directly impacted by tropical storms, local residents were caught off guard when Damrey struck. Villages in Van Ninh District now resemble a giant landfill as they are filled with debris from damaged homes and the wreckage of local fishing boats.
According to Le Hong Thai, vice-chairman of the People’s Committee in Dai Lanh Commune, Van Ninh District, about 85 percent of ships in the area were destroyed, and 50 percent of those were completely ravaged. “We rely on nature to earn our living. Now nature has taken everything from us,” Huynh Tai, a fisherman in Dai Lanh, whined. The question is to what extent is climate change to blame. If it’s about the typhoon Damrey and the accompanying rainfall it’s clear that weather patterns in Vietnam, Asia and in the world are changing. Showers get more severe and shorter. Sea water gets warmer and therefore we can expect more and stronger hurricanes and typhoons to grow. But the flooding in Hoi An had nothing to do with climate change. It was purely man-made. There are in different months rainy seasons in Vietnam. Because Vietnam is long stretched and therefore has a long coastline it is very sensitive to weather changes. It’s general accepted that Vietnam is one of the most vulnerable countries if it’s about the effects of climate change on the coastal and mountainous areas. With its many low level river delta’s it falls easy prey to salt water intrusion, coastal damage because of the disappearance of mangrove forest and urbanisation.

Hans van der Broek/TuoiTreNews