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Climate coronavirus  symptoms flu and climate change | Upload General

Coronavirus: Symptoms Flu And Climate Change

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by: Joris Zuid
coronavirus  symptoms flu and climate change | Upload

No one will be surprised to hear that there is a worryingly wide range of problems associated with climate change. From extreme weather events to melting ice caps and the extinction of animal species - these have all been well-researched to fall somewhere in the range of ‘likely’ to ‘highly probable.’ Perhaps not as evident is the sudden rise of the coronavirus and the flu, as a direct result of climate change. How does that even work? 

Coronavirus And Climate Change: Winter And Traveling Makes People More Vulnerable

The WHO has declared the Covid-19 outbreak to be a pandemic.

Recommended: Coronavirus Images From Around The Globe

02-07-2020: 519.050+ People died worldwide, and 10.809.998+ people are proven infected worldwide. 

                                      Click on: What happens to your body when you get coronavirus. Video

Strongly Recommended: Coronavirus: Your Daily Update To Stay Informed


                                          Corona Virus, Flu, And Climate Change: Is There A Connection? 
                                       C
oronavirus ‘highly sensitive’ to warmer temperatures, study says

   
                                       

WHO Declared Public Health Emergency

The WHO has declared a public health emergency because of the spread of the COVID-19.  

Jump quickly to subject by clicking on:

person spraying chairs
A worker in protective mask disinfects a waiting hall at the Nanjing Railway Station, in Nanjing.

Recommended: Pandemic and Ecological Reset: The World Green Again

NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:

  • The new cluster of viral pneumonia cases originating in Wuhan, China, marks the third time in 20 years that a member of the large family of coronaviruses (CoVs) has jumped from animals to humans and sparked an outbreak.
  • Top microbiologist states golden window of containment was missed, cost of containment escalating dramatically, the virus takes 2-3mo to reach max strength, & morality rates will increase from here. The total scale of the outbreak could reach 10x that of SARS.
  • Till recently, the Coronavirus mainly occurred in vulnerable and older people. A 9-month-old baby is the youngest known patient infected with the deadly coronavirus sweeping across China, according to a report. The baby girl was among the 68 coronavirus cases detected in Beijing since the illness emerged last month in the city of Wuhan.

In order for this coronavirus, or any, to lead to a pandemic in humans, it needs to do three things:

  • Efficiently infect humans
  • Replicate in humans
  • Spread easily among humans

New Coronavirus Can Spread Person-to-Person

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The new coronavirus that began sickening people in China late in 2019 can be transmitted from human to human, China’s health ministry announced last Monday. The mysterious respiratory illness emerged the previous month in a fish market in the central Chinese city of Wuhan, and officials thought it was mostly passed from animals to humans.

Recommended: Coronavirus From Bat To Snake To Humans: Fact Or Hypothesis

However, Zhong Nanshan of China's National Health Commission said two people who lived hundreds of miles away caught the virus from a family member who had visited Wuhan.
5 A million residents had left Wuhan before it went into lockdown. This includes people who traveled for the lunar new year festival, as well as those who fled to escape the virus and impending shutdown.

How did the coronavirus start in China?
Wuhan coronavirus may have been transmitted to people from snakes. A new coronavirus may have been transmitted to people from snakes or bats according to a genetic analysis. The snakes may have caught the virus from bats in the food market in which both animals were sold.

Recommended: Insane: Temporary Global Temperature Rise By The Coronavirus

2 men, 2 women, masks, coronavirus

The semi-autonomous region of Macau has imposed new restrictions on visitors from mainland China

Coronavirus: Is Bat Soup Sold In The Wuhan Market In China Behind The Outbreak?

While nothing has been officially declared, experts feel that bat soup can be one of the reasons, as it is an unusual but widely consumed Chinese delicacy. In a statement, a scientist has mentioned, "The Wuhan Coronavirus, which can cause pneumonia, the natural host could be bats, but between bats and humans there may be an unknown intermediate."

Graph bat china coronavirus transmission

 

Coronavirus, COVID-19 Symptons:

  • While a person with the virus can show no outward symptoms, early signs can include a fever, diarrhea, a dry cough, shortness of breath and general body aches.
  • Some patients also report feeling tired and confused.
  • More severe cases of the virus can lead to a high fever, kidney failure, and pneumonia.
  • While the disease is being treated as an 'imminent threat,' some of the symptoms of coronavirus are similar to those seen in other respiratory conditions - such as the flu or the common cold.

Coronavirus, COVID-19 Symptoms: Advice

  • If you have recently traveled to a high-risk area - or if you've been in contact with somebody who has - and you develop symptoms, you should contact your doctor by telephone for advice.
  • You should not go to the doctor or hospital, as if you have the virus, you may risk spreading it to others.
  • If you have recently traveled to Wuhan, you should go to self-quarantine for 14 days and call your doctor and local authorities to report your recent stay.
  • Wash your hands often.
What is the coronavirus in humans?
Coronaviruses are types of viruses that typically affect the respiratory tract of mammals, including humans. They are associated with the common cold, pneumonia and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and can also affect the gut.

Recommended: Society Collapse: Climate Change, The Environment Or Us?

Minister Anutin Charnvirakul checking Coronavirus
Public Health Minister Anutin Charnvirakul, second right, shows visitors from Wuhan receiving health screening at Suvarnabhumi airport in Samut Prakan province.
        

Coronavirus? How do you catch it?
Sometimes, but not often, a coronavirus can infect both animals and humans. Most coronaviruses spread the same way other cold-causing viruses do, through infected people coughing and sneezing, by touching an infected person's hands or face, or by touching things such as doorknobs that infected people have touched.

The disease has also spread outside China: Two cases were diagnosed in Thailand, one in Japan, one in South Korea, and one in Taiwan. The Philippines also reported a suspected case Tuesday and later in Nepal, the UK, and France. There are fears the disease could spread further as millions are expected to travel throughout Asia Tuesday for the Lunar New Year. Airports in New York, Los Angeles, and San Francisco will begin screening passengers coming from Wuhan.

The new virus has raised the specter of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), another coronavirus that killed almost 800 people in 2002 and 2003. Zhong, who also helped discover SARS, said the new disease was not as infectious but was ‘climbing.’

Coronavirus. How long does the virus live?
How long does the virus survive in the environment? Outdoors, the virus can usually only survive for hours or days. Indoors, in dried-up cat litter, it can survive for up to seven weeks.

coronavirus
This undated file image released by the British Health Protection Agency shows an electron microscope image of a coronavirus, part of a family of viruses that cause ailments including the common cold and SARS.

Coronavirus: How contagious is the virus?

It is too soon to know how easily the virus will spread. It is airborne, and we know it can be transmitted between people. Chinese authorities have presented evidence of fourth-generation cases in Wuhan and second-generation infections outside of the city.

Yesterday, the World Health Organization heard preliminary calculations for the average number of infections that each infected person may go on to cause, known as R0. This is estimated to be 1.4 to 2.5 people per infected person. In comparison, seasonal flu usually has an R0 of around 1.3.

Coronavirus, Flu, And Climate: The Corona Virus COVID-19 Has Been Underreported

Researchers at Imperial College London also think the new virus has been severely underreported. Officials are also concerned that they do not yet know the exact source of the disease. What concerns me is the source of infection. They have no idea. That's the most important thing. At the moment, it is a bad flu. Yes, it is something to be concerned about, and it is probably going to get worse in terms of infections and mortality because it's winter.

Recommended: Wildfires Globally: Australia, America, Africa, The Arctic, Siberia

1 woman, 2 men, masks, check coronavirus

Viruses In Relation With Air Temperature And Relative Humidity

Assessment of the risks posed by severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (SARS-CoV) on surfaces requires data on the survival of this virus on environmental surfaces and on how survival is affected by environmental variables, such as air temperature (AT) and relative humidity (RH).

The use of surrogate viruses has the potential to overcome the challenges of working with SARS-CoV and to increase the available data on coronavirus survival on surfaces.

Two potential surrogates were evaluated in this study:

  • transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV)
  • and mouse hepatitis virus (MHV)

Both were used to determine the effects of AT and RH on the survival of coronaviruses on stainless steel.

  • At 4°C, the infectious virus persisted for as long as 28 days, and the lowest level of inactivation occurred at 20% RH.
  • Inactivation was more rapid at 20°C than at 4°C at all humidity levels; the viruses persisted for 5 to 28 days.
  • The slowest inactivation occurred at low RH. Both viruses were inactivated more rapidly at 40°C than at 20°C.

The relationship between inactivation and RH was not monotonic, and there was higher survival or a greater protective effect at low RH (20%) and high RH (80%) than at moderate RH (50%).

There was also evidence of an interaction between AT and RH. The results show that when high numbers of viruses are deposited, TGEV and MHV may survive for days on surfaces at ATs and RHs typical of indoor environments.

TGEV and MHV could serve as conservative surrogates for modeling exposure, the risk of transmission, and control measures for pathogenic enveloped viruses, such as SARS-CoV and influenza virus, on health care surfaces.

Expected humidity (%): 27/1-75, 28/1-70, 29/1-62, 30/1-62, 31/1-39. 1/2-58, 2/2-41, 3/2-33, 4/2-69, 5/2-70, 6/2-85, 7/2-89, 8/2-89.

Temperature forecast Wuhan.

weather forcast graph Wuhan

Temperature year-round Wuhan.

General temperature high, low, Wuhan

 

Climate Change And Flu

Ironically, initial research seemed to point towards climate change, actually benefitting our health. It was thought to be one of the few positives to a very negative, with fewer deaths to mourn as a result of respiratory illnesses. After all, those are common in colder areas, where flu gets to spread like wildfire as the result of harsh winter days and poor ventilation. Warmer weather would logically be speaking, counteract this.
Unfortunately, new research has cast doubt over this hypothesis. In a worrisome twist, some are now concerned that climate change could actually worsen pandemics. This has to do with the way in which viruses, including influenza and HIV, develop and spread. It has already been proven that certain strains of influenza, usually occurring in the winter, are now able to survive in warmer temperatures.

Recommended: Climate Change Causes Nature To Change: The World Affected

What has also been found is that seasonal diseases like influenza are rearing their ugly heads earlier in the year - all while being more powerful. There appears to be a strong link between warm winters and the consequent flu breakouts immediately after. Meaning, a warm winter with a mild flu season will usually trigger an earlier and more severe flu outbreak in the following year.

upper arm, green shitrt, needle, hand
2020 on track to be worst US flu season in decades 

This explains why these viruses have been found in Asia during their summer months, having been brought over by birds, who have been pushed further north by climate change and warmer winters. This allows them to come in contact with other bird species and, consequently, other forms of influenza. Together, this leads to poultry interchanging flu types and incubating new and potentially dangerous new strains.

These feathered migrating creatures then hold the power of spreading these diseases over the world, with our regular influenza seeding in Southeast Asia before taking over the rest of the world in a miserable swoop during our winters.

Recommended: Global Cooling Will Kills Us All. No, Wait, Global Warming Will Kill Us!

Flu And Climate Change: Older Adults (Above 65 years)

According to the CDC, people aged 65 and older are at a greater risk for serious complications from the flu. This is because the immune system typically weakens with age. Flu infection can also worsen long-term health conditions, like heart disease, lung disease, and asthma.

2 woamen, asthma spacer

Some of this has been contributed to the changing La Niña, an increase in the intensity and frequency of this weather phenomenon, causing different flu types to converge as a result of birds and animals that are normally not found together mixing. Not only does this lead to more creatures being infected, but it also molds influenza genetic material in new combinations.

Flu And Climate Change: We Can’t Predict How Bad 2019th & 2020th Year’s Flu Season Will Be

The outlook for 2019’s & 2020's flu season is not particularly rosy, based on the relatively mild 2018 season and warm winters. Yet it is nearly impossible to predict until we find ourselves in the midst of the epidemic - at which point there is not much to do but sit it out.

And ‘sitting it out’ can be anything from a mild nuisance to a life-threatening event. The influenza illness, or the flu, in short, is characterized by a sudden onset of a high fever, chills, muscle aches, tiredness, and a dry cough - symptoms that get progressively worse over the first few days. Although most people infected will not require any medical attention, there are instances where high-risk groups, including the pregnant and elderly, could suffer from very dangerous complications.

Logo WHO

In 2018, the World Health Organisation characterized that year’s flu season as pretty mild. This characterization is made based on the speed of circulation, the seriousness, and the impact of the disease. So, in short, how fast it spreads, how many people are hospitalized or even die, and the strain it puts on hospitals and doctors. In 2017, on the other hand, there was a pretty serious outbreak that started early and had a serious impact on society. And it looks as if 2019 is going to follow in its footsteps.

Flu And Climate Change: Flu, Why Is It So Hard To Predict?

The problem with making predictions regarding the severity of the flu season is the fact that there are actually four different types of viruses to consider that can be categorized in influenza types A, with subtypes H1N1pdm09 and H3N2, and B, with lineages B/Victoria and B/Yamagata. Although those at higher risk may choose to get vaccinated, these vaccinations only protect against certain of those (sub)types.

What this means is that those vaccinated will not be fully covered against all types - nor will a previous infection with one type protect you against other types. Add to this that influenza viruses are in constant flux, meaning that a certain vaccine or previous infection will not grant immunity for next season’s slightly altered viruses, and it is not hard to see why flu can be such a tough opponent.

candle, glass balls
Predicting flu is very difficult.

Additionally, it poses a problem for tracking the specific (sub)types: hospitals and doctors generally do not collect information on the specific viruses that they come across in their practice. Not only is this process time-consuming and costly, but it also does not add anything of value to the treatment plan either.

An unfortunate side effect is that it makes it that much harder to observe the circulation pattern of a specific virus, in turn making general flu patterns across seasons hard to predict.

Flu And Climate Change: Flu, What’s Happening Elsewhere In The World?

Not only is it hard to predict flu trends over time, but it is also equally hard to find trends over space. Even though increased (air) travel has made it easier for viruses to mutate and find their way across the globe, there is no consistent pattern of flu viruses traveling the globe. During the same flu season, very different viruses can dominate on different continents.

Climate Change, Flu, Coronavirus

Where Is Influenza Most Common?

A study in 2015 looked into where influenza is most common, alongside how it spreads around the globe. While there are cases of it appearing all around the world, scientists found that it is far more prominent in the east than in the west, particularly in Southeast Asia.

4 man, spray, coronavirus
Influenza most common in South-East Asia. Now the Caronavirus!

Even the timing can differ. Particularly in (sub)tropical areas, where there are no real winters, there can be multiple flu seasons each year, circulating at vastly different times. Some have pointed at climate or even tourism as the reason for this variation, although a causal relationship is yet to be established.

It is notoriously hard to predict those kinds of patterns as well, although we are slowly getting to a place where modern technologies and an increased understanding of the flu are allowing for better analysis and tracking. Yet there is still a long way to go.

Flu And Climate Change: Definite History Of The Flu

Looking back in time, though, we are certainly much more on the ball than we ever were before. We are documenting and analyzing far more than our ancestors. The very first reported instances of the flu might date back to 500 BCE, with Greek historians reporting on a so-called ‘three-year plague’ that boasted symptoms much like our flu. However, descriptions were so scarce that many historians are not convinced that it actually was.

What we do know is that the disease did not get its name until well in the 14th century, when the term ‘influenza,’ the Italian word for ‘influence,’ was coined to describe it. This ‘influence’ was contributed to either cold weather or misalignment of stars and planets. And although many different terms have been used to describe it since, this is the one that stuck.

Although the beast had been given a name, it was not until some 80 years ago that scientists actually managed to debunk the flu virus, thanks to the invention of the electron microscope. Pictures of the flu could now be made and shared, with distinctions finally made between the most prominent types. Soon after, the first influenza vaccines hit the market, including those that were capable of preventing more than one strain.

As the world evolved, so did the flu and our ways of dealing with it. Unfortunately, with climate change ramping up, we are about to enter a new phase of epidemics, pandemics, and the spread of diseases like the flu. Climate change might even amplify its causes and effects and lead to the creation of mutated, vaccine-resistant strains that can be equally hard to control and contain.  

Tips & Tricks to Avoid Colds And Flu This Winter

Ear well, live well

That sounds like doom and gloom. Yet, it is important to realize that there is always something that we can do about it. What is the best way of staying ahead of the flu, even in this time of climate change, possibly amplifying its spread and severity? There are a few tips and tricks that will minimize your chances of contracting it.

Wash hands

For most of us, washing our hands is a totally normal thing to do. During flu season, you might consider doing so a bit more often. Most viruses are transmitted by air, although they can just as easily be transferred through physical contact. Once we get the disease-spreading germs on our hands, they can easily invade our bodies when we touch our eyes, mouths, or noses. By frequently washing our hands with soap and drying them using clean hand towels or paper towels, it will be much harder for a virus to get a hold of us.

Dress appropriately

Although the concept of ‘having caught a cold’ by standing out in the literal cold has been somewhat debunked, it is still imperative to stay warm and dress appropriately during the colder seasons. Once we are cold, we tend to shiver - an action that affects our immune system, making us more susceptible to lurking viruses. Get yourself a decent sweater and coat, and don’t forget your hat, as we lose quite a bit of our body heat through our head.

Avoid crowded spaces

One of the preferred breeding grounds for viruses is public transportation, alongside crowded stores and poorly ventilated office buildings. Basically, small and cramped spaces in which a lot of people crowd together. Here, infections spread easily, jumping from one person to the next. The fact that central heating is blasting in most of those spaces does not help either, as this tends to weaken our natural defenses and negatively affect our respiratory system.

Take vitamins

Vitamins are a great way of boosting your immune system. Various minerals and herbs have been proven to help us kick nasty viruses to the curb. Zinc, vitamin C, and garlic have been found to reduce the frequency of colds and flu. Echinacea, a plant used by the native Americans to combat infections, is another great booster of our immune system. Taking some kind of multivitamin that includes those minerals and herbs can really do wonders in avoiding the next round of flu going around.

spoon, glass yar, Vitamine D

Keep an eye on the weather.

Certain weather conditions have been found to be a real breeding ground for nasty germs. Especially when there are low cloud, dull and misty conditions, so when there is a lot of moist in the air, viruses tend to survive (much) longer. They will attach themselves to the water droplets, while a lack of wind will keep them around, instead of being blown away. So be wary of going outside when this kind of weather is forecast.

Sleep well

One of the hardest things to do in our busy lives is to ensure that we get a decent night’s sleep. Unfortunately, it is extremely important for our health: a lack of sleep has been found to be a risk factor for contracting the flu or other infections. Yet it is not just getting enough hours of sleep that matters; your state of mind also helps. If you are happy and content, this will reflect positively on your immune system. Being stressed and overworked, on the other hand, will be a sure way of catching that nasty bug going around at work.

Drink plenty

Drinking plenty of water is one of the most commonly given pieces of advice from doctors and medical professionals worldwide. Water will quite literally flush out all toxins and bad elements from our bodies, making it harder for any viruses to gain a foothold. And even if you find yourself having caught an infection, water will once again be your best friend, helping you to get it out of your system again as soon as possible.

Exercise frequently

Did you know that regular exercise will summon the so-called natural killer cells in our bodies? These little soldiers are tasked with finding and fighting all kinds of invaders, making us more resistant against infections. At the same time, going on a jog or hitting the gym will be a great way of keeping our circulation going. Our bodies are simply better at dealing with any foreign threats when subjected to regular exercise.

Recommended: Getting Healthier By Eating Sustainable Food And Taking Exercise

Tips & Tricks To Ease Flu Symptoms

Still, managed to contract the nasty flu? Then rest assured that you are not alone, as millions and millions of people are hit by this disease each year. And while there really is not much that you can do to prevent or cure it, there are some natural ways of relieving its worst symptoms.

How long does it take to get over the flu?

In general, healthy people usually get over a cold in 7 to 10 days. Flu symptoms, including fever, should go away after about five days, but you may still have a cough and feel weak a few days longer. All your symptoms should be gone within 1 to 2 weeks.

Rest at home

The healing power of a good nap in your own bed might even outshine that of the commonly prescribed medicines. Make sure that you cancel all and any plans that you may have, preferably for the next few days - as you are now contagious and pretty sick. Make good use of those extra hours in bed to give your ailing body some rest.

Drink, drink, and drink some more!

Drinking is important in preventing infections, but even if you already find yourself the unfortunate owner of a brand new strain of the flu, drinking is a great way of getting rid of it as soon as possible. It does not necessarily have to be water. If you prefer fruit juices, sports drinks, or broth-based soups, they will do the trick as well. Staying hydrated does wonders for your respiratory system and will flush that bug out of your system before you know it.

woman, glass, juice

Fight the fever

Running a fever means that your body is busy fighting this nasty invader. The best thing for you to do is help it by getting your hands on appropriate over-the-counter medicines like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen, which will both lower your fever and fight the associated aches.

Fight the cough

While you are already in the pharmacy, you might want to pick up something for that nasty cough that has accompanied the infection. Other ways of clearing your airways and unclogging that runny nose include sitting in a hot, steamy bathroom, using a humidifier, sucking on a lozenge, or trying out a salt-based nose spray.

Fighting The Flu

Whether you are simply suffering from the ‘sniffles’ or a climate change activist warning against the effect that global warming will have on the flu, it is important to realize that we can do quite a bit in preventing the disease from grabbing hold of us in the first place. The earlier tips on preventing the flu are vital in staying healthy, although the question remains whether this will be sustainable in the long run.

With climate change drastically changing the world as we know it, it is likely also to change the way in which we get sick. This might mean that the flu will change from something relatively innocent into something looming and potentially dangerous. New mutations and variations might spread across the world faster than ever before and create more havoc as winters get warmer and flu seasons intensify.

Up to us to avoid a future where the simple common cold might actually turn into a killer epidemic.

Before you go!

Recommended: Smart Sustainable Lifestyle Changing Tips & Tricks For 2019

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Gideon Agware - 13 WEEKS AGO
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This whole virus of a thing has got people scared. Personally i think all this will subside with time. This is not the first time the world has to be scared of a disease such as this and guess what.. !!WE SURVIVED!!. Reading this article, I had a new perspective and definitely got new hints. Thanks, Amigo!
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john lockrey - 14 WEEKS AGO
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Talking about coronavirus and climate change together is like talking about man and yeti together. One is real and the other is a fraud. You are reprehensible to try to take advantage of this pandemic to spread your fraud.
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Joris - 14 WEEKS AGO
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John thanks for your reply. 'Labeling' - using words like fraud and advantage - serves no purpose. So here we go! It's an oldie but a goodie.

Emerging viruses and the significance of climate change

During the past 30 years, we have witnessed the appearance of a striking number of novel epidemic human pathogenic RNA viruses and the re-emergence of some known viruses as major inducers of human epidemics.
Although human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has proved to be perhaps the most devastating in terms of the number of fatal infections, many of the other emerging viruses are, nonetheless, responsible for high rates of morbidity and mortality.
A wide range of factors can be evoked to explain why these agents of disease are appearing or re-emerging, the most obvious being increased population density (i.e. of humans, other animals, plants, arthropods), increased transportation of animals, plants and other commercial goods by ship, increased human movement, deforestation and afforestation, urbanization, irrigation projects, and increased numbers and re-location of refugees in developing countries. Additionally, during recent decades, climate change has revealed itself as a new and potentially major influence on disease emergence.
Although the discovery of the hole in the ozone layer raised the alarm, a large degree of scepticism was apparent among the scientific community when the profile of climate change as a concept was first raised. Nevertheless, with time and accumulating evidence, it is now generally accepted that climate change is not only here to stay, but also that the implications for humanity could be disastrous if major remedial changes do not take place immediately.
From the point of view of virus diseases, some quite obvious likely impacts of climate change were relatively easy to predict; for example, arthropod survival is wholly dependent on appropriate ecological conditions. Thus, alterations in average temperature, humidity and vegetation quality, as well as large-scale movement of animals, will inevitably be accompanied by changing patterns of arthropod distribution and the virus diseases transmitted by these arthropods.
In 2005/ 2006, bluetongue virus (serotype 8) was introduced into northwestern Europe for the first time on record and then crossed the English Channel to the UK.
Rodent population density and distribution are highly sensitive to changes in climate patterns and human distribution; rodents are also very successful travellers of the oceans. Several rodent-associated flaviviruses that are endemic to North America are genetically very close relatives of African flaviviruses. They almost certainly arrived in the Americas on cargo or slave ships via infected rodents. In this issue of Clinical Microbiology and Infection, we have selected four groups of RNA viruses that have not been at the forefront of our thoughts in the context of the impact of climate change on their distribution. Nevertheless, they are all highly significant human pathogens (e.g. arenaviruses, bunyaviruses, hantaviruses and noroviruses) and have all shown evidence of emergence in the recent past.

The four experts on these viruses were requested to address the likely impact of climate change as the major subject, rather than to review in detail all the factors that can influence virus emergence. These were difficult assignments but the results are informative, fascinating, and provide many new ideas that should be addressed not just by academic scientists and pharmaceutical companies, but also by health agencies, whose responsibility it is to be prepared, with appropriate guidance and measures to be taken, as pathogenic viruses continue to emerge
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jossh - 15 WEEKS AGO
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I'm especially interested in new Hydrogen techniques. I'm convinced that - in the near future - Hydrogen will surpass the development of solar or wind as alternative energy source. Safety concerns will find a solution and Hydrogen will be applied massively in all forms of transportation. 

Coronavirus: Symptoms Flu And Climate Change

No one will be surprised to hear that there is a worryingly wide range of problems associated with climate change. From extreme weather events to melting ice caps and the extinction of animal species - these have all been well-researched to fall somewhere in the range of ‘likely’ to ‘highly probable.’ Perhaps not as evident is the sudden rise of the coronavirus and the flu, as a direct result of climate change. How does that even work?  Coronavirus And Climate Change: Winter And Traveling Makes People More Vulnerable The WHO has declared the Covid-19 outbreak to be a pandemic. Recommended:  Coronavirus Images From Around The Globe 02-07-2020: 519.050+ People died worldwide, and 10.809.998+ people are proven infected worldwide.                                        Click on: What happens to your body when you get coronavirus . Video Strongly Recommended : Coronavirus: Your Daily Update To Stay Informed {youtube}                                           Corona Virus, Flu, And Climate Change: Is There A Connection?                                          C oronavirus ‘highly sensitive’ to warmer temperatures, study says                                             WHO Declared Public Health Emergency The WHO has declared a public health emergency because of the spread of the COVID-19.   Jump quickly to subject by clicking on: Coronavirus Symptons Flu And Climate Change Tips & Tricks To Avoid Colds And Flu A worker in protective mask disinfects a waiting hall at the Nanjing Railway Station, in Nanjing. Recommended:  Pandemic and Ecological Reset: The World Green Again NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: The new cluster of viral pneumonia cases originating in Wuhan, China, marks the third time in 20 years that a member of the large family of coronaviruses (CoVs) has jumped from animals to humans and sparked an outbreak. Top microbiologist states golden window of containment was missed, cost of containment escalating dramatically, the virus takes 2-3mo to reach max strength, & morality rates will increase from here. The total scale of the outbreak could reach 10x that of SARS. Till recently, the Coronavirus mainly occurred in vulnerable and older people. A 9-month-old baby is the youngest known patient infected with the deadly coronavirus sweeping across China, according to a report. The baby girl was among the 68 coronavirus cases detected in Beijing since the illness emerged last month in the city of Wuhan. In order for this coronavirus, or any, to lead to a pandemic in humans, it needs to do three things: Efficiently infect humans Replicate in humans Spread  easily  among humans New Coronavirus Can Spread Person-to-Person Share your experiences We want to know about any additional measures you have encountered in airports in different countries following the coronavirus outbreak. Which airport were you travelling through and were people screened or asked to enter a different way? Do you feel that the measures were adequate? Please write or reply to this article at: WhatsOrb The new coronavirus that began sickening people in China late in 2019 can be transmitted from human to human, China’s health ministry announced last Monday. The mysterious respiratory illness emerged the previous month in a fish market in the central Chinese city of Wuhan, and officials thought it was mostly passed from animals to humans. Recommended:  Coronavirus From Bat To Snake To Humans: Fact Or Hypothesis However, Zhong Nanshan of China's National Health Commission said two people who lived hundreds of miles away caught the virus from a family member who had visited Wuhan. 5 A million residents had left Wuhan before it went into lockdown. This includes people who traveled for the lunar new year festival, as well as those who fled to escape the virus and impending shutdown. How did the coronavirus start in China? Wuhan coronavirus may have been transmitted to people from snakes. A new coronavirus may have been transmitted to people from snakes or bats according to a genetic analysis. The snakes may have caught the virus from bats in the food market in which both animals were sold. Recommended:   Insane: Temporary Global Temperature Rise By The Coronavirus The semi-autonomous region of Macau has imposed new restrictions on visitors from mainland China Coronavirus: Is Bat Soup Sold In The Wuhan Market In China Behind The Outbreak? While nothing has been officially declared, experts feel that bat soup can be one of the reasons, as it is an unusual but widely consumed Chinese delicacy. In a statement, a scientist has mentioned, "The Wuhan Coronavirus, which can cause pneumonia, the natural host could be bats, but between bats and humans there may be an unknown intermediate."   Coronavirus, COVID-19 Symptons: While a person with the virus can show no outward symptoms, early signs can include a fever, diarrhea, a dry cough, shortness of breath and general body aches. Some patients also report feeling tired and confused. More severe cases of the virus can lead to a high fever, kidney failure, and pneumonia. While the disease is being treated as an 'imminent threat,' some of the symptoms of coronavirus are similar to those seen in other respiratory conditions - such as the flu or the common cold. Coronavirus, COVID-19 Symptoms: Advice If you have recently traveled to a high-risk area - or if you've been in contact with somebody who has - and you develop symptoms, you should contact your doctor by telephone for advice. You should not go to the doctor or hospital, as if you have the virus, you may risk spreading it to others. If you have recently traveled to Wuhan, you should go to self-quarantine for 14 days and call your doctor and local authorities to report your recent stay. Wash your hands often. What is the coronavirus in humans? Coronaviruses are types of viruses that typically affect the respiratory tract of mammals, including humans. They are associated with the common cold, pneumonia and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and can also affect the gut. Recommended:  Society Collapse: Climate Change, The Environment Or Us? Public Health Minister Anutin Charnvirakul, second right, shows visitors from Wuhan receiving health screening at Suvarnabhumi airport in Samut Prakan province.          Coronavirus? How do you catch it? Sometimes, but not often, a coronavirus can infect both animals and humans. Most coronaviruses spread the same way other cold-causing viruses do, through infected people coughing and sneezing, by touching an infected person's hands or face, or by touching things such as doorknobs that infected people have touched. The disease has also spread outside China: Two cases were diagnosed in Thailand, one in Japan, one in South Korea, and one in Taiwan. The Philippines also reported a suspected case Tuesday and later in Nepal, the UK, and France. There are fears the disease could spread further as millions are expected to travel throughout Asia Tuesday for the Lunar New Year. Airports in New York, Los Angeles, and San Francisco will begin screening passengers coming from Wuhan. The new virus has raised the specter of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), another coronavirus that killed almost 800 people in 2002 and 2003. Zhong, who also helped discover SARS, said the new disease was not as infectious but was ‘climbing.’ Coronavirus. How long does the virus live? How long does the virus survive in the environment? Outdoors, the virus can usually only survive for hours or days. Indoors, in dried-up cat litter, it can survive for up to seven weeks. This undated file image released by the British Health Protection Agency shows an electron microscope image of a coronavirus, part of a family of viruses that cause ailments including the common cold and SARS. Coronavirus: How contagious is the virus? It is too soon to know how easily the virus will spread. It is airborne, and we know it can be transmitted between people. Chinese authorities have presented evidence of fourth-generation cases in Wuhan and second-generation infections outside of the city. Yesterday, the World Health Organization heard preliminary calculations for the average number of infections that each infected person may go on to cause, known as R0. This is estimated to be 1.4 to 2.5 people per infected person . In comparison, seasonal flu usually has an R0 of around 1.3. Coronavirus, Flu, And Climate: The Corona Virus COVID-19 Has Been Underreported Researchers at Imperial College London also think the new virus has been severely underreported. Officials are also concerned that they do not yet know the exact source of the disease. What concerns me is the source of infection. They have no idea. That's the most important thing. At the moment, it is a bad flu. Yes, it is something to be concerned about, and it is probably going to get worse in terms of infections and mortality because it's winter. Recommended:  Wildfires Globally: Australia, America, Africa, The Arctic, Siberia Viruses In Relation With Air Temperature And Relative Humidity Assessment of the risks posed by severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (SARS-CoV) on surfaces requires data on the survival of this virus on environmental surfaces and on how survival is affected by environmental variables, such as air temperature (AT) and relative humidity (RH). The use of surrogate viruses has the potential to overcome the challenges of working with SARS-CoV and to increase the available data on coronavirus survival on surfaces. Two potential surrogates were evaluated in this study: transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) and mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) Both were used to determine the effects of AT and RH on the survival of coronaviruses on stainless steel. At 4°C, the infectious virus persisted for as long as 28 days, and the lowest level of inactivation occurred at 20% RH. Inactivation was more rapid at 20°C than at 4°C at all humidity levels; the viruses persisted for 5 to 28 days. The slowest inactivation occurred at low RH. Both viruses were inactivated more rapidly at 40°C than at 20°C. The relationship between inactivation and RH was not monotonic, and there was higher survival or a greater protective effect at low RH (20%) and high RH (80%) than at moderate RH (50%). There was also evidence of an interaction between AT and RH. The results show that when high numbers of viruses are deposited, TGEV and MHV may survive for days on surfaces at ATs and RHs typical of indoor environments. TGEV and MHV could serve as conservative surrogates for modeling exposure, the risk of transmission, and control measures for pathogenic enveloped viruses, such as SARS-CoV and influenza virus, on health care surfaces. Expected humidity (%): 27/1-75, 28/1-70, 29/1-62, 30/1-62, 31/1-39. 1/2-58, 2/2-41, 3/2-33, 4/2-69, 5/2-70, 6/2-85, 7/2-89, 8/2-89. Temperature forecast Wuhan. Temperature year-round Wuhan.   Climate Change And Flu Ironically, initial research seemed to point towards climate change, actually benefitting our health. It was thought to be one of the few positives to a very negative, with fewer deaths to mourn as a result of respiratory illnesses. After all, those are common in colder areas, where flu gets to spread like wildfire as the result of harsh winter days and poor ventilation. Warmer weather would logically be speaking, counteract this. Unfortunately, new research has cast doubt over this hypothesis. In a worrisome twist, some are now concerned that climate change could actually worsen pandemics. This has to do with the way in which viruses, including influenza and HIV, develop and spread. It has already been proven that certain strains of influenza, usually occurring in the winter, are now able to survive in warmer temperatures. Recommended:  Climate Change Causes Nature To Change: The World Affected What has also been found is that seasonal diseases like influenza are rearing their ugly heads earlier in the year - all while being more powerful. There appears to be a strong link between warm winters and the consequent flu breakouts immediately after. Meaning, a warm winter with a mild flu season will usually trigger an earlier and more severe flu outbreak in the following year. 2020 on track to be worst US flu season in decades  This explains why these viruses have been found in Asia during their summer months, having been brought over by birds, who have been pushed further north by climate change and warmer winters. This allows them to come in contact with other bird species and, consequently, other forms of influenza. Together, this leads to poultry interchanging flu types and incubating new and potentially dangerous new strains. These feathered migrating creatures then hold the power of spreading these diseases over the world, with our regular influenza seeding in Southeast Asia before taking over the rest of the world in a miserable swoop during our winters. Recommended:  Global Cooling Will Kills Us All. No, Wait, Global Warming Will Kill Us! Flu And Climate Change: Older Adults (Above 65 years) According to the CDC, people aged 65 and older are at a greater risk for serious complications from the flu. This is because the immune system typically weakens with age. Flu infection can also worsen long-term health conditions, like heart disease, lung disease, and asthma. Some of this has been contributed to the changing La Niña, an increase in the intensity and frequency of this weather phenomenon, causing different flu types to converge as a result of birds and animals that are normally not found together mixing. Not only does this lead to more creatures being infected, but it also molds influenza genetic material in new combinations. Flu And Climate Change: We Can’t Predict How Bad 2019th & 2020th Year’s Flu Season Will Be The outlook for 2019’s & 2020's flu season is not particularly rosy, based on the relatively mild 2018 season and warm winters. Yet it is nearly impossible to predict until we find ourselves in the midst of the epidemic - at which point there is not much to do but sit it out. And ‘sitting it out’ can be anything from a mild nuisance to a life-threatening event. The influenza illness, or the flu, in short, is characterized by a sudden onset of a high fever, chills, muscle aches, tiredness, and a dry cough - symptoms that get progressively worse over the first few days. Although most people infected will not require any medical attention, there are instances where high-risk groups, including the pregnant and elderly, could suffer from very dangerous complications. In 2018, the World Health Organisation characterized that year’s flu season as pretty mild. This characterization is made based on the speed of circulation, the seriousness, and the impact of the disease. So, in short, how fast it spreads, how many people are hospitalized or even die, and the strain it puts on hospitals and doctors. In 2017, on the other hand, there was a pretty serious outbreak that started early and had a serious impact on society. And it looks as if 2019 is going to follow in its footsteps. Flu And Climate Change: Flu, Why Is It So Hard To Predict? The problem with making predictions regarding the severity of the flu season is the fact that there are actually four different types of viruses to consider that can be categorized in influenza types A, with subtypes H1N1pdm09 and H3N2, and B, with lineages B/Victoria and B/Yamagata. Although those at higher risk may choose to get vaccinated, these vaccinations only protect against certain of those (sub)types. What this means is that those vaccinated will not be fully covered against all types - nor will a previous infection with one type protect you against other types. Add to this that influenza viruses are in constant flux, meaning that a certain vaccine or previous infection will not grant immunity for next season’s slightly altered viruses, and it is not hard to see why flu can be such a tough opponent. Predicting flu is very difficult. Additionally, it poses a problem for tracking the specific (sub)types: hospitals and doctors generally do not collect information on the specific viruses that they come across in their practice. Not only is this process time-consuming and costly, but it also does not add anything of value to the treatment plan either. An unfortunate side effect is that it makes it that much harder to observe the circulation pattern of a specific virus, in turn making general flu patterns across seasons hard to predict. Flu And Climate Change: Flu, What’s Happening Elsewhere In The World? Not only is it hard to predict flu trends over time, but it is also equally hard to find trends over space. Even though increased (air) travel has made it easier for viruses to mutate and find their way across the globe, there is no consistent pattern of flu viruses traveling the globe. During the same flu season, very different viruses can dominate on different continents. Where Is Influenza Most Common? A study in 2015 looked into where influenza is most common, alongside how it spreads around the globe. While there are cases of it appearing all around the world, scientists found that it is far more prominent in the east than in the west, particularly in Southeast Asia. Influenza most common in South-East Asia. Now the Caronavirus! Even the timing can differ. Particularly in (sub)tropical areas, where there are no real winters, there can be multiple flu seasons each year, circulating at vastly different times. Some have pointed at climate or even tourism as the reason for this variation, although a causal relationship is yet to be established. It is notoriously hard to predict those kinds of patterns as well, although we are slowly getting to a place where modern technologies and an increased understanding of the flu are allowing for better analysis and tracking. Yet there is still a long way to go. Flu And Climate Change: Definite History Of The Flu Looking back in time, though, we are certainly much more on the ball than we ever were before. We are documenting and analyzing far more than our ancestors. The very first reported instances of the flu might date back to 500 BCE, with Greek historians reporting on a so-called ‘three-year plague’ that boasted symptoms much like our flu. However, descriptions were so scarce that many historians are not convinced that it actually was. What we do know is that the disease did not get its name until well in the 14th century, when the term ‘influenza,’ the Italian word for ‘influence,’ was coined to describe it. This ‘influence’ was contributed to either cold weather or misalignment of stars and planets. And although many different terms have been used to describe it since, this is the one that stuck. Although the beast had been given a name, it was not until some 80 years ago that scientists actually managed to debunk the flu virus, thanks to the invention of the electron microscope. Pictures of the flu could now be made and shared, with distinctions finally made between the most prominent types. Soon after, the first influenza vaccines hit the market, including those that were capable of preventing more than one strain. As the world evolved, so did the flu and our ways of dealing with it. Unfortunately, with climate change ramping up, we are about to enter a new phase of epidemics, pandemics, and the spread of diseases like the flu. Climate change might even amplify its causes and effects and lead to the creation of mutated, vaccine-resistant strains that can be equally hard to control and contain.    Tips & Tricks to Avoid Colds And Flu This Winter That sounds like doom and gloom. Yet, it is important to realize that there is always something that we can do about it. What is the best way of staying ahead of the flu, even in this time of climate change, possibly amplifying its spread and severity? There are a few tips and tricks that will minimize your chances of contracting it. Wash hands For most of us, washing our hands is a totally normal thing to do. During flu season, you might consider doing so a bit more often. Most viruses are transmitted by air, although they can just as easily be transferred through physical contact. Once we get the disease-spreading germs on our hands, they can easily invade our bodies when we touch our eyes, mouths, or noses. By frequently washing our hands with soap and drying them using clean hand towels or paper towels, it will be much harder for a virus to get a hold of us. Dress appropriately Although the concept of ‘having caught a cold’ by standing out in the literal cold has been somewhat debunked, it is still imperative to stay warm and dress appropriately during the colder seasons. Once we are cold, we tend to shiver - an action that affects our immune system, making us more susceptible to lurking viruses. Get yourself a decent sweater and coat, and don’t forget your hat, as we lose quite a bit of our body heat through our head. Avoid crowded spaces One of the preferred breeding grounds for viruses is public transportation, alongside crowded stores and poorly ventilated office buildings. Basically, small and cramped spaces in which a lot of people crowd together. Here, infections spread easily, jumping from one person to the next. The fact that central heating is blasting in most of those spaces does not help either, as this tends to weaken our natural defenses and negatively affect our respiratory system. Take vitamins Vitamins are a great way of boosting your immune system. Various minerals and herbs have been proven to help us kick nasty viruses to the curb. Zinc, vitamin C, and garlic have been found to reduce the frequency of colds and flu. Echinacea, a plant used by the native Americans to combat infections, is another great booster of our immune system. Taking some kind of multivitamin that includes those minerals and herbs can really do wonders in avoiding the next round of flu going around. Keep an eye on the weather. Certain weather conditions have been found to be a real breeding ground for nasty germs. Especially when there are low cloud, dull and misty conditions, so when there is a lot of moist in the air, viruses tend to survive (much) longer. They will attach themselves to the water droplets, while a lack of wind will keep them around, instead of being blown away. So be wary of going outside when this kind of weather is forecast. Sleep well One of the hardest things to do in our busy lives is to ensure that we get a decent night’s sleep. Unfortunately, it is extremely important for our health: a lack of sleep has been found to be a risk factor for contracting the flu or other infections. Yet it is not just getting enough hours of sleep that matters; your state of mind also helps. If you are happy and content, this will reflect positively on your immune system. Being stressed and overworked, on the other hand, will be a sure way of catching that nasty bug going around at work. Drink plenty Drinking plenty of water is one of the most commonly given pieces of advice from doctors and medical professionals worldwide. Water will quite literally flush out all toxins and bad elements from our bodies, making it harder for any viruses to gain a foothold. And even if you find yourself having caught an infection, water will once again be your best friend, helping you to get it out of your system again as soon as possible. Exercise frequently Did you know that regular exercise will summon the so-called natural killer cells in our bodies? These little soldiers are tasked with finding and fighting all kinds of invaders, making us more resistant against infections. At the same time, going on a jog or hitting the gym will be a great way of keeping our circulation going. Our bodies are simply better at dealing with any foreign threats when subjected to regular exercise. Recommended:  Getting Healthier By Eating Sustainable Food And Taking Exercise Tips & Tricks To Ease Flu Symptoms Still, managed to contract the nasty flu? Then rest assured that you are not alone, as millions and millions of people are hit by this disease each year. And while there really is not much that you can do to prevent or cure it, there are some natural ways of relieving its worst symptoms. How long does it take to get over the flu? In general, healthy people usually get over a cold in 7 to 10 days. Flu symptoms, including fever, should go away after about five days, but you may still have a cough and feel weak a few days longer. All your symptoms should be gone within 1 to 2 weeks. Rest at home The healing power of a good nap in your own bed might even outshine that of the commonly prescribed medicines. Make sure that you cancel all and any plans that you may have, preferably for the next few days - as you are now contagious and pretty sick. Make good use of those extra hours in bed to give your ailing body some rest. Drink, drink, and drink some more! Drinking is important in preventing infections, but even if you already find yourself the unfortunate owner of a brand new strain of the flu, drinking is a great way of getting rid of it as soon as possible. It does not necessarily have to be water. If you prefer fruit juices, sports drinks, or broth-based soups, they will do the trick as well. Staying hydrated does wonders for your respiratory system and will flush that bug out of your system before you know it. Fight the fever Running a fever means that your body is busy fighting this nasty invader. The best thing for you to do is help it by getting your hands on appropriate over-the-counter medicines like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen, which will both lower your fever and fight the associated aches. Fight the cough While you are already in the pharmacy, you might want to pick up something for that nasty cough that has accompanied the infection. Other ways of clearing your airways and unclogging that runny nose include sitting in a hot, steamy bathroom, using a humidifier, sucking on a lozenge, or trying out a salt-based nose spray. Fighting The Flu Whether you are simply suffering from the ‘sniffles’ or a climate change activist warning against the effect that global warming will have on the flu, it is important to realize that we can do quite a bit in preventing the disease from grabbing hold of us in the first place. The earlier tips on preventing the flu are vital in staying healthy, although the question remains whether this will be sustainable in the long run. With climate change drastically changing the world as we know it, it is likely also to change the way in which we get sick. This might mean that the flu will change from something relatively innocent into something looming and potentially dangerous. New mutations and variations might spread across the world faster than ever before and create more havoc as winters get warmer and flu seasons intensify. Up to us to avoid a future where the simple common cold might actually turn into a killer epidemic. Before you go! Recommended:  Smart Sustainable Lifestyle Changing Tips & Tricks For 2019 Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your own article about sustainability? Click on  'Re g ister'  or push the button 'Write An Article' on the  'HomePage.'
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