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Climate arctics pop as a bottle of campagne  what s up  | Upload General

Arctics Pop As A Bottle Of Campagne. What’s Up?

by: Sharai Hoekema
arctics pop as a bottle of campagne  what s up  | Upload

The Arctics would not usually be associated with liveliness. Dark, sullen ice caps as far as the eye can see. Rustic tundra landscapes, cold weather. Nothing too exciting - unless you look under the surface, as a team of Russian scientists did. And what they found, was nothing short of alarming.

Arctics Pop As A Bottle Of Campagne.

Back in 2014, this team located a suspicious crater. Curious as to how this got here, they continued to monitor the area. Now they documented another 16 explosions, the result of trapped gas in the thawing permafrost. So, a natural phenomenon was only first observed some six years ago, is becoming something of a commonplace in Siberia. It includes random and unpredictable explosions of the ground, blasting craters of more than 100 feet deep in the surface.

crater, water, ice
Photo from July 2020 by Vesti Yamal. The new funnel filmed from air by the team of Yamal-based TV station. 

Recommended: Climate Change: China Floods The Arctic On Fire

Crater 17 Sounds Alive

The latest crater, that has fittingly been named ‘Crater 17’, has made quite the literal and figurative impression. It is a large pit, dark and ominous, that has all the appearances of being really, really active. The sound of dirt and ice peeling off the permafrost crater wall and falling in the hole is nothing short of eery. One of the lead scientists even dubbed it as something that was “making noises, like something alive”. 

Over the examinations of the now 17 craters, the scientists managed to find out more about the how and why. These craters, all of them in the far north of western Siberia, were blasted by exploding subterranean gases. And why there are suddenly so many of them? I will let you guess first. You’ve got it: global warming.

Recommended: Arctic Sea Cooks Methane. Extremely Alarming

Much Is Unknown About The Craters

Although more is now known about this phenomenon, there is still as much - or probably even more - unknown. What we do know is that their occurrence is limited to the specific region in Siberia, so they are probably related to the geology of that area. Then, they occur under small hills on the tundra, typically places trapping large amounts of gas. 

As these ‘gas bubbles’ are surrounded by ice sheets above it and permafrost all around it, they have no way of escaping. That is, until the pressure gets too high and the ice layer thaws. Boom.

crater, water, tundra
Photo by Vasily Bogoyavlensky. The Siberian Times, Vladimir Epifanov. Gas craters found in 2014 - 2015 years on Yamal and Taimyr peninsula. 

Where The Gas Comes From

The origin of the gas is still somewhat fuzzy. Scientists do think it has something to do with decaying animals and plants in the permafrost. This layer is technically a mix of soil, ice, prehistoric plants, and some frozen ancient mammals. Think deep-frozen mammoths, musk ox, woolly rhinoceroses, prehistoric horses, wolves, and other beasts; all mixed up with bits of plant, soil and ice. How’s that for a milkshake?

While the theory of gas building up by the decomposing in this layer is sound, it has not been proven. Scientists have been unsuccessful in retrieving animal parts in the debris field of the exploded land. Yet the theory is the best one they got, so far. The permafrost is usually a few hundred yards up to a mile thick, hiding a lot of secrets - and dead matter.

As time goes on, the top layers thaw. Especially in warmer summers, this process speeds up. As this top layer was the ‘safeguard’ for layers underneath, these are now susceptible to melting and weakening as well. And as some deeper layers might have a pretty spectacular gas build-up, a result of centuries-long processes of decaying and freezing organic materials, it is the literal match setting everything ablaze.

Recommended: Antarctic: Our Growing Footprint On This Pristine Continent

Exploding From Combustion Or Weakening

There is another theory, though. The methane in the deeper layers of the permafrost used to be crystallized, but is now becoming gaseous again as the Earth warms up. This means that the rising pressure under the surface is more to blame for the explosions than the weakening of the ice, as the earlier theory advocates. This would be like a bottle of champagne going off.

This real-life minefield is pretty dangerous, needless to say. Thankfully, the area in question is very scarcely populated - with only some reindeer herders and Russian oil-workers present in the area. This might explain why we did not take notice until recently, although there are stories in reindeer communities of such explosions having happened before. 

Regardless, it is pretty obvious that these rare occurrences are now becoming more commonplace - and that it has something to do with global warming. The Arctic is hit harder than the rest of the Earth, and this is just another way of her letting us know that she is about done with it. If the loud ‘boom’ does not get her message across, it is hard to say what will.

Before you go!

Recommended: Global Cooling Or Warming: Will It Kill Us?

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Artiii - 2 WEEKS AGO
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When I first read about this to visited the area via Google Earth.

I recommend everyone interested do so.

These snap-crackle-pops have been going on for a very long time on and off.

Thousands of perfectly circular lakes in the area. Some of them are far far larger than these new ones.
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Arctics Pop As A Bottle Of Campagne. What’s Up?

The Arctics would not usually be associated with liveliness. Dark, sullen ice caps as far as the eye can see. Rustic tundra landscapes, cold weather. Nothing too exciting - unless you look under the surface, as a team of Russian scientists did. And what they found, was nothing short of alarming. Arctics Pop As A Bottle Of Campagne. Back in 2014, this team located a suspicious crater. Curious as to how this got here, they continued to monitor the area. Now they documented another 16 explosions, the result of trapped gas in the thawing permafrost. So, a natural phenomenon was only first observed some six years ago, is becoming something of a commonplace in Siberia. It includes random and unpredictable explosions of the ground, blasting craters of more than 100 feet deep in the surface. Photo from July 2020 by Vesti Yamal. The new funnel filmed from air by the team of Yamal-based TV station.  Recommended:  Climate Change: China Floods The Arctic On Fire Crater 17 Sounds Alive The latest crater, that has fittingly been named ‘Crater 17’, has made quite the literal and figurative impression. It is a large pit, dark and ominous, that has all the appearances of being really, really active. The sound of dirt and ice peeling off the permafrost crater wall and falling in the hole is nothing short of eery. One of the lead scientists even dubbed it as something that was “ making noises, like something alive ”.   Over the examinations of the now 17 craters, the scientists managed to find out more about the how and why. These craters, all of them in the far north of western Siberia, were blasted by exploding subterranean gases. And why there are suddenly so many of them? I will let you guess first. You’ve got it: global warming. Recommended:  Arctic Sea Cooks Methane. Extremely Alarming Much Is Unknown About The Craters Although more is now known about this phenomenon, there is still as much - or probably even more - unknown. What we do know is that their occurrence is limited to the specific region in Siberia, so they are probably related to the geology of that area. Then, they occur under small hills on the tundra, typically places trapping large amounts of gas.   As these ‘gas bubbles’ are surrounded by ice sheets above it and permafrost all around it, they have no way of escaping. That is, until the pressure gets too high and the ice layer thaws. Boom. Photo by Vasily Bogoyavlensky. The Siberian Times, Vladimir Epifanov. Gas craters found in 2014 - 2015 years on Yamal and Taimyr peninsula.  Where The Gas Comes From The origin of the gas is still somewhat fuzzy. Scientists do think it has something to do with decaying animals and plants in the permafrost. This layer is technically a mix of soil, ice, prehistoric plants, and some frozen ancient mammals. Think deep-frozen mammoths, musk ox, woolly rhinoceroses, prehistoric horses, wolves, and other beasts; all mixed up with bits of plant, soil and ice. How’s that for a milkshake? While the theory of gas building up by the decomposing in this layer is sound, it has not been proven. Scientists have been unsuccessful in retrieving animal parts in the debris field of the exploded land. Yet the theory is the best one they got, so far. The permafrost is usually a few hundred yards up to a mile thick, hiding a lot of secrets - and dead matter. As time goes on, the top layers thaw. Especially in warmer summers, this process speeds up. As this top layer was the ‘safeguard’ for layers underneath, these are now susceptible to melting and weakening as well. And as some deeper layers might have a pretty spectacular gas build-up, a result of centuries-long processes of decaying and freezing organic materials, it is the literal match setting everything ablaze. Recommended:  Antarctic: Our Growing Footprint On This Pristine Continent Exploding From Combustion Or Weakening There is another theory, though. The methane in the deeper layers of the permafrost used to be crystallized, but is now becoming gaseous again as the Earth warms up. This means that the rising pressure under the surface is more to blame for the explosions than the weakening of the ice, as the earlier theory advocates. This would be like a bottle of champagne going off. This real-life minefield is pretty dangerous, needless to say. Thankfully, the area in question is very scarcely populated - with only some reindeer herders and Russian oil-workers present in the area. This might explain why we did not take notice until recently, although there are stories in reindeer communities of such explosions having happened before.   Regardless, it is pretty obvious that these rare occurrences are now becoming more commonplace - and that it has something to do with global warming. The Arctic is hit harder than the rest of the Earth, and this is just another way of her letting us know that she is about done with it. If the loud ‘boom’ does not get her message across, it is hard to say what will. Before you go! Recommended:  Global Cooling Or Warming: Will It Kill Us? Did you find this an interesting article, or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day. Like to write your article about rising sea levels and climate change? Send your writing & scribble with a photo to [email protected] , and we will write an interesting article based on your input.
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