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Wildfires Globally: America, Africa, The Artic, Siberia
It would probably be an understatement to say that the Amazon is not having the best month in its existence. World leaders are tripping over each other to offer their assistance to the troubled Brazilian government, who are still struggling to get a grip on the problem. Meanwhile, hectares and hectares of forestland are catching fire with each passing minute.   While the Amazon is grabbing headlines with these historically fierce and ferocious fires, it is not the only part of our world that is on fire. Central Africa is facing some of the worst wildfires in its history as well, standing by more or less helplessly as vast areas of savanna are ablaze. And just before those started, we were confronted with the startling headline that the Artic is on fire: with Siberia, a place usually associated with icey cold tundras, now in danger of being burned to the ground. The one thing that really stands out here is that wildfires are becoming much more severe - and occurring in places where these was previously unheard of. Many are exclaiming that this surely means that the world is ‘on fire’, and climate change is shifting to a higher gear. While this does make for some interest-grabbing headlines, it surely would be too easy to say that climate change has caused these fires. Or wouldn’t it be? What we can safely do, is turn the matter around. We do know for a fact that wildfires are active contributors to climate change. They kill millions of trees and vegetation, which function as the lungs of the earth. With fewer trees and plants, the earth cannot remove as many harmful emissions from the air - while a wildfire is pretty much the equivalent of a cigarette, releasing a lot of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Think of it as smoking one pack of cigarettes per day at a time when your lung function is decreasing rapidly as the result of a lung disease of sorts. Wildfires Worldwide: what on earth is going on? The numbers are - staggering, to say the least. Take Siberia, where some six million acres have been burned to a crisp. Or Alaska, another part of the Artic, which has already lost 2.5 million acres to wildfires. This is a huge loss for the Artic region, which is actually already suffering disproportionally from global warming, warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet. Potentially catastrophic, especially as this will lead to an increase in lightning - a leading cause for fire. Here, it seems as if we are entering some sort of vicious circle. As the world gets warmer, wildfires will become more prevalent. And as there are more wildfires, it will leave us with fewer vegetation and higher carbon emissions. This will only serve to speed up global warming, particularly if those wildfires occur in regions - like the Amazon or Arctic - that are powerful catalysts for our climate system.   Complicating matters even further is the unpredictability and variety of wildfires: there is no easy way to categorise them, nor is there a single root cause that can be identified that causes those fires. Some fires may be set intentionally, to obtain land for agricultural purposes, while others are accidental or perhaps more directly linked to global warming, as in the example of the Artic. The Amazon and Indonesia: intentionally set fires The Amazon, though, is a perfect example of a wildfire that was set intentionally. Brazil is looking to expand its presence on the economic world stage, for instance through its growing export of soybeans and cattle. These agricultural products require more land, which can, in the Brazilians’ minds, easily be obtained by ‘borrowing’ it from the rainforest. New president Jair Bolsonaro is more focused on the economic gains and is, in doing so, rolling back all kinds of measures that were put in place to protect both the environment as well as the indigenous groups living in the forest. All of this has certainly added to fears of further deforestation, and while numbers of the exact amount of forest that has gone to waste are not yet available, fears are that it will only get worse in years to come. Firefighters at a palm oil plantation in Pekanbaru, Indonesia Southeast Asia is looking at a similar issue. Under pressure to live up to rising demand, more and more agricultural land is ‘forged’ in countries like Sumatra, Borneo and Malaysia. Up to 71% of so-called peat forests have gone to waste in the past three decades, making room for farms producing palm oil. This hazardous practice does not only significantly add to global warming, as peat releases some of the most damaging and polluting gases, it also poses a significant risk to those living around it. Although the government has attempted to call a halt to this trend, it has not really had much of an effect yet: as wildfires are back in full force this year. Wildfires worldwide: The Arctic An area that is new to wildfires is the Arctic, including Alaska, Greenland and Siberia. These areas have not dealt with the issue previously, but are facing the worst effects of global warming thus far - with temperatures rising to record heights and plants and vegetation becoming drier than they have ever been. Combined with the increased likelihood of lightning, it is kind of like throwing a lighted match into a stack of hay.   {youtube}                                                                   The Arctic is on fire, satellite images show                                                             Wildfires Globally: America, Africa, The Artic, Siberia   In total, 180 megatons of carbon dioxide has been emitted as a result from the Arctic wildfires - a massive number that is a multiple of the amount as emitted by entire countries. This is essentially speeding up global warming, the very same thing causing the Arctic to suffer so badly from wildfires and melting glaciers. California and Africa: the seasonal cycle of burning One other category of wildfires are those that are expected and - one could say - even needed. The western part of the United States and Africa, to mention just a few, have a seasonal cycle of fires that actually ‘replenish’ the landscape. Take the lodgepole pines, for instance, a staple tree that requires the wildfire heat to release its seeds. In Sub-Saharan Africa, savanna ecosystems are used to their periodical ‘burn’ and will flourish once again not long after the fires have passed. This does, however, not mean that we should stand by and idly watch those wildfires destroy large pieces of land. Often, the root cause will be accidental - like someone dropping a cigarette or a campfire gone wrong. This still sets in motion an event that is potentially dangerous and disastrous to the surrounding area, and that is bound to become even more so in years to come as the direct result of climate change. Research has shown that the Californian wildfires are a staggering 500 percent larger than they would have been without it. They are unnecessarily large, so to speak, endangering both human and animal lives in the process. This world is on fire While it may feel and look as if our world is quite literally on fire, one should always consider the root cause first. And while some of those huge wildfires that have been raging in the past months have other causes, there are a few that can already be traced back to global warming directly - and all of them can, without a doubt, be considered a major contributor. Funny how it works: global warming-induced wildfires ending up accelerating that very same phenomenon. Although one might wonder if ‘funny’ really is the most appropriate word. Recommended:  Amazon’s Fires, Madonna And DiCaprio: Questions & Answers Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day.
It would probably be an understatement to say that the Amazon is not having the best month in its existence. World leaders are tripping over each other to offer their assistance to the troubled Brazilian government, who are still struggling to get a grip on the problem. Meanwhile, hectares and hectares of forestland are catching fire with each passing minute.   While the Amazon is grabbing headlines with these historically fierce and ferocious fires, it is not the only part of our world that is on fire. Central Africa is facing some of the worst wildfires in its history as well, standing by more or less helplessly as vast areas of savanna are ablaze. And just before those started, we were confronted with the startling headline that the Artic is on fire: with Siberia, a place usually associated with icey cold tundras, now in danger of being burned to the ground. The one thing that really stands out here is that wildfires are becoming much more severe - and occurring in places where these was previously unheard of. Many are exclaiming that this surely means that the world is ‘on fire’, and climate change is shifting to a higher gear. While this does make for some interest-grabbing headlines, it surely would be too easy to say that climate change has caused these fires. Or wouldn’t it be? What we can safely do, is turn the matter around. We do know for a fact that wildfires are active contributors to climate change. They kill millions of trees and vegetation, which function as the lungs of the earth. With fewer trees and plants, the earth cannot remove as many harmful emissions from the air - while a wildfire is pretty much the equivalent of a cigarette, releasing a lot of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Think of it as smoking one pack of cigarettes per day at a time when your lung function is decreasing rapidly as the result of a lung disease of sorts. Wildfires Worldwide: what on earth is going on? The numbers are - staggering, to say the least. Take Siberia, where some six million acres have been burned to a crisp. Or Alaska, another part of the Artic, which has already lost 2.5 million acres to wildfires. This is a huge loss for the Artic region, which is actually already suffering disproportionally from global warming, warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet. Potentially catastrophic, especially as this will lead to an increase in lightning - a leading cause for fire. Here, it seems as if we are entering some sort of vicious circle. As the world gets warmer, wildfires will become more prevalent. And as there are more wildfires, it will leave us with fewer vegetation and higher carbon emissions. This will only serve to speed up global warming, particularly if those wildfires occur in regions - like the Amazon or Arctic - that are powerful catalysts for our climate system.   Complicating matters even further is the unpredictability and variety of wildfires: there is no easy way to categorise them, nor is there a single root cause that can be identified that causes those fires. Some fires may be set intentionally, to obtain land for agricultural purposes, while others are accidental or perhaps more directly linked to global warming, as in the example of the Artic. The Amazon and Indonesia: intentionally set fires The Amazon, though, is a perfect example of a wildfire that was set intentionally. Brazil is looking to expand its presence on the economic world stage, for instance through its growing export of soybeans and cattle. These agricultural products require more land, which can, in the Brazilians’ minds, easily be obtained by ‘borrowing’ it from the rainforest. New president Jair Bolsonaro is more focused on the economic gains and is, in doing so, rolling back all kinds of measures that were put in place to protect both the environment as well as the indigenous groups living in the forest. All of this has certainly added to fears of further deforestation, and while numbers of the exact amount of forest that has gone to waste are not yet available, fears are that it will only get worse in years to come. Firefighters at a palm oil plantation in Pekanbaru, Indonesia Southeast Asia is looking at a similar issue. Under pressure to live up to rising demand, more and more agricultural land is ‘forged’ in countries like Sumatra, Borneo and Malaysia. Up to 71% of so-called peat forests have gone to waste in the past three decades, making room for farms producing palm oil. This hazardous practice does not only significantly add to global warming, as peat releases some of the most damaging and polluting gases, it also poses a significant risk to those living around it. Although the government has attempted to call a halt to this trend, it has not really had much of an effect yet: as wildfires are back in full force this year. Wildfires worldwide: The Arctic An area that is new to wildfires is the Arctic, including Alaska, Greenland and Siberia. These areas have not dealt with the issue previously, but are facing the worst effects of global warming thus far - with temperatures rising to record heights and plants and vegetation becoming drier than they have ever been. Combined with the increased likelihood of lightning, it is kind of like throwing a lighted match into a stack of hay.   {youtube}                                                                   The Arctic is on fire, satellite images show                                                             Wildfires Globally: America, Africa, The Artic, Siberia   In total, 180 megatons of carbon dioxide has been emitted as a result from the Arctic wildfires - a massive number that is a multiple of the amount as emitted by entire countries. This is essentially speeding up global warming, the very same thing causing the Arctic to suffer so badly from wildfires and melting glaciers. California and Africa: the seasonal cycle of burning One other category of wildfires are those that are expected and - one could say - even needed. The western part of the United States and Africa, to mention just a few, have a seasonal cycle of fires that actually ‘replenish’ the landscape. Take the lodgepole pines, for instance, a staple tree that requires the wildfire heat to release its seeds. In Sub-Saharan Africa, savanna ecosystems are used to their periodical ‘burn’ and will flourish once again not long after the fires have passed. This does, however, not mean that we should stand by and idly watch those wildfires destroy large pieces of land. Often, the root cause will be accidental - like someone dropping a cigarette or a campfire gone wrong. This still sets in motion an event that is potentially dangerous and disastrous to the surrounding area, and that is bound to become even more so in years to come as the direct result of climate change. Research has shown that the Californian wildfires are a staggering 500 percent larger than they would have been without it. They are unnecessarily large, so to speak, endangering both human and animal lives in the process. This world is on fire While it may feel and look as if our world is quite literally on fire, one should always consider the root cause first. And while some of those huge wildfires that have been raging in the past months have other causes, there are a few that can already be traced back to global warming directly - and all of them can, without a doubt, be considered a major contributor. Funny how it works: global warming-induced wildfires ending up accelerating that very same phenomenon. Although one might wonder if ‘funny’ really is the most appropriate word. Recommended:  Amazon’s Fires, Madonna And DiCaprio: Questions & Answers Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day.
Wildfires Globally: America, Africa, The Artic, Siberia
Wildfires Globally: America, Africa, The Artic, Siberia
CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise: 16 Meters
Scientists discover evidence that sea-evel rises because of the current atmospheric carbon dioxide. In a Mallorcan cave, they found 4-million-year-old geologic evidence giving them new insight into magnitude global sea-level rise. Sea Rise: 16 Meters An international team is studying the evidence, which is preserved in the coastal cave in Mallorca. The evidence illustrates that three million years ago, the Earth was two to three degree Celsius warmer than the pre-industrial ear. Sea level was 16 meters higher than at this moment. Their findings foresee important implications and understandings about the current-day sea level rise. With these new findings, they can predict the rapidity of sea-level rise in a warming climate. {youtube}                                                  CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise: 16 Meters                                                                   The State of Sea Level Rise (2019)   CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise The sea level is rising as a result of the ice caps which are melting, such as those of Greenland and Antarctica. But how much and how fast the sea level will rise during global warming is a question that scientists have tried to answer. Reconstructing the ice sheet and the changes in sea level in recent periods, when the climate was naturally warmer than it is today, offers a global laboratory experiment to study this question. This is according to USF PhD student Oana Dumitru, the principal author, who has done much of her data work at UNM under the direction of Asmerom and Polyak. "Limiting models of sea-level rise due to increased global warming depends to a large extent on actual sea level measurements in the past," says Polyak. "This study provides sea-level measurements very robustly during the Pliocene. "We can use the knowledge we have gained from past warm periods to fine-tune ice sheet models which are then used to predict the future response of the ice sheet to current global warming," says Bogdan Onac, professor at the USF Department of Geosciences. Recommended:  Delay Climate Change With Submarines Which Produce Icebergs Changes Can Be Seen In Artà Cave, Mallorca The project centralises on cave deposits known as phreatic overgrowths on speleothems. Every time ancient caves were flooded by rising sea levels, you could see the phreatic excesses at the interface. "Changes in sea level in Artà Cave can be caused by the melting and growth of the ice sheets or by the elevation or subsidence of the island itself," says Columbia University Assistant Professor Jacky Austermann, a member of the research team. She used numerical and statistical models to carefully analyse how much increase or decrease may have occurred since the Pliocene and subtracted it from the height of the formations studied. Artà Cave, Mallorca "Given current melting patterns, this degree of sea-level rise would most likely be caused by a meltdown of both Greenland and the Western Antarctic Ice Sheets," said Dumitru. The writers also measured sea level at 23.5 meters higher than about four million years ago during the Pliocene Climate Optimum, when global average temperatures were up to four °C higher than pre-industrial levels. "This is a possible scenario if no active and aggressive reduction of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is undertaken," said Asmerom. We need to do something, to diminish sea level rise. Recommended:  Climate Change Natural Man Made: Causes And Facts What Can We Do To Help? Global warmth is unstoppable, but if we emit less CO2 worldwide, it will slow down. We can make some changes in our home. Avoid food waste. We waste a lot of food, and it is not necessary. You did not have to buy the food that disappears into your trash can unused. After all, you did not need it. By purchasing food wisely, storing it well and cooking it to size, you can prevent food from being wasted. You can save up to 210 kilos of CO2 per person per year. Also, if you eat less meat that will help as well. Travel by train instead of plane or car to your holiday destination. Read more about global warmth and CO2-emission to see how you can help the Earth. Recommended: 'Flygskam’: The Trend Of Scandinavian Shame Of Flying Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day.
Scientists discover evidence that sea-evel rises because of the current atmospheric carbon dioxide. In a Mallorcan cave, they found 4-million-year-old geologic evidence giving them new insight into magnitude global sea-level rise. Sea Rise: 16 Meters An international team is studying the evidence, which is preserved in the coastal cave in Mallorca. The evidence illustrates that three million years ago, the Earth was two to three degree Celsius warmer than the pre-industrial ear. Sea level was 16 meters higher than at this moment. Their findings foresee important implications and understandings about the current-day sea level rise. With these new findings, they can predict the rapidity of sea-level rise in a warming climate. {youtube}                                                  CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise: 16 Meters                                                                   The State of Sea Level Rise (2019)   CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise The sea level is rising as a result of the ice caps which are melting, such as those of Greenland and Antarctica. But how much and how fast the sea level will rise during global warming is a question that scientists have tried to answer. Reconstructing the ice sheet and the changes in sea level in recent periods, when the climate was naturally warmer than it is today, offers a global laboratory experiment to study this question. This is according to USF PhD student Oana Dumitru, the principal author, who has done much of her data work at UNM under the direction of Asmerom and Polyak. "Limiting models of sea-level rise due to increased global warming depends to a large extent on actual sea level measurements in the past," says Polyak. "This study provides sea-level measurements very robustly during the Pliocene. "We can use the knowledge we have gained from past warm periods to fine-tune ice sheet models which are then used to predict the future response of the ice sheet to current global warming," says Bogdan Onac, professor at the USF Department of Geosciences. Recommended:  Delay Climate Change With Submarines Which Produce Icebergs Changes Can Be Seen In Artà Cave, Mallorca The project centralises on cave deposits known as phreatic overgrowths on speleothems. Every time ancient caves were flooded by rising sea levels, you could see the phreatic excesses at the interface. "Changes in sea level in Artà Cave can be caused by the melting and growth of the ice sheets or by the elevation or subsidence of the island itself," says Columbia University Assistant Professor Jacky Austermann, a member of the research team. She used numerical and statistical models to carefully analyse how much increase or decrease may have occurred since the Pliocene and subtracted it from the height of the formations studied. Artà Cave, Mallorca "Given current melting patterns, this degree of sea-level rise would most likely be caused by a meltdown of both Greenland and the Western Antarctic Ice Sheets," said Dumitru. The writers also measured sea level at 23.5 meters higher than about four million years ago during the Pliocene Climate Optimum, when global average temperatures were up to four °C higher than pre-industrial levels. "This is a possible scenario if no active and aggressive reduction of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is undertaken," said Asmerom. We need to do something, to diminish sea level rise. Recommended:  Climate Change Natural Man Made: Causes And Facts What Can We Do To Help? Global warmth is unstoppable, but if we emit less CO2 worldwide, it will slow down. We can make some changes in our home. Avoid food waste. We waste a lot of food, and it is not necessary. You did not have to buy the food that disappears into your trash can unused. After all, you did not need it. By purchasing food wisely, storing it well and cooking it to size, you can prevent food from being wasted. You can save up to 210 kilos of CO2 per person per year. Also, if you eat less meat that will help as well. Travel by train instead of plane or car to your holiday destination. Read more about global warmth and CO2-emission to see how you can help the Earth. Recommended: 'Flygskam’: The Trend Of Scandinavian Shame Of Flying Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day.
CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise: 16 Meters
CO2 At Current Levels Will Cause A High Sea Rise: 16 Meters
Economic Growth Is Dead: Welcome To The Circular Economy
Everything on this planet is part of a vicious circle. Because we do this, that could happen, or the other way around. The economy is not about growth. The world we live in, the things we use are getting smaller. So, is economic growth dead? Where did it go wrong? The foundation of economics is wrong; it was built on the concept of profit, not because of social importance. We have to go way back, even before money became an issue, to find out where it went wrong. We used to focus only on: eat eat eat, destroy destroy destroy, eat more, destroy more. Even economics admit that capitalism has failed. We all like the idea of sustained economic growth, but in reality, we are to blame for the way nature reacts. We are predators, looking for more, wanting more, but in the end, humankind has become a problem for humanity. Nature can regenerate itself No matter how much fish we ate, fish stocks would almost replenish automatically, and they would come from other places in the ocean. Forests would regenerate within weeks if there is enough rain falling out of the sky and sunlight to let the trees grow. And it is true; this beautiful planet can regenerate itself, it is kind of magical. But because of our interfering, abusing the earth, we are destroying its magical, natural power to restore. Recommended:  Consumerism In ‘The West’: A Society Built On Exploitation Circular economy The circular economy is what works on this planet, is what we know. Residues are completely are entirely reused in the system. The only problem is, humanity uses a lot of plastic. Mother Earth cannot reuse plastic. There is an area in the Pacific Ocean where nature has started to gather much of our plastic. Maybe, in the future, scientists will discover plastic-eating bacteria that can turn plastic into reusable natural chemicals. But that will take forever, long after we all extinct. We, humans, are going too fast. We are cutting down trees too fast, we are polluting the earth too fast, and we are creating more plastic than fish too fast. We all do it too fast. That is why Mother Earth cannot keep up. We have earth that can regenerate, can recycle, but we are still managing to destroy it all. Recommended:  Combing Plastic Waste Out Oceans: Competition For Boyan Slat A credit card per week that is what we eat At this moment, we consume everything, more than we can bear, until there is nothing left to eat each other. A recent study has shown that the amount of plastic we consume every week is as much as one credit card. How? Well, first of all, it is a plastic wrapper, that accidentally ends up in your stomach, but also the fish we eat, ate the plastic that ends up in the ocean. The air we breathe is partly plastic, the dust we walk on. This is the new world, the world we created, a world full of toxic plastic parts. It is a bitter irony that the credit card, symbol of buying, of capitalism, makes us toxic. {youtube}                        Economic Growth Is Dead: Welcome To The Circular Economy.  How Much Plastic Do You Eat? Waste nothing, recycle everything Waste is a myth, that is how the circular economy works. It is very easy, actually. The concept of the circular economy is a process where nothing is wasted. Everything that we produce, even our waste, eventually is turned back into food and products. If you like it or not, this is how our planet works. Everything is recycled, millions of times until the end of time. Recommended:  Circular Architecture 'The GreenHouse': Utrecht, Netherlands Consuming from the heart As mentioned above, we consume a lot, and we consume until we cannot consume anymore. We consume from a state of fear and insecurity and eat our way through the "buffet" of nature. You cannot only understand the circular economy by using a calculator; it must be understood from the heart. The circular economy means being happy with what you have. Consuming to sustain yourself, not to stuff yourself. Consuming because you need things, not because you compete with your neighbour who is the first to go to the moon, or something like that. We are made to consume, and that is fine. But we put the all-you-can-eat Buffet out of action. We need to understand the painful truth that destroying the planet is actually part of our destiny as a species, written in our biology and also a simple function of our population that increases exponentially until it becomes unsustainable. But we are incredibly smart and powerful. We can overcome our biology and change our destiny. We can put uncertainty and competition aside and work on it from the heart. Just like the heart, which takes up the blood and then pumps it out, we have to learn to give and take. We have to embrace the circular economy. Recommended:  Blue Planet Earth: The Amount Of Water You Use Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day.
Everything on this planet is part of a vicious circle. Because we do this, that could happen, or the other way around. The economy is not about growth. The world we live in, the things we use are getting smaller. So, is economic growth dead? Where did it go wrong? The foundation of economics is wrong; it was built on the concept of profit, not because of social importance. We have to go way back, even before money became an issue, to find out where it went wrong. We used to focus only on: eat eat eat, destroy destroy destroy, eat more, destroy more. Even economics admit that capitalism has failed. We all like the idea of sustained economic growth, but in reality, we are to blame for the way nature reacts. We are predators, looking for more, wanting more, but in the end, humankind has become a problem for humanity. Nature can regenerate itself No matter how much fish we ate, fish stocks would almost replenish automatically, and they would come from other places in the ocean. Forests would regenerate within weeks if there is enough rain falling out of the sky and sunlight to let the trees grow. And it is true; this beautiful planet can regenerate itself, it is kind of magical. But because of our interfering, abusing the earth, we are destroying its magical, natural power to restore. Recommended:  Consumerism In ‘The West’: A Society Built On Exploitation Circular economy The circular economy is what works on this planet, is what we know. Residues are completely are entirely reused in the system. The only problem is, humanity uses a lot of plastic. Mother Earth cannot reuse plastic. There is an area in the Pacific Ocean where nature has started to gather much of our plastic. Maybe, in the future, scientists will discover plastic-eating bacteria that can turn plastic into reusable natural chemicals. But that will take forever, long after we all extinct. We, humans, are going too fast. We are cutting down trees too fast, we are polluting the earth too fast, and we are creating more plastic than fish too fast. We all do it too fast. That is why Mother Earth cannot keep up. We have earth that can regenerate, can recycle, but we are still managing to destroy it all. Recommended:  Combing Plastic Waste Out Oceans: Competition For Boyan Slat A credit card per week that is what we eat At this moment, we consume everything, more than we can bear, until there is nothing left to eat each other. A recent study has shown that the amount of plastic we consume every week is as much as one credit card. How? Well, first of all, it is a plastic wrapper, that accidentally ends up in your stomach, but also the fish we eat, ate the plastic that ends up in the ocean. The air we breathe is partly plastic, the dust we walk on. This is the new world, the world we created, a world full of toxic plastic parts. It is a bitter irony that the credit card, symbol of buying, of capitalism, makes us toxic. {youtube}                        Economic Growth Is Dead: Welcome To The Circular Economy.  How Much Plastic Do You Eat? Waste nothing, recycle everything Waste is a myth, that is how the circular economy works. It is very easy, actually. The concept of the circular economy is a process where nothing is wasted. Everything that we produce, even our waste, eventually is turned back into food and products. If you like it or not, this is how our planet works. Everything is recycled, millions of times until the end of time. Recommended:  Circular Architecture 'The GreenHouse': Utrecht, Netherlands Consuming from the heart As mentioned above, we consume a lot, and we consume until we cannot consume anymore. We consume from a state of fear and insecurity and eat our way through the "buffet" of nature. You cannot only understand the circular economy by using a calculator; it must be understood from the heart. The circular economy means being happy with what you have. Consuming to sustain yourself, not to stuff yourself. Consuming because you need things, not because you compete with your neighbour who is the first to go to the moon, or something like that. We are made to consume, and that is fine. But we put the all-you-can-eat Buffet out of action. We need to understand the painful truth that destroying the planet is actually part of our destiny as a species, written in our biology and also a simple function of our population that increases exponentially until it becomes unsustainable. But we are incredibly smart and powerful. We can overcome our biology and change our destiny. We can put uncertainty and competition aside and work on it from the heart. Just like the heart, which takes up the blood and then pumps it out, we have to learn to give and take. We have to embrace the circular economy. Recommended:  Blue Planet Earth: The Amount Of Water You Use Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day.
Economic Growth Is Dead: Welcome To The Circular Economy
Economic Growth Is Dead: Welcome To The Circular Economy
Floating Cities: A Sustainable Concept For Future Communities
At the current pace, it seems almost unfathomable that we will be able to call a halt to sea levels rising, the result of climate change spinning out of control. As our climate system is shrouded in so many uncertainties and complexities, it is hard to predict to what extent it will occur, but one thing seems to be a certainty - those of us living in coastal regions are in for wet feet. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), one of the leading authorities on climate change, has made projections that would see our seas rising for up to 90 centimeters before the end of this century. However, many feel that this is a very conservative number, with other research placing the potential rise anywhere between 200 to 270 centimeters this century alone, describing those numbers as ‘potentially plausible’.   Finding higher grounds:  floating cities A general consensus seems to have been found in the expectation that for each Celsius degree of temperature rise, an irreversible 230 centimeters rise in sea levels will be triggered. Does this mean that you should be panicking if you happen to live near the shore with less than this to spare between the current sea level and your home? Well, not necessarily, as sea levels will not rise uniformly around the world. Due to tectonic activity and subsidence of land, tides, currents and storms, it might even drop in some areas.   Once again though, it is very hard to predict which regions will be hit the hardest. Mother Nature has been giving us a preview of potential consequences, as illustrated by storms in the New York and Houston areas causing excessive flooding. Yet it is hard to pinpoint exactly where you might be ‘safe’. All the more reason to start preparing, which can be done in one of the following three ways: retreating (moving inland), protecting (by erecting sea walls) - or accommodating (adapting to the new status quo). Floating city: Oceanix A great example of accommodating to rising sea levels caused by climate change is the initiative launched by the architecture firm BIG, titled Oceanix City. Their startup Oceanix has secured partnerships with the United Nations and MIT as they aim to launch their first prototype of a floating city by 2030. Gorgeous 3D-rendered images show floating platforms of about five acres each, that are securely fixed to the sea floor. On these platforms, communities are built up using sustainable means, with platforms interconnected using walkways.   {youtube}      Climate Change: Floating Cities Are A Concept To Survive.  Oceanix City: New York's Future Floating City   As such, it really forms a ‘city’ made out of connected artificial islands. Buildings will still give off a distinct urban feel, while being fully green - for example by using timber from sustainably grown forests. Furthermore, there will be plenty of space allocated to vertical farms, underwater gardens and greenhouses to provide a steady food supply for those living on it. Similarly, power is mostly generated from renewable sources like wind and solar. Drinking water is derived straight from the sea and run through desalination plants, and a highly effective sewage and waste-recycling system will be in place. While it can be used as an extension of a coastal city - adding a new neighbourhood on the water -, it could theoretically also function as a thriving, self-sustaining metropolis. Oceanix: p hilosophy of floating cities  The idea surely is not new, with architects and city developers having touted similar thoughts in the past. One notable example is the American inventor Buckminster Fuller, who already envisioned a town of 5,000 inhabitants near Tokyo back in the 1960s. While ambitious, it had done little but fuel the fantasy of science-fiction writers around the world.   Yet the refined way in which Oceanix has presented her vision has drawn the attention of many and serves as inspiration for more creative thinking and developing in this area. After all, the concept may have to grow up a lot faster than we would want it to. Another start-up, Singaporean company Blue Frontiers, has accepted this challenge as well - and is well underway to building the first actual floating village. ( Recommended:  Floating City: A Sci-Fi Trope Or A Salvation For Many Nations? ) Floating village in Tahiti Recently, they signed a memorandum of understanding with the government of French Polynesia, that would allow them to build a floating village in a Tahitian lagoon - with construction slated to begin next year. It will be the ideal testing ground for technologies aiding floating cities and set in motion a - hopefully steep - learning curve when it comes to letting communities live on the water. At the same time, there will be some 300 people actually working and living in this floating village, measuring roughly 7,500 square meters. They will occupy themselves with the construction and operation of bungalows, apartments, research institutions, underwater restaurants, and facilities for new aquatic industries like wave power generation and seaweed farming. This will all undoubtedly make it both a hotspot for eco-tourism and a testing ground for sustainable initiatives, a combination that has ultimately convinced the French Polynesian government to give it a shot. The project’s architect has described his vision as perfectly blending in with its surroundings, making it closely resemble a natural island. Roofs will be made up of gardens and walls cladded with local products like coconut wood.   The goal is not to come up with something revolutionary and futuristic looking, but rather honour the ecosystem in which the community will have to live. Ultimately, it will even serve as a means of restoring natural ecosystems, including animal and plant species.   ( Recommended:  Smart Sustainable Lifestyle Changing Tips & Tricks For 2019 ) Accommodating rising sea levels This last part really hits it out of the park and is the perfect representation of what we mean when we talk about ‘accommodating’ rising sea levels. No fancy installations, walls or communities that look as if they have been removed from the set of a sci-fi movie. No war-like efforts to combat our climate and the sea, as if they are the enemies that should be kept out of our lives at all costs. No, just plain and simple ways of ‘returning to our roots’, in a way, and finding sustainable ways of surviving by using our natural environment - not by fighting it.   All about Climate Change Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day.
At the current pace, it seems almost unfathomable that we will be able to call a halt to sea levels rising, the result of climate change spinning out of control. As our climate system is shrouded in so many uncertainties and complexities, it is hard to predict to what extent it will occur, but one thing seems to be a certainty - those of us living in coastal regions are in for wet feet. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), one of the leading authorities on climate change, has made projections that would see our seas rising for up to 90 centimeters before the end of this century. However, many feel that this is a very conservative number, with other research placing the potential rise anywhere between 200 to 270 centimeters this century alone, describing those numbers as ‘potentially plausible’.   Finding higher grounds:  floating cities A general consensus seems to have been found in the expectation that for each Celsius degree of temperature rise, an irreversible 230 centimeters rise in sea levels will be triggered. Does this mean that you should be panicking if you happen to live near the shore with less than this to spare between the current sea level and your home? Well, not necessarily, as sea levels will not rise uniformly around the world. Due to tectonic activity and subsidence of land, tides, currents and storms, it might even drop in some areas.   Once again though, it is very hard to predict which regions will be hit the hardest. Mother Nature has been giving us a preview of potential consequences, as illustrated by storms in the New York and Houston areas causing excessive flooding. Yet it is hard to pinpoint exactly where you might be ‘safe’. All the more reason to start preparing, which can be done in one of the following three ways: retreating (moving inland), protecting (by erecting sea walls) - or accommodating (adapting to the new status quo). Floating city: Oceanix A great example of accommodating to rising sea levels caused by climate change is the initiative launched by the architecture firm BIG, titled Oceanix City. Their startup Oceanix has secured partnerships with the United Nations and MIT as they aim to launch their first prototype of a floating city by 2030. Gorgeous 3D-rendered images show floating platforms of about five acres each, that are securely fixed to the sea floor. On these platforms, communities are built up using sustainable means, with platforms interconnected using walkways.   {youtube}      Climate Change: Floating Cities Are A Concept To Survive.  Oceanix City: New York's Future Floating City   As such, it really forms a ‘city’ made out of connected artificial islands. Buildings will still give off a distinct urban feel, while being fully green - for example by using timber from sustainably grown forests. Furthermore, there will be plenty of space allocated to vertical farms, underwater gardens and greenhouses to provide a steady food supply for those living on it. Similarly, power is mostly generated from renewable sources like wind and solar. Drinking water is derived straight from the sea and run through desalination plants, and a highly effective sewage and waste-recycling system will be in place. While it can be used as an extension of a coastal city - adding a new neighbourhood on the water -, it could theoretically also function as a thriving, self-sustaining metropolis. Oceanix: p hilosophy of floating cities  The idea surely is not new, with architects and city developers having touted similar thoughts in the past. One notable example is the American inventor Buckminster Fuller, who already envisioned a town of 5,000 inhabitants near Tokyo back in the 1960s. While ambitious, it had done little but fuel the fantasy of science-fiction writers around the world.   Yet the refined way in which Oceanix has presented her vision has drawn the attention of many and serves as inspiration for more creative thinking and developing in this area. After all, the concept may have to grow up a lot faster than we would want it to. Another start-up, Singaporean company Blue Frontiers, has accepted this challenge as well - and is well underway to building the first actual floating village. ( Recommended:  Floating City: A Sci-Fi Trope Or A Salvation For Many Nations? ) Floating village in Tahiti Recently, they signed a memorandum of understanding with the government of French Polynesia, that would allow them to build a floating village in a Tahitian lagoon - with construction slated to begin next year. It will be the ideal testing ground for technologies aiding floating cities and set in motion a - hopefully steep - learning curve when it comes to letting communities live on the water. At the same time, there will be some 300 people actually working and living in this floating village, measuring roughly 7,500 square meters. They will occupy themselves with the construction and operation of bungalows, apartments, research institutions, underwater restaurants, and facilities for new aquatic industries like wave power generation and seaweed farming. This will all undoubtedly make it both a hotspot for eco-tourism and a testing ground for sustainable initiatives, a combination that has ultimately convinced the French Polynesian government to give it a shot. The project’s architect has described his vision as perfectly blending in with its surroundings, making it closely resemble a natural island. Roofs will be made up of gardens and walls cladded with local products like coconut wood.   The goal is not to come up with something revolutionary and futuristic looking, but rather honour the ecosystem in which the community will have to live. Ultimately, it will even serve as a means of restoring natural ecosystems, including animal and plant species.   ( Recommended:  Smart Sustainable Lifestyle Changing Tips & Tricks For 2019 ) Accommodating rising sea levels This last part really hits it out of the park and is the perfect representation of what we mean when we talk about ‘accommodating’ rising sea levels. No fancy installations, walls or communities that look as if they have been removed from the set of a sci-fi movie. No war-like efforts to combat our climate and the sea, as if they are the enemies that should be kept out of our lives at all costs. No, just plain and simple ways of ‘returning to our roots’, in a way, and finding sustainable ways of surviving by using our natural environment - not by fighting it.   All about Climate Change Did you find this an interesting article or do you have a question or remark? Leave a comment below. We try to respond the same day.
Floating Cities: A Sustainable Concept For Future Communities
Floating Cities: A Sustainable Concept For Future Communities
Manmade Antarctic Snowstorm: Save Cities From Rising Seas
Whether we stop burning fossil fuels or not, emissions pumped into the atmosphere so far may already have doomed the west Antarctic ice sheet. The fast loss of ice from the region could not be stopped by emissions cuts anymore. Major cities across the world, like New York, will be left below sea level because the oceans will rise by at least three meters in the coming centuries. According to a new Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research study, spraying trillions of tons of snow over west Antarctica could halt the ice sheet’s collapse and save coastal cities across the world from sea level rise. Antarctica!  Slow the pace of ice loss The idea of this large geoengineering project is to slow the pace of ice loss and lower sea levels. By pulling ice-cold water from the sea and spraying it back over Antarctica, the water will turn into snow. It will replace the lost ice and push Antarctica’s ice sheets to the ground so it can stabilize. This project is an idea with tremendous disastrous and budgetary implications. According to the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research study, the enormous project would need energy from at least 12.000 wind turbines ( Recommended : Vortex Wind Turbine: Energy Generator Without Blades ) to power giant pumps for the sea water and snow cannons to ice up the ice sheets, and would destroy a unique natural reserve. Wind turbines, thousands! If will take a lot of financial effort to complete this massive geoengineering project. According to the research, 7.4tn tons, or about seven cubic kilometers of sea water, over ten years would be necessary to achieve the stabilization of Antarctica’s ice sheets. The area covered would be two-thirds the size of Scotland. As we said earlier, at least 12.000 wind turbines would be needed, as well as extra power to stop the water from freezing in the pipes. There are no exact costs for this geoengineering project, as these numbers are proof of concept rather than a precise estimation. Just imagine this: the largest pump in the world, in New Orleans, cost about 600 million dollars, and the Antarctic project would need about 90. A lot of money but the cost would be less than abandoning even one coastal city like New York. ( Recommended :  Climate Change: Antarctica Is Melting Says NASA ) {youtube}                                               Manmade Antarctic Snowstorm: Save Cities From Rising Seas 'Paris Agreement' includes 5 meter sea level rise The loss of ice from west Antarctica is caused by the warming ocean water. This warmer water melts the bottom of the ice sheet on the coast. This ice loss will eventually mean that certain coastal cities will fall below sea level. The fact that the Antarctic ice sheet will completely collapse is not yet defined, according to the scientists. In the past it used to be two degrees warmer on earth, and in that time, sea level was many times higher than today. ( Recommended :  Climate Agreement Paris And The Denial Of President Trump ) Why isn’t this project happening yet? One thing is sure: it is unlikely that reducing carbon emissions to zero will save the ice caps in Antarctica. The above geoengineering project will therefore only be a (costly) way to buy time. But even if we keep the Paris agreement target, we will have to deal with at least five meters of sea level rise. That leaves us some difficult choices for the future: either we abandon coastal cities, or we have to make a colossal effort to buy us time. The final verdict of the scientists: bolstering the ice sheet with artificial snow would be in vain unless rising temperatures were checked. The new study did not include future global heating of the ocean and atmosphere. Humankind might have to make an unprecedented effort ‘The scientists are not advocating for such a project, but said its apparent ‘absurdity’ reflects the extraordinary scale of threat from rising sea level’. Scientists are investigating various climate solutions to be able to advise accurately. Whether they are in favor or against, they play an important role in challenging different solutions. ‘Scientists feel it is their duty to inform society about every potential option to counter the problems ahead. As unbelievable as the proposal might seem, in order to prevent an unprecedented risk, humankind might have to make an unprecedented effort.’ ( Recommended: All about the Climate )
Whether we stop burning fossil fuels or not, emissions pumped into the atmosphere so far may already have doomed the west Antarctic ice sheet. The fast loss of ice from the region could not be stopped by emissions cuts anymore. Major cities across the world, like New York, will be left below sea level because the oceans will rise by at least three meters in the coming centuries. According to a new Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research study, spraying trillions of tons of snow over west Antarctica could halt the ice sheet’s collapse and save coastal cities across the world from sea level rise. Antarctica!  Slow the pace of ice loss The idea of this large geoengineering project is to slow the pace of ice loss and lower sea levels. By pulling ice-cold water from the sea and spraying it back over Antarctica, the water will turn into snow. It will replace the lost ice and push Antarctica’s ice sheets to the ground so it can stabilize. This project is an idea with tremendous disastrous and budgetary implications. According to the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research study, the enormous project would need energy from at least 12.000 wind turbines ( Recommended : Vortex Wind Turbine: Energy Generator Without Blades ) to power giant pumps for the sea water and snow cannons to ice up the ice sheets, and would destroy a unique natural reserve. Wind turbines, thousands! If will take a lot of financial effort to complete this massive geoengineering project. According to the research, 7.4tn tons, or about seven cubic kilometers of sea water, over ten years would be necessary to achieve the stabilization of Antarctica’s ice sheets. The area covered would be two-thirds the size of Scotland. As we said earlier, at least 12.000 wind turbines would be needed, as well as extra power to stop the water from freezing in the pipes. There are no exact costs for this geoengineering project, as these numbers are proof of concept rather than a precise estimation. Just imagine this: the largest pump in the world, in New Orleans, cost about 600 million dollars, and the Antarctic project would need about 90. A lot of money but the cost would be less than abandoning even one coastal city like New York. ( Recommended :  Climate Change: Antarctica Is Melting Says NASA ) {youtube}                                               Manmade Antarctic Snowstorm: Save Cities From Rising Seas 'Paris Agreement' includes 5 meter sea level rise The loss of ice from west Antarctica is caused by the warming ocean water. This warmer water melts the bottom of the ice sheet on the coast. This ice loss will eventually mean that certain coastal cities will fall below sea level. The fact that the Antarctic ice sheet will completely collapse is not yet defined, according to the scientists. In the past it used to be two degrees warmer on earth, and in that time, sea level was many times higher than today. ( Recommended :  Climate Agreement Paris And The Denial Of President Trump ) Why isn’t this project happening yet? One thing is sure: it is unlikely that reducing carbon emissions to zero will save the ice caps in Antarctica. The above geoengineering project will therefore only be a (costly) way to buy time. But even if we keep the Paris agreement target, we will have to deal with at least five meters of sea level rise. That leaves us some difficult choices for the future: either we abandon coastal cities, or we have to make a colossal effort to buy us time. The final verdict of the scientists: bolstering the ice sheet with artificial snow would be in vain unless rising temperatures were checked. The new study did not include future global heating of the ocean and atmosphere. Humankind might have to make an unprecedented effort ‘The scientists are not advocating for such a project, but said its apparent ‘absurdity’ reflects the extraordinary scale of threat from rising sea level’. Scientists are investigating various climate solutions to be able to advise accurately. Whether they are in favor or against, they play an important role in challenging different solutions. ‘Scientists feel it is their duty to inform society about every potential option to counter the problems ahead. As unbelievable as the proposal might seem, in order to prevent an unprecedented risk, humankind might have to make an unprecedented effort.’ ( Recommended: All about the Climate )
Manmade Antarctic Snowstorm: Save Cities From Rising Seas
Manmade Antarctic Snowstorm: Save Cities From Rising Seas
Climate

Climate change! Currently, the most discussed topic in the world. Climate change occurs when changes in Earth's climate system result in new weather patterns that last for at least a few decades, and maybe for millions of years. Climate change can also result from ‘external forcing’ and include changes in solar output and volcanism.

Human activities can also influence our climate. Debates, posts and answers on (social) platforms about the role of humanity in the climate change process regularly lead to heated discussions

If there was an urge to come up with a sustainable way of living solutions and share these topics globally it’s now! WhatsOrb Global Sustainability X-change Platform is for you, storytellers and influencers to write about tiny houses, your experiences and expectations for the future at home and globally. 

Global Sustainability X-change, that’s what you can do together with WhatsOrb. What's in for me?

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